United States Department of Defense

From Wikipedia for FEVERv2
Jump to navigation Jump to search

"DoD" redirects here. United States Department of Defense_sentence_0

For other uses, see DOD. United States Department of Defense_sentence_1

United States Department of Defense_table_infobox_0

United States Department of DefenseUnited States Department of Defense_table_caption_0
Agency overviewUnited States Department of Defense_header_cell_0_0_0
FormedUnited States Department of Defense_header_cell_0_1_0 18 September 1947; 73 years ago (1947-09-18) (as National Military Establishment)United States Department of Defense_cell_0_1_1
Preceding agenciesUnited States Department of Defense_header_cell_0_2_0 United States Department of Defense_cell_0_2_1
TypeUnited States Department of Defense_header_cell_0_3_0 Executive departmentUnited States Department of Defense_cell_0_3_1
JurisdictionUnited States Department of Defense_header_cell_0_4_0 U.S. federal governmentUnited States Department of Defense_cell_0_4_1
HeadquartersUnited States Department of Defense_header_cell_0_5_0 The Pentagon

Arlington, Virginia, U.S.United States Department of Defense_cell_0_5_1

EmployeesUnited States Department of Defense_header_cell_0_6_0 732,079 (civilian)

1,300,000 (active duty military) 826,000 (National Guard and reserve): 2.86 million total (2018)United States Department of Defense_cell_0_6_1

Annual budgetUnited States Department of Defense_header_cell_0_7_0 $721.5 billion (FY2020)United States Department of Defense_cell_0_7_1
Agency executivesUnited States Department of Defense_header_cell_0_8_0 United States Department of Defense_cell_0_8_1
Child agenciesUnited States Department of Defense_header_cell_0_9_0 United States Department of Defense_cell_0_9_1
WebsiteUnited States Department of Defense_header_cell_0_10_0 United States Department of Defense_cell_0_10_1

The United States Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government directly related to national security and the United States Armed Forces. United States Department of Defense_sentence_2

The DOD is the largest employer in the world, with over 1.3 million active-duty service members (soldiers, marines, sailors and airmen) as of 2020. United States Department of Defense_sentence_3

More employees include over 826,000 National Guard and reservists from the armed forces, and over 732,000 civilians bringing the total to over 2.8 million employees. United States Department of Defense_sentence_4

Headquartered at the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, just outside Washington, D.C., the DoD's stated mission is to provide "the military forces needed to deter war and ensure our nation's security". United States Department of Defense_sentence_5

The Department of Defense is headed by the secretary of defense, a cabinet-level head who reports directly to the president of the United States. United States Department of Defense_sentence_6

Beneath the Department of Defense are three subordinate military departments: the Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, and the Department of the Air Force. United States Department of Defense_sentence_7

In addition, four national intelligence services are subordinate to the Department of Defense: the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), the National Security Agency (NSA), the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA), and the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO). United States Department of Defense_sentence_8

Other Defense agencies include the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), the Strategic Capabilities Office (SCO), the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA), the Missile Defense Agency (MDA), the Defense Health Agency (DHA), Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), the Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency (formerly the DSS), and the Pentagon Force Protection Agency (PFPA), all of which are subordinate to the secretary of defense. United States Department of Defense_sentence_9

Additionally, the Defense Contract Management Agency (DCMA) is responsible for administering contracts for the DoD. United States Department of Defense_sentence_10

Military operations are managed by eleven regional or functional Unified combatant commands. United States Department of Defense_sentence_11

The Department of Defense also operates several joint services schools, including the Eisenhower School (ES) and the National War College (NWC). United States Department of Defense_sentence_12

History United States Department of Defense_section_0

See also: National Security Act of 1947 and History of the United States military United States Department of Defense_sentence_13

Faced with rising tensions between the Thirteen Colonies and the British government, one of the first actions taken by the First Continental Congress in September 1774 was to recommend that the colonies begin defensive military preparations. United States Department of Defense_sentence_14

In mid-June 1775, after the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, the Second Continental Congress, recognizing the necessity of having a national army that could move about and fight beyond the boundaries of any particular colony, organized the Continental Army on 14 June 1775. United States Department of Defense_sentence_15

This momentous event is commemorated in the U.S. annually as Flag Day. United States Department of Defense_sentence_16

Later that year, Congress would charter the Continental Navy on 13 October, and the Continental Marines on 10 November. United States Department of Defense_sentence_17

The War Department and Navy Department United States Department of Defense_section_1

Main articles: United States Department of War and United States Department of the Navy United States Department of Defense_sentence_18

Upon the seating of the 1st U.S. Congress on 4 March 1789, legislation to create a military defense force stagnated as they focused on other concerns relevant to setting up the new government. United States Department of Defense_sentence_19

President George Washington went to Congress to remind them of their duty to establish a military twice during this time. United States Department of Defense_sentence_20

Finally, on the last day of the session, 29 September 1789, Congress created the War Department. United States Department of Defense_sentence_21

The War Department handled naval affairs until Congress created the Navy Department in 1798. United States Department of Defense_sentence_22

The secretaries of each of these departments reported directly to the president as cabinet-level advisors until 1949, when all military departments became subordinate to the Secretary of Defense. United States Department of Defense_sentence_23

National Military Establishment United States Department of Defense_section_2

After the end of World War II, President Harry Truman proposed the creation of a unified department of national defense. United States Department of Defense_sentence_24

In a special message to Congress on 19 December 1945, the president cited both wasteful military spending and inter-departmental conflicts. United States Department of Defense_sentence_25

Deliberations in Congress went on for months focusing heavily on the role of the military in society and the threat of granting too much military power to the executive. United States Department of Defense_sentence_26

On 26 July 1947, Truman signed the National Security Act of 1947, which set up a unified military command known as the "National Military Establishment", as well as creating the Central Intelligence Agency, the National Security Council, National Security Resources Board, United States Air Force (formerly the Army Air Forces) and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. United States Department of Defense_sentence_27

The act placed the National Military Establishment under the control of a single secretary of defense. United States Department of Defense_sentence_28

The National Military Establishment formally began operations on 18 September, the day after the Senate confirmed James V. Forrestal as the first secretary of defense. United States Department of Defense_sentence_29

The National Military Establishment was renamed the "Department of Defense" on 10 August 1949 and absorbed the three cabinet-level military departments, in an amendment to the original 1947 law. United States Department of Defense_sentence_30

Under the Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1958 (Pub.L. United States Department of Defense_sentence_31

), channels of authority within the department were streamlined, while still maintaining the ordinary authority of the Military Departments to organize, train and equip their associated forces. United States Department of Defense_sentence_32

The Act clarified the overall decision-making authority of the secretary of defense with respect to these subordinate Military Departments and more clearly defined the operational chain of command over U.S. military forces (created by the military departments) as running from the president to the secretary of defense and then to the unified combatant commanders. United States Department of Defense_sentence_33

Also provided in this legislation was a centralized research authority, the Advanced Research Projects Agency, eventually known as DARPA. United States Department of Defense_sentence_34

The act was written and promoted by the Eisenhower administration and was signed into law 6 August 1958. United States Department of Defense_sentence_35

Financial discrepancies United States Department of Defense_section_3

See also: § Criticism United States Department of Defense_sentence_36

A day before the September 11 attacks of 2001, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld announced that the department was unable to account for about $2.3 trillion worth of transactions. United States Department of Defense_sentence_37

Reuters reported in 2013 that the Pentagon was the only federal agency that had not released annual audits as required by a 1992 law. United States Department of Defense_sentence_38

According to Reuters, the Pentagon "annually reports to Congress that its books are in such disarray that an audit is impossible". United States Department of Defense_sentence_39

By 2015, the discrepant funds had increased to $6.5 trillion for the army alone. United States Department of Defense_sentence_40

In June 2016, the Office of the Inspector General released a report stating that the army made $6.5 trillion in wrongful adjustments to its accounting entries in 2015. United States Department of Defense_sentence_41

Organizational structure United States Department of Defense_section_4

Main article: Organizational structure of the United States Department of Defense United States Department of Defense_sentence_42

See also: List of Department of Defense agencies United States Department of Defense_sentence_43

The secretary of defense, appointed by the president with the advice and consent of the Senate, is by federal law (10 U.S.C. ) the head of the Department of Defense, "the principal assistant to the President in all matters relating to Department of Defense", and has "authority, direction, and control over the Department of Defense". United States Department of Defense_sentence_44

Because of the Constitution vests all military authority in Congress and the president, the statutory authority of the secretary of defense is derived from their constitutional authorities. United States Department of Defense_sentence_45

Since it is impractical for either Congress or the president to participate in every piece of Department of Defense affairs, the secretary of defense, and the secretary's subordinate officials generally, exercise military authority. United States Department of Defense_sentence_46

The Department of Defense is composed of the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) and the Joint Staff (JS), Office of the Inspector General (DODIG), the Combatant Commands, the Military Departments (Department of the Army (DA), Department of the Navy (DON) & Department of the Air Force (DAF)), the Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities, the National Guard Bureau (NGB), and such other offices, agencies, activities, organizations, and commands established or designated by law, or by the president or by the secretary of defense. United States Department of Defense_sentence_47

Department of Defense Directive 5100.01 describes the organizational relationships within the department, and is the foundational issuance for delineating the major functions of the department. United States Department of Defense_sentence_48

The latest version, signed by former secretary of defense Robert Gates in December 2010, is the first major re-write since 1987. United States Department of Defense_sentence_49

Office of the Secretary of Defense United States Department of Defense_section_5

Main article: Office of the Secretary of Defense United States Department of Defense_sentence_50

The Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) is the secretary and his/her deputy's (mainly) civilian staff. United States Department of Defense_sentence_51

OSD is the principal staff element of the secretary of defense in the exercise of policy development, planning, resource management, fiscal and program evaluation and oversight, and interface and exchange with other U.S. government departments and agencies, foreign governments, and international organizations, through formal and informal processes. United States Department of Defense_sentence_52

OSD also performs oversight and management of the Defense Agencies, Department of Defense Field Activities, and specialized Cross Functional Teams. United States Department of Defense_sentence_53

Defense agencies United States Department of Defense_section_6

OSD also supervises the following Defense Agencies: United States Department of Defense_sentence_54

National intelligence agencies United States Department of Defense_section_7

Several defense agencies are members of the United States Intelligence Community. United States Department of Defense_sentence_55

These are national-level intelligence services that operate under the jurisdiction of the Department of Defense but simultaneously fall under the authorities of the director of national intelligence. United States Department of Defense_sentence_56

They fulfill the requirements of national policymakers and war planners, serve as Combat Support Agencies, and also assist non-Department of Defense intelligence or law enforcement services such as the Central Intelligence Agency and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. United States Department of Defense_sentence_57

The military services each have their own intelligence elements that are distinct from but subject to coordination, by national intelligence agencies under the Department of Defense. United States Department of Defense_sentence_58

Department of Defense manages the nation's coordinating authorities and assets in disciplines of signals intelligence, geospatial intelligence, and measurement and signature intelligence, and also builds, launches and operates the Intelligence Community's satellite assets. United States Department of Defense_sentence_59

Department of Defense also has its own human intelligence service, which contributes to the CIA's human intelligence efforts while also focusing on military human intelligence priorities. United States Department of Defense_sentence_60

These agencies are directly overseen by the Undersecretary of Defense for Intelligence. United States Department of Defense_sentence_61

Joint Chiefs of Staff United States Department of Defense_section_8

Main article: Joint Chiefs of Staff United States Department of Defense_sentence_62

The Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) is a body of senior uniformed leaders in the Department of Defense who advise the secretary of defense, the Homeland Security Council, the National Security Council and the president on military matters. United States Department of Defense_sentence_63

The composition of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is defined by statute and consists of the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS), vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (VCJCS), senior enlisted advisor to the chairman (SEAC), the Military Service chiefs from the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, and Air Force, in addition to the chief of National Guard Bureau, all appointed by the president following Senate confirmation. United States Department of Defense_sentence_64

Each of the individual Military Service Chiefs, outside their Joint Chiefs of Staff obligations, works directly for the secretary of the Military Department concerned: the secretary of the Army, secretary of the Navy and secretary of the Air Force. United States Department of Defense_sentence_65

Following the Goldwater–Nichols Act in 1986 the Joint Chiefs of Staff do not have operational command authority, neither individually nor collectively, as the chain of command goes from the president to the secretary of defense, and from the Secretary of Defense to the commanders of the Combatant Commands. United States Department of Defense_sentence_66

Goldwater–Nichols also created the office of vice-chairman, and the chairman is now designated as the principal military adviser to the secretary of defense, the Homeland Security Council, the National Security Council and to the president. United States Department of Defense_sentence_67

The Joint Staff (JS) is a headquarters staff at the Pentagon made up of personnel from all four services that assist the chairman and vice chairman in discharging their duties, and managed by the director of the Joint Staff (DJS) who is a lieutenant general or vice admiral. United States Department of Defense_sentence_68

Military Departments United States Department of Defense_section_9

There are three Military Departments within the Department of Defense: United States Department of Defense_sentence_69

United States Department of Defense_ordered_list_0

  1. the Department of the Army, within which the United States Army is organized.United States Department of Defense_item_0_0
  2. the Department of the Navy, within which the United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps are organized.United States Department of Defense_item_0_1
  3. the Department of the Air Force, within which the United States Air Force and United States Space Force are organized.United States Department of Defense_item_0_2

The Military Departments are each headed by their own secretary (i.e., Secretary of the Army, Secretary of the Navy and Secretary of the Air Force), appointed by the president, with the advice and consent of the Senate. United States Department of Defense_sentence_70

They have the legal authority under Title 10 of the United States Code to conduct all the affairs of their respective departments within which the military services are organized. United States Department of Defense_sentence_71

The secretaries of the Military Departments are (by law) subordinate to the secretary of defense and (by SecDef delegation) to the deputy secretary of defense. United States Department of Defense_sentence_72

Secretaries of Military Departments, in turn, normally exercise authority over their forces by delegation through their respective service chiefs (i.e., Chief of Staff of the Army, Commandant of the Marine Corps, Chief of Naval Operations, Chief of Staff of the Air Force, and Chief of Space Operations) over forces not assigned to a Combatant Command. United States Department of Defense_sentence_73

Secretaries of Military Departments and service chiefs do not possess operational command authority over U.S. troops (this power was stripped from them in the Defense Reorganization Act of 1958), and instead, Military Departments are tasked solely with "the training, provision of equipment, and administration of troops." United States Department of Defense_sentence_74

Unified Combatant Commands United States Department of Defense_section_10

A unified combatant command is a military command composed of personnel/equipment from at least two Military Departments, which has a broad/continuing mission. United States Department of Defense_sentence_75

These Military Departments are responsible for equipping and training troops to fight while the Unified Combatant Commands are responsible for actual operational command of military forces. United States Department of Defense_sentence_76

Almost all operational U.S. forces are under the authority of a Unified Command. United States Department of Defense_sentence_77

The Unified Commands are governed by a Unified Command Plan—a frequently updated document (produced by the DoD), which lays out the Command's mission, geographical/functional responsibilities and force structure. United States Department of Defense_sentence_78

During military operations, the chain of command runs from the president to the secretary of defense to the combatant commanders of the Combatant Commands. United States Department of Defense_sentence_79

As of 2019 the United States has eleven Combatant Commands, organized either on a geographical basis (known as "area of responsibility", AOR) or on a global, functional basis: United States Department of Defense_sentence_80

United States Department of Defense_unordered_list_1

Budget United States Department of Defense_section_11

Main article: Military budget of the United States United States Department of Defense_sentence_81

Department of Defense spending in 2017 was 3.15% of GDP and accounted for about 38% of budgeted global military spending – more than the next 7 largest militaries combined. United States Department of Defense_sentence_82

By 2019 the 27th secretary of defense had begun a line-by-line review of the defense budget; in 2020 the secretary identified items amounting to $5.7 billion, out of a $106 billion subtotal (the so-called "fourth estate" agencies such as missile defense, and defense intelligence, amounting to 16% of the defense budget), which he will re-deploy to the modernization of hypersonics, artificial intelligence, and missile defense. United States Department of Defense_sentence_83

Beyond 2021 the 27th secretary of defense is projecting the need for yearly budget increases of 3 to 5 percent in order to modernize. United States Department of Defense_sentence_84

The Department of Defense accounts for the majority of federal discretionary spending. United States Department of Defense_sentence_85

In FY 2017 the Department of Defense budgeted spending accounted for 15% of the U.S. federal budget, and 49% of federal discretionary spending, which represents funds not accounted for by pre-existing obligations. United States Department of Defense_sentence_86

However, this does not include many military-related items that are outside the Defense Department budget, such as nuclear weapons research, maintenance, cleanup, and production, which is in the Department of Energy budget, Veterans Affairs, the Treasury Department's payments in pensions to military retirees and widows and their families, interest on debt incurred in past wars, or State Department financing of foreign arms sales and militarily-related development assistance. United States Department of Defense_sentence_87

Neither does it include defense spending that is not military in nature, such as the Department of Homeland Security, counter-terrorism spending by the FBI, and intelligence-gathering spending by the NSA. United States Department of Defense_sentence_88

In the 2010 United States federal budget, the Department of Defense was allocated a base budget of $533.7 billion, with a further $75.5 billion adjustment in respect of 2009, and $130 billion for overseas contingencies. United States Department of Defense_sentence_89

The subsequent 2010 Department of Defense Financial Report shows the total budgetary resources for fiscal year 2010 were $1.2 trillion. United States Department of Defense_sentence_90

Of these resources, $1.1 trillion were obligated and $994 billion were disbursed, with the remaining resources relating to multi-year modernization projects requiring additional time to procure. United States Department of Defense_sentence_91

After over a decade of non-compliance, Congress has established a deadline of Fiscal year 2017 for the Department of Defense to achieve audit readiness. United States Department of Defense_sentence_92

In 2015 the allocation for the Department of Defense was $585 billion, the highest level of budgetary resources among all Federal agencies, and this amounts to more than one-half of the annual Federal Expenditures in the United States federal budget discretionary budget. United States Department of Defense_sentence_93

On 9/28/2018, President Donald Trump signed the Department of Defense and Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education Appropriations Act, 2019 and Continuing Appropriations Act, 2019 (H.R.6157) into law. United States Department of Defense_sentence_94

On 30 September 2018, the FY2018 Budget expired and the FY2019 budget came into effect. United States Department of Defense_sentence_95

For FY2019 United States Department of Defense_section_12

The FY2019 Budget for the Department of Defense is approximately $686,074,048,000 (Including Base + Overseas Contingency Operations + Emergency Funds) in discretionary spending and $8,992,000,000 in mandatory spending totaling $695,066,000,000 United States Department of Defense_sentence_96

Undersecretary of Defense (Comptroller) David L. Norquist said in a hearing regarding the FY 2019 budget: "The overall number you often hear is $716 billion. United States Department of Defense_sentence_97

That is the amount of funding for what is called national defense, the accounting code is 050, and includes more than simply the Department of Defense. United States Department of Defense_sentence_98

It includes, for example, Department of Energy and others. United States Department of Defense_sentence_99

That large a number, if you back out the $30 billion for non-defense agencies, you get to $686 billion. United States Department of Defense_sentence_100

That is the funding for the Department of Defense, split between $617 billion in base and $69 billion in overseas contingency." United States Department of Defense_sentence_101

The Department of Defense budget encompasses the majority of the National Defense Budget of approximately $716.0 billion in discretionary spending and $10.8 billion in mandatory spending for a $726.8 billion total. United States Department of Defense_sentence_102

Of the total, $708.1 billion falls under the jurisdiction of the House Committee on Armed Services and Senate Armed Services Committee and is subject to authorization by the annual National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA). United States Department of Defense_sentence_103

The remaining $7.9 billion falls under the jurisdiction of other congressional committees. United States Department of Defense_sentence_104

The Department of Defense is unique in that it is one of the few federal entities where the majority of its funding falls into the discretionary category. United States Department of Defense_sentence_105

The majority of the entire federal budget is mandatory, and much of the discretionary funding in the budget consists of DoD dollars. United States Department of Defense_sentence_106

Budget overview United States Department of Defense_section_13

United States Department of Defense_table_general_1

DoD Total (Base + OCO + Emergency) Budget by Appropriation TitleUnited States Department of Defense_table_caption_1
Base + OCO + EmergencyUnited States Department of Defense_header_cell_1_0_0 FY 2019 ($ in thousands)United States Department of Defense_header_cell_1_0_1
Military PersonnelUnited States Department of Defense_cell_1_1_0 $152,883,052United States Department of Defense_cell_1_1_1
Operation and MaintenanceUnited States Department of Defense_cell_1_2_0 $283,544,068United States Department of Defense_cell_1_2_1
ProcurementUnited States Department of Defense_cell_1_3_0 $144,340,905United States Department of Defense_cell_1_3_1
RDT&EUnited States Department of Defense_cell_1_4_0 $92,364,681United States Department of Defense_cell_1_4_1
Revolving and Management FundsUnited States Department of Defense_cell_1_5_0 $1,557,305United States Department of Defense_cell_1_5_1
Defense BillUnited States Department of Defense_cell_1_6_0 $674,690,011United States Department of Defense_cell_1_6_1
Military ConstructionUnited States Department of Defense_cell_1_7_0 $9,801,405United States Department of Defense_cell_1_7_1
Family HousingUnited States Department of Defense_cell_1_8_0 $1,582,632United States Department of Defense_cell_1_8_1
Military Construction BillUnited States Department of Defense_cell_1_9_0 $11,384,037United States Department of Defense_cell_1_9_1
Total Base + OCO + EmergencyUnited States Department of Defense_cell_1_10_0 $686,074,048United States Department of Defense_cell_1_10_1
  • Numbers may not add due to rounding United States Department of Defense_sentence_107

Energy use United States Department of Defense_section_14

Main article: Energy usage of the United States military United States Department of Defense_sentence_108

The Department of Defense was the largest single consumer of energy in the United States in 2006. United States Department of Defense_sentence_109

In FY 2006, the department used almost 30,000 gigawatt hours (GWH) of electricity, at a cost of almost $2.2 billion. United States Department of Defense_sentence_110

The department's electricity use would supply enough electricity to power more than 2.6 million average American homes. United States Department of Defense_sentence_111

In electricity consumption, if it were a country, the department would rank 58th in the world, using slightly less than Denmark and slightly more than Syria (CIA World Factbook, 2006). United States Department of Defense_sentence_112

The Department of Defense was responsible for 93% of all US government fuel consumption in 2007 (Department of the Air Force: 52%; Department of the Navy: 33%; Department of the Army: 7%; other Department components: 1%). United States Department of Defense_sentence_113

The Department of Defense uses 4,600,000,000 US gallons (1.7×10 L) of fuel annually, an average of 12,600,000 US gallons (48,000,000 L) of fuel per day. United States Department of Defense_sentence_114

A large Army division may use about 6,000 US gallons (23,000 L) per day. United States Department of Defense_sentence_115

According to the 2005 CIA World Factbook, if it were a country, the Department of Defense would rank 34th in the world in average daily oil use, coming in just behind Iraq and just ahead of Sweden. United States Department of Defense_sentence_116

The Air Force is the largest user of fuel energy in the federal government. United States Department of Defense_sentence_117

The Air Force uses 10% of the nation's aviation fuel. United States Department of Defense_sentence_118

(JP-8 accounts for nearly 90% of its fuels.) United States Department of Defense_sentence_119

This fuel usage breaks down as such: 82% jet fuel, 16% facility management and 2% ground vehicle/equipment. United States Department of Defense_sentence_120

Criticism United States Department of Defense_section_15

In the latest Center for Effective Government analysis of 15 federal agencies which receive the most Freedom of Information Act requests, published in 2015 (using 2012 and 2013 data, the most recent years available), the DoD earned 61 out of a possible 100 points, a D− grade. United States Department of Defense_sentence_121

While it had improved from a failing grade in 2013, it still had low scores in processing requests (55%) and their disclosure rules (42%). United States Department of Defense_sentence_122

In 2015, a Pentagon consulting firm performed an audit on the Department of Defense's budget. United States Department of Defense_sentence_123

It found that there was $125 billion in wasteful spending that could be saved over the next five years without layoffs or reduction in military personnel. United States Department of Defense_sentence_124

In 2016, The Washington Post uncovered that rather than taking the advice of the auditing firm, senior defense officials suppressed and hid the report from the public to avoid political scrutiny. United States Department of Defense_sentence_125

Shortly after the 2020 Baghdad International Airport airstrike the Iranian parliament designated all of the U.S. military including the Department of Defense as a terrorist organization. United States Department of Defense_sentence_126

Related legislation United States Department of Defense_section_16

The organization and functions of the Department of Defense are in Title 10 of the United States Code. United States Department of Defense_sentence_127

Other significant legislation related to the Department of Defense includes: United States Department of Defense_sentence_128

United States Department of Defense_unordered_list_2

See also United States Department of Defense_section_17

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United States Department of Defense.