Voiceless glottal fricative

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For consonants followed by the superscript ʰ, see Aspirated consonant. Voiceless glottal fricative_sentence_0

Voiceless glottal fricative_table_infobox_0

Voiceless glottal fricativeVoiceless glottal fricative_header_cell_0_0_0
hVoiceless glottal fricative_header_cell_0_1_0
IPA NumberVoiceless glottal fricative_header_cell_0_2_0 146Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_0_2_1
EncodingVoiceless glottal fricative_header_cell_0_3_0
Entity (decimal)Voiceless glottal fricative_header_cell_0_4_0 hVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_0_4_1
Unicode (hex)Voiceless glottal fricative_header_cell_0_5_0 U+0068Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_0_5_1
X-SAMPAVoiceless glottal fricative_header_cell_0_6_0 hVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_0_6_1
BrailleVoiceless glottal fricative_header_cell_0_7_0 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_0_7_1
Audio sampleVoiceless glottal fricative_header_cell_0_8_0

The voiceless glottal fricative, sometimes called voiceless glottal transition, and sometimes called the aspirate, is a type of sound used in some spoken languages that patterns like a fricative or approximant consonant phonologically, but often lacks the usual phonetic characteristics of a consonant. Voiceless glottal fricative_sentence_1

The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨h⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is h, although [h] has been described as a voiceless vowel because in many languages, it lacks the place and manner of articulation of a prototypical consonant as well as the height and backness of a prototypical vowel: Voiceless glottal fricative_sentence_2

Lamé contrasts voiceless and voiced glottal fricatives. Voiceless glottal fricative_sentence_3

Features Voiceless glottal fricative_section_0

Features of the "voiceless glottal fricative": Voiceless glottal fricative_sentence_4

Voiceless glottal fricative_unordered_list_0

  • In some languages, it has the constricted manner of articulation of a fricative. However, in many if not most it is a transitional state of the glottis, with no manner of articulation other than its phonation type. Because there is no other constriction to produce friction in the vocal tract in the languages they are familiar with, many phoneticians no longer consider [h] to be a fricative. However, the term "fricative" is generally retained for historical reasons.Voiceless glottal fricative_item_0_0
  • It may have a glottal place of articulation. However, it may have no fricative articulation, in which case the term 'glottal' only refers to the nature of its phonation, and does not describe the location of the stricture nor the turbulence. All consonants except for the glottals, and all vowels, have an individual place of articulation in addition to the state of the glottis. As with all other consonants, surrounding vowels influence the pronunciation [h], and [h] has sometimes been presented as a voiceless vowel, having the place of articulation of these surrounding vowels.Voiceless glottal fricative_item_0_1
  • Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords. In some languages the vocal cords are actively separated, so it is always voiceless; in others the cords are lax, so that it may take on the voicing of adjacent sounds.Voiceless glottal fricative_item_0_2
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.Voiceless glottal fricative_item_0_3
  • Because the sound is not produced with airflow over the tongue, the centrallateral dichotomy does not apply.Voiceless glottal fricative_item_0_4
  • The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.Voiceless glottal fricative_item_0_5

Occurrence Voiceless glottal fricative_section_1

Voiceless glottal fricative_table_general_1

LanguageVoiceless glottal fricative_header_cell_1_0_0 WordVoiceless glottal fricative_header_cell_1_0_2 IPAVoiceless glottal fricative_header_cell_1_0_3 MeaningVoiceless glottal fricative_header_cell_1_0_4 NotesVoiceless glottal fricative_header_cell_1_0_5
AdygheVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_1_0 ShapsugVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_1_1 хыгь/khyg'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_1_2 [həɡʲ]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_1_3 'now'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_1_4 Corresponds to [x] in other dialects.Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_1_5
AlbanianVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_2_0 hireVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_2_2 [hiɾɛ]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_2_3 'the graces'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_2_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_2_5
ArabicVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_3_0 Modern StandardVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_3_1 هائل‎/haa'ilVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_3_2 [ˈhaːʔɪl]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_3_3 'enormous'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_3_4 See Arabic phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_3_5
ArmenianVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_4_0 EasternVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_4_1 հայերեն/hayerenVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_4_2 [hɑjɛɾɛn (help·)Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_4_3 'Armenian'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_4_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_4_5
Assyrian/SyriacVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_5_0 EasternVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_5_1 ܗܝܡܢܘܬܐ/heemaanuuthaVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_5_2 [heːmaːnuːtʰa]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_5_3 'faith'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_5_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_5_5
AsturianVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_6_0 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_6_1 ḥuerzaVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_6_2 [ˈhweɾθɐ]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_6_3 'force'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_6_4 F- becomes [h] before -ue/-ui in some south-central dialects. May be also realized as [ħ, ʕ, ɦ, x, χ]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_6_5
Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_7_0 ḥacerVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_7_1 [haˈθeɾ]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_7_2 "to do"Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_7_3 F- becomes [h] in oriental dialects. May be also realized as [ħ, ʕ, ɦ, x, χ]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_7_4
AvarVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_8_0 гьаVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_8_2 [ha]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_8_3 'oath'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_8_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_8_5
AzeriVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_9_0 hinVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_9_2 [hɪn]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_9_3 'chicken coop'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_9_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_9_5
BasqueVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_10_0 North-Eastern dialectsVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_10_1 hirurVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_10_2 [hiɾur]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_10_3 'three'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_10_4 Can be voiced ɦ instead.Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_10_5
BengaliVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_11_0 হাওয়া/haouaVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_11_2 [hao̯a]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_11_3 'wind'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_11_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_11_5
BerberVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_12_0 aherkusVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_12_2 [ahərkus]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_12_3 'shoe'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_12_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_12_5
CantabrianVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_13_0 muḥerVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_13_2 [muˈheɾ]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_13_3 'woman'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_13_4 F- becomes [h]. In most dialects, -LJ- and -C'L- too. May be also realized as [ħ, ʕ, ɦ, x, χ]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_13_5
ChechenVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_14_0 хӏара / haraVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_14_2 [hɑrɐ]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_14_3 'this'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_14_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_14_5
ChineseVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_15_0 CantoneseVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_15_1 / hóiVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_15_2 [hɔːi̯˧˥Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_15_3 'sea'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_15_4 See Cantonese phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_15_5
Taiwanese MandarinVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_16_0 / hǎiVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_16_1 [haɪ̯˨˩˦Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_16_2 A velar fricative [x] for Standard Chinese. See Standard Chinese phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_16_3
DanishVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_17_0 husVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_17_2 [ˈhuːˀs]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_17_3 'house'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_17_4 Often voiced ɦ when between vowels. See Danish phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_17_5
EnglishVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_18_0 highVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_18_2 [haɪ̯]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_18_3 'high'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_18_4 See English phonology and H-droppingVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_18_5
EsperantoVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_19_0 hejmoVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_19_2 [ˈhejmo]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_19_3 'home'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_19_4 See Esperanto phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_19_5
Eastern LombardVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_20_0 Val CamonicaVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_20_1 BresaVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_20_2 [ˈbrɛha]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_20_3 'Brescia'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_20_4 Corresponds to /s/ in other varieties.Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_20_5
EstonianVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_21_0 hammasVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_21_2 [ˈhɑmˑɑs]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_21_3 'tooth'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_21_4 See Estonian phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_21_5
FaroeseVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_22_0 honVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_22_2 [hoːn]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_22_3 'she'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_22_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_22_5
FinnishVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_23_0 hammasVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_23_2 [ˈhɑmːɑs]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_23_3 'tooth'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_23_4 See Finnish phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_23_5
FrenchVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_24_0 BelgianVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_24_1 hotteVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_24_2 [hɔt]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_24_3 'pannier'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_24_4 Found in the region of Liège. See French phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_24_5
GalicianVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_25_0 Occidental, central, and some oriental dialectsVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_25_1 gatoVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_25_2 [ˈhätʊ]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_25_3 'cat'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_25_4 Realization of [g] in some dialects. May be also realized as

[ɦ, ʕ, x, χ, ʁ, ɡʰ]. See gheada.Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_25_5

GeorgianVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_26_0 ჰავა/havaVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_26_2 [hɑvɑ]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_26_3 'climate'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_26_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_26_5
GermanVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_27_0 HassVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_27_2 [has]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_27_3 'hatred'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_27_4 See Standard German phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_27_5
GreekVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_28_0 CypriotVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_28_1 μαχαζί/mahaziVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_28_2 [mahaˈzi]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_28_3 'shop'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_28_4 Allophone of /x/ before /a/.Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_28_5
HawaiianVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_29_0 hakaVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_29_2 [ˈhɐkə]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_29_3 'shelf'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_29_4 See Hawaiian phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_29_5
HebrewVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_30_0 הַר‎/harVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_30_2 [har]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_30_3 'mountain'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_30_4 See Modern Hebrew phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_30_5
HindiVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_31_0 StandardVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_31_1 हम/hamVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_31_2 [ˈhəm]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_31_3 'we'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_31_4 See Hindustani phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_31_5
HmongVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_32_0 hawmVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_32_2 [haɨ̰]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_32_3 'to honor'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_32_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_32_5
HungarianVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_33_0 helyesVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_33_2 [ˈhɛjɛʃ]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_33_3 'right'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_33_4 See Hungarian phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_33_5
IrishVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_34_0 shroichVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_34_2 [hɾˠɪç]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_34_3 'reached'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_34_4 Appears as the lenited form of 'f', 's' and 't', as well as occasionally word-initial as 'h' in borrowed words. See Irish phonology.Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_34_5
ItalianVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_35_0 TuscanVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_35_1 i capitaniVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_35_2 [iˌhäɸiˈθäːni]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_35_3 'the captains'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_35_4 Intervocalic allophone of /k/. See Italian phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_35_5
JapaneseVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_36_0 すはだ / suhadaVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_36_2 [sɨᵝhada]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_36_3 'bare skin'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_36_4 See Japanese phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_36_5
KoreanVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_37_0 하루 / haruVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_37_2 [hɐɾu]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_37_3 'day'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_37_4 See Korean phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_37_5
KabardianVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_38_0 тхылъхэ/ tkhyl"khėVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_38_2 [tχɪɬhɑ]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_38_3 'books'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_38_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_38_5
LakotaVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_39_0 hoVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_39_2 [ho]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_39_3 'voice'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_39_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_39_5
LaoVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_40_0 ຫ້າ/haaVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_40_2 [haː˧˩]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_40_3 'five'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_40_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_40_5
LeoneseVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_41_0 guajeVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_41_2 [ˈwahe̞]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_41_3 'boy'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_41_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_41_5
LezgianVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_42_0 гьек/g'ekVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_42_2 [hek]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_42_3 'glue'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_42_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_42_5
LimburgishVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_43_0 Some dialectsVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_43_1 hòsVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_43_2 [hɔːs]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_43_3 'glove'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_43_4 Voiced ɦ in other dialects. The example word is from the Weert dialect.Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_43_5
LuxembourgishVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_44_0 heiVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_44_2 [hɑ̝ɪ̯]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_44_3 'here'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_44_4 See Luxembourgish phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_44_5
MalayVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_45_0 hariVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_45_2 [hari]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_45_3 'day'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_45_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_45_5
MutsunVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_46_0 hučeknišVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_46_2 [hut͡ʃɛkniʃ]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_46_3 'dog'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_46_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_46_5
NavajoVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_47_0 hastiinVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_47_2 [hàsd̥ìːn]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_47_3 'mister'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_47_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_47_5
NorwegianVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_48_0 hattVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_48_2 [hɑtː]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_48_3 'hat'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_48_4 See Norwegian phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_48_5
OdiaVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_49_0 ହଳ/haḷaVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_49_2 [hɔɭɔ]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_49_3 'plough'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_49_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_49_5
PashtoVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_50_0 هو‎/hoVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_50_2 [ho]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_50_3 'yes'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_50_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_50_5
PersianVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_51_0 هفت‎/haftVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_51_2 [hæft]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_51_3 'seven'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_51_4 See Persian phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_51_5
PirahãVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_52_0 hiVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_52_2 [hì]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_52_3 'he'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_52_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_52_5
PortugueseVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_53_0 Many Brazilian dialectsVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_53_1 marretaVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_53_2 [maˈhetɐ]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_53_3 'sledgehammer'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_53_4 Allophone of /ʁ/. [h, ɦ] are marginal sounds to many speakers, particularly out of Brazil. See Portuguese phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_53_5
Most dialectsVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_54_0 HondaVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_54_1 [ˈhõ̞dɐ]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_54_2 'Honda'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_54_3
Minas Gerais (mountain dialect)Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_55_0 arteVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_55_1 [ˈahtʃ]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_55_2 'art'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_55_3 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_55_4
Colloquial BrazilianVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_56_0 chuviscoVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_56_1 [ɕuˈvihku]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_56_2 'drizzle'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_56_3 Corresponds to either /s/ or /ʃ/ (depending on dialect) in the syllable coda. Might also be deleted.Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_56_4
RomanianVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_57_0 hățVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_57_2 [həts]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_57_3 'bridle'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_57_4 See Romanian phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_57_5
Serbo-CroatianVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_58_0 CroatianVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_58_1 hmeljVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_58_2 [hmê̞ʎ̟]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_58_3 'hops'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_58_4 Allophone of /x/ when it is initial in a consonant cluster. See Serbo-Croatian phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_58_5
SpanishVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_59_0 Andalusian and Extremaduran SpanishVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_59_1 higoVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_59_2 [ˈhiɣo̞]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_59_3 'fig'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_59_4 Corresponds to Old Spanish /h/, which was developed from Latin /f/ but muted in other dialects.Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_59_5
Many dialectsVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_60_0 obispoVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_60_1 [o̞ˈβ̞ihpo̞]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_60_2 'bishop'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_60_3 Allophone of /s/ at the end of a syllable. See Spanish phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_60_4
Some dialectsVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_61_0 jacaVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_61_1 [ˈhaka]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_61_2 'pony'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_61_3 Corresponds to /x/ in other dialects.Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_61_4
SwedishVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_62_0 hattVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_62_2 [ˈhatː]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_62_3 'hat'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_62_4 See Swedish phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_62_5
SylhetiVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_63_0 ꠢꠣꠝꠥꠇ/hamukhVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_63_2 [hamux]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_63_3 'snail'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_63_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_63_5
ThaiVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_64_0 ห้า/haaVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_64_2 [haː˥˩]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_64_3 'five'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_64_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_64_5
TurkishVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_65_0 halıVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_65_2 [häˈɫɯ]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_65_3 'carpet'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_65_4 See Turkish phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_65_5
UbykhVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_66_0 дуахаVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_66_2 [dwaha]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_66_3 'prayer'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_66_4 See Ubykh phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_66_5
UrduVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_67_0 StandardVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_67_1 ہم‎/hamVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_67_2 [ˈhəm]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_67_3 'we'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_67_4 See Hindi-Urdu phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_67_5
VietnameseVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_68_0 hiểuVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_68_2 [hjew˧˩˧]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_68_3 'understand'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_68_4 See Vietnamese phonologyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_68_5
WelshVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_69_0 haulVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_69_2 [ˈhaɨl]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_69_3 'sun'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_69_4 See Welsh orthographyVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_69_5
West FrisianVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_70_0 hoekeVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_70_2 [ˈhukə]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_70_3 'corner'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_70_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_70_5
YiVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_71_0 / hxaVoiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_71_2 [ha˧]Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_71_3 'hundred'Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_71_4 Voiceless glottal fricative_cell_1_71_5

See also Voiceless glottal fricative_section_2

Voiceless glottal fricative_unordered_list_1


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voiceless glottal fricative.