White Americans

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"White America" redirects here. White Americans_sentence_0

For the song by Eminem, see White America (song). White Americans_sentence_1

For the white history organization, see White America, Inc. White Americans_sentence_2

White Americans_table_infobox_0

White AmericansWhite Americans_table_caption_0
Total populationWhite Americans_header_cell_0_0_0
Regions with significant populationsWhite Americans_header_cell_0_1_0
LanguagesWhite Americans_header_cell_0_2_0
ReligionWhite Americans_header_cell_0_3_0
Related ethnic groupsWhite Americans_header_cell_0_4_0

White Americans are the largest racial or ethnic group of Americans who identify as and are perceived to be white people. White Americans_sentence_3

White Americans (including White Hispanics) constitute the historical and current majority of the people living in the United States, with 70% of the population identifying as white in the 2010 United States Census. White Americans_sentence_4

Non-Hispanic whites totaled about 197,181,177 or 60.4% of the U.S. population. White Americans_sentence_5

European Americans are the largest ethnic group of White Americans and have constituted the majority population of the United States since the nation's founding. White Americans_sentence_6

The United States Census Bureau defines white people as those "having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East or North Africa." White Americans_sentence_7

However, people of these regions can be of various racial backgrounds, and the Obama-era Census Bureau had planned to change this definition prior to the election of Donald Trump. White Americans_sentence_8

Like all official U.S. racial categories, "White" has a "not Hispanic or Latino" and a "Hispanic or Latino" component, the latter consisting mostly of White Mexican Americans and White Cuban Americans. White Americans_sentence_9

The term "Caucasian" is synonymous with "white", although the latter is sometimes used to denote skin tone instead of race. White Americans_sentence_10

Some of the non-European ethnic groups classified as white by the U.S. Census, such as Arab Americans, Jewish Americans, and Hispanics or Latinos, may not identify as or may not be perceived to be, white. White Americans_sentence_11

The largest ancestries of American whites are: German (17%), Irish (12%), English (9%), Italian (6%), French (4%), Polish (3%), Scottish (3%), Scotch-Irish (2%), Dutch (2%), Norwegian (2%), Swedish (1%), and Russian (1%). White Americans_sentence_12

However, the British Americans' demography is considered a serious under-count as the stock tend to self-report and identify as simply "Americans" (7%), due to the length of time they have inhabited the United States, particularly if their family arrived prior to the American Revolution. White Americans_sentence_13

The vast majority of white Americans also have ancestry from multiple countries. White Americans_sentence_14

Historical and present definitions White Americans_section_0

Main article: Definitions of whiteness in the United States White Americans_sentence_15

Further information: One-drop rule White Americans_sentence_16

Definitions of who is "White" have changed throughout the history of the United States. White Americans_sentence_17

U.S. Census definition White Americans_section_1

The term "White American" can encompass many different ethnic groups. White Americans_sentence_18

Although the United States Census purports to reflect a social definition of race, the social dimensions of race are more complex than Census criteria. White Americans_sentence_19

The 2000 U.S. census states that racial categories "generally reflect a social definition of race recognized in this country. White Americans_sentence_20

They do not conform to any biological, anthropological or genetic criteria." White Americans_sentence_21

The Census question on race lists the categories White or European American, Black or African American, American Indian and Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, Asian, plus "Some other race", with the respondent having the ability to mark more than one racial or ethnic category. White Americans_sentence_22

The Census Bureau defines White people as follows: White Americans_sentence_23

In U.S. census documents, the designation White overlaps, as do all other official racial categories, with the term Hispanic or Latino, which was introduced in the 1980 census as a category of ethnicity, separate and independent of race. White Americans_sentence_24

Hispanic and Latino Americans as a whole make up a racially diverse group and as a whole are the largest minority in the country. White Americans_sentence_25

The characterization of Middle Eastern and North African Americans as white has been a matter of controversy. White Americans_sentence_26

In the early 20th century, there were a number of cases where people of Arab descent were denied entry into the United States or deported, because they were characterized as nonwhite. White Americans_sentence_27

In 1944, the law changed, and Middle Eastern and North African peoples were granted white status. White Americans_sentence_28

In 2015, the US Census endorsed the idea of creating a separate racial category for Middle Eastern and North African Americans in the 2020 Census, but this plan was discarded when the Trump Administration came to power. White Americans_sentence_29

In cases where individuals do not self-identify, the U.S. White Americans_sentence_30 census parameters for race give each national origin a racial value. White Americans_sentence_31

Additionally, people who reported Muslim (or a sect of Islam such as Shi'ite or Sunni), Jewish, Zoroastrian, or Caucasian as their "race" in the "Some other race" section, without noting a country of origin, are automatically tallied as White. White Americans_sentence_32

The US Census considers the write-in response of "Caucasian" or "Aryan" to be a synonym for White in their ancestry code listing. White Americans_sentence_33

Social definition White Americans_section_2

In the contemporary United States, essentially anyone of European descent is considered White. White Americans_sentence_34

However, many of the non-European ethnic groups classified as White by the U.S. Census, such as Arab Americans, Jewish Americans, and Hispanics or Latinos may not identify as, and may not be perceived to be, White. White Americans_sentence_35

The definition of White has changed significantly over the course of American history. White Americans_sentence_36

Among Europeans, those not considered White at some point in American history include Italians, Greeks, Spaniards, Irish, Finns, and Russians. White Americans_sentence_37

Early on in the United States, membership in the white race was generally limited to those of British, Germanic, or Nordic ancestry. White Americans_sentence_38

David R. Roediger argues that the construction of the white race in the United States was an effort to mentally distance slave owners from slaves. White Americans_sentence_39

The process of officially being defined as white by law often came about in court disputes over pursuit of citizenship. White Americans_sentence_40

Critical race theory definition White Americans_section_3

Main articles: Critical race theory and Whiteness studies White Americans_sentence_41

Critical race theory developed in the 1970s and 1980s, influenced by the language of critical legal studies, which challenged concepts such as objective truth, rationality and judicial neutrality, and by critical theory. White Americans_sentence_42

Academics and activists disillusioned with the outcomes of the Civil Rights Movement pointed out that though African Americans supposedly enjoyed legal equality, white Americans continued to hold disproportionate power and still had superior living standards. White Americans_sentence_43

Liberal ideas such as meritocracy and equal opportunity, they argued, hid and reinforced deep structural inequalities and thus serves the interests of a white elite. White Americans_sentence_44

Critical race theorists see racism as embedded in public attitudes and institutions, and highlight institutional racism and unconscious biases. White Americans_sentence_45

Legal scholar Derrick Bell advanced the interest convergence principle, which suggests that whites support minority rights only when doing so is also in their self-interest. White Americans_sentence_46

As Whites, especially White Anglo-Saxon Protestants, or WASPs, are the dominant racial and cultural group, according to sociologist Steven Seidman, writing from a critical theory perspective, "White culture constitutes the general cultural mainstream, causing non-White culture to be seen as deviant, in either a positive or negative manner. White Americans_sentence_47

Moreover, Whites tend to be disproportionately represented in powerful positions, controlling almost all political, economic, and cultural institutions." White Americans_sentence_48

Yet, according to Seidman, Whites are most commonly unaware of their privilege and the manner in which their culture has always been dominant in the US, as they do not identify as members of a specific racial group but rather incorrectly perceive their views and culture as "raceless", when in fact it is ethno-national (ethnic/cultural) specific, with a racial base component. White Americans_sentence_49

Demographic information White Americans_section_4

See also: Americans and European Americans White Americans_sentence_50

White Americans_table_general_1

Self-identified as White 1790–2010White Americans_header_cell_1_0_0
YearWhite Americans_header_cell_1_1_0 PopulationWhite Americans_header_cell_1_1_1 % of

the U.S.White Americans_header_cell_1_1_2

% change

(10 yr)White Americans_header_cell_1_1_3

YearWhite Americans_header_cell_1_1_4 PopulationWhite Americans_header_cell_1_1_5 % of

the U.S.White Americans_header_cell_1_1_6

% change

(10 yr)White Americans_header_cell_1_1_7

1790White Americans_cell_1_2_0 3,172,006White Americans_cell_1_2_1 80.7White Americans_cell_1_2_2 White Americans_cell_1_2_3 1910White Americans_cell_1_2_4 81,731,957White Americans_cell_1_2_5 88.9White Americans_cell_1_2_6 22.3%White Americans_cell_1_2_7
1800White Americans_cell_1_3_0 4,306,446White Americans_cell_1_3_1 81.1White Americans_cell_1_3_2 35.8%White Americans_cell_1_3_3 1920White Americans_cell_1_3_4 94,820,915White Americans_cell_1_3_5 89.7White Americans_cell_1_3_6 16.0%White Americans_cell_1_3_7
1810White Americans_cell_1_4_0 5,862,073White Americans_cell_1_4_1 81.0White Americans_cell_1_4_2 36.1%White Americans_cell_1_4_3 1930White Americans_cell_1_4_4 110,286,740White Americans_cell_1_4_5 89.8White Americans_cell_1_4_6 16.3%White Americans_cell_1_4_7
1820White Americans_cell_1_5_0 7,866,797White Americans_cell_1_5_1 81.6White Americans_cell_1_5_2 34.2%White Americans_cell_1_5_3 1940White Americans_cell_1_5_4 118,214,870White Americans_cell_1_5_5 89.8 (highest)White Americans_cell_1_5_6 7.2%White Americans_cell_1_5_7
1830White Americans_cell_1_6_0 10,532,060White Americans_cell_1_6_1 81.9White Americans_cell_1_6_2 33.9%White Americans_cell_1_6_3 1950White Americans_cell_1_6_4 134,942,028White Americans_cell_1_6_5 89.5White Americans_cell_1_6_6 14.1%White Americans_cell_1_6_7
1840White Americans_cell_1_7_0 14,189,705White Americans_cell_1_7_1 83.2White Americans_cell_1_7_2 34.7%White Americans_cell_1_7_3 1960White Americans_cell_1_7_4 158,831,732White Americans_cell_1_7_5 88.6White Americans_cell_1_7_6 17.7%White Americans_cell_1_7_7
1850White Americans_cell_1_8_0 19,553,068White Americans_cell_1_8_1 84.3White Americans_cell_1_8_2 37.8%White Americans_cell_1_8_3 1970White Americans_cell_1_8_4 178,119,221White Americans_cell_1_8_5 87.5White Americans_cell_1_8_6 12.1%White Americans_cell_1_8_7
1860White Americans_cell_1_9_0 26,922,537White Americans_cell_1_9_1 85.6White Americans_cell_1_9_2 37.7%White Americans_cell_1_9_3 1980White Americans_cell_1_9_4 188,371,622White Americans_cell_1_9_5 83.1White Americans_cell_1_9_6 5.8%White Americans_cell_1_9_7
1870White Americans_cell_1_10_0 33,589,377White Americans_cell_1_10_1 87.1White Americans_cell_1_10_2 24.8%White Americans_cell_1_10_3 1990White Americans_cell_1_10_4 199,686,070White Americans_cell_1_10_5 80.3White Americans_cell_1_10_6 6.0%White Americans_cell_1_10_7
1880White Americans_cell_1_11_0 43,402,970White Americans_cell_1_11_1 86.5White Americans_cell_1_11_2 29.2%White Americans_cell_1_11_3 2000White Americans_cell_1_11_4 211,460,626White Americans_cell_1_11_5 75.1White Americans_cell_1_11_6 5.9%White Americans_cell_1_11_7
1890White Americans_cell_1_12_0 55,101,258White Americans_cell_1_12_1 87.5White Americans_cell_1_12_2 26.9%White Americans_cell_1_12_3 2010White Americans_cell_1_12_4 223,553,265White Americans_cell_1_12_5 72.4 (lowest)White Americans_cell_1_12_6 5.7%White Americans_cell_1_12_7
1900White Americans_cell_1_13_0 66,809,196White Americans_cell_1_13_1 87.9White Americans_cell_1_13_2 21.2%White Americans_cell_1_13_3 White Americans_cell_1_13_4 White Americans_cell_1_13_5 White Americans_cell_1_13_6 White Americans_cell_1_13_7
Source: United States census bureau.White Americans_cell_1_14_0

White Americans constitute the majority of the 308 million people living in the United States, with 72% of the population in the 2010 United States Census. White Americans_sentence_51

The largest ethnic groups (by ancestry) among White Americans were Germans, followed by Irish and English. White Americans_sentence_52

In the 1980 census 49,598,035 Americans cited that they were of English ancestry, making them 26% of the country and the largest group at the time, and in fact larger than the population of England itself. White Americans_sentence_53

Slightly more than half of these people would cite that they were of "American" ancestry on subsequent censuses and virtually everywhere that "American" ancestry predominates on the 2000 census corresponds to places where "English" predominated on the 1980 census. White Americans_sentence_54

While over ten million White people can trace part of their ancestry back to the Pilgrims who arrived on the Mayflower in 1620 (this common statistic overlooks the Jamestown, Virginia foundations of America and roots of even earlier colonist-descended Americans, such as Spanish Americans in St. White Americans_sentence_55 Augustine, Florida), over 35 million whites have at least one ancestor who passed through the Ellis Island immigration station, which processed arriving immigrants from 1892 until 1954. White Americans_sentence_56

Geographic distribution White Americans_section_5

According to the Census definition, White Americans are the majority racial group in almost all of the United States. White Americans_sentence_57

They are not the majority in Hawaii, many American Indian reservations, parts of the South, the District of Columbia, all US territories, and in many urban areas throughout the country. White Americans_sentence_58

Non-Hispanic whites are also not the majority in several southwestern states. White Americans_sentence_59

Overall the highest concentration of those referred to as "Non-Hispanic Whites" by the Census Bureau are found in the Midwest, New England, the northern Rocky Mountain states, Kentucky, West Virginia, and East Tennessee. White Americans_sentence_60

The lowest concentration of whites was found in southern and mid-Atlantic states. White Americans_sentence_61

Although all large geographical areas are dominated by White Americans, much larger differences can be seen between specific parts of large cities. White Americans_sentence_62

States with the highest percentages of White Americans, as of 2007: White Americans_sentence_63

White Americans_unordered_list_0

States with the highest percentages of non-Hispanic Whites, as of 2007: White Americans_sentence_64

White Americans_unordered_list_1

Income and educational attainment White Americans_section_6

Main article: Affluence in the United States § Race White Americans_sentence_65

Further information: Personal income in the United States and Household income in the United States White Americans_sentence_66

White Americans have the second highest median household income and personal income levels in the nation, by cultural background. White Americans_sentence_67

The median income per household member was also the highest, since White Americans had the smallest households of any racial demographic in the nation. White Americans_sentence_68

In 2006, the median individual income of a White American age 25 or older was $33,030, with those who were full-time employed, and of age 25 to 64, earning $34,432. White Americans_sentence_69

Since 42% of all households had two income earners, the median household income was considerably higher than the median personal income, which was $48,554 in 2005. White Americans_sentence_70

Jewish Americans rank first in household income, personal income, and educational attainment among White Americans. White Americans_sentence_71

In 2005, White households had a median household income of $48,977, which is 10% above the national median of $44,389. White Americans_sentence_72

Among Cuban Americans, with 86% classified as White, those born in the US have a higher median income and educational attainment level than most other Whites. White Americans_sentence_73

The poverty rates for White Americans are the second-lowest of any racial group, with 11% of white individuals living below the poverty line, 3% lower than the national average. White Americans_sentence_74

However, due to Whites' majority status, 48% of Americans living in poverty are white. White Americans_sentence_75

White Americans' educational attainment is the second-highest in the country, after Asian Americans'. White Americans_sentence_76

Overall, nearly one-third of White Americans had a Bachelor's degree, with the educational attainment for Whites being higher for those born outside the United States: 38% of foreign born, and 30% of native born Whites had a college degree. White Americans_sentence_77

Both figures are above the national average of 27%. White Americans_sentence_78

Gender income inequality was the greatest among Whites, with White men outearning White women by 48%. White Americans_sentence_79

Census Bureau data for 2005 reveals that the median income of White females was lower than that of males of all races. White Americans_sentence_80

In 2005, the median income for White American females was only slightly higher than that of African American females. White Americans_sentence_81

White Americans are more likely to live in suburbs and small cities than their black counterparts. White Americans_sentence_82

Population by state White Americans_section_7

2000 and 2010 censuses White Americans_section_8

White Americans_table_general_2

White American population as of 2000 and 2010 censusesWhite Americans_table_caption_2
StateWhite Americans_header_cell_2_0_0 Pop. 2000White Americans_header_cell_2_0_1 % 2000White Americans_header_cell_2_0_2 Pop. 2010White Americans_header_cell_2_0_3 % 2010White Americans_header_cell_2_0_4 % growthWhite Americans_header_cell_2_0_5
Alabama AlabamaWhite Americans_header_cell_2_1_0 3,162,808White Americans_cell_2_1_1 71.1%White Americans_cell_2_1_2 3,275,394White Americans_cell_2_1_3 68.5%White Americans_cell_2_1_4 +3.6%White Americans_cell_2_1_5
Alaska AlaskaWhite Americans_header_cell_2_2_0 434,534White Americans_cell_2_2_1 69.3%White Americans_cell_2_2_2 473,576White Americans_cell_2_2_3 66.7%White Americans_cell_2_2_4 +9.0%White Americans_cell_2_2_5
Arizona ArizonaWhite Americans_header_cell_2_3_0 3,873,611White Americans_cell_2_3_1 75.5%White Americans_cell_2_3_2 4,667,121White Americans_cell_2_3_3 73.0%White Americans_cell_2_3_4 +20.5%White Americans_cell_2_3_5
Arkansas ArkansasWhite Americans_header_cell_2_4_0 2,138,598White Americans_cell_2_4_1 80.0%White Americans_cell_2_4_2 2,245,229White Americans_cell_2_4_3 77.0%White Americans_cell_2_4_4 +5.0%White Americans_cell_2_4_5
California CaliforniaWhite Americans_header_cell_2_5_0 20,170,059White Americans_cell_2_5_1 79.7%White Americans_cell_2_5_2 21,453,934White Americans_cell_2_5_3 74.0%White Americans_cell_2_5_4 +6.4%White Americans_cell_2_5_5
Colorado ColoradoWhite Americans_header_cell_2_6_0 3,560,005White Americans_cell_2_6_1 82.8%White Americans_cell_2_6_2 4,089,202White Americans_cell_2_6_3 81.3%White Americans_cell_2_6_4 +14.9%White Americans_cell_2_6_5
Connecticut ConnecticutWhite Americans_header_cell_2_7_0 2,780,355White Americans_cell_2_7_1 81.6%White Americans_cell_2_7_2 2,772,410White Americans_cell_2_7_3 77.6%White Americans_cell_2_7_4 -0.3%White Americans_cell_2_7_5
Delaware DelawareWhite Americans_header_cell_2_8_0 584,773White Americans_cell_2_8_1 74.6%White Americans_cell_2_8_2 618,617White Americans_cell_2_8_3 68.9%White Americans_cell_2_8_4 +5.8%White Americans_cell_2_8_5
Washington,_D.C. District of ColumbiaWhite Americans_header_cell_2_9_0 176,101White Americans_cell_2_9_1 30.8%White Americans_cell_2_9_2 231,471White Americans_cell_2_9_3 38.5%White Americans_cell_2_9_4 +31.4%White Americans_cell_2_9_5
Florida FloridaWhite Americans_header_cell_2_10_0 12,465,029White Americans_cell_2_10_1 78.0%White Americans_cell_2_10_2 14,109,162White Americans_cell_2_10_3 75.0%White Americans_cell_2_10_4 +13.2%White Americans_cell_2_10_5
Georgia_(U.S._state) GeorgiaWhite Americans_header_cell_2_11_0 5,327,281White Americans_cell_2_11_1 65.1%White Americans_cell_2_11_2 5,787,440White Americans_cell_2_11_3 59.7%White Americans_cell_2_11_4 +8.6%White Americans_cell_2_11_5
Hawaii HawaiiWhite Americans_header_cell_2_12_0 294,102White Americans_cell_2_12_1 24.3%White Americans_cell_2_12_2 336,599White Americans_cell_2_12_3 24.7%White Americans_cell_2_12_4 +14.4%White Americans_cell_2_12_5
Idaho IdahoWhite Americans_header_cell_2_13_0 1,177,304White Americans_cell_2_13_1 91.0%White Americans_cell_2_13_2 1,396,487White Americans_cell_2_13_3 89.1%White Americans_cell_2_13_4 +18.6%White Americans_cell_2_13_5
Illinois IllinoisWhite Americans_header_cell_2_14_0 9,125,471White Americans_cell_2_14_1 73.5%White Americans_cell_2_14_2 9,177,877White Americans_cell_2_14_3 71.5%White Americans_cell_2_14_4 +0.6%White Americans_cell_2_14_5
Indiana IndianaWhite Americans_header_cell_2_15_0 5,320,022White Americans_cell_2_15_1 87.5%White Americans_cell_2_15_2 5,467,906White Americans_cell_2_15_3 84.3%White Americans_cell_2_15_4 +2.8%White Americans_cell_2_15_5
Iowa IowaWhite Americans_header_cell_2_16_0 2,748,640White Americans_cell_2_16_1 93.9%White Americans_cell_2_16_2 2,781,561White Americans_cell_2_16_3 91.3%White Americans_cell_2_16_4 +1.2%White Americans_cell_2_16_5
Kansas KansasWhite Americans_header_cell_2_17_0 2,313,944White Americans_cell_2_17_1 86.1%White Americans_cell_2_17_2 2,391,044White Americans_cell_2_17_3 83.8%White Americans_cell_2_17_4 +3.3%White Americans_cell_2_17_5
Kentucky KentuckyWhite Americans_header_cell_2_18_0 3,640,889White Americans_cell_2_18_1 90.1%White Americans_cell_2_18_2 3,809,537White Americans_cell_2_18_3 87.8%White Americans_cell_2_18_4 +4.6%White Americans_cell_2_18_5
Louisiana LouisianaWhite Americans_header_cell_2_19_0 2,856,161White Americans_cell_2_19_1 63.9%White Americans_cell_2_19_2 2,836,192White Americans_cell_2_19_3 62.6%White Americans_cell_2_19_4 -0.7%White Americans_cell_2_19_5
Maine MaineWhite Americans_header_cell_2_20_0 1,236,014White Americans_cell_2_20_1 96.9%White Americans_cell_2_20_2 1,264,971White Americans_cell_2_20_3 95.2%White Americans_cell_2_20_4 +2.3%White Americans_cell_2_20_5
Maryland MarylandWhite Americans_header_cell_2_21_0 3,391,308White Americans_cell_2_21_1 64.0%White Americans_cell_2_21_2 3,359,284White Americans_cell_2_21_3 58.2%White Americans_cell_2_21_4 -0.9%White Americans_cell_2_21_5
Massachusetts MassachusettsWhite Americans_header_cell_2_22_0 5,367,286White Americans_cell_2_22_1 84.5%White Americans_cell_2_22_2 5,265,236White Americans_cell_2_22_3 80.4%White Americans_cell_2_22_4 -1.9%White Americans_cell_2_22_5
Michigan MichiganWhite Americans_header_cell_2_23_0 7,966,053White Americans_cell_2_23_1 80.2%White Americans_cell_2_23_2 7,803,120White Americans_cell_2_23_3 78.9%White Americans_cell_2_23_4 -2.0%White Americans_cell_2_23_5
Minnesota MinnesotaWhite Americans_header_cell_2_24_0 4,400,282White Americans_cell_2_24_1 89.4%White Americans_cell_2_24_2 4,524,062White Americans_cell_2_24_3 85.3%White Americans_cell_2_24_4 +2.8%White Americans_cell_2_24_5
Mississippi MississippiWhite Americans_header_cell_2_25_0 1,746,099White Americans_cell_2_25_1 61.4%White Americans_cell_2_25_2 1,754,684White Americans_cell_2_25_3 59.1%White Americans_cell_2_25_4 +0.5%White Americans_cell_2_25_5
Missouri MissouriWhite Americans_header_cell_2_26_0 4,748,083White Americans_cell_2_26_1 84.9%White Americans_cell_2_26_2 4,958,770White Americans_cell_2_26_3 82.8%White Americans_cell_2_26_4 +4.4%White Americans_cell_2_26_5
Montana MontanaWhite Americans_header_cell_2_27_0 817,229White Americans_cell_2_27_1 90.6%White Americans_cell_2_27_2 884,961White Americans_cell_2_27_3 89.4%White Americans_cell_2_27_4 +8.3%White Americans_cell_2_27_5
Nebraska NebraskaWhite Americans_header_cell_2_28_0 1,533,261White Americans_cell_2_28_1 89.6%White Americans_cell_2_28_2 1,572,838White Americans_cell_2_28_3 86.1%White Americans_cell_2_28_4 +2.6%White Americans_cell_2_28_5
Nevada NevadaWhite Americans_header_cell_2_29_0 1,501,886White Americans_cell_2_29_1 75.2%White Americans_cell_2_29_2 1,786,688White Americans_cell_2_29_3 66.2%White Americans_cell_2_29_4 +19.0%White Americans_cell_2_29_5
New_Hampshire New HampshireWhite Americans_header_cell_2_30_0 1,186,851White Americans_cell_2_30_1 96.0%White Americans_cell_2_30_2 1,236,050White Americans_cell_2_30_3 92.3%White Americans_cell_2_30_4 +4.1%White Americans_cell_2_30_5
New_Jersey New JerseyWhite Americans_header_cell_2_31_0 6,104,705White Americans_cell_2_31_1 72.6%White Americans_cell_2_31_2 6,029,248White Americans_cell_2_31_3 68.6%White Americans_cell_2_31_4 -1.2%White Americans_cell_2_31_5
New_Mexico New MexicoWhite Americans_header_cell_2_32_0 1,214,253White Americans_cell_2_32_1 66.8%White Americans_cell_2_32_2 1,407,876White Americans_cell_2_32_3 68.4%White Americans_cell_2_32_4 +15.9%White Americans_cell_2_32_5
New_York_(state) New YorkWhite Americans_header_cell_2_33_0 12,893,689White Americans_cell_2_33_1 67.9%White Americans_cell_2_33_2 12,740,974White Americans_cell_2_33_3 65.7%White Americans_cell_2_33_4 -1.2%White Americans_cell_2_33_5
North_Carolina North CarolinaWhite Americans_header_cell_2_34_0 5,804,656White Americans_cell_2_34_1 72.1%White Americans_cell_2_34_2 6,528,950White Americans_cell_2_34_3 68.5%White Americans_cell_2_34_4 +12.5%White Americans_cell_2_34_5
North_Dakota North DakotaWhite Americans_header_cell_2_35_0 593,181White Americans_cell_2_35_1 92.4%White Americans_cell_2_35_2 605,449White Americans_cell_2_35_3 90.0%White Americans_cell_2_35_4 +2.1%White Americans_cell_2_35_5
Ohio OhioWhite Americans_header_cell_2_36_0 9,645,453White Americans_cell_2_36_1 85.0%White Americans_cell_2_36_2 9,539,437White Americans_cell_2_36_3 82.7%White Americans_cell_2_36_4 -1.1%White Americans_cell_2_36_5
Oklahoma OklahomaWhite Americans_header_cell_2_37_0 2,628,434White Americans_cell_2_37_1 76.2%White Americans_cell_2_37_2 2,706,845White Americans_cell_2_37_3 72.2%White Americans_cell_2_37_4 +3.0%White Americans_cell_2_37_5
Oregon OregonWhite Americans_header_cell_2_38_0 2,961,623White Americans_cell_2_38_1 86.6%White Americans_cell_2_38_2 3,204,614White Americans_cell_2_38_3 83.6%White Americans_cell_2_38_4 +8.2%White Americans_cell_2_38_5
Pennsylvania PennsylvaniaWhite Americans_header_cell_2_39_0 10,484,203White Americans_cell_2_39_1 85.4%White Americans_cell_2_39_2 10,406,288White Americans_cell_2_39_3 81.9%White Americans_cell_2_39_4 -0.7%White Americans_cell_2_39_5
Rhode_Island Rhode IslandWhite Americans_header_cell_2_40_0 891,191White Americans_cell_2_40_1 85.0%White Americans_cell_2_40_2 856,869White Americans_cell_2_40_3 81.4%White Americans_cell_2_40_4 -3.8%White Americans_cell_2_40_5
South_Carolina South CarolinaWhite Americans_header_cell_2_41_0 2,695,560White Americans_cell_2_41_1 67.2%White Americans_cell_2_41_2 3,060,000White Americans_cell_2_41_3 66.2%White Americans_cell_2_41_4 +13.5%White Americans_cell_2_41_5
South_Dakota South DakotaWhite Americans_header_cell_2_42_0 669,404White Americans_cell_2_42_1 88.7%White Americans_cell_2_42_2 699,392White Americans_cell_2_42_3 85.9%White Americans_cell_2_42_4 +4.5%White Americans_cell_2_42_5
Tennessee TennesseeWhite Americans_header_cell_2_43_0 4,563,310White Americans_cell_2_43_1 80.2%White Americans_cell_2_43_2 4,921,948White Americans_cell_2_43_3 77.6%White Americans_cell_2_43_4 +7.9%White Americans_cell_2_43_5
Texas TexasWhite Americans_header_cell_2_44_0 14,799,505White Americans_cell_2_44_1 71.0%White Americans_cell_2_44_2 17,701,552White Americans_cell_2_44_3 70.4%White Americans_cell_2_44_4 +19.6%White Americans_cell_2_44_5
Utah UtahWhite Americans_header_cell_2_45_0 1,992,975White Americans_cell_2_45_1 89.2%White Americans_cell_2_45_2 2,379,560White Americans_cell_2_45_3 86.1%White Americans_cell_2_45_4 +19.4%White Americans_cell_2_45_5
Vermont VermontWhite Americans_header_cell_2_46_0 589,208White Americans_cell_2_46_1 96.8%White Americans_cell_2_46_2 596,292White Americans_cell_2_46_3 95.3%White Americans_cell_2_46_4 +1.2%White Americans_cell_2_46_5
Virginia VirginiaWhite Americans_header_cell_2_47_0 5,120,110White Americans_cell_2_47_1 72.3%White Americans_cell_2_47_2 5,486,852White Americans_cell_2_47_3 68.6%White Americans_cell_2_47_4 +7.2%White Americans_cell_2_47_5
Washington_(state) WashingtonWhite Americans_header_cell_2_48_0 4,821,823White Americans_cell_2_48_1 81.8%White Americans_cell_2_48_2 5,196,362White Americans_cell_2_48_3 77.3%White Americans_cell_2_48_4 +7.8%White Americans_cell_2_48_5
West_Virginia West VirginiaWhite Americans_header_cell_2_49_0 1,718,777White Americans_cell_2_49_1 95.0%White Americans_cell_2_49_2 1,739,988White Americans_cell_2_49_3 93.9%White Americans_cell_2_49_4 +1.2%White Americans_cell_2_49_5
Wisconsin WisconsinWhite Americans_header_cell_2_50_0 4,769,857White Americans_cell_2_50_1 88.9%White Americans_cell_2_50_2 4,902,067White Americans_cell_2_50_3 86.2%White Americans_cell_2_50_4 +2.8%White Americans_cell_2_50_5
Wyoming WyomingWhite Americans_header_cell_2_51_0 454,670White Americans_cell_2_51_1 92.1%White Americans_cell_2_51_2 511,279White Americans_cell_2_51_3 90.7%White Americans_cell_2_51_4 +12.4%White Americans_cell_2_51_5
United_States United States of AmericaWhite Americans_cell_2_52_0 211,460,626White Americans_cell_2_52_1 75.1%White Americans_cell_2_52_2 223,553,265White Americans_cell_2_52_3 72.4%White Americans_cell_2_52_4 +5.7%White Americans_cell_2_52_5

2016 and 2017 estimates White Americans_section_9

White Americans_table_general_3

White population by stateWhite Americans_table_caption_3
StateWhite Americans_header_cell_3_0_0 Pop. 2016White Americans_header_cell_3_0_1 % 2016White Americans_header_cell_3_0_2 Pop. 2017White Americans_header_cell_3_0_3 % 2017White Americans_header_cell_3_0_4 percentage

growthWhite Americans_header_cell_3_0_5

numeric

growthWhite Americans_header_cell_3_0_6

Alabama AlabamaWhite Americans_cell_3_1_0 3,371,066White Americans_header_cell_3_1_1 69.35%White Americans_header_cell_3_1_2 3,374,131White Americans_header_cell_3_1_3 69.22%White Americans_header_cell_3_1_4 -0.13%White Americans_header_cell_3_1_5 +3,065White Americans_header_cell_3_1_6
Alaska AlaskaWhite Americans_cell_3_2_0 490,864White Americans_header_cell_3_2_1 66.20%White Americans_header_cell_3_2_2 486,724White Americans_header_cell_3_2_3 65.79%White Americans_header_cell_3_2_4 -0.41%White Americans_header_cell_3_2_5 -4,140White Americans_header_cell_3_2_6
Arizona ArizonaWhite Americans_cell_3_3_0 5,753,506White Americans_header_cell_3_3_1 83.28%White Americans_header_cell_3_3_2 5,827,866White Americans_header_cell_3_3_3 83.06%White Americans_header_cell_3_3_4 -0.22%White Americans_header_cell_3_3_5 +74,360White Americans_header_cell_3_3_6
Arkansas ArkansasWhite Americans_cell_3_4_0 2,372,843White Americans_header_cell_3_4_1 79.41%White Americans_header_cell_3_4_2 2,381,662White Americans_header_cell_3_4_3 79.27%White Americans_header_cell_3_4_4 -0.14%White Americans_header_cell_3_4_5 +3,740White Americans_header_cell_3_4_6
California CaliforniaWhite Americans_cell_3_5_0 28,560,032White Americans_header_cell_3_5_1 72.68%White Americans_header_cell_3_5_2 28,611,160White Americans_header_cell_3_5_3 72.37%White Americans_header_cell_3_5_4 -0.31%White Americans_header_cell_3_5_5 +51,128White Americans_header_cell_3_5_6
Colorado ColoradoWhite Americans_cell_3_6_0 4,837,197White Americans_header_cell_3_6_1 87.47%White Americans_header_cell_3_6_2 4,894,372White Americans_header_cell_3_6_3 87.29%White Americans_header_cell_3_6_4 -0.18%White Americans_header_cell_3_6_5 +57,175White Americans_header_cell_3_6_6
Connecticut ConnecticutWhite Americans_cell_3_7_0 2,891,943White Americans_header_cell_3_7_1 80.60%White Americans_header_cell_3_7_2 2,879,759White Americans_header_cell_3_7_3 80.26%White Americans_header_cell_3_7_4 -0.34%White Americans_header_cell_3_7_5 -12,184White Americans_header_cell_3_7_6
Delaware DelawareWhite Americans_cell_3_8_0 667,076White Americans_header_cell_3_8_1 70.02%White Americans_header_cell_3_8_2 670,512White Americans_header_cell_3_8_3 69.70%White Americans_header_cell_3_8_4 -0.32%White Americans_header_cell_3_8_5 +3,436White Americans_header_cell_3_8_6
Washington,_D.C. District of ColumbiaWhite Americans_cell_3_9_0 305,232White Americans_header_cell_3_9_1 44.60%White Americans_header_cell_3_9_2 313,234White Americans_header_cell_3_9_3 45.14%White Americans_header_cell_3_9_4 +0.54%White Americans_header_cell_3_9_5 +8,002White Americans_header_cell_3_9_6
Florida FloridaWhite Americans_cell_3_10_0 16,022,497White Americans_header_cell_3_10_1 77.56%White Americans_header_cell_3_10_2 16,247,613White Americans_header_cell_3_10_3 77.43%White Americans_header_cell_3_10_4 -0.13%White Americans_header_cell_3_10_5 +225,116White Americans_header_cell_3_10_6
Georgia_(U.S._state) GeorgiaWhite Americans_cell_3_11_0 6,310,426White Americans_header_cell_3_11_1 61.18%White Americans_header_cell_3_11_2 6,341,768White Americans_header_cell_3_11_3 60.81%White Americans_header_cell_3_11_4 -0.37%White Americans_header_cell_3_11_5 +31,342White Americans_header_cell_3_11_6
Hawaii HawaiiWhite Americans_cell_3_12_0 370,362White Americans_header_cell_3_12_1 25.92%White Americans_header_cell_3_12_2 366,546White Americans_header_cell_3_12_3 25.67%White Americans_header_cell_3_12_4 -0.25%White Americans_header_cell_3_12_5 -3,816White Americans_header_cell_3_12_6
Idaho IdahoWhite Americans_cell_3_13_0 1,567,868White Americans_header_cell_3_13_1 93.32%White Americans_header_cell_3_13_2 1,599,814White Americans_header_cell_3_13_3 93.18%White Americans_header_cell_3_13_4 -0.2%White Americans_header_cell_3_13_5 +31,946White Americans_header_cell_3_13_6
Illinois IllinoisWhite Americans_cell_3_14_0 9,909,184White Americans_header_cell_3_14_1 77.20%White Americans_header_cell_3_14_2 9,864,942White Americans_header_cell_3_14_3 77.06%White Americans_header_cell_3_14_4 -0.14%White Americans_header_cell_3_14_5 -44,242White Americans_header_cell_3_14_6
Indiana IndianaWhite Americans_cell_3_15_0 5,679,252White Americans_header_cell_3_15_1 85.61%White Americans_header_cell_3_15_2 5,690,929White Americans_header_cell_3_15_3 85.36%White Americans_header_cell_3_15_4 -0.25%White Americans_header_cell_3_15_5 +11,677White Americans_header_cell_3_15_6
Iowa IowaWhite Americans_cell_3_16_0 2,860,136White Americans_header_cell_3_16_1 91.35%White Americans_header_cell_3_16_2 2,864,664White Americans_header_cell_3_16_3 91.06%White Americans_header_cell_3_16_4 -0.29%White Americans_header_cell_3_16_5 +4,528White Americans_header_cell_3_16_6
Kansas KansasWhite Americans_cell_3_17_0 2,519,340White Americans_header_cell_3_17_1 86.64%White Americans_header_cell_3_17_2 2,519,176White Americans_header_cell_3_17_3 86.47%White Americans_header_cell_3_17_4 -0.17%White Americans_header_cell_3_17_5 -164White Americans_header_cell_3_17_6
Kentucky KentuckyWhite Americans_cell_3_18_0 3,901,878White Americans_header_cell_3_18_1 87.96%White Americans_header_cell_3_18_2 3,908,964White Americans_header_cell_3_18_3 87.76%White Americans_header_cell_3_18_4 -0.20%White Americans_header_cell_3_18_5 +7,086White Americans_header_cell_3_18_6
Louisiana LouisianaWhite Americans_cell_3_19_0 2,958,471White Americans_header_cell_3_19_1 63.13%White Americans_header_cell_3_19_2 2,951,003White Americans_header_cell_3_19_3 63.00%White Americans_header_cell_3_19_4 -0.13%White Americans_header_cell_3_19_5 -7,468White Americans_header_cell_3_19_6
Maine MaineWhite Americans_cell_3_20_0 1,261,247White Americans_header_cell_3_20_1 94.81%White Americans_header_cell_3_20_2 1,264,744White Americans_header_cell_3_20_3 94.67%White Americans_header_cell_3_20_4 -0.14%White Americans_header_cell_3_20_5 +3,497White Americans_header_cell_3_20_6
Maryland MarylandWhite Americans_cell_3_21_0 3,572,673White Americans_header_cell_3_21_1 59.30%White Americans_header_cell_3_21_2 3,568,679White Americans_header_cell_3_21_3 58.96%White Americans_header_cell_3_21_4 -0.34%White Americans_header_cell_3_21_5 -3,994White Americans_header_cell_3_21_6
Massachusetts MassachusettsWhite Americans_cell_3_22_0 5,575,622White Americans_header_cell_3_22_1 81.71%White Americans_header_cell_3_22_2 5,576,725White Americans_header_cell_3_22_3 81.29%White Americans_header_cell_3_22_4 -0.42%White Americans_header_cell_3_22_5 +1,103White Americans_header_cell_3_22_6
Michigan MichiganWhite Americans_cell_3_23_0 7,906,913White Americans_header_cell_3_23_1 79.60%White Americans_header_cell_3_23_2 7,914,418White Americans_header_cell_3_23_3 79.44%White Americans_header_cell_3_23_4 -0.16%White Americans_header_cell_3_23_5 +7,505White Americans_header_cell_3_23_6
Minnesota MinnesotaWhite Americans_cell_3_24_0 4,687,397White Americans_header_cell_3_24_1 84.84%White Americans_header_cell_3_24_2 4,708,215White Americans_header_cell_3_24_3 84.43%White Americans_header_cell_3_24_4 -0.41%White Americans_header_cell_3_24_5 +20,818White Americans_header_cell_3_24_6
Mississippi MississippiWhite Americans_cell_3_25_0 1,771,276White Americans_header_cell_3_25_1 59.33%White Americans_header_cell_3_25_2 1,766,950White Americans_header_cell_3_25_3 59.21%White Americans_header_cell_3_25_4 -0.12%White Americans_header_cell_3_25_5 -4,326White Americans_header_cell_3_25_6
Missouri MissouriWhite Americans_cell_3_26_0 5,069,869White Americans_header_cell_3_26_1 83.23%White Americans_header_cell_3_26_2 5,080,444White Americans_header_cell_3_26_3 83.10%White Americans_header_cell_3_26_4 -0.13%White Americans_header_cell_3_26_5 +10,575White Americans_header_cell_3_26_6
Montana MontanaWhite Americans_cell_3_27_0 926,475White Americans_header_cell_3_27_1 89.20%White Americans_header_cell_3_27_2 935,792White Americans_header_cell_3_27_3 89.08%White Americans_header_cell_3_27_4 -0.12%White Americans_header_cell_3_27_5 +9,317White Americans_header_cell_3_27_6
Nebraska NebraskaWhite Americans_cell_3_28_0 1,693,622White Americans_header_cell_3_28_1 88.78%White Americans_header_cell_3_28_2 1,700,881White Americans_header_cell_3_28_3 88.58%White Americans_header_cell_3_28_4 -0.20%White Americans_header_cell_3_28_5 +7,259White Americans_header_cell_3_28_6
Nevada NevadaWhite Americans_cell_3_29_0 2,208,915White Americans_header_cell_3_29_1 75.15%White Americans_header_cell_3_29_2 2,235,657White Americans_header_cell_3_29_3 74.57%White Americans_header_cell_3_29_4 -0.58%White Americans_header_cell_3_29_5 +26,742White Americans_header_cell_3_29_6
New_Hampshire New HampshireWhite Americans_cell_3_30_0 1,251,836White Americans_header_cell_3_30_1 93.77%White Americans_header_cell_3_30_2 1,256,807White Americans_header_cell_3_30_3 93.59%White Americans_header_cell_3_30_4 -0.18%White Americans_header_cell_3_30_5 +4,971White Americans_header_cell_3_30_6
New_Jersey New JerseyWhite Americans_cell_3_31_0 6,499,057White Americans_header_cell_3_31_1 72.38%White Americans_header_cell_3_31_2 6,489,409White Americans_header_cell_3_31_3 72.06%White Americans_header_cell_3_31_4 -0.32%White Americans_header_cell_3_31_5 -9,648White Americans_header_cell_3_31_6
New_Mexico New MexicoWhite Americans_cell_3_32_0 1,716,662White Americans_header_cell_3_32_1 82.31%White Americans_header_cell_3_32_2 1,715,623White Americans_header_cell_3_32_3 82.16%White Americans_header_cell_3_32_4 -0.15%White Americans_header_cell_3_32_5 -1,039White Americans_header_cell_3_32_6
New_York_(state) New YorkWhite Americans_cell_3_33_0 13,856,651White Americans_header_cell_3_33_1 69.85%White Americans_header_cell_3_33_2 13,807,127White Americans_header_cell_3_33_3 69.56%White Americans_header_cell_3_33_4 -0.29%White Americans_header_cell_3_33_5 -49,524White Americans_header_cell_3_33_6
North_Carolina North CarolinaWhite Americans_cell_3_34_0 7,212,423White Americans_header_cell_3_34_1 71.01%White Americans_header_cell_3_34_2 7,276,995White Americans_header_cell_3_34_3 70.83%White Americans_header_cell_3_34_4 -0.18%White Americans_header_cell_3_34_5 +64,572White Americans_header_cell_3_34_6
North_Dakota North DakotaWhite Americans_cell_3_35_0 663,424White Americans_header_cell_3_35_1 87.81%White Americans_header_cell_3_35_2 661,217White Americans_header_cell_3_35_3 87.53%White Americans_header_cell_3_35_4 -0.28%White Americans_header_cell_3_35_5 -2,207White Americans_header_cell_3_35_6
Ohio OhioWhite Americans_cell_3_36_0 9,578,424White Americans_header_cell_3_36_1 82.41%White Americans_header_cell_3_36_2 9,579,207White Americans_header_cell_3_36_3 82.16%White Americans_header_cell_3_36_4 -0.25%White Americans_header_cell_3_36_5 +783White Americans_header_cell_3_36_6
Oklahoma OklahomaWhite Americans_cell_3_37_0 2,923,751White Americans_header_cell_3_37_1 74.56%White Americans_header_cell_3_37_2 2,921,390White Americans_header_cell_3_37_3 74.32%White Americans_header_cell_3_37_4 -0.24%White Americans_header_cell_3_37_5 -2,361White Americans_header_cell_3_37_6
Oregon OregonWhite Americans_cell_3_38_0 3,569,538White Americans_header_cell_3_38_1 87.29%White Americans_header_cell_3_38_2 3,607,515White Americans_header_cell_3_38_3 87.08%White Americans_header_cell_3_38_4 -0.21%White Americans_header_cell_3_38_5 +37,977White Americans_header_cell_3_38_6
Pennsylvania PennsylvaniaWhite Americans_cell_3_39_0 10,525,562White Americans_header_cell_3_39_1 82.31%White Americans_header_cell_3_39_2 10,507,780White Americans_header_cell_3_39_3 82.06%White Americans_header_cell_3_39_4 -0.25%White Americans_header_cell_3_39_5 -17,782White Americans_header_cell_3_39_6
Rhode_Island Rhode IslandWhite Americans_cell_3_40_0 892,287White Americans_header_cell_3_40_1 84.37%White Americans_header_cell_3_40_2 890,883White Americans_header_cell_3_40_3 84.07%White Americans_header_cell_3_40_4 -0.30%White Americans_header_cell_3_40_5 -1,404White Americans_header_cell_3_40_6
South_Carolina South CarolinaWhite Americans_cell_3_41_0 3,393,346White Americans_header_cell_3_41_1 68.2%White Americans_header_cell_3_41_2 3,440,141White Americans_header_cell_3_41_3 68.47%White Americans_header_cell_3_41_4 +0.27%White Americans_header_cell_3_41_5 +46,795White Americans_header_cell_3_41_6
South_Dakota South DakotaWhite Americans_cell_3_42_0 733,199White Americans_header_cell_3_42_1 85.10%White Americans_header_cell_3_42_2 738,554White Americans_header_cell_3_42_3 84.92%White Americans_header_cell_3_42_4 -0.18%White Americans_header_cell_3_42_5 +5,355White Americans_header_cell_3_42_6
Tennessee TennesseeWhite Americans_cell_3_43_0 5,231,987White Americans_header_cell_3_43_1 78.68%White Americans_header_cell_3_43_2 5,276,748White Americans_header_cell_3_43_3 78.57%White Americans_header_cell_3_43_4 -0.11%White Americans_header_cell_3_43_5 +44,761White Americans_header_cell_3_43_6
Texas TexasWhite Americans_cell_3_44_0 22,166,782White Americans_header_cell_3_44_1 79.44%White Americans_header_cell_3_44_2 22,404,118White Americans_header_cell_3_44_3 79.15%White Americans_header_cell_3_44_4 -0.29%White Americans_header_cell_3_44_5 +237,336White Americans_header_cell_3_44_6
Utah UtahWhite Americans_cell_3_45_0 2,774,606White Americans_header_cell_3_45_1 91.14%White Americans_header_cell_3_45_2 2,820,387White Americans_header_cell_3_45_3 90.93%White Americans_header_cell_3_45_4 -0.21%White Americans_header_cell_3_45_5 +45,781White Americans_header_cell_3_45_6
Vermont VermontWhite Americans_cell_3_46_0 589,836White Americans_header_cell_3_46_1 94.62%White Americans_header_cell_3_46_2 589,163White Americans_header_cell_3_46_3 94.47%White Americans_header_cell_3_46_4 -0.15%White Americans_header_cell_3_46_5 -673White Americans_header_cell_3_46_6
Virginia VirginiaWhite Americans_cell_3_47_0 5,891,174White Americans_header_cell_3_47_1 70.01%White Americans_header_cell_3_47_2 5,904,472White Americans_header_cell_3_47_3 69.71%White Americans_header_cell_3_47_4 -0.30%White Americans_header_cell_3_47_5 +13,298White Americans_header_cell_3_47_6
Washington_(state) WashingtonWhite Americans_cell_3_48_0 5,820,007White Americans_header_cell_3_48_1 79.93%White Americans_header_cell_3_48_2 5,887,060White Americans_header_cell_3_48_3 79.49%White Americans_header_cell_3_48_4 -0.44%White Americans_header_cell_3_48_5 +67,053White Americans_header_cell_3_48_6
West_Virginia West VirginiaWhite Americans_cell_3_49_0 1,712,647White Americans_header_cell_3_49_1 93.66%White Americans_header_cell_3_49_2 1,699,266White Americans_header_cell_3_49_3 93.58%White Americans_header_cell_3_49_4 -0.08%White Americans_header_cell_3_49_5 -13,381White Americans_header_cell_3_49_6
Wisconsin WisconsinWhite Americans_cell_3_50_0 5,049,698White Americans_header_cell_3_50_1 87.47%White Americans_header_cell_3_50_2 5,060,891White Americans_header_cell_3_50_3 87.32%White Americans_header_cell_3_50_4 -0.15%White Americans_header_cell_3_50_5 +11,193White Americans_header_cell_3_50_6
Wyoming WyomingWhite Americans_cell_3_51_0 543,224White Americans_header_cell_3_51_1 92.87%White Americans_header_cell_3_51_2 537,396White Americans_header_cell_3_51_3 92.76%White Americans_header_cell_3_51_4 -0.11%White Americans_header_cell_3_51_5 -5,828White Americans_header_cell_3_51_6
United_States United StatesWhite Americans_cell_3_52_0 248,619,303White Americans_cell_3_52_1 76.87%White Americans_cell_3_52_2 249,619,493White Americans_cell_3_52_3 76.64%White Americans_cell_3_52_4 -0.23%White Americans_cell_3_52_5 +1,000,190White Americans_cell_3_52_6
Non-Hispanic population White Americans_section_10

Further information: List of U.S. states by non-Hispanic white population White Americans_sentence_83

White Americans_table_general_4

Non-Hispanic White population by stateWhite Americans_table_caption_4
StateWhite Americans_header_cell_4_0_0 Pop. 2016White Americans_header_cell_4_0_1 % 2016White Americans_header_cell_4_0_2 Pop. 2017White Americans_header_cell_4_0_3 % 2017White Americans_header_cell_4_0_4 percentage

growthWhite Americans_header_cell_4_0_5

numeric

growthWhite Americans_header_cell_4_0_6

Alabama AlabamaWhite Americans_cell_4_1_0 3,198,381White Americans_header_cell_4_1_1 65.80%White Americans_header_cell_4_1_2 3,196,852White Americans_header_cell_4_1_3 65.58%White Americans_header_cell_4_1_4 -0.22%White Americans_header_cell_4_1_5 -1,529White Americans_header_cell_4_1_6
Alaska AlaskaWhite Americans_cell_4_2_0 454,651White Americans_header_cell_4_2_1 61.31%White Americans_header_cell_4_2_2 449,776White Americans_header_cell_4_2_3 60.80%White Americans_header_cell_4_2_4 -0.51%White Americans_header_cell_4_2_5 -4,875White Americans_header_cell_4_2_6
Arizona ArizonaWhite Americans_cell_4_3_0 3,819,881White Americans_header_cell_4_3_1 55.29%White Americans_header_cell_4_3_2 3,849,130White Americans_header_cell_4_3_3 54.86%White Americans_header_cell_4_3_4 -0.43%White Americans_header_cell_4_3_5 +29,249White Americans_header_cell_4_3_6
Arkansas ArkansasWhite Americans_cell_4_4_0 2,175,521White Americans_header_cell_4_4_1 72.80%White Americans_header_cell_4_4_2 2,177,809White Americans_header_cell_4_4_3 72.49%White Americans_header_cell_4_4_4 -0.31%White Americans_header_cell_4_4_5 +2,288White Americans_header_cell_4_4_6
California CaliforniaWhite Americans_cell_4_5_0 14,797,971White Americans_header_cell_4_5_1 37.66%White Americans_header_cell_4_5_2 14,696,754White Americans_header_cell_4_5_3 37.17%White Americans_header_cell_4_5_4 -0.49%White Americans_header_cell_4_5_5 -101,217White Americans_header_cell_4_5_6
Colorado ColoradoWhite Americans_cell_4_6_0 3,791,612White Americans_header_cell_4_6_1 68.56%White Americans_header_cell_4_6_2 3,827,750White Americans_header_cell_4_6_3 68.26%White Americans_header_cell_4_6_4 -0.30%White Americans_header_cell_4_6_5 +36,135White Americans_header_cell_4_6_6
Connecticut ConnecticutWhite Americans_cell_4_7_0 2,428,332White Americans_header_cell_4_7_1 67.68%White Americans_header_cell_4_7_2 2,404,792White Americans_header_cell_4_7_3 67.02%White Americans_header_cell_4_7_4 -0.66%White Americans_header_cell_4_7_5 -23,540White Americans_header_cell_4_7_6
Delaware DelawareWhite Americans_cell_4_8_0 597,728White Americans_header_cell_4_8_1 62.74%White Americans_header_cell_4_8_2 599,260White Americans_header_cell_4_8_3 62.30%White Americans_header_cell_4_8_4 -0.44%White Americans_header_cell_4_8_5 +1,532White Americans_header_cell_4_8_6
Washington,_D.C. District of ColumbiaWhite Americans_cell_4_9_0 249,141White Americans_header_cell_4_9_1 36.40%White Americans_header_cell_4_9_2 255,387White Americans_header_cell_4_9_3 36.80%White Americans_header_cell_4_9_4 +0.40%White Americans_header_cell_4_9_5 +6,246White Americans_header_cell_4_9_6
Florida FloridaWhite Americans_cell_4_10_0 11,273,388White Americans_header_cell_4_10_1 54.57%White Americans_header_cell_4_10_2 11,343,977White Americans_header_cell_4_10_3 54.06%White Americans_header_cell_4_10_4 -0.51%White Americans_header_cell_4_10_5 +70,589White Americans_header_cell_4_10_6
Georgia_(U.S._state) GeorgiaWhite Americans_cell_4_11_0 5,499,055White Americans_header_cell_4_11_1 53.32%White Americans_header_cell_4_11_2 5,507,334White Americans_header_cell_4_11_3 52.81%White Americans_header_cell_4_11_4 -0.51%White Americans_header_cell_4_11_5 +8,279White Americans_header_cell_4_11_6
Hawaii HawaiiWhite Americans_cell_4_12_0 317,026White Americans_header_cell_4_12_1 22.19%White Americans_header_cell_4_12_2 312,492White Americans_header_cell_4_12_3 21.89%White Americans_header_cell_4_12_4 -0.30%White Americans_header_cell_4_12_5 -4,534White Americans_header_cell_4_12_6
Idaho IdahoWhite Americans_cell_4_13_0 1,382,934White Americans_header_cell_4_13_1 82.32%White Americans_header_cell_4_13_2 1,408,294White Americans_header_cell_4_13_3 82.02%White Americans_header_cell_4_13_4 -0.30%White Americans_header_cell_4_13_5 +25,360White Americans_header_cell_4_13_6
Illinois IllinoisWhite Americans_cell_4_14_0 7,915,013White Americans_header_cell_4_14_1 61.65%White Americans_header_cell_4_14_2 7,849,887White Americans_header_cell_4_14_3 61.32%White Americans_header_cell_4_14_4 -0.33%White Americans_header_cell_4_14_5 -65,126White Americans_header_cell_4_14_6
Indiana IndianaWhite Americans_cell_4_15_0 5,280,029White Americans_header_cell_4_15_1 79.59%White Americans_header_cell_4_15_2 5,280,420White Americans_header_cell_4_15_3 79.20%White Americans_header_cell_4_15_4 -0.39%White Americans_header_cell_4_15_5 +391White Americans_header_cell_4_15_6
Iowa IowaWhite Americans_cell_4_16_0 2,696,686White Americans_header_cell_4_16_1 86.13%White Americans_header_cell_4_16_2 2,695,962White Americans_header_cell_4_16_3 85.70%White Americans_header_cell_4_16_4 -0.43%White Americans_header_cell_4_16_5 -724White Americans_header_cell_4_16_6
Kansas KansasWhite Americans_cell_4_17_0 2,215,920White Americans_header_cell_4_17_1 76.21%White Americans_header_cell_4_17_2 2,209,748White Americans_header_cell_4_17_3 75.86%White Americans_header_cell_4_17_4 -0.35%White Americans_header_cell_4_17_5 -6,172White Americans_header_cell_4_17_6
Kentucky KentuckyWhite Americans_cell_4_18_0 3,767,092White Americans_header_cell_4_18_1 84.92%White Americans_header_cell_4_18_2 3,768,891White Americans_header_cell_4_18_3 84.61%White Americans_header_cell_4_18_4 -0.31%White Americans_header_cell_4_18_5 +1,799White Americans_header_cell_4_18_6
Louisiana LouisianaWhite Americans_cell_4_19_0 2,760,416White Americans_header_cell_4_19_1 58.91%White Americans_header_cell_4_19_2 2,747,730White Americans_header_cell_4_19_3 58.66%White Americans_header_cell_4_19_4 -0.25%White Americans_header_cell_4_19_5 -12,686White Americans_header_cell_4_19_6
Maine MaineWhite Americans_cell_4_20_0 1,243,741White Americans_header_cell_4_20_1 93.50%White Americans_header_cell_4_20_2 1,246,478White Americans_header_cell_4_20_3 93.30%White Americans_header_cell_4_20_4 -0.20%White Americans_header_cell_4_20_5 +2,737White Americans_header_cell_4_20_6
Maryland MarylandWhite Americans_cell_4_21_0 3,098,543White Americans_header_cell_4_21_1 51.43%White Americans_header_cell_4_21_2 3,077,907White Americans_header_cell_4_21_3 50.86%White Americans_header_cell_4_21_4 -0.57%White Americans_header_cell_4_21_5 -20,636White Americans_header_cell_4_21_6
Massachusetts MassachusettsWhite Americans_cell_4_22_0 4,972,010White Americans_header_cell_4_22_1 72.86%White Americans_header_cell_4_22_2 4,953,695White Americans_header_cell_4_22_3 72.21%White Americans_header_cell_4_22_4 -0.65%White Americans_header_cell_4_22_5 -18,315White Americans_header_cell_4_22_6
Michigan MichiganWhite Americans_cell_4_23_0 7,489,609White Americans_header_cell_4_23_1 75.40%White Americans_header_cell_4_23_2 7,488,326White Americans_header_cell_4_23_3 75.17%White Americans_header_cell_4_23_4 -0.23%White Americans_header_cell_4_23_5 -1,283White Americans_header_cell_4_23_6
Minnesota MinnesotaWhite Americans_cell_4_24_0 4,442,684White Americans_header_cell_4_24_1 80.41%White Americans_header_cell_4_24_2 4,455,605White Americans_header_cell_4_24_3 79.89%White Americans_header_cell_4_24_4 -0.52%White Americans_header_cell_4_24_5 +12,921White Americans_header_cell_4_24_6
Mississippi MississippiWhite Americans_cell_4_25_0 1,697,562White Americans_header_cell_4_25_1 56.86%White Americans_header_cell_4_25_2 1,691,566White Americans_header_cell_4_25_3 56.69%White Americans_header_cell_4_25_4 -0.17%White Americans_header_cell_4_25_5 -5,996White Americans_header_cell_4_25_6
Missouri MissouriWhite Americans_cell_4_26_0 4,855,156White Americans_header_cell_4_26_1 79.71%White Americans_header_cell_4_26_2 4,859,227White Americans_header_cell_4_26_3 79.48%White Americans_header_cell_4_26_4 -0.23%White Americans_header_cell_4_26_5 +4,071White Americans_header_cell_4_26_6
Montana MontanaWhite Americans_cell_4_27_0 897,790White Americans_header_cell_4_27_1 86.44%White Americans_header_cell_4_27_2 905,811White Americans_header_cell_4_27_3 86.23%White Americans_header_cell_4_27_4 -0.21%White Americans_header_cell_4_27_5 +8,021White Americans_header_cell_4_27_6
Nebraska NebraskaWhite Americans_cell_4_28_0 1,515,494White Americans_header_cell_4_28_1 79.44%White Americans_header_cell_4_28_2 1,516,962White Americans_header_cell_4_28_3 79.00%White Americans_header_cell_4_28_4 -0.44%White Americans_header_cell_4_28_5 +1,468White Americans_header_cell_4_28_6
Nevada NevadaWhite Americans_cell_4_29_0 1,465,888White Americans_header_cell_4_29_1 49.87%White Americans_header_cell_4_29_2 1,470,855White Americans_header_cell_4_29_3 49.06%White Americans_header_cell_4_29_4 -0.81%White Americans_header_cell_4_29_5 +4,967White Americans_header_cell_4_29_6
New_Hampshire New HampshireWhite Americans_cell_4_30_0 1,212,377White Americans_header_cell_4_30_1 90.81%White Americans_header_cell_4_30_2 1,215,447White Americans_header_cell_4_30_3 90.52%White Americans_header_cell_4_30_4 -0.29%White Americans_header_cell_4_30_5 +3,070White Americans_header_cell_4_30_6
New_Jersey New JerseyWhite Americans_cell_4_31_0 5,002,866White Americans_header_cell_4_31_1 55.72%White Americans_header_cell_4_31_2 4,962,470White Americans_header_cell_4_31_3 55.10%White Americans_header_cell_4_31_4 -0.62%White Americans_header_cell_4_31_5 -40,396White Americans_header_cell_4_31_6
New_Mexico New MexicoWhite Americans_cell_4_32_0 789,869White Americans_header_cell_4_32_1 38.31%White Americans_header_cell_4_32_2 783,064White Americans_header_cell_4_32_3 37.50%White Americans_header_cell_4_32_4 -0.81%White Americans_header_cell_4_32_5 -6,805White Americans_header_cell_4_32_6
New_York_(state) New YorkWhite Americans_cell_4_33_0 11,047,456White Americans_header_cell_4_33_1 55.69%White Americans_header_cell_4_33_2 10,972,959White Americans_header_cell_4_33_3 55.28%White Americans_header_cell_4_33_4 -0.41%White Americans_header_cell_4_33_5 -74,497White Americans_header_cell_4_33_6
North_Carolina North CarolinaWhite Americans_cell_4_34_0 6,447,852White Americans_header_cell_4_34_1 63.48%White Americans_header_cell_4_34_2 6,486,100White Americans_header_cell_4_34_3 63.13%White Americans_header_cell_4_34_4 -0.35%White Americans_header_cell_4_34_5 +38,248White Americans_header_cell_4_34_6
North_Dakota North DakotaWhite Americans_cell_4_35_0 641,945White Americans_header_cell_4_35_1 84.96%White Americans_header_cell_4_35_2 639,029White Americans_header_cell_4_35_3 84.59%White Americans_header_cell_4_35_4 -0.37%White Americans_header_cell_4_35_5 -2,916White Americans_header_cell_4_35_6
Ohio OhioWhite Americans_cell_4_36_0 9,229,932White Americans_header_cell_4_36_1 79.41%White Americans_header_cell_4_36_2 9,219,577White Americans_header_cell_4_36_3 79.08%White Americans_header_cell_4_36_4 -0.33%White Americans_header_cell_4_36_5 -10,355White Americans_header_cell_4_36_6
Oklahoma OklahomaWhite Americans_cell_4_37_0 2,592,571White Americans_header_cell_4_37_1 66.12%White Americans_header_cell_4_37_2 2,581,568White Americans_header_cell_4_37_3 65.67%White Americans_header_cell_4_37_4 -0.45%White Americans_header_cell_4_37_5 -11,003White Americans_header_cell_4_37_6
Oregon OregonWhite Americans_cell_4_38_0 3,115,656White Americans_header_cell_4_38_1 76.25%White Americans_header_cell_4_38_2 3,139,685White Americans_header_cell_4_38_3 75.79%White Americans_header_cell_4_38_4 -0.46%White Americans_header_cell_4_38_5 +24,029White Americans_header_cell_4_38_6
Pennsylvania PennsylvaniaWhite Americans_cell_4_39_0 9,841,619White Americans_header_cell_4_39_1 76.96%White Americans_header_cell_4_39_2 9,796,510White Americans_header_cell_4_39_3 76.50%White Americans_header_cell_4_39_4 -0.44%White Americans_header_cell_4_39_5 -45,109White Americans_header_cell_4_39_6
Rhode_Island Rhode IslandWhite Americans_cell_4_40_0 773,405White Americans_header_cell_4_40_1 73.13%White Americans_header_cell_4_40_2 768,229White Americans_header_cell_4_40_3 72.50%White Americans_header_cell_4_40_4 -0.63%White Americans_header_cell_4_40_5 -5,176White Americans_header_cell_4_40_6
South_Carolina South CarolinaWhite Americans_cell_4_41_0 3,165,176White Americans_header_cell_4_41_1 63.82%White Americans_header_cell_4_41_2 3,203,045White Americans_header_cell_4_41_3 63.75%White Americans_header_cell_4_41_4 -0.07%White Americans_header_cell_4_41_5 +37,869White Americans_header_cell_4_41_6
South_Dakota South DakotaWhite Americans_cell_4_42_0 710,509White Americans_header_cell_4_42_1 82.47%White Americans_header_cell_4_42_2 714,881White Americans_header_cell_4_42_3 82.20%White Americans_header_cell_4_42_4 -0.27%White Americans_header_cell_4_42_5 +4,372White Americans_header_cell_4_42_6
Tennessee TennesseeWhite Americans_cell_4_43_0 4,931,609White Americans_header_cell_4_43_1 74.17%White Americans_header_cell_4_43_2 4,963,780White Americans_header_cell_4_43_3 73.91%White Americans_header_cell_4_43_4 -0.26%White Americans_header_cell_4_43_5 +32,171White Americans_header_cell_4_43_6
Texas TexasWhite Americans_cell_4_44_0 11,862,697White Americans_header_cell_4_44_1 42.51%White Americans_header_cell_4_44_2 11,886,381White Americans_header_cell_4_44_3 42.00%White Americans_header_cell_4_44_4 -0.51%White Americans_header_cell_4_44_5 +23,684White Americans_header_cell_4_44_6
Utah UtahWhite Americans_cell_4_45_0 2,400,885White Americans_header_cell_4_45_1 78.86%White Americans_header_cell_4_45_2 2,434,785White Americans_header_cell_4_45_3 78.49%White Americans_header_cell_4_45_4 -0.37%White Americans_header_cell_4_45_5 +33,900White Americans_header_cell_4_45_6
Vermont VermontWhite Americans_cell_4_46_0 580,238White Americans_header_cell_4_46_1 93.08%White Americans_header_cell_4_46_2 579,149White Americans_header_cell_4_46_3 92.86%White Americans_header_cell_4_46_4 -0.22%White Americans_header_cell_4_46_5 -1,089White Americans_header_cell_4_46_6
Virginia VirginiaWhite Americans_cell_4_47_0 5,247,231White Americans_header_cell_4_47_1 62.36%White Americans_header_cell_4_47_2 5,241,262White Americans_header_cell_4_47_3 61.88%White Americans_header_cell_4_47_4 -0.48%White Americans_header_cell_4_47_5 -5,969White Americans_header_cell_4_47_6
Washington_(state) WashingtonWhite Americans_cell_4_48_0 5,049,817White Americans_header_cell_4_48_1 69.36%White Americans_header_cell_4_48_2 5,091,370White Americans_header_cell_4_48_3 68.75%White Americans_header_cell_4_48_4 -0.61%White Americans_header_cell_4_48_5 +41,553White Americans_header_cell_4_48_6
West_Virginia West VirginiaWhite Americans_cell_4_49_0 1,688,472White Americans_header_cell_4_49_1 92.33%White Americans_header_cell_4_49_2 1,674,557White Americans_header_cell_4_49_3 92.22%White Americans_header_cell_4_49_4 -0.11%White Americans_header_cell_4_49_5 -13,915White Americans_header_cell_4_49_6
Wisconsin WisconsinWhite Americans_cell_4_50_0 4,710,928White Americans_header_cell_4_50_1 81.60%White Americans_header_cell_4_50_2 4,713,993White Americans_header_cell_4_50_3 81.34%White Americans_header_cell_4_50_4 -0.26%White Americans_header_cell_4_50_5 +3,065White Americans_header_cell_4_50_6
Wyoming WyomingWhite Americans_cell_4_51_0 492,235White Americans_header_cell_4_51_1 84.16%White Americans_header_cell_4_51_2 486,565White Americans_header_cell_4_51_3 83.99%White Americans_header_cell_4_51_4 -0.17%White Americans_header_cell_4_51_5 -5,670White Americans_header_cell_4_51_6
United_States United StatesWhite Americans_cell_4_52_0 197,834,599White Americans_cell_4_52_1 61.17%White Americans_cell_4_52_2 197,803,083White Americans_cell_4_52_3 60.73%White Americans_cell_4_52_4 -0.44%White Americans_cell_4_52_5 -31,516White Americans_cell_4_52_6

Culture White Americans_section_11

From their earliest presence in North America, White Americans have contributed literature, art, cinema, religion, agricultural skills, foods, science and technology, fashion and clothing styles, music, language, legal system, political system, and social and technological innovation to American culture. White Americans_sentence_84

White American culture derived its earliest influences from English, Scottish, Welsh, and Irish settlers and is quantitatively the largest proportion of American culture. White Americans_sentence_85

The overall American culture reflects White American culture. White Americans_sentence_86

The culture has been developing since long before the United States formed a separate country. White Americans_sentence_87

Much of American culture shows influences from English culture. White Americans_sentence_88

Colonial ties to Great Britain spread the English language, legal system and other cultural attributes. White Americans_sentence_89

Albion's Seed: Four British Folkways in America White Americans_section_12

In his 1989 book Albion's Seed: Four British Folkways in America, David Hackett Fischer explores the details of the folkways of four groups of settlers from the British Isles that moved to the American colonies during the 17th and 18th centuries from distinct regions of Britain and Ireland. White Americans_sentence_90

His thesis is that the culture of each group persisted (albeit in modified form), providing the basis for the modern United States. White Americans_sentence_91

According to Fischer, the foundation of America's four regional cultures was formed from four mass migrations from four regions of the British Isles by four distinct ethno-cultural groups. White Americans_sentence_92

New England's formative period occurred between 1629 and 1640 when Puritans, mostly from East Anglia, settled there, thus forming the basis for the New England regional culture. White Americans_sentence_93

The next mass migration was of southern English Cavaliers and their working class English servants to the Chesapeake Bay region between 1640 and 1675. White Americans_sentence_94

This spawned the creation of the American Southern culture. White Americans_sentence_95

Then, between 1675 and 1725, thousands of Irish, Cornish, English and Welsh Quakers plus many Germans sympathetic to Quaker ideas, led by William Penn, settled the Delaware Valley. White Americans_sentence_96

This resulted in the formation of the General American culture, although, according to Fischer, this is really a "regional culture", even if it does today encompass most of the U.S. from the mid-Atlantic states to the Pacific Coast. White Americans_sentence_97

Finally, a huge number of settlers from the borderlands between England and Scotland, and from northern Ireland, migrated to Appalachia between 1717 and 1775. White Americans_sentence_98

This resulted in the formation of the Upland South regional culture, which has since expanded to the west to West Texas and parts of the American Southwest. White Americans_sentence_99

In his book, Fischer brings up several points. White Americans_sentence_100

He states that the U.S. is not a country with one "general" culture and several "regional" culture, as is commonly thought. White Americans_sentence_101

Rather, there are only four regional cultures as described above, and understanding this helps one to more clearly understand American history as well as contemporary American life. White Americans_sentence_102

Fischer asserts that it is not only important to understand where different groups came from, but when. White Americans_sentence_103

All population groups have, at different times, their own unique set of beliefs, fears, hopes and prejudices. White Americans_sentence_104

When different groups moved to America and brought certain beliefs and values with them, these ideas became, according to Fischer, more or less frozen in time, even if they eventually changed in their original place of origin. White Americans_sentence_105

Admixture White Americans_section_13

See also: Race and genetics White Americans_sentence_106

Admixture in Non-Hispanic Whites White Americans_section_14

Some White Americans have varying amounts of American Indian and Sub-Saharan African ancestry. White Americans_sentence_107

In a recent study, Gonçalves et al. White Americans_sentence_108

2007 reported Sub-Saharan and Amerindian mtDNA lineages at a frequency of 3.1% (respectively 0.9% and 2.2%) in American Caucasians (in the US, "Caucasian" includes people from North Africa and Western Asia as well as Europeans). White Americans_sentence_109

Recent research on Y-chromosomes and mtDNA detected no African admixture in European-Americans. White Americans_sentence_110

The sample included 628 European-American Y-chromosomes and mtDNA from 922 European-Americans White Americans_sentence_111

DNA analysis on White Americans by geneticist Mark D. Shriver showed an average of 0.7% Sub-Saharan African admixture and 3.2% Native American admixture. White Americans_sentence_112

The same author, in another study, claimed that about 30% of all White Americans, approximately 66 million people, have a median of 2.3% of Black African admixture. White Americans_sentence_113

Shriver discovered his ancestry is 10 percent African, and Shriver's partner in DNA Print Genomics, J.T. White Americans_sentence_114

Frudacas, contradicted him two years later stating "Five percent of European Americans exhibit some detectable level of African ancestry." White Americans_sentence_115

White Americans (European Americans) on average are: 98.6 percent European, 0.19 percent African and 0.18 percent Native American. White Americans_sentence_116

Inferred British/Irish ancestry is found in European Americans from all states at mean proportions of above 20%, and represents a majority of ancestry, above 50% mean proportion, in states such as Mississippi, Arkansas, and Tennessee. White Americans_sentence_117

Scandinavian ancestry in European Americans is highly localized; most states show only trace mean proportions of Scandinavian ancestry, while it comprises a significant proportion, upwards of 10%, of ancestry in European Americans from Minnesota and the Dakotas. White Americans_sentence_118

Admixture in Hispanic Whites White Americans_section_15

Although most Hispanic Americans self-identify in the white racial category of the US Census or other official government data collecting, an overwhelming majority of them would in their personal lives consider themselves as ethnically mestizo (of mixed European and Native American/American Indian background) or mulatto (of mixed European and sub-Saharan African background). White Americans_sentence_119

Thus, only a minority of those Hispanic Americans who self-identified in their personal lives as mestizo or mulatto actually selected "multiracial" as their race on the U.S. census, with 9 out of every 10 of them preferring to pick white, one of the five single race categories available on the U.S. census. White Americans_sentence_120

In contrast to non-Hispanic European Americans, whose average European ancestry ranges about 98.6%, genetic research has found that the average European admixture among self-identified Hispanic White Americans is 73% European, while the average European admixture for Hispanic Americans overall (regardless of their self-identified race) is 65.1% European admixture. White Americans_sentence_121

See also White Americans_section_16

White Americans_unordered_list_2


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White Americans.