Valid name (zoology)

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Not to be confused with botany's validly published name, which is equivalent to zoology's available name Valid name (zoology)_sentence_0

In zoological nomenclature, the valid name of a taxon is the sole correct scientific name. Valid name (zoology)_sentence_1

The valid name should be used for that taxon, instead of any other name that may currently be being used, or may previously have been used. Valid name (zoology)_sentence_2

A name name is valid when, and only when, it is in harmony with all the relevant rules listed in the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). Valid name (zoology)_sentence_3

A valid name is the correct zoological name of a taxon. Valid name (zoology)_sentence_4

In contrast, a name which violates the rules of the ICZN is known as an invalid name. Valid name (zoology)_sentence_5

An invalid name is not considered to be the correct scientific name for a taxon. Valid name (zoology)_sentence_6

There are numerous different kinds of invalid names. Valid name (zoology)_sentence_7

Subjectively invalid names Valid name (zoology)_section_0

Subjectively invalid names are names that have been rendered invalid by individual scientific judgement or opinion. Valid name (zoology)_sentence_8

Taxonomists may differ in their opinion, and names considered invalid by one researcher may be considered valid by another; thus these are still potentially valid names. Valid name (zoology)_sentence_9

They include: Valid name (zoology)_sentence_10

Valid name (zoology)_description_list_0

  • Valid name (zoology)_item_0_0

Valid name (zoology)_description_list_1

  • Valid name (zoology)_item_1_2
    • Junior secondary homonyms - In this case, the taxa are separate species, but they were previous classified in separate genera, and by chance they had been given the same specific name. When they came to occupy the same genus, this resulted in homonymy .Valid name (zoology)_item_1_3

Valid name (zoology)_description_list_2

  • Valid name (zoology)_item_2_4
    • Conditionally suppressed names - these are special cases where a name which would otherwise have been valid has been petitioned for suppression by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. This is usually because the junior synonym (the later name) has had far wider and far longer common usage than the senior synonym (the older name).Valid name (zoology)_item_2_5

Objectively invalid names Valid name (zoology)_section_1

Objectively invalid names are names that have been rendered invalid for factual reasons. Valid name (zoology)_sentence_11

These names are universally accepted as invalid, and are not merely a matter of individual opinion, as is the case with subjectively invalid names. Valid name (zoology)_sentence_12

They include: Valid name (zoology)_sentence_13

Valid name (zoology)_description_list_3

  • Valid name (zoology)_item_3_6
    • Junior objective synonyms - names describing a taxon (the junior synonym) that have already been described by another name earlier (the senior synonym). ICZN follows the Principle of Priority, in which the oldest available name is applied in preference to newer names where possible.Valid name (zoology)_item_3_7
    • Junior homonyms in the family and genus group - names of families and genera which have the same spelling, but refer to different taxa.Valid name (zoology)_item_3_8
    • Junior primary homonyms in a species group - species synonyms resulting from two different organisms being originally described with the same name which was spelled in the same way. Compare with the previously discussed junior secondary homonyms.Valid name (zoology)_item_3_9
    • Completely suppressed names - are special cases where a name is completely suppressed by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. It is treated as if it had never been published, and is never to be used, regardless of the actual availability.Valid name (zoology)_item_3_10
    • Partially suppressed names - are special cases where a name is partially suppressed by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. Unlike completely suppressed names, partially suppressed names are still acknowledged as having been published but is used only for the purpose of homonymy, not priority.Valid name (zoology)_item_3_11

Different rules for botany Valid name (zoology)_section_2

Under the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, the term validly published name has a different meaning that corresponds to zoology's available name. Valid name (zoology)_sentence_14

The botanical equivalent of zoology's term "valid name" is correct name. Valid name (zoology)_sentence_15

See also Valid name (zoology)_section_3

Valid name (zoology)_unordered_list_4


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valid name (zoology).