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For other uses, see Worship (disambiguation). Worship_sentence_0

Worship is an act of religious usually directed towards a deity. Worship_sentence_1

For many, worship is not about an emotion, it is more about a recognition of God. Worship_sentence_2

An act of worship may be performed individually, in an informal or formal group, or by a designated leader. Worship_sentence_3

Such acts may involve honoring. Worship_sentence_4

Etymology Worship_section_0

The word is derived from the Old English weorþscipe, meaning to venerate "worship, honour shown to an object, which has been etymologised as "worthiness or worth-ship"—to give, at its simplest, worth to something. Worship_sentence_5

Worship in various religions Worship_section_1

Buddhism Worship_section_2

Further information: Buddhist devotion and Puja (Buddhism) Worship_sentence_6

Worship in Buddhism may take innumerable forms given the doctrine of skillful means. Worship_sentence_7

Worship is evident in Buddhism in such forms as: guru yoga, mandala, thanka, yantra yoga, the discipline of the fighting monks of Shaolin, panchamrita, mantra recitation, tea ceremony, ganacakra, amongst others. Worship_sentence_8

Buddhist Devotion is an important part of the practice of most Buddhists. Worship_sentence_9

According to a spokesman of the Sasana Council of Burma, devotion to Buddhist spiritual practices inspires devotion to the Triple Gem. Worship_sentence_10

Most Buddhists use ritual in pursuit of their spiritual aspirations. Worship_sentence_11

In Buddhism, puja (Sanskrit & Pali: pūjā) are expressions of "honour, worship and devotional attention." Worship_sentence_12

Acts of puja include bowing, making offerings and chanting. Worship_sentence_13

These devotional acts are generally performed daily at home (either in the morning or evening or both) as well as during communal festivals and Uposatha days at a temple. Worship_sentence_14

Meditation (samādhi) is a central form of worship in Buddhism. Worship_sentence_15

This practice is focused on the third step of the Eightfold Path that ultimately leads to self awakening, also known as enlightenment. Worship_sentence_16

Meditation promotes self-awareness and exploration of the mind and spirit. Worship_sentence_17

Traditionally, Buddhist meditation had combined samatha (the act of stopping and calming oneself) and vipasyana (seeing clearly within) to create a complete mind and body experience. Worship_sentence_18

By stopping one's everyday activities and focusing on something simple, the mind can open and expand enough to reach a spiritual level. Worship_sentence_19

By practicing the step of vipasyana, one does not achieve the final stage of awareness, but rather approaches one step closer. Worship_sentence_20

Mindful meditation teaches one to stop reacting quickly to thoughts and external objects that present themselves, but rather to peacefully hold the thought without immediately responding to it. Worship_sentence_21

Although in traditional Buddhist faith, enlightenment is the desired end goal of meditation, it is more of a cycle in a literal sense that helps individuals better understand their minds. Worship_sentence_22

For example, meditation leads to understanding, leading to kindness, leading to peace, etc. Worship_sentence_23

Christianity Worship_section_3

Main articles: Christian worship, Anglican devotions, Church service, Mass in the Catholic Church, and Catholic devotions Worship_sentence_24

In Christianity, a church service is a formalized period of communal worship, often but not exclusively occurring on Sunday (or on Saturday in the case of those churches practicing seventh-day Sabbatarianism). Worship_sentence_25

The church service is the gathering together of Christians to be taught the "Word of God" (the Holy Bible) and encouraged in their faith. Worship_sentence_26

Technically, the "church" in "church service" refers to the gathering of the faithful rather than to the building in which the event takes place. Worship_sentence_27

In Christianity, worship is reverent honor and homage paid to God. Worship_sentence_28

The New Testament uses various words to express the concept of worship. Worship_sentence_29

The word proskuneo - "to worship" - means to bow down (to Gods or to kings). Worship_sentence_30

Mass is the central act of divine worship in the Catholic Church. Worship_sentence_31

The Congregation for Divine Worship at the Vatican publishes a Directory on Popular Piety and the Liturgy. Worship_sentence_32

Roman Catholic devotions are "external practices of piety" which are not part of the official liturgy of the Catholic Church but are part of the popular spiritual practices of Catholics. Worship_sentence_33

They do not become part of liturgical worship, even if conducted in a Catholic church, in a group, in the presence of a priest. Worship_sentence_34

Anglican devotions are private prayers and practices used by Anglican Christians to promote spiritual growth and communion with God. Worship_sentence_35

Among members of the Anglican Communion, private devotional habits vary widely, depending on personal preference and on affiliation with low-church or high-church parishes. Worship_sentence_36

Adoration versus veneration Worship_section_4

The New Testament uses various words translatable as "worship". Worship_sentence_37

The word proskuneo - "to worship" - means to bow down to gods or kings. Worship_sentence_38

Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, Oriental Orthodoxy, and Eastern Orthodoxy make a technical distinction between two different concepts: Worship_sentence_39


  • adoration or latria (Latin adoratio, Greek latreia, [λατρεία]), which is due to God aloneWorship_item_0_0
  • veneration or dulia (Latin veneratio, Greek douleia [δουλεία]), which may be lawfully offered to the saintsWorship_item_0_1

The external acts of veneration resemble those of worship, but differ in their object and intent. Worship_sentence_40

Protestant Christians, who reject the veneration of saints, question whether Catholics always maintain such a distinction in actual devotional practice, especially at the level of folk religion. Worship_sentence_41

According to Mark Miravalle the English word "worship" is equivocal, in that it has been used (in Catholic writing, at any rate) to denote both adoration/latria and veneration/dulia, and in some cases even as a synonym for veneration as distinct from adoration: Worship_sentence_42

Orthodox Judaism and orthodox Sunni Islam hold that for all practical purposes veneration should be considered the same as prayer; Orthodox Judaism (arguably with the exception of some Chasidic practices), orthodox Sunni Islam, and most kinds of Protestantism forbid veneration of saints or of angels, classifying these actions as akin to idolatry. Worship_sentence_43

Similarly, Jehovah's Witnesses assert that many actions classified as patriotic by Protestant groups, such as saluting a flag, count as equivalent to worship and are therefore considered idolatrous as well. Worship_sentence_44

Hinduism Worship_section_5

Further information: Puja (Hinduism), Yajna, Bhajan, fasting, and kirtan Worship_sentence_45

Worship in Hinduism involves invoking higher forces to assist in spiritual and material progress and is simultaneously both a science and an art. Worship_sentence_46

A sense of bhakti or devotional love is generally invoked. Worship_sentence_47

This term is probably a central one in Hinduism. Worship_sentence_48

A direct translation from the Sanskrit to English is problematic. Worship_sentence_49

Worship takes a multitude of forms depending on community groups, geography and language. Worship_sentence_50

There is a flavour of loving and being in love with whatever object or focus of devotion. Worship_sentence_51

Worship is not confined to any place of worship, it also incorporates personal reflection, art forms and group. Worship_sentence_52

People usually perform worship to achieve some specific end or to integrate the body, the mind and the spirit in order to help the performer evolve into a higher being. Worship_sentence_53

Islam Worship_section_6

Main article: Ibadah Worship_sentence_54

In Islam, worship refers to ritualistic devotion as well as actions done in accordance to Islamic law which is ordained by and pleasing to Allah (God). Worship_sentence_55

Worship is included in the Five Pillars of Islam, primarily that of salat, which is the practice of ritual prayer five times daily. Worship_sentence_56

According to Muhammad Asad, on his notes in The Message of the Qur'an translation on 51:56, Worship_sentence_57

In the Muslim world, the word worship (in the literal context of worshipping) is forbidden to be used if it refers to an object or action and not exclusively to Allah. Worship_sentence_58

Judaism Worship_section_7

Further information: Jewish services Worship_sentence_59

Worship of God in Judaism is called Avodat Hashem. Worship_sentence_60

During the period when the Temple stood, the rites conducted there were considered the most important act of Jewish worship. Worship_sentence_61

However, the most common form of worship was and remains that of prayer. Worship_sentence_62

Other forms of worship include the conduct of prescribed rituals, such as the Passover Seder and waving the Four Species, with proper intent, as well as various types of Jewish meditation. Worship_sentence_63

Worship through mundane activities Worship_section_8

Jewish sources also express the notion that one can perform any appropriate mundane activity as the worship of God. Worship_sentence_64

Examples would include returning a lost article and working to support oneself and one's family. Worship_sentence_65

The Code of Jewish Law (Orach Chayim, Chapter 231) cites Proverbs (3:6), "in all your ways, know him" (Hebrew: בכל דרכיך דעהו (b'chol d'rachecha dei'eihu)), as a biblical source for this idea. Worship_sentence_66

Sikhism Worship_section_9

In Sikhism, worship takes place after the Guru Granth Sahib, which is the work of the 10 Sikh Gurus all in one. Worship_sentence_67

Sikhs worship God and only one God, known as "One Creator", "The Wonderful Teacher" (Waheguru), or "Destroyer of Darkness". Worship_sentence_68

Wicca Worship_section_10

Wiccan worship commonly takes place during a full moon or a new moon. Worship_sentence_69

Such rituals are called an Esbat and may involve a magic circle which practitioners believe will contain energy and form a sacred space, or will provide them a form of magical protection. Worship_sentence_70

Modern worship Worship_section_11

In modern society and sociology, some writers have commented on the ways that people no longer simply worship recognised deities, but also (or instead) worship consumer brands, sports teams, and other people (celebrities). Worship_sentence_71

Sociology therefore extends this argument to suggest outside of a religion worship is a process whereby society worships itself, as a form of self-valorization and self-preservation. Worship_sentence_72

See also Worship_section_12


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Worship.