X (American band)
For other uses, see X (disambiguation).
|Origin||Los Angeles, California, United States|
|Labels||Dangerhouse, Slash, Elektra, Big Life, Infidelity|
|Associated acts||The Eyes, the xrms, the Flesh Eaters, the Knitters, the Blasters, Lone Justice, Original Sinners, Auntie Christ, Devil's Brigade, the Bonebrake Syncopators, Orchestra Superstring,
The band released seven studio albums from 1980 to 1993.
After a period of inactivity during the mid- to late 1990s, X reunited in the early 2000s, and currently tours, as of 2019.
Los Angeles was ranked 91st on Pitchfork's Top 100 Albums of the 1980s.
The band received an Official Certificate of Recognition from the City of Los Angeles in acknowledgment of its contribution to Los Angeles music and culture.
1977–1979: Formation and Dangerhouse era
X was founded by bassist-singer Doe and guitarist Zoom.
Doe brought his poetry-writing girlfriend Cervenka to band practices, and she eventually joined the band as a vocalist.
Drummer Bonebrake was the last of the original members to join after leaving local group The Eyes; he also filled in on drums for Germs.
X's first record deal was with independent label Dangerhouse, for which the band produced one single, "Adult Books"/"We're Desperate" (1978).
A Dangerhouse session version of "Los Angeles" was also featured on a 1979 Dangerhouse 12-inch EP compilation called Yes L.A. (a play on the no-wave compilation No New York), a six-song picture disc that also featured other early L.A. punk bands The Eyes, The Germs, The Bags, The Alley Cats, and Black Randy and the Metrosquad.
1980–1981: Los Angeles and Wild Gift
As the band became the flag bearer for the local scene, a larger independent label, Slash Records, signed the band.
It sold well by the standards of independent labels.
Much of X's early material had a rockabilly edge.
Doe and Cervenka co-wrote most of the group's songs and their slightly off-kilter harmony vocals served as the group's most distinctive element.
Their follow-up effort, Wild Gift (1981), was similar in musical style.
It featured shorter, faster songs and is arguably their most stereotypically punk-sounding record.
During 1981, both Doe and Bonebrake (along with Dave Alvin, guitarist of The Blasters) served as members of The Flesh Eaters, performing on that band's second album, A Minute to Pray, a Second to Die.
1982–1984: Elektra era and The Knitters
While still fast and loud, with raw punk guitars, the album displayed evolving country leanings.
The album was influenced by the death of Cervenka's elder sister Mirielle in a 1980 car accident.
Three songs on the album ("Riding with Mary", "Come Back to Me" and the title track) all directly relate to the tragedy.
The stark black-and-white cover art and title were also a reflection of the somber mood of the band during this time.
Cervenka has said it is her favorite X album.
In 1983, the band slightly redefined their sound with the release of the album More Fun in the New World, making X somewhat more polished, eclectic and radio-ready than on previous albums.
With the sound moving away from punk rock, the band's rockabilly influence became even more noticeable, along with some new elements: funk on the track "True Love Pt.
The record received critical praise from Rolling Stone and Playboy, which had long been stalwart supporters of X and their sound.
The Knitters, a side project, were composed of X minus Zoom, plus Alvin on guitar and Johnny Ray Bartel (of the Red Devils) on double bass, and released the Poor Little Critter on the Road album in 1985.
1985–1987: Commercial era and departure of Zoom
Despite the overwhelmingly positive critical reception for their first four albums, the band was frustrated by its lack of wider mainstream success.
Zoom had also stated that he would leave the band unless its next album was more successful.
The band decided to change producers in search of a more accessible sound.
It featured a drastic change in sound, especially in the polished and layered production, while the band's punk roots were little in evidence, replaced by a countrified version of hard rock.
The change in production was intended to bring the band more chart success, but although it received more mainstream radio play than their earlier releases, it did not represent a commercial breakthrough.
"Burning House of Love", the album's first single, was a minor hit on the Billboard Top Rock Tracks chart, where it peaked at #26 in September 1985.
Zoom left the group shortly thereafter in 1986, the same year in which the feature-length documentary film, X: The Unheard Music, was released.
Zoom was initially replaced by Alvin, who had left the Blasters.
The band then added a fifth member, guitarist Tony Gilkyson, formerly of the band Lone Justice.
By the time the band released its sixth album, See How We Are, Alvin had already left the band, although he played on the record along with Gilkyson and wrote "4th of July" for the band.
Like Ain't Love Grand, the album's sound was far removed from the band's punk origins, yet featured a punchy, energetic, hard-rocking roots rock sound that in many ways represented a more natural progression from their earlier sound than the previous album had.
After touring for the album, X released a live album of the tour, titled Live at the Whisky a Go-Go, and then went on an extended hiatus.
Back in 1984, X had released a cover version of "Wild Thing" as a non-album single.
In 1989, the song was re-released as the lead single from the soundtrack to the hit film Major League.
1993–1995: First reunion, Hey Zeus! and Unclogged
The album marked somewhat of a retreat from the increasingly roots rock direction that the band's past few records had gone in, instead featuring an eclectic alternative rock sound that fit in well with the then-current musical climate.
Despite this, it failed to become a hit, although two of its songs, "Country at War" and "New Life," peaked at numbers 15 and 26 on the Billboard Modern Rock charts, respectively.
In 1994, they contributed a cover of the Richard Thompson song "Shoot Out the Lights" to a Thompson tribute album called Beat the Retreat, which featured David Hidalgo of Los Lobos on electric guitar.
On the same album, Doe sang harmony and played bass and Bonebrake played drums on Bob Mould's cover of "Turning of the Tide," and Bonebrake played drums on the title track, which was performed by the British folk artist June Tabor.
The band released an acoustic live album, Unclogged, in 1995 on Infidelity Records.
1997–2004: Hiatus and second reunion
In 1997, X released a compilation called Beyond and Back: The X Anthology, which focused heavily on the early years with Zoom and included a number of previously unreleased versions of songs that had appeared on their previous albums.
At the same time, they also announced that they were disbanding.
However, they did a farewell tour to promote the compilation in 1998, with Zoom returning on guitar.
The original lineup also returned to the studio for the final time, with Manzarek reprising his role as producer, to record a cover of the Doors' "The Crystal Ship" for the for .
2005–2007: Reunion of The Knitters
In 2005, Doe, Cervenka and Bonebrake reunited with Alvin and Bartel to release a second Knitters album, 20 years after the first, titled The Modern Sounds of the Knitters.
"13X31" was a reference to their 31st anniversary.
2008–present: Touring and first album in 27 years
From 2004 onward, X have continued to perform frequently around North America.
X appeared at the 2008 SXSW Festival (with footage of their performance made viewable on Crackle); the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival on April 19, 2009; and the All Tomorrow's Parties festival in Minehead, England from May 15–17, 2009.
They were invited to perform at the latter by the festival's curators, the Breeders.
In June 2009, the band publicly announced that Cervenka had been diagnosed with multiple sclerosis.
However, she told the Orange County Register in 2011 that the doctor who originally diagnosed the disease believes he misdiagnosed her.
Cervenka stated, "I've had so many doctors tell me I have MS, then some say I don't ...
I don't even care anymore".
In June 2010, X played a free show at the North by Northeast festival in Toronto, Ontario, Canada and headlined the third annual Roadshow Revival, a Johnny Cash tribute festival in Ventura, California.
In July 2015, Zoom took a performing break to undergo treatment for bladder cancer, returning in November 2015.
On October 13, 2017, the Grammy Museum at L.A. Live opened a new exhibit titled "X: 40 Years of Punk in Los Angeles", to run through February 25, 2018.
In 2018, the band released X – Live in Latin America via a Kickstarter campaign, to coincide with their 40th anniversary.
The album was recorded during a 2011 tour where X was the opening band for Pearl Jam.
Pearl Jam's sound engineer made the recordings, and presented them to X at the end of the tour.
The album was produced by Rob Schnapf, and featured the four original members of X.
On January 3, 2019, a post was made to the band’s official Instagram, revealing the recording of five new tracks.
Two of the songs were released as a single, followed by the album Alphabetland on April 22, 2020.
Solo material and other projects
Over the years, both Doe and Cervenka have released solo albums, with Doe having a stronger emphasis on roots music in his solo work.
While Cervenka's solo albums have also been in a folk and country vein, she has also fronted punk bands like Auntie Christ and the Original Sinners and has done tours featuring her poetry, sometimes alongside either Lydia Lunch or Henry Rollins.
Since 1986, Doe has also maintained a busy second career as an actor, appearing in such films as Oliver Stone's Salvador (1986); Slam Dance (1987); Allison Anders' Border Radio (1987) and Sugar Town (1999); Patrick Swayze vehicle Road House (1989); the Jerry Lee Lewis biopic Great Balls of Fire!
(1989); the independent feature Roadside Prophets (1992), in which he starred with Adam Horovitz of the Beastie Boys; the Lawrence Kasdan Western Wyatt Earp (1994); Paul Thomas Anderson's Boogie Nights (1997); Miguel Arteta's The Good Girl (2002); Craig Mazin's The Specials (2002); and Todd Haynes's I'm Not There about Bob Dylan (2007).
|Year||Title||US 200||UK Ind|
|1982||Under the Big Black Sun||76||—|
|1983||More Fun in the New World||86||—|
|1985||Ain't Love Grand!||89||—|
|1987||See How We Are||107||—|
- 2009 – Merry Xmas from X
- 1988 – Live at the Whisky a Go-Go
- 1995 – Unclogged
- 2005 – X – Live in Los Angeles #175 US Billboard Top 200
- 2018 – X – Live in Latin America (Kickstarter special album)
- 1981 – The Decline of Western Civilization
- 1981 – Urgh! A Music War
- 1986 – X The Unheard Music
- 2003 – Mayor of the Sunset Strip
- 2005 – X – Live in Los Angeles
- 2016 – Childrens Hospital
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X (American band).