Urban contemporary

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Urban contemporary, also known as hip hop, urban pop, or just simply urban, is a music radio format. Urban contemporary_sentence_0

The term was coined by New York radio DJ Frankie Crocker in the early to mid-1970s as a synonym for Black music. Urban contemporary_sentence_1

Urban contemporary radio stations feature a playlist made up entirely of Black genres such as R&B, pop-rap, British R&B, quiet storm, adult contemporary, hip hop, Latin music such as Latin pop, Chicano R&B and Chicano rap, and Caribbean music such as reggae. Urban contemporary_sentence_2

Urban contemporary was developed through the characteristics of genres such as R&B and soul. Urban contemporary_sentence_3

Largely a US phenomenon, virtually all urban contemporary formatted radio stations in the United States are located in cities that have sizeable African-American populations, such as New York City, Washington, D.C., Detroit, Atlanta, Miami, Chicago, Cleveland, Philadelphia, Montgomery, Memphis, St. Urban contemporary_sentence_4 Louis, Newark, Charleston, New Orleans, Cincinnati, Dallas, Houston, Oakland, Los Angeles, Trenton, Columbia, Jacksonville, Flint, Baltimore, Boston, Birmingham, Indianapolis, Charlotte, Savannah, and Jackson. Urban contemporary_sentence_5

Urban contemporary includes the more contemporary elements of R&B and may incorporate production elements found in urban pop, urban Euro-pop, urban rock, and urban alternative. Urban contemporary_sentence_6

Summary Urban contemporary_section_0

The term urban contemporary is heavily associated with African-American music, particularly with R&B in African-American contexts. Urban contemporary_sentence_7

For Latin Americans, reggaeton, and Latin hip hop are considered "Latin urban" due to influence of above mentioned genres. Urban contemporary_sentence_8

Urban contemporary playlists are dominated by singles by top-selling hip hop and R&B performers. Urban contemporary_sentence_9

On occasion, an urban contemporary station will play classic soul songs from the 1970s and early 1980s to satisfy the earlier end of the genre. Urban contemporary_sentence_10

Most urban formatted urban radio stations such as KJLH, KPRS, KMEL, KDAY and WVEE will play gospel music or urban contemporary gospel music on Sundays. Urban contemporary_sentence_11

Mainstream urban is a branch of urban contemporary, and rhythmic contemporary is also a branch. Urban contemporary_sentence_12

History Urban contemporary_section_1

The 1970s Urban contemporary_section_2

In 1971, Frankie Crocker would combine together all the elements of his background, with jazz and R&B. Urban contemporary_sentence_13

When Frankie Crocker was appointed as program director of the newly created WBLS in 1974, he created an eclectic music mix of R&B and disco redefining the R&B format as urban contemporary. Urban contemporary_sentence_14

The station was an instant success, the most listened-to radio station in the country. Urban contemporary_sentence_15

In 1975, WDMT in Cleveland began programming a mix of rhythm, blues, R&B, disco, and rap. Urban contemporary_sentence_16

The station featured live street jocks mixing vinyl records each night. Urban contemporary_sentence_17

The station's popularity grew and in 1980, it was Arbitron rated No. Urban contemporary_sentence_18

2 12+, just behind the No. Urban contemporary_sentence_19

1 rated WMMS with the original "Morning Zoo". Urban contemporary_sentence_20

The 1980s Urban contemporary_section_3

In 1983 WBLS in New York City was the first station to air a rap radio show, "Rap Attack" with Mr. Urban contemporary_sentence_21 Magic and Marley Marl. Urban contemporary_sentence_22

Freddie Jackson and Luther Vandross were popular in urban contemporary music scene. Urban contemporary_sentence_23

During the early 1980s as newly formed WRKS-FM (98.7 Kiss FM) became the first rap station in the United States, WBLS quickly began adding more rap songs to its playlists. Urban contemporary_sentence_24

The urban format by this time was redefined by an eclectic mix of R&B, rap, reggae, dance, house, and freestyle. Urban contemporary_sentence_25

WBLS continued as the flagship station of the urban format; however, Kiss FM surpassed them in the ratings. Urban contemporary_sentence_26

Another successful early urban outlet was WDRQ in Detroit, which switched from a top 40 format in the spring of 1982 and made a #2 showing 12+ in its first Arbitron ratings book. Urban contemporary_sentence_27

In addition to rap, R&B and dance music, WDRQ featured mainstream pop music with a danceable beat from artists. Urban contemporary_sentence_28

Many radio stations imitated the urban sound since it was proven to be more profitable than other formats and had proven itself more adept than straightforward black-targeted R&B formats at attracting white and Latino listeners. Urban contemporary_sentence_29

Another subformat of urban contemporary is rhythmic contemporary hits which plays a great deal of dance music. Urban contemporary_sentence_30

WQHT-FM (Hot 97) and KPWR (Power 106) were the first stations to utilize this format. Urban contemporary_sentence_31

1990s–present Urban contemporary_section_4

Since the 1990s, as urban contemporary hits have dominated the US pop charts, many top 40 stations have turned to playing tracks popular on urban contemporary radio stations. Urban contemporary_sentence_32

Following periods of fluctuating success, urban music attained commercial dominance during the early 2000s, which featured massive crossover success on the Billboard charts by R&B and hip hop artists. Urban contemporary_sentence_33

In 2004, all 12 songs that topped Billboard Hot 100 were African-American recording artists and accounted for 80% of the number-one R&B hits that year. Urban contemporary_sentence_34

Along with Usher's streak of singles, top 40 radio and both pop and R&B charts were topped by OutKast's "Hey Ya! Urban contemporary_sentence_35 ", Snoop Dogg's "Drop It Like It's Hot", Terror Squad's "Lean Back" and Ciara's "Goodies". Urban contemporary_sentence_36

Chris Molanphy of The Village Voice later remarked that by the early 2000s, urban music was pop music Urban contemporary_sentence_37

By the late 2000s, urban music had taken a backseat on top 40 radio to mainstream EDM sounds, and several successful urban artists, including Rihanna, Chris Brown, Ciara, Usher, Nicole Scherzinger, Akon, Trey Songz, Pitbull, Flo Rida, and Ne-Yo, were making EDM records for top 40 airplay while continuing to make hip hop or pure R&B records for urban airplay. Urban contemporary_sentence_38

Pure urban formats continue to be successful in markets with large African-American populations, while medium or smaller markets are more likely to feature urban music through the subset of rhythmic contemporary stations with danceable mainstream hits mixed in. Urban contemporary_sentence_39

The Grammy Award for Best Rap/Sung Collaboration has been awarded since 2002. Urban contemporary_sentence_40

Name controversy Urban contemporary_section_5

There is disagreement in the music industry over the use of the term urban in describing music genres and formats, especially among African-American artists who sees the term as a "catchall for music created by Black artists, regardless of genre".. Lance Venta of radio industry publication RadioInsight claimed that the term urban is outdated in that hip hop and R&B music have gained massive popularity outside the inner cities and the descriptor should not serve as a euphemism for "black music". Urban contemporary_sentence_41

He recommended substituting the terms hip hop for the urban contemporary format and adult R&B for urban adult contemporary. Urban contemporary_sentence_42

Tyler, the Creator have stated that "[i]t sucks that whenever we — and I mean guys that look like me — do anything that's genre-bending or that's anything, they always put it in a rap or urban category", adding that "I don't like that 'urban' word — it's just a politically correct way to say the n-word to me". Urban contemporary_sentence_43

Myron Fears, operations manager and program director of the black owned Carter Broadcast Group in Kansas City, defended the use of the urban tag. Urban contemporary_sentence_44

Responding to Republic's elimination of the term, he expressed concern that the action diminishes the status of black music executives within record companies and the industry as a whole: Urban contemporary_sentence_45

In the wake of the murder of George Floyd and the subsequent protests, a number of institutions dropped the term urban in favor of other terms. Urban contemporary_sentence_46

In June 2020, Republic Records and artist management company Milk & Honey stated that they would drop the use of the word in relation to music of a black origin. Urban contemporary_sentence_47

Similarly, the National Academy for Recording Arts and Sciences renamed and redefined the Grammy Award for Best Urban Contemporary Album with Best Progressive R&B Album, "to appropriately categorize and describe this subgenre. Urban contemporary_sentence_48

This change includes a more accurate definition to describe the merit or characteristics of music compositions or performances themselves within the genre of R&B". Urban contemporary_sentence_49

See also Urban contemporary_section_6

Urban contemporary_unordered_list_0

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urban contemporary.