X (American band)

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For other uses, see X (disambiguation). X (American band)_sentence_0

X (American band)_table_infobox_0

XX (American band)_header_cell_0_0_0
Background informationX (American band)_header_cell_0_1_0
OriginX (American band)_header_cell_0_2_0 Los Angeles, California, United StatesX (American band)_cell_0_2_1
GenresX (American band)_header_cell_0_3_0 Punk rock,
alternative rockX (American band)_cell_0_3_1
Years activeX (American band)_header_cell_0_4_0 1977–presentX (American band)_cell_0_4_1
LabelsX (American band)_header_cell_0_5_0 Dangerhouse, Slash, Elektra, Big Life, InfidelityX (American band)_cell_0_5_1
Associated actsX (American band)_header_cell_0_6_0 The Eyes, the xrms, the Flesh Eaters, the Knitters, the Blasters, Lone Justice, Original Sinners, Auntie Christ, Devil's Brigade, the Bonebrake Syncopators, Orchestra Superstring,

Skating PollyX (American band)_cell_0_6_1

WebsiteX (American band)_header_cell_0_7_0 X (American band)_cell_0_7_1
MembersX (American band)_header_cell_0_9_0 X (American band)_cell_0_9_1
Past membersX (American band)_header_cell_0_11_0 X (American band)_cell_0_11_1

X are an American punk rock band, formed in Los Angeles, California, United States, in 1977. X (American band)_sentence_1

The original members are vocalist Exene Cervenka, vocalist-bassist John Doe, guitarist Billy Zoom and drummer D. X (American band)_sentence_2 J. Bonebrake. X (American band)_sentence_3

The band released seven studio albums from 1980 to 1993. X (American band)_sentence_4

After a period of inactivity during the mid- to late 1990s, X reunited in the early 2000s, and currently tours, as of 2019. X (American band)_sentence_5

X achieved limited mainstream success but influenced various genres of music, including punk rock, Americana, and folk rock, and are considered one of the most influential bands of their era. X (American band)_sentence_6

In 2003, X's first two studio albums, Los Angeles and Wild Gift, were ranked by Rolling Stone as being among the 500 greatest albums of all time. X (American band)_sentence_7

Los Angeles was ranked 91st on Pitchfork's Top 100 Albums of the 1980s. X (American band)_sentence_8

The band received an Official Certificate of Recognition from the City of Los Angeles in acknowledgment of its contribution to Los Angeles music and culture. X (American band)_sentence_9

History X (American band)_section_0

1977–1979: Formation and Dangerhouse era X (American band)_section_1

X was founded by bassist-singer Doe and guitarist Zoom. X (American band)_sentence_10

Doe brought his poetry-writing girlfriend Cervenka to band practices, and she eventually joined the band as a vocalist. X (American band)_sentence_11

Drummer Bonebrake was the last of the original members to join after leaving local group The Eyes; he also filled in on drums for Germs. X (American band)_sentence_12

X's first record deal was with independent label Dangerhouse, for which the band produced one single, "Adult Books"/"We're Desperate" (1978). X (American band)_sentence_13

A Dangerhouse session version of "Los Angeles" was also featured on a 1979 Dangerhouse 12-inch EP compilation called Yes L.A. (a play on the no-wave compilation No New York), a six-song picture disc that also featured other early L.A. punk bands The Eyes, The Germs, The Bags, The Alley Cats, and Black Randy and the Metrosquad. X (American band)_sentence_14

1980–1981: Los Angeles and Wild Gift X (American band)_section_2

As the band became the flag bearer for the local scene, a larger independent label, Slash Records, signed the band. X (American band)_sentence_15

The result was their debut, Los Angeles (1980), produced by the Doors' keyboard player, Ray Manzarek. X (American band)_sentence_16

It sold well by the standards of independent labels. X (American band)_sentence_17

Much of X's early material had a rockabilly edge. X (American band)_sentence_18

Doe and Cervenka co-wrote most of the group's songs and their slightly off-kilter harmony vocals served as the group's most distinctive element. X (American band)_sentence_19

Their lyrics tended to be straight-out poetry; comparisons to Charles Bukowski and Raymond Chandler were made from the start. X (American band)_sentence_20

Their follow-up effort, Wild Gift (1981), was similar in musical style. X (American band)_sentence_21

It featured shorter, faster songs and is arguably their most stereotypically punk-sounding record. X (American band)_sentence_22

During 1981, both Doe and Bonebrake (along with Dave Alvin, guitarist of The Blasters) served as members of The Flesh Eaters, performing on that band's second album, A Minute to Pray, a Second to Die. X (American band)_sentence_23

1982–1984: Elektra era and The Knitters X (American band)_section_3

X signed with major label Elektra in 1982 and released Under the Big Black Sun, which marked a departure from their trademark sound. X (American band)_sentence_24

While still fast and loud, with raw punk guitars, the album displayed evolving country leanings. X (American band)_sentence_25

The album was influenced by the death of Cervenka's elder sister Mirielle in a 1980 car accident. X (American band)_sentence_26

Three songs on the album ("Riding with Mary", "Come Back to Me" and the title track) all directly relate to the tragedy. X (American band)_sentence_27

A fourth, a high-speed version of Al Dubin and Joe Burke's "Dancing with Tears in My Eyes", was, years later, indirectly attributed to Cervenka's mournful state of mind. X (American band)_sentence_28

The stark black-and-white cover art and title were also a reflection of the somber mood of the band during this time. X (American band)_sentence_29

Cervenka has said it is her favorite X album. X (American band)_sentence_30

In 1983, the band slightly redefined their sound with the release of the album More Fun in the New World, making X somewhat more polished, eclectic and radio-ready than on previous albums. X (American band)_sentence_31

With the sound moving away from punk rock, the band's rockabilly influence became even more noticeable, along with some new elements: funk on the track "True Love Pt. X (American band)_sentence_32

II", and Woody Guthrie-influenced folk protest songs like "The New World" and "I Must Not Think Bad Thoughts". X (American band)_sentence_33

The record received critical praise from Rolling Stone and Playboy, which had long been stalwart supporters of X and their sound. X (American band)_sentence_34

The Knitters, a side project, were composed of X minus Zoom, plus Alvin on guitar and Johnny Ray Bartel (of the Red Devils) on double bass, and released the Poor Little Critter on the Road album in 1985. X (American band)_sentence_35

The Knitters were devoted to folk and country music; their take on Merle Haggard's "Silver Wings" "may be the definitive version". X (American band)_sentence_36

1985–1987: Commercial era and departure of Zoom X (American band)_section_4

Despite the overwhelmingly positive critical reception for their first four albums, the band was frustrated by its lack of wider mainstream success. X (American band)_sentence_37

Zoom had also stated that he would leave the band unless its next album was more successful. X (American band)_sentence_38

The band decided to change producers in search of a more accessible sound. X (American band)_sentence_39

Their fifth record, Ain't Love Grand! X (American band)_sentence_40 , was produced by pop metal producer Michael Wagener. X (American band)_sentence_41

It featured a drastic change in sound, especially in the polished and layered production, while the band's punk roots were little in evidence, replaced by a countrified version of hard rock. X (American band)_sentence_42

The change in production was intended to bring the band more chart success, but although it received more mainstream radio play than their earlier releases, it did not represent a commercial breakthrough. X (American band)_sentence_43

"Burning House of Love", the album's first single, was a minor hit on the Billboard Top Rock Tracks chart, where it peaked at #26 in September 1985. X (American band)_sentence_44

Zoom left the group shortly thereafter in 1986, the same year in which the feature-length documentary film, X: The Unheard Music, was released. X (American band)_sentence_45

Zoom was initially replaced by Alvin, who had left the Blasters. X (American band)_sentence_46

The band then added a fifth member, guitarist Tony Gilkyson, formerly of the band Lone Justice. X (American band)_sentence_47

By the time the band released its sixth album, See How We Are, Alvin had already left the band, although he played on the record along with Gilkyson and wrote "4th of July" for the band. X (American band)_sentence_48

Like Ain't Love Grand, the album's sound was far removed from the band's punk origins, yet featured a punchy, energetic, hard-rocking roots rock sound that in many ways represented a more natural progression from their earlier sound than the previous album had. X (American band)_sentence_49

After touring for the album, X released a live album of the tour, titled Live at the Whisky a Go-Go, and then went on an extended hiatus. X (American band)_sentence_50

Back in 1984, X had released a cover version of "Wild Thing" as a non-album single. X (American band)_sentence_51

In 1989, the song was re-released as the lead single from the soundtrack to the hit film Major League. X (American band)_sentence_52

It later became a staple at sporting events, particularly baseball games, and was used by Japanese professional wrestler Atsushi Onita after he founded Frontier Martial-Arts Wrestling in 1989. X (American band)_sentence_53

1993–1995: First reunion, Hey Zeus! and Unclogged X (American band)_section_5

X regrouped in the early 1990s to record their seventh studio album, Hey Zeus! X (American band)_sentence_54 , released in 1993 on the Big Life label. X (American band)_sentence_55

The album marked somewhat of a retreat from the increasingly roots rock direction that the band's past few records had gone in, instead featuring an eclectic alternative rock sound that fit in well with the then-current musical climate. X (American band)_sentence_56

Despite this, it failed to become a hit, although two of its songs, "Country at War" and "New Life," peaked at numbers 15 and 26 on the Billboard Modern Rock charts, respectively. X (American band)_sentence_57

In 1994, they contributed a cover of the Richard Thompson song "Shoot Out the Lights" to a Thompson tribute album called Beat the Retreat, which featured David Hidalgo of Los Lobos on electric guitar. X (American band)_sentence_58

On the same album, Doe sang harmony and played bass and Bonebrake played drums on Bob Mould's cover of "Turning of the Tide," and Bonebrake played drums on the title track, which was performed by the British folk artist June Tabor. X (American band)_sentence_59

The band released an acoustic live album, Unclogged, in 1995 on Infidelity Records. X (American band)_sentence_60

1997–2004: Hiatus and second reunion X (American band)_section_6

In 1997, X released a compilation called Beyond and Back: The X Anthology, which focused heavily on the early years with Zoom and included a number of previously unreleased versions of songs that had appeared on their previous albums. X (American band)_sentence_61

At the same time, they also announced that they were disbanding. X (American band)_sentence_62

However, they did a farewell tour to promote the compilation in 1998, with Zoom returning on guitar. X (American band)_sentence_63

The original lineup also returned to the studio for the final time, with Manzarek reprising his role as producer, to record a cover of the Doors' "The Crystal Ship" for the for . X (American band)_sentence_64

X: The Unheard Music was released on DVD in 2005, as was the concert DVD X – Live in Los Angeles, which commemorated the 25th anniversary of the band's landmark debut album, Los Angeles. X (American band)_sentence_65

2005–2007: Reunion of The Knitters X (American band)_section_7

In 2005, Doe, Cervenka and Bonebrake reunited with Alvin and Bartel to release a second Knitters album, 20 years after the first, titled The Modern Sounds of the Knitters. X (American band)_sentence_66

In summer 2006, X toured North America on the "As the World Burns" tour with the Rollins Band and the Riverboat Gamblers. X (American band)_sentence_67

In the spring of 2008, the band, with all original members, embarked on their "13X31" tour with Skybombers and the Detroit Cobras. X (American band)_sentence_68

"13X31" was a reference to their 31st anniversary. X (American band)_sentence_69

2008–present: Touring and first album in 27 years X (American band)_section_8

From 2004 onward, X have continued to perform frequently around North America. X (American band)_sentence_70

X appeared at the 2008 SXSW Festival (with footage of their performance made viewable on Crackle); the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival on April 19, 2009; and the All Tomorrow's Parties festival in Minehead, England from May 15–17, 2009. X (American band)_sentence_71

They were invited to perform at the latter by the festival's curators, the Breeders. X (American band)_sentence_72

In June 2009, the band publicly announced that Cervenka had been diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. X (American band)_sentence_73

However, she told the Orange County Register in 2011 that the doctor who originally diagnosed the disease believes he misdiagnosed her. X (American band)_sentence_74

Cervenka stated, "I've had so many doctors tell me I have MS, then some say I don't ... X (American band)_sentence_75

I don't even care anymore". X (American band)_sentence_76

In June 2010, X played a free show at the North by Northeast festival in Toronto, Ontario, Canada and headlined the third annual Roadshow Revival, a Johnny Cash tribute festival in Ventura, California. X (American band)_sentence_77

X performed at The Voodoo Experience 2011, held at City Park in New Orleans, Louisiana, on October 28–30, 2011. X (American band)_sentence_78

The band also opened for Pearl Jam on their 2011 South and Central American tour in November and their European tour in June and July 2012. X (American band)_sentence_79

On September 2, 2012, X performed at the Budweiser Made in America Festival in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. X (American band)_sentence_80

In July 2015, Zoom took a performing break to undergo treatment for bladder cancer, returning in November 2015. X (American band)_sentence_81

On March 4, 2016, X appeared on the episode "Show Me a Hero" of Adult Swim show Childrens Hospital. X (American band)_sentence_82

On October 13, 2017, the Grammy Museum at L.A. Live opened a new exhibit titled "X: 40 Years of Punk in Los Angeles", to run through February 25, 2018. X (American band)_sentence_83

In 2017, Cervenka announced that X had added Craig Packham of the Palominos to fill in on drums and rhythm guitar, because Bonebrake and Zoom were now playing vibes and saxophone, respectively. X (American band)_sentence_84

In 2018, the band released X – Live in Latin America via a Kickstarter campaign, to coincide with their 40th anniversary. X (American band)_sentence_85

The album was recorded during a 2011 tour where X was the opening band for Pearl Jam. X (American band)_sentence_86

Pearl Jam's sound engineer made the recordings, and presented them to X at the end of the tour. X (American band)_sentence_87

The album was produced by Rob Schnapf, and featured the four original members of X. X (American band)_sentence_88

On January 3, 2019, a post was made to the band’s official Instagram, revealing the recording of five new tracks. X (American band)_sentence_89

Two of the songs were released as a single, followed by the album Alphabetland on April 22, 2020. X (American band)_sentence_90

Solo material and other projects X (American band)_section_9

Over the years, both Doe and Cervenka have released solo albums, with Doe having a stronger emphasis on roots music in his solo work. X (American band)_sentence_91

While Cervenka's solo albums have also been in a folk and country vein, she has also fronted punk bands like Auntie Christ and the Original Sinners and has done tours featuring her poetry, sometimes alongside either Lydia Lunch or Henry Rollins. X (American band)_sentence_92

Since 1986, Doe has also maintained a busy second career as an actor, appearing in such films as Oliver Stone's Salvador (1986); Slam Dance (1987); Allison Anders' Border Radio (1987) and Sugar Town (1999); Patrick Swayze vehicle Road House (1989); the Jerry Lee Lewis biopic Great Balls of Fire! X (American band)_sentence_93

(1989); the independent feature Roadside Prophets (1992), in which he starred with Adam Horovitz of the Beastie Boys; the Lawrence Kasdan Western Wyatt Earp (1994); Paul Thomas Anderson's Boogie Nights (1997); Miguel Arteta's The Good Girl (2002); Craig Mazin's The Specials (2002); and Todd Haynes's I'm Not There about Bob Dylan (2007). X (American band)_sentence_94

He was a regular cast member of the television series Roswell on The WB and UPN, and made an appearance as an aging rock star on a 2003 episode of Law & Order. X (American band)_sentence_95

Bonebrake has worked with Devil's Brigade and headed his own jazz ensembles, the Bonebrake Syncopators and Orchestra Superstring. X (American band)_sentence_96

Discography X (American band)_section_10

X (American band)_table_general_1

X studio albumsX (American band)_table_caption_1
YearX (American band)_header_cell_1_0_0 TitleX (American band)_header_cell_1_0_1 US 200X (American band)_header_cell_1_0_2 UK IndX (American band)_header_cell_1_0_3
1980X (American band)_cell_1_1_0 Los AngelesX (American band)_cell_1_1_1 X (American band)_cell_1_1_2 14X (American band)_cell_1_1_3
1981X (American band)_cell_1_2_0 Wild GiftX (American band)_cell_1_2_1 165X (American band)_cell_1_2_2 X (American band)_cell_1_2_3
1982X (American band)_cell_1_3_0 Under the Big Black SunX (American band)_cell_1_3_1 76X (American band)_cell_1_3_2 X (American band)_cell_1_3_3
1983X (American band)_cell_1_4_0 More Fun in the New WorldX (American band)_cell_1_4_1 86X (American band)_cell_1_4_2 X (American band)_cell_1_4_3
1985X (American band)_cell_1_5_0 Ain't Love Grand!X (American band)_cell_1_5_1 89X (American band)_cell_1_5_2 X (American band)_cell_1_5_3
1987X (American band)_cell_1_6_0 See How We AreX (American band)_cell_1_6_1 107X (American band)_cell_1_6_2 X (American band)_cell_1_6_3
1993X (American band)_cell_1_7_0 Hey Zeus!X (American band)_cell_1_7_1 X (American band)_cell_1_7_2 X (American band)_cell_1_7_3
2020X (American band)_cell_1_8_0 AlphabetlandX (American band)_cell_1_8_1 X (American band)_cell_1_8_2 X (American band)_cell_1_8_3

EPs X (American band)_section_11

X (American band)_unordered_list_0

Live albums X (American band)_section_12

X (American band)_unordered_list_1

Compilations X (American band)_section_13

X (American band)_unordered_list_2

Filmography X (American band)_section_14

X (American band)_unordered_list_3

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X (American band).