Wilhelm Peters

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This article is about the German explorer. Wilhelm Peters_sentence_0

For the Norwegian painter, see Wilhelm Peters (painter). Wilhelm Peters_sentence_1

Wilhelm Peters_table_infobox_0

Wilhelm PetersWilhelm Peters_header_cell_0_0_0
BornWilhelm Peters_header_cell_0_1_0 (1815-04-22)22 April 1815

KoldenbüttelWilhelm Peters_cell_0_1_1

DiedWilhelm Peters_header_cell_0_2_0 20 April 1883(1883-04-20) (aged 67)

BerlinWilhelm Peters_cell_0_2_1

NationalityWilhelm Peters_header_cell_0_3_0 GermanWilhelm Peters_cell_0_3_1
Known forWilhelm Peters_header_cell_0_4_0 Explorer, zoologistWilhelm Peters_cell_0_4_1

Wilhelm Karl Hartwich (or Hartwig) Peters (22 April 1815 in Koldenbüttel – 20 April 1883) was a German naturalist and explorer. Wilhelm Peters_sentence_2

He was assistant to the anatomist Johannes Peter Müller and later became curator of the Berlin Zoological Museum. Wilhelm Peters_sentence_3

Encouraged by Müller and the explorer Alexander von Humboldt, Peters travelled to Mozambique via Angola in September 1842, exploring the coastal region and the Zambesi River. Wilhelm Peters_sentence_4

He returned to Berlin with an enormous collection of natural history specimens, which he then described in Naturwissenschaftliche Reise nach Mossambique... in den Jahren 1842 bis 1848 ausgeführt (1852–1882). Wilhelm Peters_sentence_5

The work was comprehensive in its coverage, dealing with mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, river fish, insects and botany. Wilhelm Peters_sentence_6

He replaced Martin Lichtenstein as curator of the museum in 1858, and in the same year he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Wilhelm Peters_sentence_7

In a few years time, he greatly increased the Berlin Museum's herpetological collection to a size comparable to those of Paris and London. Wilhelm Peters_sentence_8

Herpetology was Peters' main interest, and he described 122 new genera and 649 species from around the world. Wilhelm Peters_sentence_9

Eponyms Wilhelm Peters_section_0

Wilhelm Peters is commemorated in the scientific names of several species of reptiles, including Andinosaura petrorum, Anolis petersii, Geophis petersii, Hebius petersii, Morenia petersi, and Tracheloptychus petersi. Wilhelm Peters_sentence_10

He is also commemorated in the specific name of an African freshwater elephantfish, Gnathonemus petersii, known commonly as Peters' elephantnose fish. Wilhelm Peters_sentence_11

Peters Bay in NE Greenland was named after him by Carl Koldewey during the 1869–1870 Second German North Polar Expedition. Wilhelm Peters_sentence_12

Author abbreviation Wilhelm Peters_section_1

Sometimes, W. Peters is used to prevent confusion with herpetologists and James A. Peters. Wilhelm Peters_sentence_13

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilhelm Peters.