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"Ortsteil" redirects here. Village_sentence_0

For subdistricts of Berlin, see Boroughs and neighborhoods of Berlin. Village_sentence_1

For other uses, see Village (disambiguation). Village_sentence_2

A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town (although the word is often used to describe both hamlets and smaller towns), with a population typically ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand. Village_sentence_3

Though villages are often located in rural areas, the term urban village is also applied to certain urban neighborhoods. Village_sentence_4

Villages are normally permanent, with fixed dwellings; however, transient villages can occur. Village_sentence_5

Further, the dwellings of a village are fairly close to one another, not scattered broadly over the landscape, as a dispersed settlement. Village_sentence_6

In the past, villages were a usual form of community for societies that practice subsistence agriculture, and also for some non-agricultural societies. Village_sentence_7

In Great Britain, a hamlet earned the right to be called a village when it built a church. Village_sentence_8

In many cultures, towns and cities were few, with only a small proportion of the population living in them. Village_sentence_9

The Industrial Revolution attracted people in larger numbers to work in mills and factories; the concentration of people caused many villages to grow into towns and cities. Village_sentence_10

This also enabled specialization of labor and crafts, and development of many trades. Village_sentence_11

The trend of urbanization continues, though not always in connection with industrialization. Village_sentence_12

Historically homes were situated together for sociability and defence, and land surrounding the living quarters was farmed. Village_sentence_13

Traditional fishing villages were based on artisan fishing and located adjacent to fishing grounds. Village_sentence_14

In toponomastic terminology, names of individual villages are called comonyms (from Ancient Greek κώμη / vilage and ὄνομα / name). Village_sentence_15

South Asia Village_section_0

Afghanistan Village_section_1

In Afghanistan, the village, or deh (Dari/Pashto: ده) is the mid-size settlement type in Afghan society, trumping the hamlet or qala (Dari: قلعه, Pashto: کلي), though smaller than the town, or shār (Dari: شهر, Pashto: ښار). Village_sentence_16

In contrast to the qala, the deh is generally a bigger settlement which includes a commercial area, while the yet larger shār includes governmental buildings and services such as schools of higher education, basic health care, police stations etc. Village_sentence_17

India Village_section_2

"The soul of India lives in its villages," declared M. K. Gandhi at the beginning of 20th century. Village_sentence_18

According to the 2011 census of India, 68.84% of Indians (around 833.1 million people) live in 640,867 different villages. Village_sentence_19

The size of these villages varies considerably. Village_sentence_20

236,004 Indian villages have a population of fewer than 500, while 3,976 villages have a population of 10,000+. Village_sentence_21

Most of the villages have their own temple, mosque, or church, depending on the local religious following. Village_sentence_22

Pakistan Village_section_3

Main article: Pakistani village life Village_sentence_23

The majority of Pakistanis live in rural areas. Village_sentence_24

According to the 2017 census about 64% of Pakistanis live in rural areas. Village_sentence_25

Most rural areas in Pakistan tend to be near cities, and are peri-urban areas, This is due to the definition of a rural area in Pakistan being an area that does not come within an urban boundary. Village_sentence_26

Village is called dehaat or gaaon in Urdu. Village_sentence_27

Pakistani village life is marked by kinship and exchange relations. Village_sentence_28

Central Asia Village_section_4

Main article: Aul Village_sentence_29

Auyl (Kazakh: Ауыл) is a Kazakh word meaning "village" in Kazakhstan. Village_sentence_30

According to the 2009 census of Kazakhstan, 42.7% of Kazakhs (7.5 million people) live in 8172 different villages. Village_sentence_31

To refer to this concept along with the word "auyl" often used the Slavic word "selo" in Northern Kazakhstan. Village_sentence_32

East Asia Village_section_5

People's Republic of China Village_sentence_33

Main article: Village (China) Village_sentence_34

In mainland China, villages are divisions under township or town . Village_sentence_35

Republic of China (Taiwan) Village_sentence_36

Main article: Village (Taiwan) Village_sentence_37

In the Republic of China (Taiwan), villages are divisions under townships or county-administered cities. Village_sentence_38

The village is called a tsuen or cūn (村) under a rural township (鄉) and a li (里) under an urban township (鎮) or a county-controlled city. Village_sentence_39

See also Li (unit). Village_sentence_40

Japan Village_sentence_41

Main article: Villages of Japan Village_sentence_42

South Korea Village_sentence_43

Main article: Villages of South Korea Village_sentence_44

Southeast Asia Village_section_6

Brunei Village_section_7

Main article: Villages of Brunei Village_sentence_45

In Brunei, villages are officially the third- and lowest-level subdivisions of Brunei below districts and mukims. Village_sentence_46

A village is locally known by the Malay word kampung (also spelt as kampong). Village_sentence_47

They may be villages in the traditional or anthropological sense but may also comprise delineated residential settlements, both rural and urban. Village_sentence_48

The community of a village is headed by a village head (Malay: ketua kampung). Village_sentence_49

Communal infrastructure for the villagers may include a primary school, a religious school providing ugama or Islamic religious primary education which is compulsory for the Muslim pupils in the country, a mosque, and a community centre (Malay: balai raya or dewan kemasyarakatan). Village_sentence_50

Indonesia Village_section_8

Main article: Villages of Indonesia Village_sentence_51

In Indonesia, depending on the principles they are administered, villages are called Kampung or Desa (officially kelurahan). Village_sentence_52

A "Desa" (a term that derives from a Sanskrit word meaning "country" that is found in the name "Bangladesh"=bangla and desh/desha) is administered according to traditions and customary law (adat), while a kelurahan is administered along more "modern" principles. Village_sentence_53

Desa are generally located in rural areas while kelurahan are generally urban subdivisions. Village_sentence_54

A village head is respectively called kepala desa or lurah. Village_sentence_55

Both are elected by the local community. Village_sentence_56

A desa or kelurahan is the subdivision of a kecamatan (subdistrict), in turn the subdivision of a kabupaten (district) or kota (city). Village_sentence_57

The same general concept applies all over Indonesia. Village_sentence_58

However, there is some variation among the vast numbers of Austronesian ethnic groups. Village_sentence_59

For instance, in Bali villages have been created by grouping traditional hamlets or banjar, which constitute the basis of Balinese social life. Village_sentence_60

In the Minangkabau area in West Sumatra province, traditional villages are called nagari (a term deriving from another Sanskrit word meaning "city", which can be found in the name like "Srinagar"=sri and nagar/nagari). Village_sentence_61

In some areas such as Tanah Toraja, elders take turns watching over the village at a command post. Village_sentence_62

As a general rule, desa and kelurahan are groupings of hamlets (kampung in Indonesian, dusun in the Javanese language, banjar in Bali). Village_sentence_63

a kampung is defined today as a village in Brunei and Indonesia. Village_sentence_64

Malaysia Village_section_9

Kampung is a term used in Malaysia, (sometimes spelling kampong or kompong in the English language) for "a Malay hamlet or village in a Malay-speaking country". Village_sentence_65

In Malaysia, a kampung is determined as a locality with 10,000 or fewer people. Village_sentence_66

Since historical times, every Malay village came under the leadership of a penghulu (village chief), who has the power to hear civil matters in his village (see Courts of Malaysia for more details). Village_sentence_67

A Malay village typically contains a "masjid" (mosque) or "surau", paddy fields and Malay houses on stilts. Village_sentence_68

Malay and Indonesian villagers practice the culture of helping one another as a community, which is better known as "joint bearing of burdens" (gotong royong). Village_sentence_69

They are family-oriented (especially the concept of respecting one's family [particularly the parents and elders]), courtesy and practice belief in God ("Tuhan") as paramount to everything else. Village_sentence_70

It is common to see a cemetery near the mosque. Village_sentence_71

All Muslims in the Malay or Indonesian village want to be prayed for, and to receive Allah's blessings in the afterlife. Village_sentence_72

In Sarawak and East Kalimantan, some villages are called 'long', primarily inhabited by the Orang Ulu. Village_sentence_73

Malaysian kampung were once aplenty in Singapore but there are almost no remaining kampung villages; the very few to have survived until today are mostly on outlying islands surrounding mainland Singapore, such as Pulau Ubin. Village_sentence_74

Mainland Singapore used to have many kampung villages but modern developments and rapid urbanisation works have seen them bulldozed away; Kampong Lorong Buangkok is the last surviving village on the country's mainland. Village_sentence_75

The term "kampung", sometimes spelled "kampong", is one of many Malay words to have entered common usage in Malaysia and Singapore. Village_sentence_76

Locally, the term is frequently used to refer to either one's hometown or a rural village, depending on the intended context. Village_sentence_77

Myanmar Village_section_10

Main article: Villages of Myanmar Village_sentence_78

Philippines Village_section_11

In urban areas of the Philippines, the term "village" most commonly refers to private subdivisions, especially gated communities. Village_sentence_79

These villages emerged in the mid-20th century and were initially the domain of elite urban dwellers. Village_sentence_80

Those are common in major cities in the country and their residents have a wide range of income levels. Village_sentence_81

Such villages may or may not correspond to a barangay (the country's basic unit of government, also glossed as village), or be privately administered. Village_sentence_82

Barangays correspond more to precolonial villages; the chairman (formerly the village datu) now settles administrative, intrapersonal, and political matters or polices the area though with much less authority and respect than in Indonesia or Malaysia. Village_sentence_83

Thailand Village_section_12

Main article: Muban Village_sentence_84

Vietnam Village_section_13

Village, or "làng", is a basis of Vietnam society. Village_sentence_85

Vietnam's village is the typical symbol of Asian agricultural production. Village_sentence_86

Vietnam's village typically contains: a village gate, "lũy tre" (bamboo hedges), "đình làng" (communal house) where "thành hoàng" (tutelary god) is worshiped, a common well, "đồng lúa" (rice field), "chùa" (temple) and houses of all families in the village. Village_sentence_87

All the people in Vietnam's villages usually have a blood relationship. Village_sentence_88

They are farmers who grow rice and have the same traditional handicraft. Village_sentence_89

Vietnam's villages have an important role in society (Vietnamese saying: "Custom rules the law" -"Phép vua thua lệ làng" [literally: the king's law yields to village customs]). Village_sentence_90

It is common for Vietnamese villagers to prefer to be buried in their village upon death. Village_sentence_91

Central and Eastern Europe Village_section_14

Slavic countries Village_section_15

Selo (Cyrillic: село; Polish: sioło) is a Slavic word meaning "village" in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, North Macedonia, Russia, Serbia, and Ukraine. Village_sentence_92

For example, there are numerous sela (plural of selo) called Novo Selo (New Village) in Bulgaria, Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia, and North Macedonia. Village_sentence_93

Another Slavic word for a village is ves (Polish: wieś, wioska, Czech: ves, vesnice, Slovak: ves, Slovene: vas, Russian: весь). Village_sentence_94

In Slovenia, the word selo is used for very small villages (fewer than 100 people) and in dialects; the Slovene word vas is used all over Slovenia. Village_sentence_95

In Russia, the word ves is archaic, but remains in idioms and locality names, such as Vesyegonsk. Village_sentence_96

Bulgaria Village_section_16

Main article: List of villages in Bulgaria Village_sentence_97

In Bulgaria, the different types of sela vary from a small selo of 5 to 30 families to one of several thousand people. Village_sentence_98

According to a 2002 census, in that year there were 2,385,000 Bulgarian citizens living in settlements classified as villages. Village_sentence_99

A 2004 Human Settlement Profile on Bulgaria conducted by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs stated that: Village_sentence_100

It also stated that Village_sentence_101

In Bulgaria, it is becoming popular to visit villages for the atmosphere, culture, crafts, hospitality of the people and the surrounding nature. Village_sentence_102

This is called selski turizam (Bulgarian: селски туризъм), meaning "village tourism". Village_sentence_103

Russia Village_section_17

In Russia, as of the 2010 Census, 26.3% of the country's population lives in rural localities; down from 26.7% recorded in the 2002 Census. Village_sentence_104

Multiple types of rural localities exist, but the two most common are derevnya (деревня) and selo (село). Village_sentence_105

Historically, the formal indication of status was religious: a city (gorod, город) had a cathedral, a selo had a church, while a derevnya had neither. Village_sentence_106

The lowest administrative unit of the Russian Empire, a volost, or its Soviet or modern Russian successor, a selsoviet, was typically headquartered in a selo and embraced a few neighboring villages. Village_sentence_107

In the 1960s–1970s, the depopulation of the smaller villages was driven by the central planners' drive in order to get the farm workers out of smaller, "prospect-less" hamlets and into the collective or state farms' main villages or even larger towns and cities, with more amenities. Village_sentence_108

Most Russian rural residents are involved in agricultural work, and it is very common for villagers to produce their own food. Village_sentence_109

As prosperous urbanites purchase village houses for their second homes, Russian villages sometimes are transformed into dacha settlements, used mostly for seasonal residence. Village_sentence_110

The historically Cossack regions of Southern Russia and parts of Ukraine, with their fertile soil and absence of serfdom, had a rather different pattern of settlement from central and northern Russia. Village_sentence_111

While peasants of central Russia lived in a village around the lord's manor, a Cossack family often lived on its own farm, called khutor. Village_sentence_112

A number of such khutors plus a central village made up the administrative unit with a center in a stanitsa (Russian: станица, romanized: stanitsa; Ukrainian: станиця, romanized: stanytsya, stanytsia). Village_sentence_113

Such stanitsas often with a few thousand residents, were usually larger than a typical selo in central Russia. Village_sentence_114

The term aul/aal is used to refer mostly Muslim-populated villages in Caucasus and Idel-Ural, without regard to the number of residents. Village_sentence_115

Ukraine Village_section_18

In Ukraine, a village, known locally as a selo (село), is considered the lowest administrative unit. Village_sentence_116

Villages may have an individual administration (silrada) or a joint administration, combining two or more villages. Village_sentence_117

Villages may also be under the jurisdiction of a city council (miskrada) or town council (selyshchna rada) administration. Village_sentence_118

There is, however, another smaller type of settlement which is designated in Ukrainian as a selysche (селище). Village_sentence_119

This type of community is generally referred to in English as a "settlement". Village_sentence_120

In comparison with an urban-type settlement, Ukrainian legislation does not have a concrete definition or a criterion to differentiate such settlements from villages. Village_sentence_121

They represent a type of a small rural locality that might have once been a khutir, a fisherman's settlement, or a dacha. Village_sentence_122

They are administered by a silrada (council) located in a nearby adjacent village. Village_sentence_123

Sometimes, the term "selysche" is also used in a more general way to refer to adjacent settlements near a bigger city including urban-type settlements (selysche miskoho typu) or villages. Village_sentence_124

However, ambiguity is often avoided in connection with urbanized settlements by referring to them using the three-letter abbreviation smt instead. Village_sentence_125

The khutir (хутір) and stanytsia (станиця) are not part of the administrative division any longer, primarily due to collectivization. Village_sentence_126

Khutirs were very small rural localities consisting of just few housing units and were sort of individual farms. Village_sentence_127

They became really popular during the Stolypin reform in the early 20th century. Village_sentence_128

During the collectivization, however, residents of such settlements were usually declared to be kulaks and had all their property confiscated and distributed to others (nationalized) without any compensation. Village_sentence_129

The stanitsa likewise has not survived as an administrative term. Village_sentence_130

The stanitsa was a type of a collective community that could include one or more settlements such as villages, khutirs, and others. Village_sentence_131

Today, stanitsa-type formations have only survived in Kuban (Russian Federation) where Ukrainians were resettled during the time of the Russian Empire. Village_sentence_132

Western and Southern Europe Village_section_19

France Village_section_20

A commune is considered as a village if it is not part of a ville (urban unit). Village_sentence_133

For the Insee, an urban unit has more than 2000 inhabitants living in buildings less than 200 metres from each others. Village_sentence_134

An independent association named Les Plus Beaux Villages de France, was created in 1982 to promote assets of small and picturesque French villages of quality heritage. Village_sentence_135

As of 2008, 152 villages in France have been listed in "The Most Beautiful Villages of France". Village_sentence_136

Germany Village_section_21

In Germany, Ortsteil is a part of a town, a village. Village_sentence_137

Italy Village_section_22

See also: Frazione and Town § Italy Village_sentence_138

In Italy, villages are spread throughout the country. Village_sentence_139

No legal definition of village exists in Italian law; nonetheless, a settlement inhabited by less than 2000 people is usually described as "village". Village_sentence_140

More often, Italian villages that are a part of a municipality are called frazione, whereas the village that hosts the municipal seat is called paese (town) or capoluogo. Village_sentence_141

Spain Village_section_23

In Spain, a village (pueblo) refers to a small population unit, smaller than a town (villa [an archaic term that survives only official uses, such as the official name of Spain's capital, "la Villa de Madrid"]) and a city (ciudad), typically located in a rural environment. Village_sentence_142

While commonly it is the smallest administrative unit (municipio), it is possible for a village to be legally composed of smaller population units in its territory. Village_sentence_143

There is not a clear-cut distinction between villages, towns and cities in Spain, since they had been traditionally categorized according to their religious importance and their relationship with surrounding population units. Village_sentence_144

Portugal Village_section_24

Villages are more usual in the northern and central regions, Azores Islands and in the Alentejo. Village_sentence_145

Most of them have a church and a "Casa do Povo" (people's house), where the village's summer romarias or religious festivities are usually held. Village_sentence_146

Summer is also when many villages are host to a range of folk festivals and fairs, taking advantage of the fact that many of the locals who reside abroad tend to come back to their native village for the holidays. Village_sentence_147

Netherlands Village_section_25

In the flood-prone districts of the Netherlands, particularly in the northern provinces of Friesland and Groningen, villages were traditionally built on low man-made hills called terpen before the introduction of regional dyke-systems. Village_sentence_148

In modern days, the term dorp (lit. Village_sentence_149

"village") is usually applied to settlements no larger than 20,000, though there's no official law regarding status of settlements in the Netherlands. Village_sentence_150

United Kingdom Village_section_26

See also: List of the largest villages in England Village_sentence_151

A village in the UK is a compact settlement of houses, smaller in size than a town, and generally based on agriculture or, in some areas, mining (such as Ouston, County Durham), quarrying or sea fishing. Village_sentence_152

They are very similar to those in Ireland. Village_sentence_153

The major factors in the type of settlement are: location of water sources, organisation of agriculture and landholding, and likelihood of flooding. Village_sentence_154

For example, in areas such as the Lincolnshire Wolds, the villages are often found along the spring line halfway down the hillsides, and originate as spring line settlements, with the original open field systems around the village. Village_sentence_155

In northern Scotland, most villages are planned to a grid pattern located on or close to major roads, whereas in areas such as the Forest of Arden, woodland clearances produced small hamlets around village greens. Village_sentence_156

Because of the topography of the Clent Hills the north Worcestershire village of Clent is an example of a village with no centre but instead consists of series of hamlets scattered on and around the Hills. Village_sentence_157

Some villages have disappeared (for example, deserted medieval villages), sometimes leaving behind a church or manor house and sometimes nothing but bumps in the fields. Village_sentence_158

Some show archaeological evidence of settlement at three or four different layers, each distinct from the previous one. Village_sentence_159

Clearances may have been to accommodate sheep or game estates, or enclosure, or may have resulted from depopulation, such as after the Black Death or following a move of the inhabitants to more prosperous districts. Village_sentence_160

Other villages have grown and merged and often form hubs within the general mass of suburbia—such as Hampstead, London and Didsbury in Manchester. Village_sentence_161

Many villages are now predominantly dormitory locations and have suffered the loss of shops, churches and other facilities. Village_sentence_162

For many British people, the village represents an ideal of Great Britain. Village_sentence_163

Seen as being far from the bustle of modern life, it is represented as quiet and harmonious, if a little inward-looking. Village_sentence_164

This concept of an unspoilt Arcadia is present in many popular representations of the village such as the radio serial The Archers or the best kept village competitions. Village_sentence_165

Many villages in South Yorkshire, North Nottinghamshire, North East Derbyshire, County Durham, South Wales and Northumberland are known as pit villages. Village_sentence_166

These (such as Murton, County Durham) grew from hamlets when the sinking of a colliery in the early 20th century resulted in a rapid growth in their population and the colliery owners built new housing, shops, pubs and churches. Village_sentence_167

Some pit villages outgrew nearby towns by area and population; for example, Rossington in South Yorkshire came to have over four times more people than the nearby town of Bawtry. Village_sentence_168

Some pit villages grew to become towns; for example, Maltby in South Yorkshire grew from 600 people in the 19th century to over 17,000 in 2007. Village_sentence_169

Maltby was constructed under the auspices of the Sheepbridge Coal and Iron Company and included ample open spaces and provision for gardens. Village_sentence_170

In the UK, the main historical distinction between a hamlet and a village was that the latter had a church, and so usually was the centre of worship for an ecclesiastical parish. Village_sentence_171

However, some civil parishes may contain more than one village. Village_sentence_172

The typical village had a pub or inn, shops, and a blacksmith. Village_sentence_173

But many of these facilities are now gone, and many villages are dormitories for commuters. Village_sentence_174

The population of such settlements ranges from a few hundred people to around five thousand. Village_sentence_175

A village is distinguished from a town in that: Village_sentence_176


  • A village should not have a regular agricultural market, although today such markets are uncommon even in settlements which clearly are towns.Village_item_0_0
  • A village does not have a town hall nor a mayor.Village_item_0_1
  • If a village is the principal settlement of a civil parish, then any administrative body that administers it at parish level should be called a parish council or parish meeting, and not a town council or city council. However, some civil parishes have no functioning parish, town, or city council nor a functioning parish meeting. In Wales, where the equivalent of an English civil parish is called a Community, the body that administers it is called a Community Council. However, larger councils may elect to call themselves town councils. In Scotland, the equivalent is also a community council, however, despite being statutory bodies they have no executive powers.Village_item_0_2
  • There should be a clear green belt or open fields, as, for example, seen on aerial maps for Ouston surrounding its parish borders. However this may not be applicable to urbanised villages: although these may not be considered to be villages, they are often widely referred to as being so; an example of this is Horsforth in Leeds.Village_item_0_3

Middle East Village_section_27

Lebanon Village_section_28

Like France, villages in Lebanon are usually located in remote mountainous areas. Village_sentence_177

The majority of villages in Lebanon retain their Aramaic names or are derivative of the Aramaic names, and this is because Aramaic was still in use in Mount Lebanon up to the 18th century. Village_sentence_178

Many of the Lebanese villages are a part of districts, these districts are known as "kadaa" which includes the districts of Baabda (Baabda), Aley (Aley), Matn (Jdeideh), Keserwan (Jounieh), Chouf (Beiteddine), Jbeil (Byblos), Tripoli (Tripoli), Zgharta (Zgharta / Ehden), Bsharri (Bsharri), Batroun (Batroun), Koura (Amioun), Miniyeh-Danniyeh (Minyeh / Sir Ed-Danniyeh), Zahle (Zahle), Rashaya (Rashaya), Western Beqaa (Jebjennine / Saghbine), Sidon (Sidon), Jezzine (Jezzine), Tyre (Tyre), Nabatiyeh (Nabatiyeh), Marjeyoun (Marjeyoun), Hasbaya (Hasbaya), Bint Jbeil (Bint Jbeil), Baalbek (Baalbek), and Hermel (Hermel). Village_sentence_179

The district of Danniyeh consists of thirty-six small villages, which includes Almrah, Kfirchlan, Kfirhbab, Hakel al Azimah, Siir, Bakhoun, Miryata, Assoun, Sfiiri, Kharnoub, Katteen, Kfirhabou, Zghartegrein, Ein Qibil. Village_sentence_180

Danniyeh (known also as Addinniyeh, Al Dinniyeh, Al Danniyeh, Arabic: سير الضنية) is a region located in Miniyeh-Danniyeh District in the North Governorate of Lebanon. Village_sentence_181

The region lies east of Tripoli, extends north as far as Akkar District, south to Bsharri District and Zgharta District and as far east as Baalbek and Hermel. Village_sentence_182

Dinniyeh has an excellent ecological environment filled with woodlands, orchards and groves. Village_sentence_183

Several villages are located in this mountainous area, the largest town being Sir Al Dinniyeh. Village_sentence_184

An example of a typical mountainous Lebanese village in Dannieh would be Hakel al Azimah which is a small village that belongs to the district of Danniyeh, situated between Bakhoun and Assoun's boundaries. Village_sentence_185

It is in the centre of the valleys that lie between the Arbeen Mountains and the Khanzouh. Village_sentence_186

Syria Village_section_29

Syria contains a large number of villages that vary in size and importance, including the ancient, historical and religious villages, such as Ma'loula, Sednaya, and Brad (Mar Maroun's time). Village_sentence_187

The diversity of the Syrian environments creates significant differences between the Syrian villages in terms of the economic activity and the method of adoption. Village_sentence_188

Villages in the south of Syria (Hauran, Jabal al-Druze), the north-east (the Syrian island) and the Orontes River basin depend mostly on agriculture, mainly grain, vegetables, and fruits. Village_sentence_189

Villages in the region of Damascus and Aleppo depend on trading. Village_sentence_190

Some other villages, such as Marmarita depend heavily on tourist activity. Village_sentence_191

Mediterranean cities in Syria, such as Tartus and Latakia have similar types of villages. Village_sentence_192

Mainly, villages were built in very good sites which had the fundamentals of the rural life, like water. Village_sentence_193

An example of a Mediterranean Syrian village in Tartus would be al-Annazah, which is a small village that belongs to the area of al-Sauda. Village_sentence_194

The area of al-Sauda is called a nahiya, which is a subdistrict. Village_sentence_195

Australasia and Oceania Village_section_30

Pacific Islands Communities on Pacific islands were historically called villages by English speakers who traveled and settled in the area. Village_sentence_196

Some communities such as several Villages of Guam continue to be called villages despite having large populations that can exceed 40,000 residents. Village_sentence_197

New Zealand The traditional Māori village was the , a fortified hill-top settlement. Village_sentence_198

Tree-fern logs and flax were the main building materials. Village_sentence_199

As in Australia (see below) the term is now used mainly in respect of shopping or other planned areas. Village_sentence_200

Australia The term village often is used in reference to small planned communities such as retirement communities or shopping districts, and tourist areas such as ski resorts. Village_sentence_201

Small rural communities are usually known as townships. Village_sentence_202

Larger settlements are known as towns. Village_sentence_203

South America Village_section_31

Argentina Usually set in remote mountainous areas, some also cater to winter sports or tourism. Village_sentence_204

See Uspallata, La Cumbrecita, Villa Traful and La Cumbre. Village_sentence_205

Guyana In various areas villages can still be found in Guyana. Village_sentence_206

While many are now towns, there are several areas on river banks, and communities off central roads that are still locally considered villages. Village_sentence_207

North America Village_section_32

In contrast to the Old World, the concept of village in today's North America north of Mexico is largely disconnected from its rural and communal origins. Village_sentence_208

The situation is different in Mexico because of its large bulk of indigenous population living in traditional villages. Village_sentence_209

Canada Village_section_33

Main articles: Municipal government in Canada and List of villages in Ontario Village_sentence_210

United States Village_section_34

Main article: Village (United States) Village_sentence_211

Incorporated villages Village_section_35

In twenty U.S. Village_sentence_212 states, the term "village" refers to a specific form of incorporated municipal government, similar to a city but with less authority and geographic scope. Village_sentence_213

However, this is a generality; in many states, there are villages that are an order of magnitude larger than the smallest cities in the state. Village_sentence_214

The distinction is not necessarily based on population, but on the relative powers granted to the different types of municipalities and correspondingly, different obligations to provide specific services to residents. Village_sentence_215

In some states such as New York and Michigan, a village is usually an incorporated municipality, within a single town or civil township. Village_sentence_216

In some cases, the village may be with the town or township, in which case the two may have a consolidated government. Village_sentence_217

There are also villages that span the boundaries of more than one town or township; some villages may straddle county borders. Village_sentence_218

There is no population limit to villages in New York. Village_sentence_219

Hempstead, the largest village, has 55,000 residents; making it more populous than some of the state's cities. Village_sentence_220

However; villages in the state may not exceed five square miles (13 km) in area. Village_sentence_221

Michigan and Illinois also have no set population limit for villages and there are many villages that are larger than cities in those states. Village_sentence_222

The village of Arlington Heights, Illinois had 75,101 residents as of the 2010 census. Village_sentence_223

A village also has no written figure against how small a population can be, with the United States' smallest incorporated village being Dering Harbor, NY, with a population of just over 10. Village_sentence_224

In Michigan, a village is always legally part of a township. Village_sentence_225

Villages can incorporate land in multiple townships and even multiple counties. Village_sentence_226

The largest village in the state is Beverly Hills in Southfield Township which had a population of 10,267 people as of the 2010 census. Village_sentence_227

In the state of Wisconsin, a village is always legally separate from the towns that it has been incorporated from. Village_sentence_228

The largest village is Menomonee Falls, which has over 32,000 residents. Village_sentence_229

In Ohio villages are often legally part of the township from which they were incorporated, although exceptions such as Hiram exist, in which the village is separate from the township. Village_sentence_230

They have no area limitations, but become cities if they grow a population of more than 5,000. Village_sentence_231

In Maryland, a locality designated "Village of ..." may be either an incorporated town or a special tax district. Village_sentence_232

An example of the latter is the Village of Friendship Heights. Village_sentence_233

In North Carolina, the only difference between cities, towns, and villages is the term itself. Village_sentence_234

Unincorporated villages Village_section_36

In many states, the term "village" is used to refer to a relatively small unincorporated community, similar to a hamlet in New York state. Village_sentence_235

This informal usage may be found even in states that have villages as an incorporated municipality, although such usage might be considered incorrect and confusing. Village_sentence_236

In states that have New England towns, a "village" is a center of population or trade, including the town center, in an otherwise sparsely developed town or city — for instance, the village of Hyannis in the town of Barnstable, Massachusetts. Village_sentence_237

Africa Village_section_37

Nigeria Village_section_38

Villages in Nigeria vary significantly because of cultural and geographical differences. Village_sentence_238

Northern Nigeria Village_sentence_239

In the North, villages were under traditional rulers long before the Jihad of Shaikh Uthman Bin Fodio and after the Holy War. Village_sentence_240

At that time Traditional rulers used to have absolute power in their administrative regions. Village_sentence_241

After Dan Fodio's Jihad in 1804, political structure of the North became Islamic where emirs were the political, administrative and spiritual leaders of their people. Village_sentence_242

These emirs appointed a number of people to assist them in running the administration and that included villages. Village_sentence_243

Every Hausa village was reigned by Magaji (Village head) who was answerable to his Hakimi (mayor) at the town level. Village_sentence_244

The Magaji also had his cabinet who assisted him in ruling his village efficiently, among whom was Mai-Unguwa (Ward Head). Village_sentence_245

With the creation of Native Authority in Nigerian provinces, the autocratic power of village heads along with all other traditional rulers was subdued hence they ruled 'under the guidance of colonial officials'. Village_sentence_246

Even though the constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria has not recognised the functions of traditional rulers, they still command respect in their villages and political office holders liaise with them almost every time to reach people. Village_sentence_247

In Hausa language, village is called ƙauye and every local government area is made up of several small and large ƙauyuka (villages). Village_sentence_248

For instance, Girka is a village in Kaita town in Katsina state in Nigeria. Village_sentence_249

They have mud houses with thatched roofing though, like in most of the villages in the North, zinc roofing is becoming a common sight. Village_sentence_250

Still in many villages in the North, people do not have access to portable water. Village_sentence_251

So they fetch water from ponds and streams. Village_sentence_252

Others are lucky to have wells within a walking distance. Village_sentence_253

Women rush in the morning to fetch water in their clay pots from wells, boreholes and streams. Village_sentence_254

However, government is now providing them with water bore holes. Village_sentence_255

Electricity and GSM network are reaching more and more villages in the North almost every day. Village_sentence_256

So bad feeder roads may lead to remote villages with electricity and unstable GSM network. Village_sentence_257

Southern Nigeria Village_sentence_258

Village dwellers in the Southeastern region lived separately in "clusters of huts belonging to the patrilinage". Village_sentence_259

As the rainforest region is dominated by Igbo speaking people, the villages are called ime obodo (inside town) in Igbo language. Village_sentence_260

A typical large village might have a few thousand persons who shared the same market, meeting place and beliefs. Village_sentence_261

South Africa Village_section_39

In South Africa the majority of people in rural areas reside in villages. Village_sentence_262

They vary in size from having a population of less than 500 to around 1000. Village_sentence_263

See also Village_section_40

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