For other uses, see Worship (disambiguation).
For many, worship is not about an emotion, it is more about a recognition of God.
An act of worship may be performed individually, in an informal or formal group, or by a designated leader.
Such acts may involve honoring.
The word is derived from the Old English weorþscipe, meaning to venerate "worship, honour shown to an object, which has been etymologised as "worthiness or worth-ship"—to give, at its simplest, worth to something.
Worship in various religions
Worship is evident in Buddhism in such forms as: guru yoga, mandala, thanka, yantra yoga, the discipline of the fighting monks of Shaolin, panchamrita, mantra recitation, tea ceremony, ganacakra, amongst others.
Buddhist Devotion is an important part of the practice of most Buddhists.
According to a spokesman of the Sasana Council of Burma, devotion to Buddhist spiritual practices inspires devotion to the Triple Gem.
Most Buddhists use ritual in pursuit of their spiritual aspirations.
In Buddhism, puja (Sanskrit & Pali: pūjā) are expressions of "honour, worship and devotional attention."
Acts of puja include bowing, making offerings and chanting.
These devotional acts are generally performed daily at home (either in the morning or evening or both) as well as during communal festivals and Uposatha days at a temple.
This practice is focused on the third step of the Eightfold Path that ultimately leads to self awakening, also known as enlightenment.
Meditation promotes self-awareness and exploration of the mind and spirit.
By stopping one's everyday activities and focusing on something simple, the mind can open and expand enough to reach a spiritual level.
By practicing the step of vipasyana, one does not achieve the final stage of awareness, but rather approaches one step closer.
Mindful meditation teaches one to stop reacting quickly to thoughts and external objects that present themselves, but rather to peacefully hold the thought without immediately responding to it.
Although in traditional Buddhist faith, enlightenment is the desired end goal of meditation, it is more of a cycle in a literal sense that helps individuals better understand their minds.
For example, meditation leads to understanding, leading to kindness, leading to peace, etc.
In Christianity, a church service is a formalized period of communal worship, often but not exclusively occurring on Sunday (or on Saturday in the case of those churches practicing seventh-day Sabbatarianism).
The New Testament uses various words to express the concept of worship.
The word proskuneo - "to worship" - means to bow down (to Gods or to kings).
They do not become part of liturgical worship, even if conducted in a Catholic church, in a group, in the presence of a priest.
Adoration versus veneration
The New Testament uses various words translatable as "worship".
The word proskuneo - "to worship" - means to bow down to gods or kings.
- adoration or latria (Latin adoratio, Greek latreia, [λατρεία]), which is due to God alone
- veneration or dulia (Latin veneratio, Greek douleia [δουλεία]), which may be lawfully offered to the saints
The external acts of veneration resemble those of worship, but differ in their object and intent.
Protestant Christians, who reject the veneration of saints, question whether Catholics always maintain such a distinction in actual devotional practice, especially at the level of folk religion.
According to Mark Miravalle the English word "worship" is equivocal, in that it has been used (in Catholic writing, at any rate) to denote both adoration/latria and veneration/dulia, and in some cases even as a synonym for veneration as distinct from adoration:
Orthodox Judaism and orthodox Sunni Islam hold that for all practical purposes veneration should be considered the same as prayer; Orthodox Judaism (arguably with the exception of some Chasidic practices), orthodox Sunni Islam, and most kinds of Protestantism forbid veneration of saints or of angels, classifying these actions as akin to idolatry.
Similarly, Jehovah's Witnesses assert that many actions classified as patriotic by Protestant groups, such as saluting a flag, count as equivalent to worship and are therefore considered idolatrous as well.
Worship in Hinduism involves invoking higher forces to assist in spiritual and material progress and is simultaneously both a science and an art.
A sense of bhakti or devotional love is generally invoked.
This term is probably a central one in Hinduism.
A direct translation from the Sanskrit to English is problematic.
Worship takes a multitude of forms depending on community groups, geography and language.
There is a flavour of loving and being in love with whatever object or focus of devotion.
Worship is not confined to any place of worship, it also incorporates personal reflection, art forms and group.
People usually perform worship to achieve some specific end or to integrate the body, the mind and the spirit in order to help the performer evolve into a higher being.
Main article: Ibadah
In the Muslim world, the word worship (in the literal context of worshipping) is forbidden to be used if it refers to an object or action and not exclusively to Allah.
Further information: Jewish services
Worship of God in Judaism is called Avodat Hashem.
However, the most common form of worship was and remains that of prayer.
Worship through mundane activities
Jewish sources also express the notion that one can perform any appropriate mundane activity as the worship of God.
Examples would include returning a lost article and working to support oneself and one's family.
Sikhs worship God and only one God, known as "One Creator", "The Wonderful Teacher" (Waheguru), or "Destroyer of Darkness".
Wiccan worship commonly takes place during a full moon or a new moon.
In modern society and sociology, some writers have commented on the ways that people no longer simply worship recognised deities, but also (or instead) worship consumer brands, sports teams, and other people (celebrities).
Sociology therefore extends this argument to suggest outside of a religion worship is a process whereby society worships itself, as a form of self-valorization and self-preservation.
- Ancestor worship
- Animal worship
- Idol worship
- Imperial cult
- Major world religions
- Muscle worship
- Nature worship
- Pole worship
- Sacrifice - an offering of propitiation or of worship
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Worship.