World music

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For other uses, see World Music (disambiguation). World music_sentence_0

World music_table_infobox_0

Contemporary folk music

(worldwide)World music_header_cell_0_0_0

Cultural originsWorld music_header_cell_0_1_0 Indigenous cultures worldwideWorld music_cell_0_1_1
Derivative formsWorld music_header_cell_0_2_0 FolktronicaWorld music_cell_0_2_1
Fusion genresWorld music_header_cell_0_3_0
Regional scenesWorld music_header_cell_0_4_0

World music_table_infobox_1

World music (term)World music_header_cell_1_0_0
EtymologyWorld music_header_cell_1_1_0 Coined early 1960s to describe non-European, non-North American musicWorld music_cell_1_1_1

World music is a musical category encompassing many different styles of music from around the world, including traditional music, quasi-traditional music, and music where more than one cultural tradition intermingle. World music_sentence_1

World music's inclusive nature and elasticity as a musical category pose obstacles to a universal definition, but its ethic of interest in the culturally exotic is encapsulated in fRoots magazine's description of the genre as "local music from out there". World music_sentence_2

Folk music that has been called "world music" has inclusive nature and elasticity as a musical category, posing some obstacles to a universal definition. World music_sentence_3

However, its ethic of interest in the culturally exotic is encapsulated in fRoots magazine's description of the 'genre' as "local music from out there." World music_sentence_4

This other folk music that does not follow "North American or British pop and folk traditions" has been given a catch-all term "world music" by music industries in Europe and North America. World music_sentence_5

The term was popularized in the 1980s as a marketing category for non-Western traditional music. World music_sentence_6

It has grown to include subgenres such as ethnic fusion (Clannad, Ry Cooder, Enya, etc.) and worldbeat. World music_sentence_7

Lexicology World music_section_0

Main article: World music (term) World music_sentence_8

The term "world music" has been credited to ethnomusicologist Robert E. Brown, who coined it in the early 1960s at Wesleyan University in Connecticut, where he developed undergraduate through doctoral programs in the discipline. World music_sentence_9

To enhance the learning process (John Hill), he invited more than a dozen visiting performers from Africa and Asia and began a world music concert series. World music_sentence_10

The term became current in the 1980s as a marketing/classificatory device in the media and the music industry. World music_sentence_11

There are several conflicting definitions for world music. World music_sentence_12

One is that it consists of "all the music in the world", though such a broad definition renders the term virtually meaningless. World music_sentence_13

Forms World music_section_1

Examples of popular forms of folk music include the various forms of non-European classical music (e.g. Chinese guzheng music, Indian raga music, Tibetan chants), Eastern European folk music (e.g. the village music of the Balkans, The Mystery of the Bulgarian Voices), Nordic folk music, Latin music, Indonesian music, and the many forms of folk and tribal music of the Middle East, Africa, Asia, Oceania, Central and South America. World music_sentence_14

The broad category of world music includes isolated forms of ethnic music from diverse geographical regions. World music_sentence_15

These dissimilar strains of ethnic music are commonly categorized together by virtue of their indigenous roots. World music_sentence_16

Over the 20th century, the invention of sound recording, low-cost international air travel, and common access to global communication among artists and the general public have given rise to a related phenomenon called "crossover" music. World music_sentence_17

Musicians from diverse cultures and locations could readily access recorded music from around the world, see and hear visiting musicians from other cultures and visit other countries to play their own music, creating a melting pot of stylistic influences. World music_sentence_18

While communication technology allows greater access to obscure forms of music, the pressures of commercialization also present the risk of increasing musical homogeneity, the blurring of regional identities, and the gradual extinction of traditional local music-making practices. World music_sentence_19

Hybrid examples World music_section_2

Since the music industry established this term, the fuller scope of what an average music consumer defines as "world" music in today's market has grown to include various blends of ethnic music tradition, style and interpretation, and derivative world music genres have been coined to represent these hybrids, such as ethnic fusion and worldbeat. World music_sentence_20

Good examples of hybrid, world fusion are the Irish-West African meld of Afro Celt Sound System, the pan-cultural sound of AO Music and the jazz / Finnish folk music of Värttinä, each of which bear tinges of contemporary, Western influence—an increasingly noticeable element in the expansion genres of world music. World music_sentence_21

Worldbeat and ethnic fusion can also blend specific indigenous sounds with more blatant elements of Western pop. World music_sentence_22

Good examples are Paul Simon's album Graceland, on which South African mbaqanga music is heard; Peter Gabriel's work with Pakistani Sufi singer Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan; the Deep Forest project, in which vocal loops from West Africa are blended with Western, contemporary rhythmic textures and harmony structure; and the work of Mango, who combined pop and rock music with world elements. World music_sentence_23

Depending on style and context, world music can sometimes share the new-age music genre, a category that often includes ambient music and textural expressions from indigenous roots sources. World music_sentence_24

Good examples are Tibetan bowls, Tuvan throat singing, Gregorian chant or Native American flute music. World music_sentence_25

World music blended with new-age music is a sound loosely classified as the hybrid genre 'ethnic fusion'. World music_sentence_26

Examples of ethnic fusion are Nicholas Gunn's "Face-to-Face" from Beyond Grand Canyon, featuring authentic Native American flute combined with synthesizers, and "Four Worlds" from The Music of the Grand Canyon, featuring spoken word from Razor Saltboy of the Navajo Indian Nation. World music_sentence_27

World fusion World music_section_3

The subgenre world fusion is often mistakenly assumed to refer exclusively to a blending of Western jazz fusion elements with world music. World music_sentence_28

Although such a hybrid expression falls easily into the world fusion category, the suffix "fusion" in the term world fusion should not be assumed to mean jazz fusion. World music_sentence_29

Western jazz combined with strong elements of world music is more accurately termed world fusion jazz, ethnic jazz or non-Western jazz. World music_sentence_30

World fusion and global fusion are nearly synonymous with the genre term worldbeat, and though these are considered subgenres of popular music, they may also imply universal expressions of the more general term world music. World music_sentence_31

In the 1970s and 80s, fusion in the jazz music genre implied a blending of jazz and rock music, which is where the misleading assumption is rooted. World music_sentence_32

Precursors World music_section_4

Millie Small released "My Boy Lollipop" in 1964. World music_sentence_33

Small's version was a hit, reaching number 2 both in the UK Singles Chart and in the US Billboard Hot 100. World music_sentence_34

In the 1960s, Miriam Makeba and Hugh Masekela had popular hits in the USA. World music_sentence_35

In 1969 Indian musician Ravi Shankar played sitar at the Woodstock festival. World music_sentence_36

In the 1970s, Manu Dibango's funky track "Soul Makossa" (1972) became a hit, and Osibisa released "Sunshine Day" (1976). World music_sentence_37

Fela Kuti created Afrobeat and Femi Kuti, Seun Kuti and Tony Allen followed Fela Kuti's funky music. World music_sentence_38

Salsa musicians such as José Alberto "El Canario", Ray Sepúlveda, Johnny Pacheco, Fania All-Stars, Ray Barretto, Rubén Blades, Gilberto Santa Rosa, Roberto Roena, Bobby Valentín, Eddie Palmieri, Héctor Lavoe and Willie Colón developed Latin music. World music_sentence_39

The Breton musician Alan Stivell pioneered the connection between traditional folk music, modern rock music and world music with his 1972 album Renaissance of the Celtic Harp. World music_sentence_40

Around the same time, Stivell's contemporary, Welsh singer-songwriter Meic Stevens popularised Welsh folk music. World music_sentence_41

Neo-traditional Welsh language music featuring a fusion of modern instruments and traditional instruments such as the pibgorn and the Welsh harp has been further developed by Bob Delyn a'r Ebillion. World music_sentence_42

Lebanese musical pioneer Lydia Canaan fused Middle-Eastern quarter notes and microtones with anglophone folk, and is listed in the catalog of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum's Library and Archives as the first rock star of the Middle East. World music_sentence_43

Popular genres World music_section_5

Non-Western World music_section_6

Although it primarily describes traditional music, the world music category also includes popular music from non-Western urban communities (e.g. South African "township" music) and non-European music forms that have been influenced by other so-called third-world musics (e.g. Afro-Cuban music). World music_sentence_44

The inspiration of Zimbabwe's Thomas Mapfumo in blending the Mbira (finger Piano) style onto the electric guitar, saw a host of other Zimbabwean musicians refining the genre, none more successfully than The Bhundu Boys. World music_sentence_45

The Bhundu Jit music hit Europe with some force in 1986, taking Andy Kershaw and John Peel fully under its spell. World music_sentence_46

For many years, Paris has attracted numerous musicians from former colonies in West and North Africa. World music_sentence_47

This scene is aided by the fact that there are many concerts and institutions that help to promote the music. World music_sentence_48

Algerian and Moroccan music have an important presence in the French capital. World music_sentence_49

Hundreds of thousands of Algerian and Moroccan immigrants have settled in Paris, bringing the sounds of Amazigh (Berber), raï, and Gnawa music. World music_sentence_50

The West African community is also very large, integrated by people from Senegal, Mali, Ivory Coast, and Guinea. World music_sentence_51

Unlike musical styles from other regions of the globe, the American music industry tends to categorize Latin music as its own genre and defines it as any music sung in Spanish from the Spanish-speaking world. World music_sentence_52

Western World music_section_7

The most common name for this form of music is also "folk music", but is often called "contemporary folk music" or "folk revival music" to make the distinction. World music_sentence_53

The transition was somewhat centered in the US and is also called the American folk music revival. World music_sentence_54

Fusion genres such as folk rock and others also evolved within this phenomenon. World music_sentence_55

1987 industry meeting World music_section_8

On 29 June 1987, a meeting of interested parties gathered to capitalize on the marketing of non-Western folk music. World music_sentence_56

Paul Simon had released the world music-influenced album Graceland in 1986. World music_sentence_57

The concept behind the album had been to express his own sensibilities using the sounds he had fallen in love with while listening to artists from Southern Africa, including Ladysmith Black Mambazo and Savuka. World music_sentence_58

This project and the work of Peter Gabriel and Johnny Clegg among others had, to some degree, introduced non-Western music to a wider audience. World music_sentence_59

They saw this as an opportunity. World music_sentence_60

In an unprecedented move, all of the world music labels coordinated together and developed a compilation cassette for the cover of the music magazine NME. World music_sentence_61

The overall running time was 90 minutes, each package containing a mini-catalog showing the other releases on offer. World music_sentence_62

By the time of a second meeting it became clear that a successful campaign required its own dedicated press officer. World music_sentence_63

The press officer would be able to juggle various deadlines and sell the music as a concept—not just to national stations, but also regional DJs keen to expand their musical variety. World music_sentence_64

DJs were a key resource as it was important to make "world music" important to people outside London—most regions after all had a similarly heritage to tap into. World music_sentence_65

A cost-effective way of achieving all this would be a leafleting campaign. World music_sentence_66

The next step was to develop a world music chart, gathering together selling information from around fifty shops, so that it would finally be possible to see which were big sellers in the genre—so new listeners could see what was particularly popular. World music_sentence_67

It was agreed that the NME could again be involved in printing the chart and also Music Week and the London listings magazine City Limits. World music_sentence_68

It was also suggested that Andy Kershaw might be persuaded to do a run down of this chart on his show regularly. World music_sentence_69

Relationship to immigration and multiculturalism World music_section_9

Further information: Music of Canadian cultures World music_sentence_70

In most wealthy industrialized countries, large amounts of immigration from other regions has been ongoing for many decades. World music_sentence_71

This has introduced non-Western music to Western audiences not only as "exotic" imports, but also as local music played by fellow citizens. World music_sentence_72

But the process is ongoing and continues to produce new forms. World music_sentence_73

In the 2010s several musicians from immigrant communities in the West rose to global popularity, such as Haitian-American Wyclef Jean, Somali-Canadian K'naan, Tamil-Briton M.I.A. World music_sentence_74 , or Colombian Shakira, often blending the music of their heritage with hip-hop or pop. World music_sentence_75

Cuban-born singer-songwriter Addys Mercedes started her international career from Germany mixing traditional elements of Son with pop. World music_sentence_76

Once, an established Western artist might collaborate with an established African artist to produce an album or two. World music_sentence_77

Now, new bands and new genres are built from the ground up by young performers. World music_sentence_78

For example, the Punjabi-Irish fusion band Delhi 2 Dublin is from neither India nor Ireland, but Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. World music_sentence_79

Country for Syria, an Istanbul based music collective, blends American Country music with the music of Syrian refugees and local Turkish music. World music_sentence_80

Musicians and composers also work collectively to create original compositions for various combinations of western and non western instruments. World music_sentence_81

The introduction of non-western music into western culture created a fusion that influenced both parties. World music_sentence_82

(Feld 31) With the quick demand for new music came the technicalities of ownership. World music_sentence_83

As Feld states in page 31: “This complex traffic in sounds money and media is rooted in the nature of revitalization through appropriation.” There are collaborations between African and American popular music artists that raise questions on who is benefiting from said collaborations. World music_sentence_84

(Feld 31) Feld mentions the example of “That was your mother”. World music_sentence_85

Alton Rubin and his band the Twisters collaborated with Paul Simon on the song that possessed a zydeco feel, signature of Dopsie’s band. World music_sentence_86

Even though Paul Simon wrote and sang the lyrics with them, the whole copyright is attributed to Paul and not to the band as well. World music_sentence_87

(Feld 34) Because of crossovers like this one, where there was a disproportional gain when covering non-western music. World music_sentence_88

Feld states that World music_sentence_89

“…international music scene, where worldwide media contact, amalgamation of the music industry towards world record sales domination by three enormous companies, and extensive copyright controls by a few Western countries are having a riveting effect on the commodification of musical skill and styles, and on the power of musical ownership.” (Feld 32) World music_sentence_90

Immigration also heavily influences world music, providing a variety of options for the wider public. World music_sentence_91

In the 1970’s Punjabi music was greatly popular in the UK because of its growing Punjabi diaspora. World music_sentence_92

(Schreffler 347) Bhangra music was also greatly covered by its diaspora in cities like New York and Chicago. World music_sentence_93

(Schreffler 351) For a more mainstream integration, the Punjabi music scene integrated collaborations with rappers and started gaining more recognition. World music_sentence_94

One of these successful attempts was a remix of the song “Mundiān ton Bach ke” called “Beware of the Boys” by Panjabi MC featuring Jay Z. World music_sentence_95

(Schreffler 354) Collaborations between outsider artists provided an integration of their music, even with foreign instrumentation, into the popular music scene. World music_sentence_96

Immigration, being a great part of music exportation, plays a big role in cultural identity. World music_sentence_97

Immigrant communities use music to feel as if they are home and future generations it plays the role of educating or giving insight into what their culture is about. World music_sentence_98

In Punjabi culture, music became the carrier of culture around the world. World music_sentence_99

(Schreffler 355) World music_sentence_100

Radio programs World music_section_10

World music radio programs today often play African hip hop or reggae artists, crossover Bhangra and Latin American jazz groups, etc. Common media for world music include public radio, webcasting, the BBC, NPR, and the (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). World music_sentence_101

By default, non-region-specific or multi-cultural world music projects are often listed under the generic category of world music. World music_sentence_102

Examples of radio shows that feature world music include The Culture Cafe on WWUH West Hartford, World of Music on Voice of America, Transpacific Sound Paradise on WFMU, The Planet on Australia's ABC Radio National, DJ Edu presenting D.N.A: DestiNation Africa on BBC Radio 1Xtra, Adil Ray on the BBC Asian Network, Andy Kershaw's show on BBC Radio 3 and Charlie Gillett's show on the BBC World Service. World music_sentence_103

Awards World music_section_11

Main article: Awards for world music World music_sentence_104

The BBC Radio 3 Awards for World Music was an award given to world music artists between 2002 and 2008, sponsored by BBC Radio 3. World music_sentence_105

The award was thought up by fRoots magazine's editor Ian Anderson, inspired by the BBC Radio 2 Folk Awards. World music_sentence_106

Award categories included: Africa, Asia/Pacific, Americas, Europe, Mid East and North Africa, Newcomer, Culture Crossing, Club Global, Album of the Year, and Audience Award. World music_sentence_107

Initial lists of nominees in each category were selected annually by a panel of several thousand industry experts. World music_sentence_108

Shortlisted nominees were voted on by a twelve-member jury, which selected the winners in every category except for the Audience Award category. World music_sentence_109

These jury members were appointed and presided over by the BBC. World music_sentence_110

The annual awards ceremony was held at the BBC Proms and winners were given an award called a "Planet". World music_sentence_111

In March 2009, the BBC made a decision to axe the BBC Radio 3 Awards for World Music. World music_sentence_112

In response to the BBC's decision to end its awards program, the British world music magazine Songlines launched the Songlines Music Awards in 2009 "to recognise outstanding talent in world music". World music_sentence_113

The WOMEX Awards were introduced in 1999 to honor the high points of world music on an international level and to acknowledge musical excellence, social importance, commercial success, political impact and lifetime achievement. World music_sentence_114

Every October at the WOMEX event, the award figurine—an ancient mother goddess statue dating back about 6000 years to the Neolithic age—is presented in an award ceremony to a worthy member of the world music community. World music_sentence_115

Festivals World music_section_12

See also: :Category:World music festivals World music_sentence_116

Many festivals are identified as being "world music"; here's a small representative selection: World music_sentence_117

World music_unordered_list_0

  • The WOMAD Foundation organizes festivals in countries around the world.World music_item_0_0

Australia World music_sentence_118

World music_unordered_list_1

  • The Globe to Globe World Music Festival takes place in the City of Kingston, Melbourne, for 2 days each year in January.World music_item_1_1

Bangladesh World music_sentence_119

World music_unordered_list_2

Belgium World music_sentence_120

World music_unordered_list_3

Canada World music_sentence_121

World music_unordered_list_4

  • Sunfest is an annual 4-day world music festival that happens in London, Ontario, primarily in Victoria Park; it typically runs the weekend after Canada Day in early July.World music_item_4_4

Croatia World music_sentence_122

World music_unordered_list_5

  • Ethnoambient is a two- or three-day world music festival held every summer since 1998 in Solin, Dalmatia, in southern Croatia.World music_item_5_5

France World music_sentence_123

World music_unordered_list_6

  • The Festival de l'Inde takes place in Evian, Haute-Savoie.World music_item_6_6
  • Fête de la Musique ("World Music Day") was initiated in 1982 in France. World Music Day has been celebrated on 21 June every year since then.World music_item_6_7

Germany World music_sentence_124

World music_unordered_list_7

  • The TFF Rudolstadt takes place annually on the first full July weekend in Rudolstadt, Thuringia, Germany.World music_item_7_8
  • The German World Music Festival der Klangfreunde takes place every first weekend of August, at Schlosspark Loshausen. Klangfreunde e. V. is a non-profit organization.World music_item_7_9
  • Wilde Töne, Festival für Folk- und Weltmusik in Braunschweig GermanyWorld music_item_7_10

Hungary World music_sentence_125

World music_unordered_list_8

  • Budapest Ritmo Festival takes place in Budapest, Hungary.World music_item_8_11
  • The WOMEX when in Budapest (2015)World music_item_8_12

Iceland World music_sentence_126

World music_unordered_list_9

  • Fest Afrika Reykjavík takes place every September.World music_item_9_13

India World music_sentence_127

World music_unordered_list_10

  • The Lakshminarayana Global Music Festival (LGMF) takes place annually during December–January, often across several major cities in India. The LGMF has also traveled to 22 countries.World music_item_10_14

Indonesia World music_sentence_128

World music_unordered_list_11

  • Matasora World Music Festival is held in Bandung, Java.World music_item_11_15

Iran World music_sentence_129

World music_unordered_list_12

  • The Fajr International Music Festival is Iran's most prestigious music festival, founded in 1986. The festival is affiliated with UNESCO and includes national and international competition sections. Since its establishment, many musicians from several countries like Austria, Germany, France have participated in the event. The festival has enjoyed a strong presence of Asian countries as well.World music_item_12_16

Italy World music_sentence_130

World music_unordered_list_13

  • The Ariano Folkfestival is a five-day world music festival held every summer in Ariano Irpino, a small town in southern Italy.World music_item_13_17
  • The World Music Festival Lo Sguardo di Ulisse was first held in 1997 in Campania, Italy.World music_item_13_18

Macedonia World music_sentence_131

World music_unordered_list_14

  • OFFest is a five-day world music festival held every summer since 2002 in Skopje.World music_item_14_19

Malaysia World music_sentence_132

World music_unordered_list_15

Mali World music_sentence_133

World music_unordered_list_16

  • The Festival au Désert took place every year from 2001 until 2012 in Mali, West Africa, and achieved international status in spite of the difficulties of reaching its location.World music_item_16_21

Morocco World music_sentence_134

World music_unordered_list_17

  • Mawazine is a festival of world music that takes place annually in Rabat, Morocco, featuring Arab and international music icons.World music_item_17_22

New Zealand World music_sentence_135

World music_unordered_list_18

  • A world music festival is held in New Plymouth, New Zealand, in early March each year, namely the New Zealand location of WOMAD.World music_item_18_23

Nigeria World music_sentence_136

World music_unordered_list_19

  • World Music day is usually celebrated for one week in Lagos, Nigeria at different location around the state.World music_item_19_24

World music_unordered_list_20

  • World music_item_20_25
  • World music_item_20_26
  • World music_item_20_27
  • World music_item_20_28
  • World music_item_20_29
  • World music_item_20_30
  • World music_item_20_31
  • World music_item_20_32
  • World music_item_20_33
  • World music_item_20_34
  • World music_item_20_35
  • World music_item_20_36
  • World music_item_20_37
  • World music_item_20_38

Poland World music_sentence_137

World music_unordered_list_21

  • Poland's Cross-Culture Warsaw Festival is held in September each year.World music_item_21_39
  • Brave Festival, Wrocław, Poland. July each year.World music_item_21_40
  • Ethno Port, Poznań, Poland. June each year.World music_item_21_41
  • Ethno Jazz Festival in Wrocław, Poland. Several events throughout the whole year.World music_item_21_42
  • Different Sounds (Inne brzmienia), Lublin, Poland. July each year.World music_item_21_43
  • Francophonic Festival in Warsaw, Poland. March each year.World music_item_21_44
  • Nowa Tradycja (New Tradition), Warsaw, Poland. May each year.World music_item_21_45
  • Siesta Festival, Gdańsk, Poland. First edition in April/May 2011.World music_item_21_46

Portugal World music_sentence_138

World music_unordered_list_22

Romania World music_sentence_139

World music_unordered_list_23

  • Méra World Music Festival takes place annually at the end of July or the beginning of August (including the first weekend of August) in the rural farms of Méra village (Kalotaszeg Region/ Țara Călatei, Cluj County, Romania). It was held for the first time in 2016 and it is the only world music festival in Transylvania. Besides the diverse international musical program, "Méra World Music" offers a unique insight into the local traditional folk culture.World music_item_23_48
  • "Plai Festival" in TimișoaraWorld music_item_23_49

Serbia World music_sentence_140

World music_unordered_list_24

  • The Serbia World Music Festival is a three-day world music festival held every summer in Takovo, a small village in central Serbia.World music_item_24_50

Spain Spain's most important world music festivals are: World music_sentence_141

World music_unordered_list_25

Sweden World music_sentence_142

World music_unordered_list_26

  • The "Yoga Mela" Yoga & Sacred Music Festival is held annually in Skåne County.World music_item_26_58

Turkey World music_sentence_143

World music_unordered_list_27

  • Konya Mystic Music Festival is held annually in Konya since 2004, in recent years in commemoration of Rumi's birthday. The festival features traditional music from around the world with a mystical theme, religious function or sacred content.World music_item_27_59
  • The Fethiye World Music Festival presents musicians from different countries of the world.World music_item_27_60

Uganda World music_sentence_144

World music_unordered_list_28

  • The Milege World Music Festival has become a big festival in Uganda inviting musicians and fans from all over Africa and the rest of the world to enjoy live music, games, sports and so on. The festival runs for three consecutive days every November at the Botanical Gardens, Entebbe, Uganda.World music_item_28_61

Ukraine World music_sentence_145

World music_unordered_list_29

  • Svirzh World Music Festival (Lviv region)World music_item_29_62

United Kingdom World music_sentence_146

World music_unordered_list_30

  • Glastonbury Festival is an annual five-day festival of contemporary performing arts held in Pilton, Somerset, near Glastonbury.World music_item_30_63
  • Musicport World Music Festival is held annually at The Spa Pavilion, Whitby, North Yorkshire.World music_item_30_64
  • The Music Village Festival is held every two years in London and has been running since 1987. It is organised by the Cultural Co-operation.World music_item_30_65
  • Drum Camp, established in 1996, is a unique world music festival, combining singing, dancing, and drumming workshops during the day with live concerts at night.World music_item_30_66
  • World Music Month, started in October 1987, is a music festival held at the O2 Forum Kentish Town in London; it was the start of the winter season for both WOMAD and Arts Worldwide.World music_item_30_67
  • WOMAD Charlton Park has been running annually since 1986 and is held at Charlton Park in Wiltshire.World music_item_30_68

United States World music_sentence_147

World music_unordered_list_31

See also World music_section_13

World music_unordered_list_32

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: music.