40oz. to Freedom

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40oz. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_0

to Freedom is the 1992 debut album by the Southern California ska-punk band Sublime released by Skunk Records and again by MCA. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_1

40oz. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_2

to Freedom received mixed critical reviews upon its first release but has earned an improved public perception since. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_3

Sublime would not achieve any mainstream success until the release of their eponymous album in 1996, two months after the death of their lead singer and guitarist, Bradley Nowell. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_4

As of 2011, the album has certified sales of two million copies in the US and is Sublime's second best-selling studio album there (the self-titled album leads with six million). 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_5

Along with The Offspring's 1994 album Smash, 40oz. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_6

to Freedom is one of the highest-selling independently released albums of all time. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_7

40oz. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_8

to Freedom's sound blended various forms of Jamaican music, including ska ("Date Rape"), rocksteady ("54-46 That's My Number"), roots reggae ("Smoke Two Joints"), and dub ("Let's Go Get Stoned", "D.J.s") along with British and American hardcore punk ("New Thrash", "Hope") and hip hop (as in "Live at E's"). 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_9

Background 40oz. to Freedom_section_0

At the age of sixteen, Bradley Nowell began playing guitar and started his first band, Hogan's Heroes, with Michael Yates and Eric Wilson, who would later become Sublime's bassist. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_10

At first, Wilson did not share Nowell's interest in reggae music. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_11

Nowell recalled the experience: "I was trying to get them to do (UB40's version of) 'Cherry Oh Baby', and it didn't work. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_12

They tried, but it just sounded like such garbage. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_13

We were horrible." 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_14

In 1990, music student Michael "Miguel" Happoldt approached the band, offering to let the band record in the studio at the school where Happoldt was studying. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_15

The band enthusiastically agreed and broke into the school at night, where they recorded from midnight to seven in the morning. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_16

The recording session resulted in the popular cassette tape called Jah Won't Pay the Bills, which was released in 1991. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_17

The tape helped the band gain a grassroots following throughout Southern California. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_18

Using the same tactics implemented for the recording of Jah Won't Pay the Bills, the band recorded 40oz. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_19

to Freedom in secrecy at the studios in California State University, Dominguez Hills. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_20

Nowell recalled "You weren't supposed to be in there after 9 p.m., but we'd go in at 9:30 and stay until 5 in the morning. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_21

We'd just hide from the security guards. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_22

They never knew we were there. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_23

We managed to get $30,000 worth of studio time for free." 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_24

Influences 40oz. to Freedom_section_1

Sublime themselves credit a number of local reggae and rap bands from California for inspiration in their Thanx Dub. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_25

In addition to explicit mentions of artists like KRS-One and Half Pint, Nowell makes copious allusions to others through his lyrics. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_26

The line "Stolen from an Africa land" in "Don't Push", for example, alludes to Bob Marley's "Buffalo Soldier". 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_27

References are also made to Boomtown Rats, Beastie Boys, Tenor Saw, Pink Floyd, The Specials, The Ziggens, Minutemen, Jimi Hendrix, Just-Ice, Fishbone, Public Enemy, and Flavor Flav, among others. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_28

The album has six covers: 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_29

40oz. to Freedom_unordered_list_0

The song "Don't Push" contains lyrics from the Beastie Boys song "Looking Down the Barrel of a Gun". 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_30

The song "D.J.s" contains a lyric from Bob Marley's "Ride Natty Ride" with "Dred gotta a job to do". 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_31

The song "D.J.s" closes with lyrics from the Dandy Livingstone song "Rudy, A Message to You" which was popularized by The Specials, another band often credited as a Sublime influence. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_32

In "New Thrash," the words "There ain't no life nowhere" can be heard in the background, a reference to the Jimi Hendrix Experience song "I Don't Live Today" where the same words can be heard. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_33

"New Song" starts the same as the 1990 song 'The Nigga Ya Love To Hate' by Ice Cube, with the line "I heard payback's a motherfuckin". 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_34

Release history 40oz. to Freedom_section_2

The album was originally released by Skunk Records on compact disc and cassette. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_35

The original cassette version contained a longer version of the track "Thanx"; the cassette version was 5:56, while the length was 4:23 on all other releases of the album. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_36

A longer instrumental version of the recording appears on the compilation Second-hand Smoke as "Thanx Dub", with a length of 6:28. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_37

The album was reissued by Gasoline Alley Records and MCA with a different track listing, removing the song "Get Out!" 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_38

and the hidden track "Rawhide" due to copyright issues — "Get Out!" 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_39

contained unlicensed samples, and "Rawhide", which appeared at the end of "Date Rape", was an uncredited cover of the theme to the TV series of the same name. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_40

However, in the album booklet, the lyrics for "Get Out!" 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_41

are still printed. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_42

Additionally, other unlicensed samples were removed from the songs "We're Only Gonna Die for Our Arrogance" and "Let's Go Get Stoned". 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_43

The reedited version was released as a picture disc limited edition vinyl album in 2002, following the sixth anniversary of the events of 1996. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_44

A limited edition vinyl was released through Hot Topic in 2010. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_45

Reception 40oz. to Freedom_section_3

40oz. to Freedom_table_general_0

Professional ratings40oz. to Freedom_table_caption_0
Review scores40oz. to Freedom_header_cell_0_0_0
Source40oz. to Freedom_header_cell_0_1_0 Rating40oz. to Freedom_header_cell_0_1_1
AllMusic40oz. to Freedom_cell_0_2_0 40oz. to Freedom_cell_0_2_1
Punknews.org40oz. to Freedom_cell_0_3_0 40oz. to Freedom_cell_0_3_1
Pitchfork Media40oz. to Freedom_cell_0_4_0 5.6/1040oz. to Freedom_cell_0_4_1
The Rolling Stone Album Guide40oz. to Freedom_cell_0_5_0 40oz. to Freedom_cell_0_5_1

Pitchfork gave the album a mixed review, acknowledging its influence while also critiquing the band for attempting to include too many contradictory styles and influences at once, creating an incoherent sound, saying, "The debut album from the SoCal trio is a flawed artifact of ’90s alt-rock, punk, ska, and hip-hop, but remains a fascinating document of Bradley Nowell as the honey-voiced musical tourist bro." 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_46

The author of the article also called the album "prescient" in foreshadowing the role hip-hop would have on late 1990s rock, adding that much of the influence of the album was the lifestyle captured in the lyrics, adding, "the album resonated because it captured a lifestyle. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_47

Rejecting the smoldering angst of the grunge music that was beginning to take root on the radio, Sublime made revelry their primary muse, detailing parties, hookups, and bad decisions with such rowdy immediacy." 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_48

The article also remarks that "time hasn't flattered" the album due to the lyrical content concerning consent and treatment of women. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_49

Legacy 40oz. to Freedom_section_4

Remembering the album on the 25th anniversary of its release, LA Weekly wrote, "If 40oz. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_50

to Freedom revels in its careening, narcotic whimsy, that's partially why it's stood the test of time. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_51

At its core, music is utilitarian, and Sublime reached a universality of experience that can't become obsolete." 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_52

Commercial performance 40oz. to Freedom_section_5

Since its release in 1992, the album has proved to be a seller over time, moving over two million copies in the US alone and being certified Multi Platinum by the RIAA. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_53

Track listing 40oz. to Freedom_section_6

All tracks produced by Sublime and Elephant Levitation, except where noted. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_54

Track listing adapted from Tidal. 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_55

Personnel 40oz. to Freedom_section_7

Sublime 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_56

40oz. to Freedom_unordered_list_1

  • Bradley Nowell – vocals, guitar, and percussion40oz. to Freedom_item_1_6
  • Eric Wilson – bass, vocals (track #12), and xylophone (track #22)40oz. to Freedom_item_1_7
  • Bud Gaugh – drums and percussion (tracks #8, #9, #13, and #17)40oz. to Freedom_item_1_8

Other Personnel 40oz. to Freedom_sentence_57

40oz. to Freedom_unordered_list_2

  • Marshall Goodman – drums (all tracks except #8, #9, #13, and #17), turntables, samples, and vocals (track #12)40oz. to Freedom_item_2_9
  • Brian Wallace – baritone saxophone40oz. to Freedom_item_2_10
  • Chris Hauser – trumpet40oz. to Freedom_item_2_11

Production 40oz. to Freedom_section_8

40oz. to Freedom_unordered_list_3

  • Producers: Michael "Miguel" Happoldt, Sublime, Elephant Levitation40oz. to Freedom_item_3_12
  • Engineers: Anthony Antoine Arvizu, Steve McNeil40oz. to Freedom_item_3_13
  • Mastering: Brian Gardner40oz. to Freedom_item_3_14
  • Artwork: Opie Ortiz40oz. to Freedom_item_3_15
  • Photos: Josh Coffman40oz. to Freedom_item_3_16

Chart positions 40oz. to Freedom_section_9

Album 40oz. to Freedom_section_10

40oz. to Freedom_table_general_1

Year40oz. to Freedom_header_cell_1_0_0 Album40oz. to Freedom_header_cell_1_0_1 Chart40oz. to Freedom_header_cell_1_0_2 Position40oz. to Freedom_header_cell_1_0_3
199540oz. to Freedom_cell_1_1_0 40oz. to Freedom40oz. to Freedom_cell_1_1_1 Heatseekers40oz. to Freedom_cell_1_1_2 No. 1540oz. to Freedom_cell_1_1_3

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/40oz. to Freedom.