"Yamaha" redirects here.
For other uses, see Yamaha (disambiguation).
|Romanized name||Yamaha Kabushiki-gaisha|
|Founded||12 October 1887; 133 years ago (1887-10-12)|
|Headquarters||10-1, Nakazawacho, Naka-ku, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, Japan|
|Key people||Takuya Nakata, President & Representative Executive Officer|
|Products||Musical instruments, audio equipment, electronics|
|Revenue||¥408.2 billion (2017)|
|Operating income||¥44.3 billion (2017)|
|Net income||¥46.7 billion (2017)|
|Number of employees||28,112 (including temporary employees) (2017)|
Yamaha Corporation (ヤマハ株式会社, Yamaha Kabushiki Gaisha, /ˈjæməˌhɑː/; Japanese pronunciation: [jamaha) is a Japanese multinational corporation and conglomerate with a very wide range of products and services.
The former motorcycle division was established in 1955 as Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd., which started as an affiliated company but later became independent, although Yamaha Corporation is still a major shareholder.
In 1900 the company started the production of upright pianos.
After World War II, company president Genichi Kawakami repurposed the remains of the company's war-time production machinery and the company's expertise in metallurgical technologies to the manufacture of motorcycles.
The YA-1 (AKA Akatombo, the "Red Dragonfly"), of which 125 were built in the first year of production (1954), was named in honour of the founder.
It was a 125cc, single cylinder, two-stroke street bike patterned after the German DKW RT125 (which the British munitions firm, BSA, had also copied in the post-war era and manufactured as the Bantam and Harley-Davidson as the Hummer).
In 1955, the success of the YA-1 resulted in the founding of Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd., splitting the motorcycle division from the company.
Also, in 1954 the Yamaha Music School was founded.
Yamaha has grown to become the world's largest manufacturer of musical instruments (including pianos, "silent" pianos, drums, guitars, brass instruments, woodwinds, violins, violas, celli, and vibraphones), as well as a leading manufacturer of semiconductors, audio/visual, computer related products, sporting goods, home appliances, specialty metals and industrial robots.
Yamaha released the Yamaha CS-80 in 1977.
Yamaha made the first commercially successful digital synthesizer, the Yamaha DX7, in 1983.
In 1988, Yamaha shipped the world's first CD recorder.
Yamaha purchased Sequential Circuits in 1988.
It bought a majority stake (51%) of competitor Korg in 1987, which was bought out by Korg in 1993.
In the late 1990s, Yamaha released a series of portable battery operated keyboards under the PSS and the PSR range of keyboards.
The Yamaha PSS-14 and PSS-15 keyboards were upgrades to the Yamaha PSS-7 and were notable for their short demo songs, short selectable phrases, funny sound effects and distortion and crackly sounds progressing on many volume levels when battery power is low.
In 2002, Yamaha closed down its archery product business that was started in 1959.
Six archers in five different Olympic Games won gold medals using their products.
In July 2007, Yamaha bought out the minority shareholding of the Kemble family in Yamaha-Kemble Music (UK) Ltd, Yamaha's UK import and musical instrument and professional audio equipment sales arm, the company being renamed Yamaha Music U.K. Ltd in autumn 2007.
Kemble & Co. Ltd, the UK piano sales & manufacturing arm, was unaffected.
On December 20, 2007, Yamaha made an agreement with the Austrian Bank BAWAG P.S.K.
Group BAWAG to purchase all the shares of Bösendorfer, intended to take place in early 2008.
Yamaha intends to continue manufacturing at the Bösendorfer facilities in Austria.
The acquisition of Bösendorfer was announced after the NAMM Show in Los Angeles, on January 28, 2008.
As of February 1, 2008, Bösendorfer Klavierfabrik GmbH operates as a subsidiary of Yamaha Corp.
Yamaha Corporation is also widely known for their music teaching programme that began in the 1950s.
Yamaha electronics have proven to be successful, popular and respected products.
For example, the Yamaha YPG-625 was awarded "Keyboard of the Year" and "Product of the Year" in 2007 from The Music and Sound Retailer magazine.
Other noteworthy Yamaha electronics include the SHS-10 Keytar, a consumer-priced keytar which offered MIDI output features normally found on much more expensive keyboards.
Other companies in the Yamaha Corporation group include:
- Bösendorfer Klavierfabrik GmbH, Vienna, Austria.
- Yamaha Fine Technologies Co., Ltd.
- Yamaha Music Communications Co., Ltd.
- Yamaha Pro Audio
Kandō (感動) is a Japanese word used by Yamaha Corporation to describe their corporate mission.
Kandō in translation describes the sensation of profound excitement and gratification derived from experiencing supreme quality and performance.
Some reasonable English synonyms are "emotionally touching" or "emotionally moving".
Yamaha Music Foundation
The Yamaha Music Foundation is an organization established in 1966 by the authority of the Japanese Ministry of Education for the purpose of promoting music education and music popularization.
It continued a program of music classes begun by Yamaha Corporation in 1954.
Main article: List of Yamaha Corporation products
Yamaha expanded into many diverse businesses and product groups.
The first venture into each major category is listed below.
- 1897 Keyboard instruments (reed organ, pianos in 1900)
- 1903 Furniture
- 1914 Harmonicas
- 1922 Audio equipment (crank phonograph first)
- 1942 Guitars
- 1955 Motorcycles – made by Yamaha Motor Company, which started as an affiliated company of Nippon Gakki (Yamaha Corporation's name at the time) but is a separate company today
- 1959 Sporting goods (starting with archery)
- 1959 Music schools
- 1961 Metal alloys
- 1965 Band instruments (trumpet first)
- 1967 Drums
- 1971 Semiconductors
- 2000 Yamaha Music Communications (record company)
- 2001 Yamaha Entertainment Group (record company)
Synthesizers and samplers
Yamaha also began to get involved with the sale and production of Vocaloid applications themselves with Lily being the first; Lily was later sold via Internet Co., Ltd.'s website.
Their involvement continued with the VY series, with VY1 being the first, released in deluxe and standard editions on September 1, 2010.
The VY series is a series designed to be a high quality product for professional musicians.
The series is also designed with the intention to set a new standard for the Vocaloids for having no face, sex or set voice, but are designed to complete any song.
VY1 saw a new approach to how the software handled the database of samples and improved the performance of the Vocaloid 2 engine.
Later, this version of the software was released using the VY1 voice.
VY2 will also be released for this version of the software.
In Japan, the company maintains three factories for musical instrument manufacture, engine and various vehicle manufacture (motorcycles and marine products), with all factories located in Shizuoka Prefecture.
- Kakegawa Factory
- 1480, Ryoke, Kakegawa-shi, Shizuoka
- Toyooka Factory
- 203, Matsunokijima, Iwata-shi, Shizuoka
- Tenryu Factory
- 283, Aoyacho, Minami-ku Hamamatsu-shi, Shizuoka
- List of phonograph manufacturers
- List of studio monitor manufacturers
- Yamaha Motor Company
- Yamaha Pro Audio
- Yamaha XG
- Yamaha Artist
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yamaha Corporation.