UK Albums Chart
It was published for the first time on 22 July 1956 and is compiled every week by the Official Charts Company (OCC) on Fridays (previously Sundays).
To qualify for the Official Albums Chart, the album must be the correct length and price.
It must be more than three tracks or 20 minutes long and not be classed as a budget album.
A budget album costs between £0.50 and £3.75.
Full details of the rules can be found on the OCC website.
According to the canon of the OCC, the official British albums chart was the Record Mirror chart from 22 July 1956 to 1 November 1958; the Melody Maker chart from 8 November 1958 to March 1960; the Record Retailer chart from 1960 to 1969; and the Official Albums Chart from 1969 on.
For eight weeks in February and March 1971 no Official Albums Chart was compiled due to a postal strike - for this period, the OCC uses the chart compiled by Melody Maker instead.
Since October 1993 it has been included in The Official Chart show from 4:00 – 5:45 pm on Fridays (previously from 4:00 – 7:00 pm on Sundays).
Though album sales tend to produce more revenue and, over time, act as a greater measure of an artist's success, this chart receives less media attention than the UK Singles Chart, because overall sales of an album are more important than its peak position.
2005 saw a record number of artist album sales with 126.2 million sold in the UK.
In February 2015, it was announced that due to the falling sales of albums and rise in popularity of audio streaming, the Official Albums Chart would begin including streaming data from March 2015.
Under the revised methodology, the Official Charts Company takes the 12 most streamed tracks from one album, with the top-two songs being down-weighted in line with the average of the rest.
The total of these streams is divided by 1000 and added to the pure sales of the album.
This calculation was designed to ensure that the chart rundown continues to reflect the popularity of the albums themselves, rather than just the performance of one or two smash hit singles.
The first number one on the UK Albums Chart was Songs for Swingin' Lovers!
by Frank Sinatra for the week ending 22 July 1956.
As of the week ending 17 December 2020, the UK Albums Chart has had 1219 different number one albums.
The current number one album is Weird!
The most successful artists in the charts depend on the criteria used.
By most weeks at number one, The Beatles lead with a total of 176 weeks, and the most number one albums of all with 15.
The male solo artist with the most weeks at number one is Presley with a total of 66 weeks.
Presley also holds the record for the most number one albums by a solo artist (13) and most top ten albums by any artist (53).
Adele is the female solo artist with the most weeks at number one, with a total of 37 weeks.
Queen's Greatest Hits is the best-selling album in UK chart history, with six million copies sold as of February 2014.
Both albums have sold in excess of 5.1 million copies.
It had a consecutive run of 70 weeks from November 1958 to March 1960, and had further runs at the top in 1960 and 1961, making a non-consecutive total of 115 weeks.
Eminem holds the record for the most consecutive number one albums in Official Albums Chart history, with ten consecutive UK number one albums.
The oldest living artist to top the charts is Vera Lynn at the age of 92 with We'll Meet Again: The Very Best of Vera Lynn, released in 2009 (though the album only contains material she recorded between 1936 and 1959).
Lynn also holds the record for the oldest living artist to have a chart album, with the 2017 release of Vera Lynn 100, released to mark her 100th birthday (though again, this only contains material she recorded decades earlier).
The album peaked at number 3.
The album which has spent the most weeks on the charts is Queen's Greatest Hits, which has spent over 1000 weeks on the chart by January 2018.
See List of albums which have spent the most weeks on the UK Albums Chart for full details.
In 1980, Kate Bush became the first British female artist to have a number-one album in the UK with Never for Ever, as well as being the first album by any female solo artist to enter the chart at number 1.
In August 2014 she became the first female artist to have eight albums in the Official UK Top 40 Albums Chart simultaneously, (altogether she had eleven albums in the Top 50 in one week).
She is currently in fourth place for artists having the most simultaneous UK Top 40 albums, behind Elvis Presley and David Bowie who both tie for the most simultaneous Top 40 albums (twelve each, both immediately following their deaths in 1977 and 2016 respectively), and The Beatles who had eleven in 2009 when remastered versions of their albums were released.
Released in November 2015, it sold over 800,000 copies in its first week.
The Rolling Stones are the first act to have reached number one in the album chart during six different decades (1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2010s and 2020s) though their number ones in the 2010s and 2020s were with reissues of their older albums.
For solo artists, Elvis Presley was the first artist to score UK number-one albums in five different decades (the 1950s, 1960s, 1970s, 2000s and 2010s).
In 2020, Bruce Springsteen became the first solo artist to score UK number-one albums in five consecutive decades (the 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, 2010s, and 2020s) with his twelfth number-one album Letter to You.
Also in 2020, Kylie Minogue became the first female solo artist to have UK number-one albums in five different decades (which also happened to be consecutively, the 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, 2010s, and 2020s), with her eighth UK number one album Disco.
The longest consecutive number one by a group was the Beatles' Please Please Me, which held the top spot for a straight 30 weeks.
The longest number one by a male solo artist was Elvis Presley with G.I. which stayed at the top for 22 weeks (his BluesBlue Hawaii album was also the longest consecutive number one album for a male artist with 17 weeks).
Adele's album 21 has the most weeks at number one by a female solo artist (and by a solo artist of any gender) with 23 weeks, 11 of which were consecutive (which is also a record for a female artist).
The first studio album and non soundtrack or cast recording album to top the year-end chart was With the Beatles by The Beatles in 1963 — they became the first group to achieve this feat.
The first studio album and non soundtrack or cast recording album to top the decade-end chart was Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band by The Beatles in the 1960s — they became the first group to achieve this.
Blunt was the only performer in history to top the decade chart with a debut album.
The first female solo artist to achieve this feat was Adele in the 2010s, with 21.
Dua Lipa's Future Nostalgia holds the record for having the lowest one-week sales while at the top of the chart in the modern era, when it was number one the week beginning 15 May 2020 with sales of only 7,317.
The fastest selling debut albums (first-week sales):
- All-time highest sales by a solo female artist is Susan Boyle with I Dreamed a Dream, which sold 411,820 copies in November 2009.
- By a band is Arctic Monkeys with Whatever People Say I Am, That's What I'm Not, which sold 363,735 copies in 2006.
- By a solo male act is Craig David with Born to Do It, which sold 225,320 copies in 2000.
- UK Singles Chart
- List of UK Albums Chart Christmas number ones
- List of UK Albums Chart number ones
- List of artists by number of UK Albums Chart number ones
- List of artists who have spent the most weeks on the UK music charts
- List of best-selling albums by year in the United Kingdom
- List of albums which have spent the most weeks on the UK Albums Chart
- List of singles which have spent the most weeks on the UK Singles Chart
- Lists of fastest-selling UK debuts albums
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UK Albums Chart.