Walter Hasenclever

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Walter Hasenclever_table_infobox_0

Walter HasencleverWalter Hasenclever_header_cell_0_0_0
BornWalter Hasenclever_header_cell_0_1_0 Walter Georg Alfred Hasenclever

8 July 1890 Aachen, GermanyWalter Hasenclever_cell_0_1_1

DiedWalter Hasenclever_header_cell_0_2_0 22 June 1940

Les Milles, FranceWalter Hasenclever_cell_0_2_1

OccupationWalter Hasenclever_header_cell_0_3_0 Poet, PlaywrightWalter Hasenclever_cell_0_3_1
NationalityWalter Hasenclever_header_cell_0_4_0 GermanWalter Hasenclever_cell_0_4_1
Literary movementWalter Hasenclever_header_cell_0_5_0 ExpressionismWalter Hasenclever_cell_0_5_1
Notable worksWalter Hasenclever_header_cell_0_6_0 The Son (1914)Walter Hasenclever_cell_0_6_1

Walter Georg Alfred Hasenclever (8 July 1890 – 22 June 1940) was a German Expressionist poet and playwright. Walter Hasenclever_sentence_0

His works were banned when the Nazis came to power and he went into exile in France; however, there he was imprisoned as a "foreign enemy". Walter Hasenclever_sentence_1

He died in Les Milles (Camp des Milles) near Aix-en-Provence. Walter Hasenclever_sentence_2

Early Life Walter Hasenclever_section_0

Born in Aachen, Germany, the son of the doctor Carl Georg Hasenclever (1855–1934) and his wife Mathilde Anna (née Reiss; 1869–1953), Walter Hasenclever began studying law at Oxford University in 1908 before changing to the University of Lausanne. Walter Hasenclever_sentence_3

From 1909 to 1914 he studied in Leipzig, where he became interested in literature and philosophy. Walter Hasenclever_sentence_4

Career Walter Hasenclever_section_1

In 1910 he published his first volume of poems, Towns, nights and people (Städte, Nächte und Menschen). Walter Hasenclever_sentence_5

In 1914 his play The Son (Der Sohn) was his first successful Expressionist drama. Walter Hasenclever_sentence_6

At first, Hasenclever was pro-war and volunteered for military service; soon, however, he came to reject the war. Walter Hasenclever_sentence_7

He simulated mental illness and was released from duty in 1917. Walter Hasenclever_sentence_8

That same year he was presented with the Kleist Prize for his passionate adaptation of Sophocles' Antigone. Walter Hasenclever_sentence_9

He was a good friend of the artist Oskar Kokoschka who depicted him in his 1918 work "The Friends" with Käthe Richter in Dresden, where Hasenclever was recuperating from his "illness" in a sanatorium. Walter Hasenclever_sentence_10

In 1924, Hasenclever met Kurt Tucholsky; at this time he worked as a French correspondent for the magazine 8-Uhr-Abendblatt, spending a lot of time in Paris, where he also befriended the dramatist Jean Giraudoux. Walter Hasenclever_sentence_11

In 1926 he produced the successful comedy A Better Gentleman (Ein besserer Herr) and in 1928 the comedy Marriages are Made in Heaven (Ehen werden im Himmel geschlossen). Walter Hasenclever_sentence_12

In 1930, he wrote scripts for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer for Greta Garbo; at this time he lived in Berlin in an "artists' colony". Walter Hasenclever_sentence_13

Nazi Era & Fate Walter Hasenclever_section_2

When the National Socialists took power in 1933, his works were banned, burned during the book burning, then removed from libraries. Walter Hasenclever_sentence_14

Hasenclever went into exile in Nice. Walter Hasenclever_sentence_15

In 1934, he married Edith Schläfer there. Walter Hasenclever_sentence_16

During the Second World War Hasenclever was imprisoned twice as a "foreign enemy" in France. Walter Hasenclever_sentence_17

When France fell to Germany, he was in the prison camp of Camp des Milles in the south-east of France. Walter Hasenclever_sentence_18

In the early hours of 22 June 1940 he took his own life with an overdose of the barbiturate Veronal, so as not to fall into the hands of the Nazis. Walter Hasenclever_sentence_19

Legacy Walter Hasenclever_section_3

Since 1996 the Walter Hasenclever Prize has been awarded to a German-language writer every two years. Walter Hasenclever_sentence_20

Winners have included Peter Rühmkorf (1996), George Tabori (1998), Oskar Pastior (2000), Marlene Steerewitz (2002) and Friedrich Christian Delius (2004). Walter Hasenclever_sentence_21

The funds come from the Walter Hasenclever Society (Walter-Hasenclever-Gesellschaft) as well as the town of Aachen, the Schiller Society and Hasenclever's old school, the Einhard Gymnasium. Walter Hasenclever_sentence_22

Selected filmography Walter Hasenclever_section_4

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Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Hasenclever.