UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts

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The UK Independent Singles Chart and UK Independent Albums Chart are charts of the best-selling independent singles and albums, respectively, in the United Kingdom. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_0

Originally published in January 1980, and widely known as the "indie chart", the relevance of the chart dwindled in the 1990s as major-label ownership blurred the boundary between independent and major labels. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_1

Separate independent charts are currently published weekly by the Official Charts Company. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_2

History UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_section_0

In the wake of punk, small record labels began to spring up, as an outlet for artists that were unwilling to sign contracts with major record companies, or were not considered commercially attractive to those companies. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_3

By 1978, labels like Cherry Red, Rough Trade, and Mute had started up, and a support structure soon followed, including independent pressing, distribution and promotion. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_4

These labels got bigger and bigger, and by 1980 were having top 10 hits in the UK Singles Chart. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_5

Chart success was limited, however, since the official top 40 was based on sales at large chains and ignored significant sales at the scores of independent record shops that existed. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_6

Iain McNay of Cherry Red suggested to the weekly trade paper Record Business the idea of an independent record chart to address the problem, and the first independent chart appeared in 1980, published in Record Week, and later licensed to Sounds. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_7

The definition of whether or not a single was "indie" had depended on the distribution channel by which it was shipped—the record needed to be delivered by a distribution service that was independent of the four major record companies: EMI, Sony Music Entertainment, Warner Music Group and Universal Music Group. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_8

In 1981, compilation of the chart switched to research company MRIB. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_9

The chart served to give exposure to the independent labels and the artists on those labels. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_10

In 1985, Music Week started compiling its own indie chart, but it failed to meet the authority of the original MRIB chart, although both Sounds and Melody Maker later switched from the MRIB chart and adopted the Music Week chart instead. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_11

Other weekly music papers also published their own charts, often compiled from single record shops. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_12

By 1990, the significance of the chart had been diluted by major record companies forming their own 'indie' labels, with independent distribution, in order to break new acts via exposure from the indie chart. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_13

To be included in the indie chart, a record had to be distributed independently of the corporate framework of the major record companies; the genre of music was irrelevant. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_14

Large independent distributors emerged such as Pinnacle and Spartan, and there later emerged The Cartel, an association of regional distributors including Rough Trade, Backs, and Red Rhino. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_15

The first weekly independent chart was published on 19 January 1980, with Spizzenergi's "Where's Captain Kirk" topping the singles chart, and Adam and the Ants' Dirk Wears White Sox topping the album chart. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_16

Official Charts Company UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_section_1

Although the independent chart has less relevance today, The Official UK Charts Company still compiles a chart, consisting of those singles from the main chart on independent labels. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_17

The OCC's Independent Chart was significantly altered in June 2009. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_18

Its new system altered the qualification criteria to include only singles from labels that were at least fifty per cent owned by a record company that was not one of the main four record companies. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_19

This prevented major record companies from qualifying for the chart by outsourcing the shipping of their singles to smaller distribution services. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_20

These new changes were first unveiled at the 2008 annual general meeting of the British Phonographic Industry on 9 July, and the new chart went live on 29 June 2009. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_21

The first song to top the chart under the new system was "Bonkers" by Dizzee Rascal, which also made it to No. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_22

1 in the main UK Singles Chart. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_23

Also during the 2000s and 2010s, many indie rock/post-punk revival bands like the Kaiser Chiefs and Arctic Monkeys topped the OCC's chart; Arctic Monkeys' single "Do I Wanna Know?" UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_24

reached No. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_25

2 in the chart in June 2013 while making it to No. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_26

11 in the main chart. UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_sentence_27

See also UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_section_2

UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts_unordered_list_0


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UK Independent Singles and Albums Charts.