For the lip feature, see Cupid's bow.
A tubercle is generally a wart-like projection, but it has slightly different meaning depending on which family of plants or animals it is used to refer to.
They are also known as podaria (singular podarium).
When referring to some members of the pea family, it is used to refer to the wart-like excrescences that are found on the roots.
The tubercles in nudibranchs can present themselves in different ways: each tubercle in a single, rounded, conical or angular form, in a compound form of 2 or more levels, tubercles in amalgamated clusters or as tubercles forming, or joined by a ridge.
In dinosaurs, a tubercle is a general term for the scales seen in skin impressions.
In duck-billed dinosaurs, for example, three main types of tubercles are defined: small tubercles with no definite arrangement (ground tubercles); larger, polygonal tubercles (pavement tubercles) up to 1 cm (0.4 in) in diameter, which are grouped into clusters separated by ground tubercles; and limpet-shaped conical scutes.
Within the human body, there are numerous sites where tubercles develop.
On bones, they are usually eminences used for muscle connections.
Larger tubercles are also known as tuberosities.
Surgery can be done to make tubercles less prominent.
Main article: Tubercle (human skeleton)
Main article: Tuberculosis
Tubercles are also known as tuberculous nodules, or tuberculomas.
The affected parts develop lesions in the form of small nodules called tubercles, from which the disease gets its name.
Around the sixth week of gestation, six swellings of tissue called the hillocks of Hiss arise around the area that will form the ear canal.
These eventually coalesce to form the outer ear.
Darwin's tubercle is a minor malformation of the junction of the fourth and fifth hillocks of Hiss.
It is found in a substantial minority of people and takes the form of a cartilaginous node or bump on the rim of their outer ear, which is thought to be the vestige of a joint that allowed the top part of the ancestral ear to swivel or flop down over the opening to the ear.
The septotubercular tract can be found in the human, as well as in the sheep brain.
It is found nearby the septohypothalamic tract.
Its function to the brain is ambiguous at this point.
- Areolar glands, sebaceous glands surrounding the nipple
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tubercle.