Tony Wilson

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For other people with the same name, see Anthony Wilson. Tony Wilson_sentence_0

Tony Wilson_table_infobox_0

Tony WilsonTony Wilson_header_cell_0_0_0
BornTony Wilson_header_cell_0_1_0 Anthony Howard Wilson

(1950-02-20)20 February 1950 Pendleton, Salford, Lancashire, EnglandTony Wilson_cell_0_1_1

DiedTony Wilson_header_cell_0_2_0 10 August 2007(2007-08-10) (aged 57)

Withington, Manchester, EnglandTony Wilson_cell_0_2_1

Resting placeTony Wilson_header_cell_0_3_0 Southern Cemetery, Chorlton-cum-Hardy, ManchesterTony Wilson_cell_0_3_1
EducationTony Wilson_header_cell_0_4_0 BA in EnglishTony Wilson_cell_0_4_1
Alma materTony Wilson_header_cell_0_5_0 Jesus College, CambridgeTony Wilson_cell_0_5_1
OccupationTony Wilson_header_cell_0_6_0 Journalist, TV presenterTony Wilson_cell_0_6_1
EmployerTony Wilson_header_cell_0_7_0 Granada Television, BBC North WestTony Wilson_cell_0_7_1
Known forTony Wilson_header_cell_0_8_0 Factory Records, Madchester impresario, Haçienda nightclubTony Wilson_cell_0_8_1

Anthony Howard Wilson (20 February 1950 – 10 August 2007) was a British record label owner, radio and television presenter, nightclub manager, impresario and a journalist for Granada Television and the BBC. Tony Wilson_sentence_1

Wilson was behind some of Manchester's most successful bands. Tony Wilson_sentence_2

He was one of the five co-founders of Factory Records and the founder and manager of the Haçienda nightclub. Tony Wilson_sentence_3

Wilson was known as "Mr Manchester", dubbed as such for his work in promoting the culture of Manchester throughout his career. Tony Wilson_sentence_4

He was portrayed by Steve Coogan in Michael Winterbottom's film 24 Hour Party People (2002), and by Craig Parkinson in Anton Corbijn's film Control (2007). Tony Wilson_sentence_5

Depending on what he was working on, he would switch between alternate versions of his name. Tony Wilson_sentence_6

For example, when he was being a serious formal and respectable persona, such as certain TV presenting appearances, he would use "Anthony H Wilson", or for example when reporting for Granada Reports he was referred to as "Anthony Wilson", otherwise he would go by "Tony Wilson" most commonly while on Factory Records business. Tony Wilson_sentence_7

Early life Tony Wilson_section_0

Wilson was born 20 February 1950 in Hope Hospital in the Hope area of Pendleton, Salford, Lancashire, to Sydney Wilson and Doris Knupfer, and moved to Marple, near Stockport in Cheshire, at the age of five. Tony Wilson_sentence_8

His maternal grandfather was a Jewish German immigrant. Tony Wilson_sentence_9

After passing his Eleven plus exam, Wilson attended De La Salle Grammar School in Weaste Lane, Pendleton, Salford. Tony Wilson_sentence_10

He developed a love of literature and language, ignited by a performance of Hamlet at Stratford upon Avon. Tony Wilson_sentence_11

Wilson started his professional career in 1968 at the age of 17, working as an English and Drama teacher at Blue Coat School in Oldham. Tony Wilson_sentence_12

He later graduated with a degree in English from Jesus College, Cambridge. Tony Wilson_sentence_13

Broadcasting career Tony Wilson_section_1

After his graduation in 1971, Wilson began as a trainee news reporter for ITN, before moving to Manchester in 1973, where he secured a post at Granada Television. Tony Wilson_sentence_14

He presented Granada's culture, music and events programme, So It Goes. Tony Wilson_sentence_15

Through the 1970s and 1980s he was one of the main anchors on Granada Reports, a regional evening news programme, where he worked with Judy Finnigan and Richard Madeley among others. Tony Wilson_sentence_16

He continued in this line of work even at the height of his success in the music industry. Tony Wilson_sentence_17

He reported for ITV's current affairs series, World in Action in the early 1980s and hosted some editions of After Dark, the UK's first open-ended, late night chat show, in which he chaired live discussions in a darkened studio, first on Channel 4 and later BBC Four. Tony Wilson_sentence_18

In 1988, Wilson hosted The Other Side of Midnight, another Granada weekly regional culture slot, covering music, literature and the arts in general. Tony Wilson_sentence_19

Wilson co-presented the BBC's coverage of The Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert at Wembley Stadium with Lisa I'Anson in 1992. Tony Wilson_sentence_20

He hosted the short-lived TV quiz shows Topranko! Tony Wilson_sentence_21

and MTV Europe's Remote Control in the 1990s, as well as the Manchester United themed quiz, Masterfan, for MUTV. Tony Wilson_sentence_22

In 2006 he became the regional political presenter for the BBC's The Politics Show. Tony Wilson_sentence_23

He presented a weekly radio show on Xfm Manchester – Sunday Roast – and a show on BBC Radio Manchester. Tony Wilson_sentence_24

In October he joined Blur bassist Alex James, Blue Peter presenter Konnie Huq and previously unknown presenter Emily Rose to host the 21st century version of the 1980s music programme, The Tube, for Channel 4 Radio which ran until 2 March 2007. Tony Wilson_sentence_25

His final music TV show was filmed in December 2006 for Manchester's Channel M. Tony Wilson_sentence_26

Only one episode, entitled "The New Friday", was recorded before Wilson became ill. Tony Wilson_sentence_27

Music career Tony Wilson_section_2

Wilson's involvement in popular music stemmed from hosting Granada's culture and music programme So It Goes. Tony Wilson_sentence_28

Wilson, who intensely disliked the music scene of the mid-1970s which was dominated by such genres as progressive rock and arena rock, saw the Sex Pistols at Manchester's Lesser Free Trade Hall, in June 1976, an experience which he described as "nothing short of an epiphany". Tony Wilson_sentence_29

He booked them for the last episode of the first series, probably the first television showing of their revolutionary British strand of punk rock. Tony Wilson_sentence_30

He was the manager of many bands, including A Certain Ratio and the Durutti Column, and was part owner and manager of Factory Records, home of Happy Mondays, Joy Division and New Order – the band managed by friend and business partner Rob Gretton. Tony Wilson_sentence_31

He also founded and managed the Haçienda nightclub and Dry Bar, together forming a central part of the music and cultural scene of Manchester. Tony Wilson_sentence_32

The scene was termed "Madchester" in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Tony Wilson_sentence_33

He made little money from Factory Records or the Haçienda, despite the enormous popularity and cultural significance of both endeavours. Tony Wilson_sentence_34

Both Factory Records and the Haçienda came to an abrupt end in the late 1990s. Tony Wilson_sentence_35

In 2000, Wilson and his business partners launched an early online music store, Music33. Tony Wilson_sentence_36

A semi-fictionalised version of his life and of the surrounding era was made into the film, 24 Hour Party People (2002), which stars Steve Coogan as Wilson. Tony Wilson_sentence_37

After the film was produced, Wilson wrote a novelisation based on the screenplay. Tony Wilson_sentence_38

He played a minor role (playing himself) in the film, A Cock and Bull Story (2005), in which his character interviews Steve Coogan. Tony Wilson_sentence_39

Wilson also co-produced the Ian Curtis biopic, Control (2007), being portrayed on this occasion by Craig Parkinson. Tony Wilson_sentence_40

He died a few months before its release. Tony Wilson_sentence_41

Wilson was a partner in the annual 'In the City' and 'Interactive City' music festivals and industry conferences, and also F4 Records, the fourth version of Factory Records, which was set up to be an online distributor for Wilson's long term protégé Vini Reilly, of the Durutti Column. Tony Wilson_sentence_42

Politics Tony Wilson_section_3

Wilson identified himself as a socialist and refused to pay for private healthcare on principle. Tony Wilson_sentence_43

Wilson was also an outspoken supporter of regionalism. Tony Wilson_sentence_44

Along with others including Ruth Turner, he started a campaign for North West England to be allowed a referendum on the creation of a regional assembly, called the "Necessary Group" after a line in the United States Declaration of Independence. Tony Wilson_sentence_45

Although his campaign was successful, with the British government announcing that a vote would take place, this was later abandoned when North East England voted against the introduction of a regional tier of government. Tony Wilson_sentence_46

Wilson later spoke at several political events on this subject. Tony Wilson_sentence_47

He was also known for using Situationist ideas. Tony Wilson_sentence_48

Wilson's goal of a strong regional political settlement was eventually achieved in 2017, ten years after his death, with the election of a "Metro Mayor" for Greater Manchester and an equivalent for Merseyside. Tony Wilson_sentence_49

Relationships Tony Wilson_section_4

Wilson was married twice, first to Lindsay Reade and then to Hilary, with whom he had a son, Oliver, and a daughter, Isabel. Tony Wilson_sentence_50

In 1990 he started a relationship with Yvette Livesey, a former Miss England and Miss UK, who was his girlfriend until his death in 2007. Tony Wilson_sentence_51

Livesey has since co-operated with a biography of Wilson's life, called You're Entitled to an Opinion ..., written by David Nolan and published in 2009. Tony Wilson_sentence_52

Illness Tony Wilson_section_5

After Wilson developed renal cancer and had one kidney removed in 2007, doctors recommended he take the drug Sutent. Tony Wilson_sentence_53

Manchester Primary Care NHS Trust refused to fund the £3,500 per month cost of providing the drug, while patients being treated alongside him at the Christie Hospital and living just a few miles away in Cheshire did receive funding for the medication. Tony Wilson_sentence_54

A number of Wilson's music industry friends, including former Happy Mondays manager Nathan McGough, their current manager Elliot Rashman and TV stars Richard Madeley and Judy Finnegan, formed a fund to help pay for Wilson's medical treatment. Tony Wilson_sentence_55

Wilson said: "This [Sutent] is my only real option. Tony Wilson_sentence_56

It is not a cure but can hold the cancer back, so I will probably be on it until I die. Tony Wilson_sentence_57

When they said I would have to pay £3,500 for the drugs each month, I thought where am I going to find the money? Tony Wilson_sentence_58

I'm the one person in this industry who famously has never made any money. Tony Wilson_sentence_59

I used to say 'some people make money and some make history', which is very funny until you find you can't afford to keep yourself alive. Tony Wilson_sentence_60

I've never paid for private healthcare because I'm a socialist. Tony Wilson_sentence_61

Now I find you can get tummy tucks and cosmetic surgery on the NHS but not the drugs I need to stay alive. Tony Wilson_sentence_62

It is a scandal." Tony Wilson_sentence_63

Death and legacy Tony Wilson_section_6

In early 2007, emergency surgery was performed to remove one of his kidneys. Tony Wilson_sentence_64

This forced the postponement of plans to create a Southern Hemisphere version of the In the City festival. Tony Wilson_sentence_65

Despite the surgery, the cancer progressed and a course of chemotherapy was ineffective. Tony Wilson_sentence_66

Wilson died of a heart attack in Manchester's Christie Hospital on 10 August 2007 aged 57. Tony Wilson_sentence_67

Following the news of his death, the Union Flag on Manchester Town Hall was lowered to half mast as a mark of respect. Tony Wilson_sentence_68

Probate documents reveal his estate was valued at £484,747 after tax. Tony Wilson_sentence_69

That figure includes the value of his city centre flat on Little Peter Street. Tony Wilson_sentence_70

The will, signed by Wilson on 4 July 2007, gave Yvette Livesey, 39, his girlfriend of 17 years, the proceeds from their home. Tony Wilson_sentence_71

He also left her his share of six businesses. Tony Wilson_sentence_72

His son Oliver and daughter Isabel shared the rest of his estate. Tony Wilson_sentence_73

His funeral was at St Mary's RC Church, Mulberry Street, Manchester (The Hidden Gem) on 20 August 2007. Tony Wilson_sentence_74

Among the music Wilson chose Happy Mondays’ "Bob’s Yer Uncle". Tony Wilson_sentence_75

As with everything else in the Factory empire, Tony Wilson's coffin was also given a Factory catalogue number: FAC 501. Tony Wilson_sentence_76

He is buried at Southern Cemetery in Chorlton-cum-Hardy, Manchester. Tony Wilson_sentence_77

His black granite headstone, erected in October 2010, was designed by Peter Saville and Ben Kelly and features a quotation, chosen by Wilson's family, from Mrs G Linnaeus Banks's 1876 novel The Manchester Man, set in Rotis serif font. Tony Wilson_sentence_78

The quotation reads: "Mutability is the epitaph of worlds/ Change alone is changeless/ People drop out of the history of a life as of a land though their work or their influence remains." Tony Wilson_sentence_79

The main square of the HOME/First Street development in Manchester, which opened in 2015, is named Tony Wilson Place. Tony Wilson_sentence_80

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Wilson.