University of Washington

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Not to be confused with George Washington University, Washington State University, Washington University in St. Louis, or Washington College. University of Washington_sentence_0

University of Washington_table_infobox_0

University of WashingtonUniversity of Washington_table_caption_0
Former nameUniversity of Washington_header_cell_0_0_0 Territorial University of Washington (1861–1889)University of Washington_cell_0_0_1
MottoUniversity of Washington_header_cell_0_1_0 Lux sit (Latin)University of Washington_cell_0_1_1
Motto in EnglishUniversity of Washington_header_cell_0_2_0 Let there be lightUniversity of Washington_cell_0_2_1
TypeUniversity of Washington_header_cell_0_3_0 Public flagship universityUniversity of Washington_cell_0_3_1
EstablishedUniversity of Washington_header_cell_0_4_0 1861; 159 years ago (1861)University of Washington_cell_0_4_1
Academic affiliationsUniversity of Washington_header_cell_0_5_0 University of Washington_cell_0_5_1
EndowmentUniversity of Washington_header_cell_0_6_0 $2.94 billion (2019)University of Washington_cell_0_6_1
BudgetUniversity of Washington_header_cell_0_7_0 $7.84 billion (FY 2019)University of Washington_cell_0_7_1
PresidentUniversity of Washington_header_cell_0_8_0 Ana Mari CauceUniversity of Washington_cell_0_8_1
ProvostUniversity of Washington_header_cell_0_9_0 Mark RichardsUniversity of Washington_cell_0_9_1
Academic staffUniversity of Washington_header_cell_0_10_0 5,803University of Washington_cell_0_10_1
Administrative staffUniversity of Washington_header_cell_0_11_0 16,174University of Washington_cell_0_11_1
StudentsUniversity of Washington_header_cell_0_12_0 47,571 (Fall 2019)University of Washington_cell_0_12_1
UndergraduatesUniversity of Washington_header_cell_0_13_0 31,041 (Fall 2019)University of Washington_cell_0_13_1
PostgraduatesUniversity of Washington_header_cell_0_14_0 16,530 (Fall 2019)University of Washington_cell_0_14_1
LocationUniversity of Washington_header_cell_0_15_0 Seattle, Washington, U.S.University of Washington_cell_0_15_1
CampusUniversity of Washington_header_cell_0_16_0 Urban, 703 acres (2.8 km)University of Washington_cell_0_16_1
Academic termUniversity of Washington_header_cell_0_17_0 QuarterUniversity of Washington_cell_0_17_1
ColorsUniversity of Washington_header_cell_0_18_0 Purple & GoldUniversity of Washington_cell_0_18_1
NicknameUniversity of Washington_header_cell_0_19_0 HuskiesUniversity of Washington_cell_0_19_1
Sporting affiliationsUniversity of Washington_header_cell_0_20_0 NCAA Division IPac-12University of Washington_cell_0_20_1
MascotUniversity of Washington_header_cell_0_21_0 Harry the Husky,

and Dubs II (live Malamute)University of Washington_cell_0_21_1

WebsiteUniversity of Washington_header_cell_0_22_0 University of Washington_cell_0_22_1

The University of Washington (UW, simply Washington, or informally U-Dub) is a public research university in Seattle, Washington, United States. University of Washington_sentence_1

Founded in 1861, Washington is one of the oldest universities on the West Coast; it was established in downtown Seattle approximately a decade after the city's founding to aid its economic development. University of Washington_sentence_2

Today, the university's 703-acre main Seattle campus is in the University District above the Montlake Cut, within the urban Puget Sound region of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington_sentence_3

The university has additional campuses in Tacoma and Bothell. University of Washington_sentence_4

Overall, UW encompasses over 500 buildings and over 20 million gross square footage of space, including one of the largest library systems in the world with more than 26 university libraries, as well as the UW Tower, lecture halls, art centers, museums, laboratories, stadiums, and conference centers. University of Washington_sentence_5

The university offers bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees through 140 departments in various colleges and schools, sees a total student enrollment of roughly 46,000 annually, and functions on a quarter system. University of Washington_sentence_6

Washington is a member of the Association of American Universities and is classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity". University of Washington_sentence_7

According to the National Science Foundation, UW spent $1.41 billion on research and development in 2018, ranking it 5th in the nation. University of Washington_sentence_8

As the flagship institution of the six public universities in Washington state, it is known for its medical, engineering and scientific research as well as its highly competitive computer science and engineering programs. University of Washington_sentence_9

Additionally, Washington continues to benefit from its deep historic ties and major collaborations with numerous technology giants in the region, such as Amazon, Boeing, Nintendo, and particularly Microsoft. University of Washington_sentence_10

Paul G. Allen, Bill Gates and others spent significant time at Washington computer labs for a startup venture before founding Microsoft and other ventures. University of Washington_sentence_11

The UW's 22 varsity sports teams are also highly competitive, competing as the Huskies in the Pac-12 Conference of the NCAA Division I, representing the United States at the Olympic Games, and other major competitions. University of Washington_sentence_12

The university has been affiliated with many notable alumni and faculty, including 20 Nobel Prize laureates and numerous Pulitzer Prize winners, Fulbright Scholars, Rhodes Scholars and Marshall Scholars. University of Washington_sentence_13

History University of Washington_section_0

Founding University of Washington_section_1

In 1854, territorial governor Isaac Stevens recommended the establishment of a university in the Washington Territory. University of Washington_sentence_14

Prominent Seattle-area residents, including Methodist preacher Daniel Bagley, saw this as a chance to add to the city's potential and prestige. University of Washington_sentence_15

Bagley learned of a law that allowed United States territories to sell land to raise money in support of public schools. University of Washington_sentence_16

At the time, Arthur A. Denny, one of the founders of Seattle and a member of the territorial legislature, aimed to increase the city's importance by moving the territory's capital from Olympia to Seattle. University of Washington_sentence_17

However, Bagley eventually convinced Denny that the establishment of a university would assist more in the development of Seattle's economy. University of Washington_sentence_18

Two universities were initially chartered, but later the decision was repealed in favor of a single university in Lewis County provided that locally donated land was available. University of Washington_sentence_19

When no site emerged, Denny successfully petitioned the legislature to reconsider Seattle as a location in 1858. University of Washington_sentence_20

In 1861, scouting began for an appropriate 10 acres (4 ha) site in Seattle to serve as a new university campus. University of Washington_sentence_21

Arthur and Mary Denny donated eight acres, while fellow pioneers Edward Lander, and Charlie and Mary Terry, donated two acres on Denny's Knoll in downtown Seattle. University of Washington_sentence_22

More specifically, this tract was bounded by 4th Avenue to the west, 6th Avenue to the east, Union Street to the north, and Seneca Streets to the south. University of Washington_sentence_23

John Pike, for whom Pike Street is named, was the university's architect and builder. University of Washington_sentence_24

It was opened on November 4, 1861, as the Territorial University of Washington. University of Washington_sentence_25

The legislature passed articles incorporating the University, and establishing its Board of Regents in 1862. University of Washington_sentence_26

The school initially struggled, closing three times: in 1863 for low enrollment, and again in 1867 and 1876 due to funds shortage. University of Washington_sentence_27

Washington awarded its first graduate Clara Antoinette McCarty Wilt in 1876, with a bachelor's degree in science. University of Washington_sentence_28

19th century relocation University of Washington_section_2

By the time Washington state entered the Union in 1889, both Seattle and the University had grown substantially. University of Washington_sentence_29

Washington's total undergraduate enrollment increased from 30 to nearly 300 students, and the campus's relative isolation in downtown Seattle faced encroaching development. University of Washington_sentence_30

A special legislative committee, headed by UW graduate Edmond Meany, was created to find a new campus to better serve the growing student population and faculty. University of Washington_sentence_31

The committee eventually selected a site on the northeast of downtown Seattle called Union Bay, which was the land of the Duwamish, and the legislature appropriated funds for its purchase and construction. University of Washington_sentence_32

In 1895, the University relocated to the new campus by moving into the newly built Denny Hall. University of Washington_sentence_33

The University Regents tried and failed to sell the old campus, eventually settling with leasing the area. University of Washington_sentence_34

This would later become one of the University's most valuable pieces of real estate in modern-day Seattle, generating millions in annual revenue with what is now called the Metropolitan Tract. University of Washington_sentence_35

The original Territorial University building was torn down in 1908, and its former site now houses the Fairmont Olympic Hotel. University of Washington_sentence_36

The sole-surviving remnants of Washington's first building are four 24-foot (7.3 m), white, hand-fluted cedar, Ionic columns. University of Washington_sentence_37

They were salvaged by Edmond S. Meany, one of the University's first graduates and former head of its history department. University of Washington_sentence_38

Meany and his colleague, Dean Herbert T. Condon, dubbed the columns as "Loyalty," "Industry," "Faith", and "Efficiency", or "LIFE." University of Washington_sentence_39

The columns now stand in the Sylvan Grove Theater. University of Washington_sentence_40

20th century expansion University of Washington_section_3

Organizers of the 1909 Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition eyed the still largely undeveloped campus as a prime setting for their world's fair. University of Washington_sentence_41

They came to an agreement with Washington's Board of Regents that allowed them to use the campus grounds for the exposition, surrounding today's Drumheller Fountain facing towards Mount Rainier. University of Washington_sentence_42

In exchange, organizers agreed Washington would take over the campus and its development after the fair's conclusion. University of Washington_sentence_43

This arrangement led to a detailed site plan and several new buildings, prepared in part by John Charles Olmsted. University of Washington_sentence_44

The plan was later incorporated into the overall UW campus master plan, permanently affecting the campus layout. University of Washington_sentence_45

Both World Wars brought the military to campus, with certain facilities temporarily lent to the federal government. University of Washington_sentence_46

In spite of this, subsequent post-war periods were times of dramatic growth for the University. University of Washington_sentence_47

The period between the wars saw a significant expansion of the upper campus. University of Washington_sentence_48

Construction of the Liberal Arts Quadrangle, known to students as "The Quad," began in 1916 and continued to 1939. University of Washington_sentence_49

The University's architectural centerpiece, Suzzallo Library, was built in 1926 and expanded in 1935. University of Washington_sentence_50

After World War II, further growth came with the G.I. University of Washington_sentence_51 Bill. University of Washington_sentence_52

Among the most important developments of this period was the opening of the School of Medicine in 1946, which is now consistently ranked as the top medical school in the United States. University of Washington_sentence_53

It would eventually lead to the University of Washington Medical Center, ranked by U.S. University of Washington_sentence_54 News and World Report as one of the top ten hospitals in the nation. University of Washington_sentence_55

In 1942, all persons of Japanese ancestry in the Seattle area were forced into inland internment camps as part of Executive Order 9066 following the attack on Pearl Harbor. University of Washington_sentence_56

During this difficult time, university president Lee Paul Sieg took an active and sympathetic leadership role in advocating for and facilitating the transfer of Japanese American students to universities and colleges away from the Pacific Coast to help them avoid the mass incarceration. University of Washington_sentence_57

Nevertheless, many Japanese American students and "soon-to-be" graduates were unable to transfer successfully in the short time window or receive diplomas before being incarcerated. University of Washington_sentence_58

It was only many years later that they would be recognized for their accomplishments, during the University of Washington's Long Journey Home ceremonial event that was held in May 2008. University of Washington_sentence_59

From 1958 to 1973, the University of Washington saw a tremendous growth in student enrollment, its faculties and operating budget, and also its prestige under the leadership of Charles Odegaard. University of Washington_sentence_60

UW student enrollment had more than doubled to 34,000 as the baby boom generation came of age. University of Washington_sentence_61

However, this era was also marked by high levels of student activism, as was the case at many American universities. University of Washington_sentence_62

Much of the unrest focused around civil rights and opposition to the Vietnam War. University of Washington_sentence_63

In response to anti-Vietnam War protests by the late 1960s, the University Safety and Security Division became the University of Washington Police Department. University of Washington_sentence_64

Odegaard instituted a vision of building a "community of scholars", convincing the Washington State legislatures to increase investment in the University. University of Washington_sentence_65

Washington senators, such as Henry M. Jackson and Warren G. Magnuson, also used their political clout to gather research funds for UW. University of Washington_sentence_66

The results included an increase in the operating budget from $37 million in 1958 to over $400 million in 1973, solidifying UW as a top recipient of federal research funds in the United States. University of Washington_sentence_67

The establishment of technology giants such as Microsoft, Boeing and Amazon in the local area also proved to be highly influential in the UW's fortunes, not only improving graduate prospects but also helping to attract millions of dollars in university and research funding through its distinguished faculty and extensive alumni network. University of Washington_sentence_68

21st century University of Washington_section_4

In 1990, the University of Washington opened its additional campuses in Bothell and Tacoma. University of Washington_sentence_69

Although originally intended for students who have already completed two years of higher education, both schools have since become four-year universities with the authority to grant degrees. University of Washington_sentence_70

The first freshman classes at these campuses started in fall 2006. University of Washington_sentence_71

Today both Bothell and Tacoma also offer a selection of master's degree programs. University of Washington_sentence_72

In 2012, the University began exploring plans and governmental approval to expand the main Seattle campus, including significant increases in student housing, teaching facilities for the growing student body and faculty, as well as expanded public transit options. University of Washington_sentence_73

The University of Washington light rail station was completed in March 2015, connecting Seattle's Capitol Hill neighborhood to the UW Husky Stadium within five minutes of rail travel time. University of Washington_sentence_74

It offers a previously unavailable option of transportation into and out of the campus, designed specifically to reduce dependence on private vehicles, bicycles and local King County buses. University of Washington_sentence_75

Campus University of Washington_section_5

Main article: Campus of the University of Washington University of Washington_sentence_76

UW's main campus is situated in Seattle, by the shores of Union and Portage Bays with views of the Cascade Range to the east, and the Olympic Mountains to the west. University of Washington_sentence_77

The site encompasses 703 acres (2.84 km) bounded by N.E. 45th Street on the north, N.E. Pacific Street on the south, Montlake Boulevard N.E. on the east, and 15th Avenue N.E. on the west. University of Washington_sentence_78

Red Square is the heart of the campus, surrounded by landmark buildings and artworks, such as Suzzallo Library, the Broken Obelisk, and the statue of George Washington. University of Washington_sentence_79

It functions as the central hub for students and hosts a variety of events annually. University of Washington_sentence_80

University Way, known locally as "The Ave", lies nearby and is a focus for much student life at the university. University of Washington_sentence_81

North Campus University of Washington_section_6

North Campus features some of UW's most recognized landscapes as well as landmarks, stretching from the signature University of Washington Quad directly north of Red Square to N.E. 45th Street, and encompasses a number of the University's most historical academic, research, housing, parking, recreational and administrative buildings. University of Washington_sentence_82

With UW's continued growth, administrators proposed a new, multimillion-dollar, multi-phase development plan in late 2014 to refine portions of the North Campus, renovating and replacing old student housing with new LEED-certified complexes, introducing new academic facilities, sports fields, open greenery, and museums. University of Washington_sentence_83

The UW Foster School of Business, School of Law, and the Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture, which houses a significant number of exhibits including a 66-million-year-old Tyrannosaurus rex fossil skull - one of only 15 known to exist in the world today and part of an ongoing excavation, are also located in North Campus. University of Washington_sentence_84

South Campus University of Washington_section_7

South Campus occupies the land between Pacific Street and the Lake Washington Ship Canal. University of Washington_sentence_85

The land was previously the site of the University Golf Course but was given up to construct a building for the School of Medicine. University of Washington_sentence_86

Today, South Campus is the location of UW's health sciences and natural sciences facilities, including the UW Medical Center and the Magnuson Health Sciences Center as well as locations for instruction and research in oceanography, bioengineering, biology, genome sciences, hydraulics, and comparative medicine. University of Washington_sentence_87

East Campus University of Washington_section_8

The East Campus area stretches east of Montlake Boulevard to Laurelhurst and is largely taken up by wetlands and Huskies sports facilities and recreation fields, including Husky Stadium, Hec Edmundson Pavilion, and Husky Ballpark. University of Washington_sentence_88

While the area directly north of the sports facilities is home to UW's computer science and engineering programs, which includes computer labs once used by Paul G. Allen and Bill Gates for their prior venture before establishing Microsoft, the area northeast of the sports facilities is occupied by components of the UW Botanic Gardens, such as the Union Bay Natural Area, the UW Farm, and the Center for Urban Horticulture. University of Washington_sentence_89

Further east is the Ceramic and Metal Arts Building and Laurel Village, which provides family housing for registered full-time students. University of Washington_sentence_90

East Campus is also the location of the UW light rail station. University of Washington_sentence_91

West Campus University of Washington_section_9

West Campus consists of mainly modernist structures located on city streets, and stretches between 15th Avenue and Interstate 5 from the Ship Canal, to N.E. 41st Street. University of Washington_sentence_92

It is home to the College of Built Environments, School of Social Work, Fishery Sciences Building, UW Police Department as well as many of the University's residence halls and apartments, such as Stevens Court, Mercer Court, Alder Hall, and Elm Hall. University of Washington_sentence_93

Organization and administration University of Washington_section_10

See also: President of the University of Washington University of Washington_sentence_94

Governance University of Washington_section_11

University of Washington's President Ana Mari Cauce was selected by the Board of Regents, effective October 13, 2015. University of Washington_sentence_95

On November 12, 2015 the Board of Regents approved a five-year contract for Cauce, awarding her yearly compensation of $910,000. University of Washington_sentence_96

Cauce's compensation package includes an annual salary of $697,500, $150,000 per year in deferred compensation, an annual $50,500 contribution into a retirement account, and a $12,000 annual automobile allowance. University of Washington_sentence_97

She was the Interim President before her appointment, fulfilling the position left vacant by the previous President Michael K. Young when he was announced to be Texas A&M University's next President on February 3, 2015. University of Washington_sentence_98

Phyllis Wise, who had served at UW as Provost and Executive Vice President, and as Interim President for a year, was named the Chancellor of the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign in August 2011. University of Washington_sentence_99

The University is governed by ten Regents, one of whom is a student. University of Washington_sentence_100

Its most notable former regent is likely William H. Gates, Sr., the father of Bill Gates. University of Washington_sentence_101

The undergraduate student government is the Associated Students of the University of Washington (ASUW) and the graduate student government is the Graduate and Professional Student Senate (GPSS). University of Washington_sentence_102

Finances University of Washington_section_12

In 2017 the University reported $4.893 billion in revenues and $5.666 billion in expenses, resulting in an operating loss of $774 million. University of Washington_sentence_103

This loss was offset by $342 million in state appropriations, $443 million in investment income, $166 million in gifts, and $185 million of other non-operating revenues. University of Washington_sentence_104

Thus, the University's net position increased by $363 million in 2017. University of Washington_sentence_105

Endowment University of Washington_section_13

Endowed gifts are commingled in the University's Consolidated Endowment Fund, managed by an internal investment company at an annual cost of approximately $6.2 million. University of Washington_sentence_106

The University reported $443.383 million of investment income in fiscal year 2017. University of Washington_sentence_107

As of 31 December 2017 the value of the CEF was $3.361 billion, with $686 million in Emerging Markets Equity, $1.235 billion in Developed Markets Equity, $383 million in Private Equity, $185 million in Real Assets, $54 million in Opportunistic, $535 million in Absolute Return, and $283 million in Fixed Income. University of Washington_sentence_108

Major projects University of Washington_section_14

Major recent spending includes $131 million on the UW Animal Research and Care Facility, $72 million on the Nano-engineering and Sciences Building, $61 million building on the Workday HR & Payroll System, $50 million on the Denny Hall Renovation, $44 million on the West Campus Utility Plant, $26 million on the UW Medical Center Expansion Phase 2, $25 million on the UW Tacoma Urban Solutions Center, and $21 million on the UW Police Department. University of Washington_sentence_109

The initial contract for Workday was for $27 million, so the total $61 million cost represents a $34 million cost overrun. University of Washington_sentence_110

As of 28 April 2018, the University has nearly $1 billion in new construction underway. University of Washington_sentence_111

Sustainability University of Washington_section_15

Environmental sustainability has long been a major focus of the University's Board of Regents and Presidents. University of Washington_sentence_112

In February 2006, the UW joined a partnership with Seattle City Light as part of their Green Up Program, ensuring that all of Seattle campus' electricity is supplied by and purchased from renewable sources. University of Washington_sentence_113

In 2010, then UW President Emmert furthered the University's efforts with a host of other universities across the U.S., and signed the American College & University Presidents' Climate Commitment. University of Washington_sentence_114

UW created a Climate Action Team, as well as an Environmental Stewardship Advisory Committee (ESAC) which keeps track of UW's greenhouse gas emissions and carbon footprint. University of Washington_sentence_115

Policies were enacted with environmental stewardship in mind, and institutional support was provided to assist with campus sustainability. University of Washington_sentence_116

Additionally, UW's Student Housing and Food Services (HFS) office has dedicated several million dollars annually towards locally produced, organic, and natural foods. University of Washington_sentence_117

HFS also ceased the use of foam food containers on-campus, and instead opted for compostable cups, plates, utensils, and packaging whenever possible. University of Washington_sentence_118

New residence halls planned for 2020 are also expected to meet silver or gold LEED standards. University of Washington_sentence_119

Overall, the University of Washington was one of several universities to receive the highest grade, "A-", on the Sustainable Endowments Institute's College Sustainability Report Card in 2011. University of Washington_sentence_120

The University was one of 15 Overall College Sustainability Leaders, among the 300 institutions surveyed. University of Washington_sentence_121

Academics and research University of Washington_section_16

The University offers bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees through its 140 departments, themselves organized into various colleges and schools. University of Washington_sentence_122

It also continues to operate a Transition School and Early Entrance Program on campus, which first began in 1977. University of Washington_sentence_123

Rankings and reputation University of Washington_section_17

UW has been listed as a "Public Ivy" in Greene's Guides since 2001, and is an elected member of the American Association of Universities. University of Washington_sentence_124

Among the faculty by 2012, there have been 151 members of American Association for the Advancement of Science, 68 members of the National Academy of Sciences, 67 members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 53 members of the Institute of Medicine, 29 winners of the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers, 21 members of the National Academy of Engineering, 15 Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigators, 15 MacArthur Fellows, 9 winners of the Gairdner Foundation International Award, 5 winners of the National Medal of Science, 7 Nobel Prize laureates, 5 winners of Albert Lasker Award for Clinical Medical Research, 4 members of the American Philosophical Society, 2 winners of the National Book Award, 2 winners of the National Medal of Arts, 2 Pulitzer Prize winners, 1 winner of the Fields Medal, and 1 member of the National Academy of Public Administration. University of Washington_sentence_125

Among UW students by 2012, there were 136 Fulbright Scholars, 35 Rhodes Scholars, 7 Marshall Scholars and 4 Gates Cambridge Scholars. University of Washington_sentence_126

UW is recognized as a top producer of Fulbright Scholars, ranking 2nd in the US in 2017. University of Washington_sentence_127

The Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) has consistently ranked UW as one of the top 20 universities worldwide every year since its first release. University of Washington_sentence_128

In 2019, UW ranked 14th worldwide out of 500 by the ARWU, 26th worldwide out of 981 in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, and 28th worldwide out of 101 in the Times World Reputation Rankings. University of Washington_sentence_129

Meanwhile, QS World University Rankings ranked it 68th worldwide, out of over 900. University of Washington_sentence_130

U.S. University of Washington_sentence_131 News & World Report ranked UW 8th out of nearly 1,500 universities worldwide for 2021, with UW's undergraduate program tied for 58th among 389 national universities in the U.S. and tied for 19th among 209 public universities. University of Washington_sentence_132

In 2019, it ranked 10th among the universities around the world by SCImago Institutions Rankings. University of Washington_sentence_133

In 2017, the Leiden Ranking, which focuses on science and the impact of scientific publications among the world's 500 major universities, ranked UW 12th globally and 5th in the U.S. University of Washington_sentence_134

In 2019, Kiplinger magazine's review of "top college values" named UW 5th for in-state students and 10th for out-of-state students among U.S. public colleges, and 84th overall out of 500 schools. University of Washington_sentence_135

In the Washington Monthly National University Rankings UW was ranked 15th domestically in 2018, based on its contribution to the public good as measured by social mobility, research, and promoting public service. University of Washington_sentence_136

Admissions University of Washington_section_18

The University's undergraduate admissions process is rated 91/99 by the Princeton Review meaning highly selective, and is classified "more selective" by the U.S. University of Washington_sentence_137 News & World Report. University of Washington_sentence_138

For Fall 2019, 23,606 (51.8%) were accepted out of 45,584 applications. University of Washington_sentence_139

Among the 6,984 admitted freshman students who then officially enrolled for Fall 2019, the middle 50% of SAT scores ranged from 1240 to 1440, out of 1600. University of Washington_sentence_140

More specifically, the middle 50% ranged from 600-700 for evidence-based reading and writing, and 620–770 for math. University of Washington_sentence_141

ACT composite scores for the middle 50% ranged from 27–33, out of 36. University of Washington_sentence_142

The middle 50% of admitted GPA ranged from 3.72–3.95, out of 4.0. University of Washington_sentence_143

The University uses capacity constrained majors, a gate-keeping process that requires most students to apply to an internal college or faculty. University of Washington_sentence_144

New applications are usually considered once or twice annually, and few students are admitted each time. University of Washington_sentence_145

The screening process is often stringent, largely being based on cumulative academic performance, recommendation letters and extracurricular activities. University of Washington_sentence_146

Capacity constrained majors have been criticized for delaying graduation and forcing good students to reroute their education. University of Washington_sentence_147

In April 2018, the University began to collaborate with students to address these problems and improve University access for all. University of Washington_sentence_148

Research University of Washington_section_19

UW's research budget consistently ranks among the top 5 in both public and private universities in the United States. University of Washington_sentence_149

It surpassed the $1.0 billion research budget milestone in 2012, and university endowments reached almost $3.0 billion by 2016. University of Washington_sentence_150

UW is the largest recipient of federal research funding among public universities, and currently ranks top 2nd among all public and private universities in the nation. University of Washington_sentence_151

In 2014, the University of Washington School of Oceanography and the UW Applied Physics Laboratory completed the construction of the first high-power underwater cabled observatory in the United States. University of Washington_sentence_152

To promote equal academic opportunity, especially for people of low income, UW launched Husky Promise in 2006. University of Washington_sentence_153

Families of income up to 65 percent of state median income or 235 percent of the federal poverty level are eligible. University of Washington_sentence_154

With this, up to 30 percent of undergraduate students may be eligible. University of Washington_sentence_155

The cut-off income level that UW set is the highest in the nation, making top-quality education available to more people. University of Washington_sentence_156

Then UW President, Mark Emmert, simply said that being "elitist is not in our DNA". University of Washington_sentence_157

"Last year, the University of Washington moved to a more comprehensive approach [to admissions], in which the admissions staff reads the entire application and looks at grades within the context of the individual high school, rather than relying on computerized cutoffs." University of Washington_sentence_158

UW was the host university of ResearchChannel program (now defunct), the only TV channel in the United States dedicated solely for the dissemination of research from academic institutions and research organizations. University of Washington_sentence_159

Participation of ResearchChannel included 36 universities, 15 research organizations, two corporate research centers and many other affiliates. University of Washington_sentence_160

Alan Michelson, now Head of the Built Environments Library at UW Seattle, manages the Pacific Coast Architecture Database (PCAD), which Michelson started in 2002 while he worked as Architecture and Design Librarian at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). University of Washington_sentence_161

The PCAD serves as a searchable public database detailing significant but importantly, also lesser-known and -lauded designers, buildings and structures, and partnerships, with links including to bibliographic literature. University of Washington_sentence_162

In 2019, iDefense reported that Chinese hackers had launched cyberattacks on dozens of academic institutions in an attempt to gain information on technology being developed for the United States Navy. University of Washington_sentence_163

Some of the targets included the University of Washington. University of Washington_sentence_164

The attacks have been underway since at least April 2017. University of Washington_sentence_165

Student life University of Washington_section_20

University of Washington_table_general_1

Demographics of student body (Fall 2019)University of Washington_table_caption_1
University of Washington_header_cell_1_0_0 Student BodyUniversity of Washington_header_cell_1_0_1 WashingtonUniversity of Washington_header_cell_1_0_2 U.S. CensusUniversity of Washington_header_cell_1_0_3
African AmericanUniversity of Washington_header_cell_1_1_0 4.0%University of Washington_cell_1_1_1 3.6%University of Washington_cell_1_1_2 12.0%University of Washington_cell_1_1_3
Asian AmericanUniversity of Washington_header_cell_1_2_0 25.4%University of Washington_cell_1_2_1 7.2%University of Washington_cell_1_2_2 4.7%University of Washington_cell_1_2_3
White AmericanUniversity of Washington_header_cell_1_3_0 40.3%University of Washington_cell_1_3_1 72.5%University of Washington_cell_1_3_2 63.7%University of Washington_cell_1_3_3
Hispanic AmericanUniversity of Washington_header_cell_1_4_0 8.0%University of Washington_cell_1_4_1 4.8%University of Washington_cell_1_4_2 16.3%University of Washington_cell_1_4_3
Native AmericanUniversity of Washington_header_cell_1_5_0 1.1%University of Washington_cell_1_5_1 1.5%University of Washington_cell_1_5_2 0.7%University of Washington_cell_1_5_3
International studentUniversity of Washington_header_cell_1_6_0 17.1%University of Washington_cell_1_6_1 N/AUniversity of Washington_cell_1_6_2 N/AUniversity of Washington_cell_1_6_3
Other/UnknownUniversity of Washington_header_cell_1_7_0 3.2%University of Washington_cell_1_7_1 5.2%University of Washington_cell_1_7_2 2.4%University of Washington_cell_1_7_3

University of Washington had 47,571 total enrollments as of Autumn 2019, making it the largest university on the west coast by student population in spite of its selective admissions process. University of Washington_sentence_166

It also boasts one of the most diverse student bodies within the US, with more than 50% of its undergraduate students self-identifying with minority groups. University of Washington_sentence_167

Organizations University of Washington_section_21

Registered groups University of Washington_section_22

The University of Washington boasts over 800 active Registered Student Organizations (RSOs), one of the largest networks of any universities in the world. University of Washington_sentence_168

RSOs are dedicated to a wide variety of interests both in and beyond campus. University of Washington_sentence_169

Some of these interest areas include academic focus groups, cultural exchanges, environmental activities, Greek life, political/social action, religious discussions, sports, international student gatherings by country, and STEM-specific events. University of Washington_sentence_170

Prominent examples are: University of Washington_sentence_171

University of Washington_unordered_list_0

  • The Dream Project: "The Dream Project teaches UW students to mentor first-generation and low-income students in King County high schools as they navigate the complex college admissions process."University of Washington_item_0_0
  • The Rural Health Education (RHE): Promotes health in rural areas of Washington state through health fairs. Volunteers include students from a variety of backgrounds including medical, pharmacy, and dentistry. Health professionals from the Greater Seattle area also actively participate.University of Washington_item_0_1
  • Students Expressing Environmental Concern (SEED): partially funded by UW's Housing and Food Services (HFS) office to promote environmental sustainability, and reduce the university's carbon footprint.University of Washington_item_0_2
  • Student Philanthropy Education Program: Partnered with the UW's nonprofit, the UW Foundation, this group focuses on promoting awareness of philanthropy's importance through major events on campus.University of Washington_item_0_3
  • Husky Global Affairs: This is a club dedicated to social science research in global issues. It provides a forum for students to collaborate in research and publishes their research in the Global Affairs Journal.University of Washington_item_0_4
  • UW Delta Delta Sigma Pre-Dental Society (DDS): This is a club dedicated to serving pre-dental students and it provides a forum for discussion of dental-related topics.University of Washington_item_0_5
  • UW Earth Club: The Earth Club is interested in promoting the expression of environmental attitudes and consciousness through specialized events.University of Washington_item_0_6
  • UW Farm: The UW farm grows crops on campus and advocates urban farming in the UW community.University of Washington_item_0_7
  • GlobeMed at UW: a student-run non-profit organization that works to educate about global poverty and its effect on health. The UW chapter is a part of a national network of chapters, each partnering with a grassroots organization at home or abroad. GlobeMed at UW is partnered with The MINDS Foundation which supports education about and treatment for mental illness in rural India.University of Washington_item_0_8
  • UW Sierra Student Coalition: SSC is dedicated to many larger environmental issues on campus and providing related opportunities to students.University of Washington_item_0_9
  • Washington Public Interest Research Group (WashPIRG): WashPIRG engages students in a variety of activist causes, including environmental projects on campus and the community.University of Washington_item_0_10

Student government University of Washington_section_23

Main article: Associated Students of the University of Washington University of Washington_sentence_172

The Associated Students of the University of Washington (ASUW) is one of two Student Governments at the University of Washington, the other being the Graduate and Professional Student Senate. University of Washington_sentence_173

It is funded and supported by student fees, and provides services that directly and indirectly benefit them. University of Washington_sentence_174

The ASUW employs over 72 current University of Washington students, has over 500 volunteers, and spends $1.03 million annually to provide services and activities to the student body of 43,000 on-campus. University of Washington_sentence_175

The Student Senate was established in 1994 as a division of the Associated Students of the University of Washington. University of Washington_sentence_176

Student Senate is one of two official student governed bodies and provides a broad-based discussion of issues. University of Washington_sentence_177

Currently, the ASUW Student Senate has a legislative body of over 150 senators representing a diverse set of interests on and off-campus. University of Washington_sentence_178

The ASUW was incorporated in the State of Washington on April 20, 1906. University of Washington_sentence_179

On April 30, 1932 the ASUW assisted in the incorporation of University Book Store which has been in continuous operation at the same location on University Way for over 70 years. University of Washington_sentence_180

The ASUW Experimental College, part of the ASUW, was created in 1968 by several University of Washington students seeking to provide the campus and surrounding community with a selection of classes not offered on the university curriculum. University of Washington_sentence_181

Publication University of Washington_section_24

Main article: The Daily of the University of Washington University of Washington_sentence_182

The student newspaper is The Daily of the University of Washington, usually referred to as The Daily. University of Washington_sentence_183

It is an award-winning publication, and it is the second-largest daily paper in Seattle. University of Washington_sentence_184

The Daily is published every day classes are in session during fall, winter and spring quarters, and weekly during summer quarters. University of Washington_sentence_185

In 2010, The Daily launched a half-hour weekly television magazine show, "The Daily's Double Shot," on UWTV Channel 27. University of Washington_sentence_186

The UW continues to use its proprietary UWTV channel, online and printed publications. University of Washington_sentence_187

The faculty also produce their own publications for students and alumni. University of Washington_sentence_188

University support University of Washington_section_25

UW offers many services for its students and alumni, beyond the standard offered by most colleges and universities. University of Washington_sentence_189

Its "Student Life" division houses 16 departments and offices that serve students directly and indirectly, including those below and overseen by Vice President and Vice Provost. University of Washington_sentence_190

University of Washington_unordered_list_1

  • Career CenterUniversity of Washington_item_1_11
  • Counseling CenterUniversity of Washington_item_1_12
  • Department of Recreational Sports (IMA)University of Washington_item_1_13
  • Disability Resource CenterUniversity of Washington_item_1_14
  • Fraternity and Sorority LifeUniversity of Washington_item_1_15
  • Health and Wellness ProgramsUniversity of Washington_item_1_16
  • Housing and Food ServicesUniversity of Washington_item_1_17
  • Office of CeremoniesUniversity of Washington_item_1_18
  • Office of the University RegistrarUniversity of Washington_item_1_19
  • Student AdmissionsUniversity of Washington_item_1_20
  • Student Activities and Union FacilitiesUniversity of Washington_item_1_21
  • Student Financial AidUniversity of Washington_item_1_22
  • Student Legal ServicesUniversity of Washington_item_1_23
  • Student Publications (The Daily)University of Washington_item_1_24
  • Campus PoliceUniversity of Washington_item_1_25

Housing University of Washington_section_26

Main article: Housing at the University of Washington University of Washington_sentence_191

The university operates one of the largest campuses of any higher education institution in the world. University of Washington_sentence_192

Despite this, growing faculty and student count has strained the regional housing supply as well as transportation facilities. University of Washington_sentence_193

Starting in 2012, UW began taking active measures to explore, plan and enact a series of campus policies to manage the annual growth. University of Washington_sentence_194

In addition to new buildings, parking and light rail stations, new building construction and renovations have been scheduled to take place through 2020. University of Washington_sentence_195

The plan includes the construction of three six-story residence halls and two apartment complexes in the west section of campus, near the existing Terry and Lander Halls, in Phase I, the renovation of six existing residence halls in Phase II, and additional new construction in Phase III. University of Washington_sentence_196

The projects will result in a net gain of approximately 2,400 beds. University of Washington_sentence_197

The Residence Hall Student Association (student government for the halls) is the second-largest student organization on campus and helps plan fun events in the halls. University of Washington_sentence_198

For students, faculty, and staff looking to live off-campus, they may also explore Off-Campus Housing Affairs. University of Washington_sentence_199

The Greek System at UW has also been a prominent part of student culture for more than 115 years. University of Washington_sentence_200

It is made up of two organizational bodies, the Interfraternity Council (IFC) and the Panhellenic Association. University of Washington_sentence_201

The IFC looks over 34 fraternities with 1900+ members and Panhellenic consists of 19 sororities and 1900 members. University of Washington_sentence_202

The school has additional Greek organizations that do not offer housing and are primarily special interest. University of Washington_sentence_203

Disability resources University of Washington_section_27

In addition to the University of Washington's Disability Resources for Students (DRS) office, there is also a campus-wide DO-IT (Disabilities, Opportunities, Internetworking, and Technology) Center program that assists educational institutions to fully integrate all students, including those with disabilities, into academic life. University of Washington_sentence_204

DO-IT includes a variety of initiatives, such as the DO-IT Scholars Program, and provides information on the 'universal' design of educational facilities for students of all levels of physical and mental ability. University of Washington_sentence_205

These design programs aim to reduce systemic barriers which could otherwise hinder the performance of some students, and may also be applied to other professional organizations and conferences. University of Washington_sentence_206

Athletics University of Washington_section_28

Main article: Washington Huskies University of Washington_sentence_207

UW students, sports teams, and alumni are called Washington Huskies, and often referred to metonymically as "Montlake," due to the campus's location on Montlake Boulevard N.E. (although the traditional bounds of the Montlake neighborhood do not extend north of the Montlake Cut to include the campus.) University of Washington_sentence_208

The husky was selected as the school mascot by the student committee in 1922, which replaced the "Sun Dodger", an abstract reference to the local weather. University of Washington_sentence_209

The University participates in the National Collegiate Athletic Association's Division I-A, and the Pac-12 Conference. University of Washington_sentence_210

The football team is traditionally competitive, having won the 1960 and 1991 national title, to go along with eight Rose Bowl victories and an Orange Bowl title. University of Washington_sentence_211

From 1907 to 1917, Washington football teams were unbeaten in 64 consecutive games, an NCAA record. University of Washington_sentence_212

Tailgating by boat has been a Husky Stadium tradition since 1920 when the stadium was first built on the shores of Lake Washington. University of Washington_sentence_213

The Apple Cup game is an annual game against cross-state rival Washington State University that was first contested in 1900 with UW leading the all-time series, 65 wins to 31 losses and 6 ties. University of Washington_sentence_214

College Football Hall of Fame member Don James is a former head coach. University of Washington_sentence_215

The men's basketball team has been moderately successful, though recently the team has enjoyed a resurgence under coach Lorenzo Romar. University of Washington_sentence_216

With Romar as head coach, the team has been to six NCAA tournaments (2003–2004, 2004–2005, 2005–2006, 2008–2009, 2009–2010 and 2010–2011 seasons), 2 consecutive top 16 (sweet sixteen) appearances, and secured a No. University of Washington_sentence_217

1 seed in 2005. University of Washington_sentence_218

On December 23, 2005, the men's basketball team won their 800th victory in Hec Edmundson Pavilion, the most wins for any NCAA team in its current arena. University of Washington_sentence_219

Rowing is a longstanding tradition at the University of Washington dating back to 1901. University of Washington_sentence_220

The Washington men's crew gained international prominence by winning the gold medal at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, defeating the German and Italian crews much to the dismay of Adolf Hitler who was in attendance. University of Washington_sentence_221

In 1958, the men's crew deepened their legend with a shocking win over Leningrad Trud's world champion rowers at the Moscow Cup, resulting in the first American sporting victory on Soviet soil, and certainly the first time a Russian crowd gave any American team a standing ovation during the Cold War. University of Washington_sentence_222

The men's crew have won 46 national titles (15 Intercollegiate Rowing Association, 1 National Collegiate Rowing Championship), 15 Olympic gold medals, two silver and five bronze. University of Washington_sentence_223

The women have 10 national titles and two Olympic gold medals. University of Washington_sentence_224

In 1997, the women's team won the NCAA championship. University of Washington_sentence_225

The Husky men are the 2015 national champions. University of Washington_sentence_226

Recent national champions include the softball team (2009), the men's rowing team (2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2009, 2007), NCAA Division I women's cross country team (2008), and the women's volleyball team (2005). University of Washington_sentence_227

Individually, Scott Roth was the 2011 NCAA men's Outdoor Pole Vault and 2011 & 2010 NCAA men's Indoor Pole Vault champion. University of Washington_sentence_228

James Lepp was the 2005 NCAA men's golf champion. University of Washington_sentence_229

Ryan Brown (men's 800 meters) and Amy Lia (women's 1500 meters) won individual titles at the 2006 NCAA Track and Field Championships. University of Washington_sentence_230

Brad Walker was the 2005 NCAA men's Outdoor and Indoor Pole Vault champion. University of Washington_sentence_231

The University has an extensive series of sports facilities, including but not limited to the Husky Stadium (football, track and field), the Alaska Airlines Arena at Hec Edmundson Pavilion (basketball, volleyball, and gymnastics), Husky Ballpark (baseball), Husky Softball Stadium, The Bill Quillian Tennis Stadium, The Nordstrom Tennis Center, Dempsey Indoor (Indoor track and field, football) and the Conibear Shellhouse (rowing). University of Washington_sentence_232

The golf team plays at the Washington National Golf Club and until recently, the swimming team called the Weyerhaeuser Aquatic Center and the Husky pool home. University of Washington_sentence_233

The University discontinued its men's and women's swim teams on May 1, 2009, due to budget cuts. University of Washington_sentence_234

Husky Stadium University of Washington_section_29

Main article: Husky Stadium University of Washington_sentence_235

The rebuilt Husky Stadium is the first and primary source of income for the completely remodeled athletic district. University of Washington_sentence_236

The major remodel consisted of a new grand concourse, underground light-rail station which opened on March 19, 2016, an enclosed west end design, replacement of bleachers with individual seating, removal of track and Huskytron, as well as the installation of a new press box section, private box seating, football offices, permanent seating in the east end zone that does not block the view of Lake Washington. University of Washington_sentence_237

The project also included new and improved amenities, concession stands, and bathrooms throughout. University of Washington_sentence_238

The cost for renovating the stadium was around $280 million and was designed for a slightly lower seating capacity than its previous design, now at 70,138 seats. University of Washington_sentence_239

Besides hosting national and regional football games, the Husky Stadium is also used by the University for its annual Commencement event, departmental ceremonies, and other events. University of Washington_sentence_240

Husky Stadium is one of several places that may have been the birthplace of the crowd phenomenon known as "The Wave". University of Washington_sentence_241

It is claimed that the wave was invented by Husky graduate Robb Weller and UW band director Bill Bissel in October 1981, for an afternoon game facing opponents from Stanford University. University of Washington_sentence_242

Mascot University of Washington_section_30

Main article: Harry the Husky University of Washington_sentence_243

The University of Washington's costumed mascot is Harry the Husky. University of Washington_sentence_244

"Harry the Husky" performs at sporting and special events, and a live Alaskan Malamute, currently named Dubs II, has traditionally led the UW football team onto the field at the start of games. University of Washington_sentence_245

The school colors of purple and gold were adopted in 1892 by student vote. University of Washington_sentence_246

The choice was inspired by the first stanza of Lord Byron's The Destruction of Sennacherib: University of Washington_sentence_247

Additionally, the University has also hosted a long line of Alaskan Malamutes as mascots. University of Washington_sentence_248

The dogs were originally cared for by the Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity; this arrangement was followed by a 49-year tradition (1959–2008) of care by the Cross family (a UW professor, followed by his son). University of Washington_sentence_249

The 13 dogs thus far are as follows: University of Washington_sentence_250

University of Washington_unordered_list_2

  • Frosty I (1922–29)University of Washington_item_2_26
  • Frosty II (1930–36)University of Washington_item_2_27
  • Wasky (1946)University of Washington_item_2_28
  • Wasky II (1947–53)University of Washington_item_2_29
  • Ski (1954–57)University of Washington_item_2_30
  • Denali (1958)University of Washington_item_2_31
  • King Chinook (1959–68)University of Washington_item_2_32
  • Regent Denali (1969–80)University of Washington_item_2_33
  • Sundodger (1981–91)University of Washington_item_2_34
  • King Redoubt (1992–97)University of Washington_item_2_35
  • Prince Redoubt (1998)University of Washington_item_2_36
  • Spirit (1999–2008)University of Washington_item_2_37
  • Dubs (2009–2019)University of Washington_item_2_38
  • Dubs II (2019- )University of Washington_item_2_39

School songs University of Washington_section_31

The University of Washington Husky Marching Band performs at many Husky sporting events including all football games. University of Washington_sentence_251

The band was founded in 1929, and today it is a cornerstone of Husky spirit. University of Washington_sentence_252

The band marches using a traditional high step, and it is one of only a few marching bands left in the United States to do so. University of Washington_sentence_253

Like many college bands, the Husky band has several traditional songs that it has played for decades, including the official fight songs "Bow Down to Washington" and "Tequila", as well as fan-favorite "Africano". University of Washington_sentence_254

Notable alumni and faculty University of Washington_section_32

For a more comprehensive list, see List of University of Washington people. University of Washington_sentence_255

Notable alumni of the University of Washington include U.S. Olympic rower Joe Rantz (1936); architect Minoru Yamasaki (1934); news anchor and Big Sky resort founder Chet Huntley (1934); US Senator Henry M. Jackson (JD 1935); Baskin Robbins co-founder Irv Robbins (1939); former actor, The Hollywood Reporter columnist and TCM host Robert Osborne (1954); glass artist Dale Chihuly (BA 1965); serial killer Ted Bundy; Nobel Prize-winning biologist Linda B. Buck; Pulitzer Prize-winning author Marilynne Robinson (PhD 1977), martial artist Bruce Lee; saxophonist Kenny G (1978); MySpace co-founder Chris DeWolfe (1988); Mudhoney lead vocalist Mark Arm (1985, English); Soundgarden guitarist Kim Thayil (Philosophy); music manager Susan Silver (Chinese); actor Rainn Wilson (BA, Drama 1986); radio and TV personality Andrew Harms (2001, Business and Drama); actor and comedian Joel McHale (1995, MFA 2000), and basketball player Matisse Thybulle. University of Washington_sentence_256

In film University of Washington_section_33

University of Washington_unordered_list_3

See also University of Washington_section_34

University of Washington_unordered_list_4

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: of Washington.