Wynberg, Cape Town

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Wynberg, Cape Town_table_infobox_0

WynbergWynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_0_0
CountryWynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_1_0 South AfricaWynberg, Cape Town_cell_0_1_1
ProvinceWynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_2_0 Western CapeWynberg, Cape Town_cell_0_2_1
MunicipalityWynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_3_0 City of Cape TownWynberg, Cape Town_cell_0_3_1
Main PlaceWynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_4_0 Cape TownWynberg, Cape Town_cell_0_4_1
GovernmentWynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_5_0
CouncillorWynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_6_0 Montgomery Oliver (DA)Wynberg, Cape Town_cell_0_6_1
AreaWynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_7_0
TotalWynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_8_0 5.06 km (1.95 sq mi)Wynberg, Cape Town_cell_0_8_1
Population (2011)Wynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_9_0
TotalWynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_10_0 14,472Wynberg, Cape Town_cell_0_10_1
DensityWynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_11_0 2,900/km (7,400/sq mi)Wynberg, Cape Town_cell_0_11_1
Racial makeup (2011)Wynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_12_0
Black AfricanWynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_13_0 21.2%Wynberg, Cape Town_cell_0_13_1
ColouredWynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_14_0 46.1%Wynberg, Cape Town_cell_0_14_1
Indian/AsianWynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_15_0 3.4%Wynberg, Cape Town_cell_0_15_1
WhiteWynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_16_0 23.9%Wynberg, Cape Town_cell_0_16_1
OtherWynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_17_0 5.4%Wynberg, Cape Town_cell_0_17_1
First languages (2011)Wynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_18_0
EnglishWynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_19_0 69.6%Wynberg, Cape Town_cell_0_19_1
AfrikaansWynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_20_0 14.9%Wynberg, Cape Town_cell_0_20_1
XhosaWynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_21_0 5.0%Wynberg, Cape Town_cell_0_21_1
SothoWynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_22_0 1.1%Wynberg, Cape Town_cell_0_22_1
OtherWynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_23_0 9.4%Wynberg, Cape Town_cell_0_23_1
Time zoneWynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_24_0 UTC+2 (SAST)Wynberg, Cape Town_cell_0_24_1
Postal code (street)Wynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_25_0 7800Wynberg, Cape Town_cell_0_25_1
PO boxWynberg, Cape Town_header_cell_0_26_0 7824Wynberg, Cape Town_cell_0_26_1

Wynberg is a southern suburb of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape, South Africa. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_0

It is situated between Plumstead and Kenilworth, and is a main transport hub for the Southern Suburbs of Cape Town. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_1

History Wynberg, Cape Town_section_0

In 1683 land along the Liesbeek River was granted to Herman Weeckens by Simon van der Stel. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_2

The farm was named De Oude Wijnbergh (Old Wine Mountain). Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_3

The Cape's rough seas in the winter months led to a formal winter anchorage in 1743 where ships would dock at Simons' Baai (present day Simon's Town). Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_4

A wagon route linking Cape Town to Simon's Town went over the hill adjacent to De Oude Wjinbergh estate. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_5

When the British took control of the Cape settlement on 16 Sept 1795 the small farming area of Wynberg developed rapidly into a garrison town, as the British settled a large number of troops in the area. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_6

A notable settler was Alexander Tennant who built a house still standing, named Sonnebloem. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_7

At Wynberg the Dutch had earlier made a show of resistance, but they were soon driven from their post by the British. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_8

Wynberg was a convenient halfway point between Table Bay and False Bay and this led to a hub of commercial activity. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_9

The authorities had allotted places where large teams of oxen could be unyoked and graze which made this possible. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_10

The village provided farmers with an alternative to the market in Cape Town. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_11

As more farms were subdivided commercial and residential properties began to increase. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_12

Diplomat Edmund Roberts passed through Wynberg in 1833. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_13

He described it as being "beautiful," and being "adorned with a great number of gentlemen's seats, and neat cottages, the avenues leading to them having well-trimmed hedges of myrtle and oak..." The famous astronomer John Herschel lived at Wynberg between 1834 and 1838, where he set up a telescope to study the southern hemisphere skies, and also did some botanical work on South African flowers together with his wife Margaret. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_14

In addition, it was in Wynberg that the young Charles Darwin met Herschel in 1836, a meeting which considerably influenced Darwin's later work. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_15

Battswood School was established in 1891 by Martha Grey. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_16

Martha was a local coloured woman, born at the time of the emancipation of slavery in 1838. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_17

The school was closed and the property sold by the Dutch Mission Church in 1997, it was officially re-opened in Ottery, Cape Town, a few kilometres from Wynberg by ex-President Mandela in 2001. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_18

One of South Africa's first electric power plants was built in Wynberg on Electric Road in 1893. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_19

Opened by the mayor of Wynberg, James Bisset, to provide power to a local tram system and public streetlights. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_20

Geography Wynberg, Cape Town_section_1

Wynberg is bordered by Kenilworth to the north and Plumstead to the south east, Constantia is situated to its west. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_21

Wynberg railway station is on the main line from Cape Town to Simon's Town. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_22

Main Road (which runs from Central Cape Town through to Simon's Town) runs through Wynberg, and the suburb can also be accessed from the M3 freeway which skirts the west of the Neighborhood close to the Wynberg Military Base. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_23

Demographics Wynberg, Cape Town_section_2

As of the census of 2001, there were 4,417 households and 12,821 people residing in the suburb. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_24

The racial makeup of the suburb was 8.42% Black African, 49.82% Coloured, 11.93% Indian/Asian, 29.83% White and 0% from other races. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_25

In the suburb the population was spread out, with 24.67% under the age of 18, 29.94% from 18 to 34, 25.65% from 35 to 54, 8.74% from 55 to 64, and 11.00% who were 65 years of age or older. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_26

For every 100 females there were 85.44 males. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_27

77.69% of the population speak English, 15.34% speak Afrikaans, 4.45% speak Xhosa, 1.59% speak another African language and 0.92% some other language as a first language. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_28

Arts and Culture Wynberg, Cape Town_section_3

The Maynardville Community Chest Carnival takes place annually, during the first half of the year. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_29

Attractions and amenities Wynberg, Cape Town_section_4

Wynberg, Cape Town_unordered_list_0

Education Wynberg, Cape Town_section_5

Wynberg Boys' High School, on the hillside above the main village, is the second oldest school in South Africa, having been established in 1841. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_30

It is located on Hawthornden Estate alongside the former stately home of Prince Labia. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_31

The Junior School is housed in Victorian buildings in Cape Town designed by acclaimed architect Sir Herbert Baker. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_32

There are two prominent all-girls schools in the area: Wynberg Girls' High School is located near the village, whilst the Springfield Convent School is a Catholic school situated close to Wynberg Boys' High School. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_33

Sports Wynberg, Cape Town_section_6

The Royal Cape Golf Club, South Africa's oldest club, had its beginning on 14 November 1885 when Lt Gen Sir Henry Torrens, Governor of the Cape Colony chaired a meeting at the Cape Town Castle "for the purpose of introducing the game of golf and starting a club for the same". Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_34

It was on Waterloo Green at the Wynberg Military Camp that the Club established its first home. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_35

The layout of the course is not known and it is certain that playing conditions at their best were rough and ready. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_36

Wynberg Military Base Wynberg, Cape Town_section_7

The military base was established in 1804 following the report of a commission appointed to find a suitable base for the 'Hottentot Corps'. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_37

The farm of Alexander Tennant, De Oude Wynberg, was selected. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_38

From 1804 the military took increasing interest in this strategic location. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_39

Tennant sold 78 morgen to the Cape government in March 1809; while the British Secretary at War acquired a further 54 morgen in June 1886. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_40

December 1921 saw the transfer of the all the land, property and buildings to the government of the Union of South Africa. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_41

A rock behind 2 Military Hospital bears an inscription recording the dates when the 59th Regiment (2nd East Lancashire) formed part of the Cape garrison: 1806, 1859–61, 1911-14. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_42

The Officers' Mess was declared a Provincial Heritage Site. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_43

Coat of arms Wynberg, Cape Town_section_8

Wynberg was a municipality in its own right from 1886 to 1927. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_44

The town council adopted a coat of arms, designed by councillor Stanley Ponder, on 17 June 1895. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_45

The shield was quartered. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_46

In the first quarter were three golden rings on a red background (the arms of Jan van Riebeeck). Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_47

In the second quarter was a black anchor on a golden background, representing the Cape Colony. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_48

The third quarter was black, showing a white tent with a pennant flying (to represent the military garrison). Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_49

The fourth quarter depicted a golden vine and three fleurs de lis against a green background. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_50

The motto was Vivit crescat floreat vitis. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_51

Variants of these arms were later adopted by Wynberg Boys' High School, the Wynberg Bowling Club, Wynberg Sports Club, Wynberg Club and South Peninsula Rugby Football Club. Wynberg, Cape Town_sentence_52

See also Wynberg, Cape Town_section_9

Wynberg, Cape Town_unordered_list_1

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wynberg, Cape Town.