Trumbo (2015 film)

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Trumbo (2015 film)_table_infobox_0

TrumboTrumbo (2015 film)_header_cell_0_0_0
Directed byTrumbo (2015 film)_header_cell_0_1_0 Jay RoachTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_0_1_1
Produced byTrumbo (2015 film)_header_cell_0_2_0 Trumbo (2015 film)_cell_0_2_1
Written byTrumbo (2015 film)_header_cell_0_3_0 John McNamaraTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_0_3_1
Based onTrumbo (2015 film)_header_cell_0_4_0 Dalton Trumbo

by Bruce CookTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_0_4_1

StarringTrumbo (2015 film)_header_cell_0_5_0 Trumbo (2015 film)_cell_0_5_1
Music byTrumbo (2015 film)_header_cell_0_6_0 Theodore ShapiroTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_0_6_1
CinematographyTrumbo (2015 film)_header_cell_0_7_0 Jim DenaultTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_0_7_1
Edited byTrumbo (2015 film)_header_cell_0_8_0 Alan BaumgartenTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_0_8_1

companyTrumbo (2015 film)_header_cell_0_9_0

Trumbo (2015 film)_cell_0_9_1
Distributed byTrumbo (2015 film)_header_cell_0_10_0 Bleecker StreetTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_0_10_1
Release dateTrumbo (2015 film)_header_cell_0_11_0 Trumbo (2015 film)_cell_0_11_1
Running timeTrumbo (2015 film)_header_cell_0_12_0 124 minutesTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_0_12_1
CountryTrumbo (2015 film)_header_cell_0_13_0 United StatesTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_0_13_1
LanguageTrumbo (2015 film)_header_cell_0_14_0 EnglishTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_0_14_1
BudgetTrumbo (2015 film)_header_cell_0_15_0 $10 millionTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_0_15_1
Box officeTrumbo (2015 film)_header_cell_0_16_0 $13.3 millionTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_0_16_1

Trumbo is a 2015 American biographical drama film directed by Jay Roach and written by John McNamara. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_0

The film stars Bryan Cranston, Diane Lane, Helen Mirren, Louis C.K. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_1 , Elle Fanning, John Goodman, and Michael Stuhlbarg. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_2

The film follows the life of Hollywood screenwriter Dalton Trumbo, and is based on the 1977 biography Dalton Trumbo by Bruce Alexander Cook. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_3

The film was shown in the Special Presentations section of the 2015 Toronto International Film Festival on September 12, 2015, and was released on November 6, 2015, by Bleecker Street. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_4

The film received generally positive reviews, with Bryan Cranston being nominated for several awards, including the Academy Award for Best Actor. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_5

Plot Trumbo (2015 film)_section_0

Dalton Trumbo is a screenwriter whose talent places him among the elite of Hollywood. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_6

However, his active membership in the Communist Party of the USA draws the contempt of staunchly anti-Soviet entertainment-industry figures such as columnist Hedda Hopper and actor John Wayne. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_7

Trumbo is one of 10 screenwriters subpoenaed to testify before the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) regarding Communist propaganda in Hollywood films. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_8

They refuse to directly answer questions, confident that a liberal majority on the Supreme Court will overturn their convictions for contempt of Congress. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_9

Trumbo's friend Edward G. Robinson, who supports the cause, sells Vincent van Gogh's 1887 painting Portrait of Père Tanguy to raise money for their legal defense fund. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_10

The unexpected deaths of Justices Wiley Rutledge and Frank Murphy ruin Trumbo's plan to appeal. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_11

In 1950, Trumbo serves 11 months in Federal Correctional Institution in Ashland, Kentucky. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_12

As the Hollywood Blacklist expands to exclude more communists and communist sympathizers from working in the industry, Trumbo and his comrades are abandoned by Robinson and producer Buddy Ross, who disavow them to protect their careers. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_13

Trumbo is released from prison, but he remains blacklisted and his finances – and family life – become increasingly strained. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_14

He resorts to giving the screenplay for Roman Holiday to his friend Ian McLellan Hunter, to take credit and a share of the money, and eventually the Academy Award for Best Story. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_15

Selling his idyllic lakeside home and moving to a house in the city, he goes to work as a pseudonymous screenwriter for the low-budget King Brothers Productions, also farming out the writing of B-movie screenplays to fellow blacklisted writers. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_16

He puts his wife Cleo and teenage children to work as his support staff, adding to domestic conflict. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_17

King Brothers' film The Brave One, an original story by Trumbo under a pseudonym, receives an Academy Award he cannot claim. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_18

His blacklisted friend Arlen Hird dies from cancer, destitute, but an attempt by Hedda Hopper's allies to intimidate the head of King Brothers into firing Trumbo fails completely. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_19

Over time, industry suspicion of Trumbo's ghostwriting develops, but he is careful not to confirm it. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_20

In 1960, actor Kirk Douglas recruits him to write the screenplay for his epic film Spartacus, and director Otto Preminger recruits him to script Exodus. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_21

Both men publicly credit him as the screenwriter, despite Hopper's futile efforts to intimidate Douglas into dropping Trumbo. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_22

By early 1961, the effectiveness of the Blacklist has been broken to the point where newly elected US President John F. Kennedy publicly endorses Spartacus, and Trumbo and others are able to begin rebuilding their careers. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_23

Douglas said of his decision to credit Trumbo as screenwriter, "I was threatened that using a Blacklisted writer for Spartacus – my friend Dalton Trumbo — would mark me as a "Commie-lover" and end my career. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_24

There are times when one has to stand up for principle." Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_25

Ten years later, finally receiving his due accolades from Hollywood, Trumbo speaks about how the Blacklist victimized them all: those who stood by their principles and lost their jobs, and also those who compromised their principles to keep them. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_26

Cast Trumbo (2015 film)_section_1

Production Trumbo (2015 film)_section_2

On September 18, 2013, Bryan Cranston joined the cast to play Dalton Trumbo. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_27

On April 14, 2014, Helen Mirren joined the cast to play Hedda Hopper. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_28

On August 7, 2014, Diane Lane, Elle Fanning, John Goodman and Michael Stuhlbarg joined the cast. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_29

On August 13, 2014, David James Elliott, Peter Mackenzie and Roger Bart joined the cast to play John Wayne, Robert Kenny and Buddy Ross, respectively. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_30

On September 6, 2014, Louis C.K. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_31

joined the cast to play Arlen Hird. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_32

On September 22, 2014, Dean O'Gorman joined the cast to play Kirk Douglas. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_33

On October 16, 2014, Adewale Akinnuoye-Agbaje joined the cast to play Virgil Brooks. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_34

Principal photography began on September 15, 2014, and ended on November 6, 2014. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_35

Release Trumbo (2015 film)_section_3

On August 13, 2014, it was announced that Bleecker Street would distribute the film. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_36

The film had its world premiere at the 2015 Toronto International Film Festival on September 12, 2015. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_37

The film had a limited release on November 6, 2015 before going wide on November 25. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_38

Trumbo grossed $7.9 million in the United States and Canada and $3.2 million in other countries, for a worldwide total of $11 million. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_39

Critical response Trumbo (2015 film)_section_4

On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 74% based on 205 reviews, with an average rating of 6.70/10. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_40

The site's critical consensus states, "Trumbo serves as an honorable and well-acted tribute to a brilliant writer's principled stand, even if it doesn't quite achieve the greatness of its subject's own classic screenplays." Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_41

Metacritic gives the film a weighted average score of 60 out of 100, based on 33 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews". Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_42

Peter Debruge of Variety gave the film a positive review, saying, "Trumbo may be clumsy and overly simplistic at times, but it's still an important reminder of how democracy can fail (that is, when a fervent majority turns on those with different and potentially threatening values), and the strength of character it takes to fight the system." Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_43

Lou Lumenick of the New York Post gave the film three and a half stars out of four, saying "It's a cracking good story, and Cranston does a great job portraying a man who made great sacrifices for his principles." Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_44

Manohla Dargis of The New York Times gave the film a negative review, saying "Part biopic, part historical gloss, Trumbo tells a great-man story with a patchwork of fact and fiction, mixing in the odd bit of newsreel with a great many dull, visually flat and poorly lighted dramatic scenes." Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_45

Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle gave the film three out of four stars, saying "Trumbo is breezy and pithy without ever undercutting the seriousness of the subject. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_46

A certain degree of wit is appropriate in a writer's story, just as any Hollywood tale must at least have a whiff of absurdity, or else it can't be true." Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_47

Richard Roeper of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film three out of four stars, saying "Trumbo is a corny, well-made B-movie about an A-list screenwriter who had to take jobs writing B-movies after he was blacklisted, but eventually worked his way back to writing A-movies with Kirk Douglas a.k.a. Spartacus as his champion." Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_48

Jordan Mintzer of The Hollywood Reporter gave the film a positive review, saying "What makes the movie work are the lively performances, both from the supporting cast and from Cranston, who sheds the mimicry and pontificating of earlier scenes to turn Trumbo into a wry, self-deprecating and somewhat cheeky older man, even if he continued to stand up for what was right." Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_49

Ty Burr of The Boston Globe gave the film three out of four stars, saying "Cranston's performance is the motor that runs Trumbo, and that motor never idles, never flags in momentum or magnetism or idealistic scorn." Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_50

Alonso Duralde of TheWrap gave the film a positive review, saying "Roach and McNamara fall victim to the occasional phony biopic moment or straight-up moment of didacticism, but overall Trumbo is a lively history about the day-in-day-out drudgery of survival during oppressive times. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_51

Screenwriters are so rarely taken seriously by the film industry that it's a nice switch to watch them be the heroes." Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_52

Bill Goodykoontz of The Arizona Republic gave the film three and a half stars out of four, saying "Roach's film may be light in places, even sugarcoated in others, but any reminder of the past and its impact on the future is a welcome one. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_53

Plus, we get a good Cranston performance in the bargain." Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_54

Despite generally positive reviews, several reviewers criticized the film for being historically misleading or ideologically manipulative. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_55

Godfrey Cheshire of the Roger Ebert Journal wrote that Trumbo is "another of those simplistic, made-to-order films about the Hollywood blacklist in which the blacklisted movie folks are all innocent, in every conceivable way." Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_56

Cheshire decried the film's insinuation that the House Committee on Un-American Activities created the Hollywood blacklist and that "Sen. Joseph McCarthy had something to do with Congress' pursuit of Hollywood." Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_57

Cheshire also criticized the film for mainstreaming communism: "it invites us to see the Communist Party USA as just another political party rather than as the domestic instrument of a hostile and ultra-murderous foreign tyranny." Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_58

Other critics raised similar historical concerns. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_59

While the film portrays Trumbo as "a New Deal liberal hero defending civil liberties", Ron Capshaw in The American Spectator stated the real Trumbo was an outspoken supporter of Soviet-style communism, including Joseph Stalin and North Korean dictator Kim Il-sung. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_60

The conservative Pat Buchanan questioned the appropriateness of portraying Trumbo as a "martyr to the first amendment" while overlooking his support for regimes that actively suppress free speech. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_61

Armond White of National Review went a step further, accusing director Jay Roach of "unrestrained partisanship" for whitewashing the history of communism to invent a hero that supports Roach's political views. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_62

Accolades Trumbo (2015 film)_section_5

Bryan Cranston received numerous award nominations for his portrayal of Trumbo, including an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_63

Trumbo (2015 film)_table_general_1

AwardsTrumbo (2015 film)_header_cell_1_0_0
AwardTrumbo (2015 film)_header_cell_1_1_0 Date of CeremonyTrumbo (2015 film)_header_cell_1_1_1 CategoryTrumbo (2015 film)_header_cell_1_1_2 RecipientTrumbo (2015 film)_header_cell_1_1_3 OutcomeTrumbo (2015 film)_header_cell_1_1_4
Academy AwardsTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_2_0 February 28, 2016Trumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_2_1 Best ActorTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_2_2 Bryan CranstonTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_2_3 NominatedTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_2_4
British Academy Film AwardsTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_3_0 February 14, 2016Trumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_3_1 Best Actor in a Leading RoleTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_3_2 Bryan CranstonTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_3_3 NominatedTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_3_4
Costume Designers Guild AwardsTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_4_0 February 23, 2016Trumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_4_1 Excellence in Period FilmTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_4_2 Daniel OrlandiTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_4_3 NominatedTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_4_4
Critics' Choice AwardsTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_5_0 January 17, 2016Trumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_5_1 Best ActorTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_5_2 Bryan CranstonTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_5_3 NominatedTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_5_4
Best Supporting ActressTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_6_0 Helen MirrenTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_6_1 NominatedTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_6_2
Best Acting EnsembleTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_7_0 Adewale Akinnuoye-Agbaje, Louis C.K., Bryan Cranston, David James Elliott, Elle Fanning, John Goodman, Diane Lane, Helen Mirren, Michael Stuhlbarg, Alan TudykTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_7_1 NominatedTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_7_2
Golden Globe AwardsTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_8_0 January 10, 2016Trumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_8_1 Best Actor – Motion Picture DramaTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_8_2 Bryan CranstonTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_8_3 NominatedTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_8_4
Best Supporting Actress – Motion PictureTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_9_0 Helen MirrenTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_9_1 NominatedTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_9_2
Houston Film Critics SocietyTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_10_0 January 9, 2016Trumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_10_1 Best ActorTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_10_2 Bryan CranstonTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_10_3 NominatedTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_10_4
Palm Springs International Film FestivalTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_11_0 January 2, 2016Trumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_11_1 Spotlight Award – ActorTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_11_2 Bryan CranstonTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_11_3 WonTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_11_4
San Diego Film Critics SocietyTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_12_0 December 14, 2015Trumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_12_1 Best ActorTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_12_2 Bryan CranstonTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_12_3 NominatedTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_12_4
Best Supporting ActressTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_13_0 Helen MirrenTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_13_1 NominatedTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_13_2
San Francisco Film Critics CircleTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_14_0 December 12, 2015Trumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_14_1 Best ActorTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_14_2 Bryan CranstonTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_14_3 NominatedTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_14_4
Best Supporting ActressTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_15_0 Helen MirrenTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_15_1 NominatedTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_15_2
Saturn AwardsTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_16_0 June 22, 2016Trumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_16_1 Best Independent FilmTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_16_2 Trumbo (2015 film)_header_cell_1_16_3 NominatedTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_16_4
Screen Actors Guild AwardsTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_17_0 January 30, 2016Trumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_17_1 Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading RoleTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_17_2 Bryan CranstonTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_17_3 NominatedTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_17_4
Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting RoleTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_18_0 Helen MirrenTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_18_1 NominatedTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_18_2
Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion PictureTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_19_0 Adewale Akinnuoye-Agbaje, Louis C.K., Bryan Cranston, David James Elliott, Elle Fanning, John Goodman, Diane Lane, Helen Mirren, Michael Stuhlbarg, Alan TudykTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_19_1 NominatedTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_19_2
Writers Guild of America AwardsTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_20_0 February 13, 2016Trumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_20_1 Best Adapted ScreenplayTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_20_2 John McNamaraTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_20_3 NominatedTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_20_4
Paul Selvin AwardTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_21_0 WonTrumbo (2015 film)_cell_1_21_1

Alleged Robinson inaccuracy Trumbo (2015 film)_section_6

The film depicts actor Edward G. Robinson betraying his friend Dalton Trumbo and others by naming them as communists before the House Un-American Activities Committee. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_64

Robinson testified four times before the committee and eventually stated that he had been a dupe of communist front organizations. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_65

According to the transcript of a hearing on April 30, 1952, Robinson gave the following testimony: "Well, you had Albert Maltz, and you have Dalton Trumbo, and you have—what is the other fellow, the top fellow who they say is the commissar out there? Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_66

", and after being prompted by his questioner (Mr. Walter), Robinson continued: "Yes, John Howard Lawson. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_67

I knew Frank Tuttle. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_68

I didn't know Dmytryk at all. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_69

There are the Buchmans, that I know, Sidney Buchman and all that sort of thing. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_70

It never entered my mind that any of these people were Communists." Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_71

His testimony is re-enacted in the film, but with alterations, including to some of the names and their order. Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_72

For instance, instead of John Howard Lawson, the composite character, Arlen Hird, is identified as "the commissar". Trumbo (2015 film)_sentence_73

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: (2015 film).