Zakat

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Not to be confused with Zagat. Zakat_sentence_0

For other uses, see Zakat (disambiguation). Zakat_sentence_1

Zakat (Arabic: زكاة‎ zakāh [zaˈkaːh, "that which purifies", also Zakat al-mal [zaˈkaːt alˈmaːl زكاة المال, "zakat on wealth", or Zakah) is a form of alms-giving treated in Islam as a religious obligation or tax, which, by Quranic ranking, is next after prayer (salat) in importance. Zakat_sentence_2

As one of the Five Pillars of Islam, zakat is a religious duty for all Muslims who meet the necessary criteria of wealth. Zakat_sentence_3

It is a mandatory charitable contribution, often considered to be a tax. Zakat_sentence_4

The payment and disputes on zakat have played a major role in the history of Islam, notably during the Ridda wars. Zakat_sentence_5

Zakat on wealth is based on the value of all of one's possessions. Zakat_sentence_6

It is customarily 2.5% (or ​⁄40) of a Muslim's total savings and wealth above a minimum amount known as nisab, but Islamic scholars differ on how much nisab is and other aspects of zakat. Zakat_sentence_7

According to Islamic doctrine, the collected amount should be paid to the poor and the needy, Zakat collectors, recent converts to Islam, those to be freed from slavery, those in debt, in the cause of Allah and to benefit the stranded traveller. Zakat_sentence_8

Today, in most Muslim-majority countries, zakat contributions are voluntary, while in Libya, Malaysia, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, and Yemen, zakat is mandated and collected by the state (as of 2015). Zakat_sentence_9

Shias, unlike Sunnis, traditionally regarded zakat as a private and voluntary action, and they give zakat to imam-sponsored rather than state-sponsored collectors. Zakat_sentence_10

Etymology Zakat_section_0

Zakat literally means "that which purifies". Zakat_sentence_11

The word is derived from Classical Syriac ܙܟܘܬܐ (zakhutha, "victory, merit, justification", related to the Hebrew זְכוּת‎ (z'khút, "legal right, moral right, merit"). Zakat_sentence_12

Zakat is considered a way to purify one's income and wealth from sometimes worldly, impure ways of acquisition. Zakat_sentence_13

According to Sachiko Murata and William Chittick, "Just as ablutions purify the body and salat purifies the soul (in Islam), so zakat purifies possessions and makes them pleasing to God." Zakat_sentence_14

Doctrine Zakat_section_1

Quran Zakat_section_2

The Quran discusses charity in many verses, some of which relate to zakat. Zakat_sentence_15

The word zakat, with the meaning used in Islam now, is found, for example, in suras: 7:156, 9:60, 19:31, 19:55, 21:73, 23:4, 27:3, 30:39, 31:4 and 41:7. Zakat_sentence_16

Zakat is found in the early Medinan suras and described as obligatory for Muslims. Zakat_sentence_17

It is given for the sake of salvation. Zakat_sentence_18

Muslims believe those who give zakat can expect reward from God in the afterlife, while neglecting to give zakat can result in damnation. Zakat_sentence_19

Zakat is considered part of the covenant between God and a Muslim. Zakat_sentence_20

Verse 2.177 (Picktall translation) sums up the Quranic view of charity and alms giving (Another name for Zakat is the "Poor Due"): Zakat_sentence_21

According to Yusuf al-Qaradawi, verse 9.5 of the Quran makes zakat one of three prerequisites for pagans to become Muslims: "but if they repent, establish prayers, and practice zakat they are your brethren in faith". Zakat_sentence_22

The Quran also lists who should receive the benefits of zakat, discussed in more detail below. Zakat_sentence_23

Hadith Zakat_section_3

Each of the most trusted hadith collections in Islam have a book dedicated to zakat. Zakat_sentence_24

Sahih Bukhari's Book 24, Sahih Muslim's Book 5, and Sunan Abu-Dawud's Book 9 discuss various aspects of zakat, including who must pay, how much, when and what. Zakat_sentence_25

The 2.5% rate is also mentioned in the hadiths. Zakat_sentence_26

The hadiths admonish those who do not give the zakat. Zakat_sentence_27

According to the hadith, refusal to pay or mockery of those who pay zakat is a sign of hypocrisy, and God will not accept the prayers of such people. Zakat_sentence_28

The sunna also describes God's punishment for those who refuse or fail to pay zakat. Zakat_sentence_29

On the day of Judgment, those who did not give the zakat will be held accountable and punished. Zakat_sentence_30

The hadith contain advice on the state-authorized collection of the zakat. Zakat_sentence_31

The collectors are required not to take more than what is due, and those who are paying the zakat are asked not to evade payment. Zakat_sentence_32

The hadith also warn of punishment for those who take zakat when they are not eligible to receive it (see Distribution below). Zakat_sentence_33

Amount Zakat_section_4

Main article: Calculation of Zakāt Zakat_sentence_34

The amount of zakat to be paid by an individual depends on the amount of money and the type of assets the individual possesses. Zakat_sentence_35

The Quran does not provide specific guidelines on which types of wealth are taxable under the zakat, nor does it specify percentages to be given. Zakat_sentence_36

But the customary practice is that the amount of zakat paid on capital assets (e.g. money) is 2.5% (​⁄40). Zakat_sentence_37

Zakat is additionally payable on agricultural goods, precious metals, minerals, and livestock at a rate varying between 2.5% and 20% (1/5), depending on the type of goods. Zakat_sentence_38

Zakat is usually payable on assets continuously owned over one lunar year that are in excess of the nisab, a minimum monetary value. Zakat_sentence_39

However, Islamic scholars have disagreed on this issue. Zakat_sentence_40

For example, Abu Hanifa did not regard the nisab limit to be a pre-requisite for zakat, in the case of land crops, fruits and minerals. Zakat_sentence_41

Other differences between Islamic scholars on zakat and nisab are acknowledged as follows by Yusuf al-Qaradawi, Zakat_sentence_42

Failure to pay Zakat_section_5

The consequence of failure to pay zakat has been a subject of extensive legal debate in traditional Islamic jurisprudence, particularly when a Muslim is willing to pay zakat but refuses to pay it to a certain group or the state. Zakat_sentence_43

According to classical jurists, if the collector is unjust in the collection of zakat but just in its distribution, the concealment of property from him is allowed. Zakat_sentence_44

If, on the other hand, the collector is just in the collection but unjust in the distribution, the concealment of property from him is an obligation (wajib). Zakat_sentence_45

Furthermore, if the zakat is concealed from a just collector because the property owner wanted to pay his zakat to the poor himself, they held that he should not be punished for it. Zakat_sentence_46

If collection of zakat by force was not possible, use of military force to extract it was seen as justified, as was done by Abu Bakr during the Ridda Wars, on the argument that refusing to submit to just orders is a form of treason. Zakat_sentence_47

However, Abu Hanifa, the founder of the Hanafi school, disapproved of fighting when the property owners undertake to distribute the zakat to the poor themselves. Zakat_sentence_48

Some classical jurists held the view that any Muslim who consciously refuses to pay zakat is an apostate, since the failure to believe that it is a religious duty (fard) is a form of unbelief (kufr), and should be killed. Zakat_sentence_49

However, prevailing opinion among classical jurists prescribed sanctions such as fines, imprisonment or corporal punishment. Zakat_sentence_50

Some classical and contemporary scholars such as Ishaq Ibn Rahwayh and Yusuf al-Qaradawi have stated that the person who fails to pay Zakat should have the payment taken from them, along with half of his wealth. Zakat_sentence_51

Additionally, those who failed to pay the zakat would face God's punishment in the afterlife on the day of Judgment. Zakat_sentence_52

In modern states where zakat payment is compulsory, failure to pay is regulated by state law similarly to tax evasion. Zakat_sentence_53

Distribution Zakat_section_6

According to the Quran's Surah Al-Tawba, there are eight categories of people (asnaf) who qualify to benefit from zakat funds. Zakat_sentence_54

Islamic scholars have traditionally interpreted this verse as identifying the following eight categories of Muslim causes to be the proper recipients of zakat: Zakat_sentence_55

Zakat_ordered_list_0

  1. Those living without means of livelihood (Al-Fuqarā'), the poorZakat_item_0_0
  2. Those who cannot meet their basic needs (Al-Masākīn), the needyZakat_item_0_1
  3. To zakat collectors (Al-Āmilīyn 'Alihā)Zakat_item_0_2
  4. To persuade those sympathetic to or expected to convert to Islam (Al-Mu'allafatu Qulūbuhum), recent converts to Islam, and potential allies in the cause of IslamZakat_item_0_3
  5. To free from slavery or servitude (Fir-Riqāb), slaves of Muslims who have or intend to free from their master by means of a kitabah contractZakat_item_0_4
  6. Those who have incurred overwhelming debts while attempting to satisfy their basic needs (Al-Ghārimīn), debtors who in pursuit of a worthy goal incurred a debtZakat_item_0_5
  7. Those fighting for a religious cause or a cause of God (Fī Sabīlillāh), or for Jihad in the way of Allah by means of pen, word, or sword, or for Islamic warriors who fight against the unbelievers but are not salaried soldiers.Zakat_item_0_6
  8. Wayfarers, stranded travellers (Ibnu Al-Sabīl), travellers who are traveling with a worthy goal but cannot reach their destination without financial assistanceZakat_item_0_7

Zakat should not be given to one's own parents, grandparents, children, grandchildren, spouses or the descendants of the Prophet Muhammad. Zakat_sentence_56

Neither the Quran nor the Hadiths specify the relative division of zakat into the above eight categories. Zakat_sentence_57

According to the Reliance of the Traveller, the Shafi'i school requires zakat is to be distributed equally among the eight categories of recipients, while the Hanafi school permits zakat to be distributed to all the categories, some of them, or just one of them. Zakat_sentence_58

Classical schools of Islamic law, including Shafi'i, are unanimous that collectors of zakat are to be paid first, with the balance to be distributed equally amongst the remaining seven categories of recipients, even in cases where one group's need is more demanding. Zakat_sentence_59

Muslim scholars disagree whether zakat recipients can include non-Muslims. Zakat_sentence_60

Islamic scholarship, historically, has taught that only Muslims can be recipients of zakat. Zakat_sentence_61

In recent times, some state that zakat may be paid to non-Muslims after the needs of Muslims have been met, finding nothing in the Quran or sunna to indicate that zakat should be paid to Muslims only. Zakat_sentence_62

Additionally, the zakat funds may be spent on the administration of a centralized zakat collection system. Zakat_sentence_63

Representatives of the Salafi movement include propagation of Islam and any struggle in righteous cause among permissible ways of spending, while others argue that zakat funds should be spent on social welfare and economic development projects, or science and technology education. Zakat_sentence_64

Some hold spending them for defense to be permissible if a Muslim country is under attack. Zakat_sentence_65

Also, it is forbidden to disburse zakat funds into investments instead of being given to one of the above eight categories of recipients. Zakat_sentence_66

Role in society Zakat_section_7

The zakat is considered by Muslims to be an act of piety through which one expresses concern for the well-being of fellow Muslims, as well as preserving social harmony between the wealthy and the poor. Zakat_sentence_67

Zakat promotes a more equitable redistribution of wealth and fosters a sense of solidarity amongst members of the Ummah. Zakat_sentence_68

Historical practice Zakat_section_8

Zakat, an Islamic practice initiated by the Islamic prophet Muhammad, was first collected on the first day of Muharram. Zakat_sentence_69

It has played an important role throughout its history. Zakat_sentence_70

Schact suggests that the idea of zakat may have entered Islam from Judaism, with roots in the Hebrew and Aramaic word zakut. Zakat_sentence_71

However, some Islamic scholars disagree that the Qur'anic verses on zakat (or zakah) have roots in Judaism. Zakat_sentence_72

The caliph Abu Bakr, believed by Sunni Muslims to be Muhammad's successor, was the first to institute a statutory zakat system. Zakat_sentence_73

Abu Bakr established the principle that the zakat must be paid to the legitimate representative of the Prophet's authority (i.e. himself). Zakat_sentence_74

Other Muslims disagreed and refused to pay zakat to Abu Bakr, leading to accusations of apostasy and, ultimately, the Ridda wars. Zakat_sentence_75

The second and third caliphs, Umar ibn al-Khattab and Usman ibn Affan, continued Abu Bakr's codification of the zakat. Zakat_sentence_76

Uthman also modified the zakat collection protocol by decreeing that only "apparent" wealth was taxable, which had the effect of limiting zakat to mostly being paid on agricultural land and produce. Zakat_sentence_77

During the reign of Ali ibn Abu Talib, the issue of zakat was tied to legitimacy of his government. Zakat_sentence_78

After Ali, his supporters refused to pay zakat to Muawiyah I, as they did not recognize his legitimacy. Zakat_sentence_79

The practice of Islamic state-administered zakat was short-lived in Medina. Zakat_sentence_80

During the reign of Umar bin Abdul Aziz (717–720 A.D.), it is reported that no one in Medina needed the zakat. Zakat_sentence_81

After him, zakat came more to be considered as an individual responsibility. Zakat_sentence_82

This view changed over Islamic history. Zakat_sentence_83

Sunni Muslims and rulers, for example, considered collection and disbursement of zakat as one of the functions of an Islamic state; this view has continued in modern Islamic countries. Zakat_sentence_84

Zakat is one of the five pillars of Islam, and in various Islamic polities of the past was expected to be paid by all practising Muslims who have the financial means (nisab). Zakat_sentence_85

In addition to their zakat obligations, Muslims were encouraged to make voluntary contributions (sadaqat). Zakat_sentence_86

The zakat was not collected from non-Muslims, although they were required to pay the jizyah tax. Zakat_sentence_87

Depending on the region, the dominant portion of zakat went typically to Amil (the zakat collectors) or Sabīlillāh (those fighting for religious cause, the caretaker of local mosque, or those working in the cause of God such as proselytizing non-Muslims to convert to Islam). Zakat_sentence_88

Contemporary practice Zakat_section_9

According to the researcher Russell Powell in 2010, zakat was mandatory by state law in Libya, Malaysia, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, and Yemen. Zakat_sentence_89

There were government-run voluntary zakat contribution programs in Bahrain, Bangladesh, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Maldives and the United Arab Emirates. Zakat_sentence_90

In a 2019 study conducted by the Institute for Social Policy and Understanding that examined philanthropy for American Muslims in comparison to other faith and non-faith groups, it was found that for American Muslims, Zakat was an important driver of charitable giving. Zakat_sentence_91

This results in American Muslims being the most likely faith group studied to be motivated to donate based on a believed religious obligation (zakat), and a “feeling that those with more should help those with less”, referencing again the concept and religious imperative behind Zakat. Zakat_sentence_92

Zakat status in Muslim countries Zakat_section_10

Zakat_table_general_0

CountryZakat_header_cell_0_0_0 StatusZakat_header_cell_0_0_1
AfghanistanZakat_cell_0_1_0 No government systemZakat_cell_0_1_1
AlgeriaZakat_cell_0_2_0 No government systemZakat_cell_0_2_1
AzerbaijanZakat_cell_0_3_0 No government systemZakat_cell_0_3_1
BahrainZakat_cell_0_4_0 VoluntaryZakat_cell_0_4_1
BangladeshZakat_cell_0_5_0 VoluntaryZakat_cell_0_5_1
Burkina FasoZakat_cell_0_6_0 No government systemZakat_cell_0_6_1
ChadZakat_cell_0_7_0 No government systemZakat_cell_0_7_1
EgyptZakat_cell_0_8_0 VoluntaryZakat_cell_0_8_1
GuineaZakat_cell_0_9_0 No government systemZakat_cell_0_9_1
IndonesiaZakat_cell_0_10_0 VoluntaryZakat_cell_0_10_1
IranZakat_cell_0_11_0 VoluntaryZakat_cell_0_11_1
IraqZakat_cell_0_12_0 No government systemZakat_cell_0_12_1
JordanZakat_cell_0_13_0 VoluntaryZakat_cell_0_13_1
KazakhstanZakat_cell_0_14_0 No government systemZakat_cell_0_14_1
KuwaitZakat_cell_0_15_0 VoluntaryZakat_cell_0_15_1
LebanonZakat_cell_0_16_0 VoluntaryZakat_cell_0_16_1
LibyaZakat_cell_0_17_0 MandatoryZakat_cell_0_17_1
MalaysiaZakat_cell_0_18_0 MandatoryZakat_cell_0_18_1
MaldivesZakat_cell_0_19_0 VoluntaryZakat_cell_0_19_1
MaliZakat_cell_0_20_0 No government systemZakat_cell_0_20_1
MauritaniaZakat_cell_0_21_0 No government systemZakat_cell_0_21_1
MoroccoZakat_cell_0_22_0 No government systemZakat_cell_0_22_1
NigerZakat_cell_0_23_0 No government systemZakat_cell_0_23_1
NigeriaZakat_cell_0_24_0 No government systemZakat_cell_0_24_1
OmanZakat_cell_0_25_0 No government systemZakat_cell_0_25_1
PakistanZakat_cell_0_26_0 MandatoryZakat_cell_0_26_1
QatarZakat_cell_0_27_0 No government systemZakat_cell_0_27_1
Saudi ArabiaZakat_cell_0_28_0 MandatoryZakat_cell_0_28_1
SenegalZakat_cell_0_29_0 No government systemZakat_cell_0_29_1
Sierra LeoneZakat_cell_0_30_0 No government systemZakat_cell_0_30_1
SomaliaZakat_cell_0_31_0 No government systemZakat_cell_0_31_1
SudanZakat_cell_0_32_0 MandatoryZakat_cell_0_32_1
SyriaZakat_cell_0_33_0 No government systemZakat_cell_0_33_1
TajikistanZakat_cell_0_34_0 No government systemZakat_cell_0_34_1
GambiaZakat_cell_0_35_0 No government systemZakat_cell_0_35_1
TunisiaZakat_cell_0_36_0 No government systemZakat_cell_0_36_1
TurkeyZakat_cell_0_37_0 No government systemZakat_cell_0_37_1
TurkmenistanZakat_cell_0_38_0 No government systemZakat_cell_0_38_1
United Arab EmiratesZakat_cell_0_39_0 VoluntaryZakat_cell_0_39_1
UzbekistanZakat_cell_0_40_0 No government systemZakat_cell_0_40_1
YemenZakat_cell_0_41_0 MandatoryZakat_cell_0_41_1

Collection Zakat_section_11

Today, in most Muslim countries, Zakat is at the discretion of Muslims over how and whether to pay, typically enforced by fear of God, peer pressure and an individual's personal feelings. Zakat_sentence_93

Among the Sunni Muslims, The Zakat committees are established, linked to a religious cause or local mosque, which collect zakat. Zakat_sentence_94

Among the Shia Muslims, deputies on behalf of Imams collect the zakat. Zakat_sentence_95

In six of the 47 Muslim-majority countries—Libya, Malaysia, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and Yemen—zakat is obligatory and collected by the state. Zakat_sentence_96

In Jordan, Bahrain, Kuwait, Lebanon, and Bangladesh, the zakat is regulated by the state, but contributions are voluntary. Zakat_sentence_97

The states where Zakat is compulsory differ in their definition of the base for zakat computation. Zakat_sentence_98

Zakat is generally levied on livestock (except in Pakistan) and agricultural produce, although the types of taxable livestock and produce differ from country to country. Zakat_sentence_99

Zakat is imposed on cash and precious metals in four countries with different methods of assessment. Zakat_sentence_100

Income is subject to zakat in Saudi Arabia and Malaysia, while only Sudan imposes zakat on "wealth that yields income". Zakat_sentence_101

In Pakistan, property is exempt from the zakat calculation basis, and the compulsory zakat is primarily collected from the agriculture sector. Zakat_sentence_102

Under compulsory systems of zakat tax collection, such as Malaysia and Pakistan, evasion is very common and the alms tax is regressive. Zakat_sentence_103

A considerable number of Muslims accept their duty to pay zakat, but deny that the state has a right to levy it, and they may pay zakat voluntarily while evading official collection. Zakat_sentence_104

In discretion-based systems of collection, studies suggest zakat is collected from and paid only by a fraction of Muslim population who can pay. Zakat_sentence_105

In the United Kingdom, which has a Muslim minority, more than three out of ten Muslims gave to charity (Zakat being described as "the Muslim practice of charitable donations"), according to a 2013 poll of 4000 people. Zakat_sentence_106

According to the self-reported poll, British Muslims, on average, gave US$567 to charity in 2013, compared to $412 for Jews, $308 for Protestants, $272 for Catholics and $177 for atheists. Zakat_sentence_107

Distribution Zakat_section_12

The primary sources of sharia also do not specify to whom the zakat should be paid – to zakat collectors claiming to represent one class of zakat beneficiary (for example, poor), collectors who were representing religious bodies, or collectors representing the Islamic state. Zakat_sentence_108

This has caused significant conflicts and allegations of zakat abuse within the Islamic community, both historically and in modern times. Zakat_sentence_109

Fi Sabillillah is the most prominent asnaf in Southeast Asian Muslim societies, where it broadly construed to include funding missionary work, Quranic schools and anything else that serves the Islamic community (ummah) in general. Zakat_sentence_110

Role in society Zakat_section_13

In 2012, Islamic financial analysts estimated annual zakat spending exceeded US$200 billion per year, which they estimated to be 15 times more than dai provided than year by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Zakat_sentence_111

Islamic scholars and development workers state that much of this zakat practice is mismanaged, wasted or ineffective. Zakat_sentence_112

About a quarter of the Muslim world continues to live on $1.25 a day or less, according to the 2012 report. Zakat_sentence_113

A 1999 study of Sudan and Pakistan, where zakat is mandated by the state, estimated that zakat proceeds ranged between 0.3 and 0.5 percent of GDP, while a more recent report put zakat proceeds in Malaysia at 0.1% of GDP. Zakat_sentence_114

These numbers are far below what was expected when the governments of these countries tried to Islamize their economies, and the collected amount is too small to have a sizeable macroeconomic effect. Zakat_sentence_115

In a 2014 study, Nasim Shirazi states widespread poverty persists in Islamic world despite zakat collections every year. Zakat_sentence_116

Over 70% of the Muslim population in most Muslim countries is impoverished and lives on less than US$2 per day. Zakat_sentence_117

In over 10 Muslim-majority countries, over 50% of the population lived on less than $1.25 per day income, states Shirazi. Zakat_sentence_118

Zakat has so far failed to relieve large scale absolute poverty among Muslims in most Muslim countries. Zakat_sentence_119

Related terms Zakat_section_14

Zakat is required of Muslims only. Zakat_sentence_120

For non-Muslims living in an Islamic state, sharia was historically seen as mandating jizya (poll tax). Zakat_sentence_121

Other forms of taxation on Muslims or non-Muslims, that have been used in Islamic history, include kharaj (land tax), khums (tax on booty and loot seized from non-Muslims, sudden wealth), ushur (tax at state border, sea port, and each city border on goods movement, customs), kari (house tax) and chari (sometimes called maara, pasture tax). Zakat_sentence_122

There are differences in the interpretation and scope of zakat and other related taxes in various sects of Islam. Zakat_sentence_123

For example, khums is interpreted differently by Sunnis and Shi'ites, with Shia expected to pay one fifth of their excess income after expenses as khums, and Sunni don't. Zakat_sentence_124

At least a tenth part of zakat and khums every year, among Shi'ites, after its collection by Imam and his religious deputies under its doctrine of niyaba, goes as income for its hierarchical system of Shia clergy. Zakat_sentence_125

Among Ismaili sub-sect of Shias, the mandatory taxes which includes zakat, is called dasond, and 20% of the collected amount is set aside as income for the Imams. Zakat_sentence_126

Some branches of Shia Islam treat the right to lead as Imam and right to receive 20% of collected zakat and other alms as a hereditary right of its clergy. Zakat_sentence_127

Sadaqah is another related term for charity, usually construed as a discretionary counterpart to zakat. Zakat_sentence_128

Zakat al-Fitr Zakat_section_15

Further information: Zakat al-Fitr Zakat_sentence_129

Zakat al-Fitr or Sadaqat al-Fitr is another, smaller charitable obligation, mandatory for all Muslims — male or female, minor or adult as long as he/she has the means to do so — that is traditionally paid at the end of the fasting in the Islamic holy month of Ramadan. Zakat_sentence_130

The collected amount is used to pay the zakat collectors and to the poor Muslims so that they may be provided with a means to celebrate 'Eid al-Fitr (the festival of breaking the fast) following Ramadan, along with the rest of the Muslims. Zakat_sentence_131

Zakat al-Fitr is a fixed amount assessed per person, while Zakat al mal is based on personal income and property. Zakat_sentence_132

According to one source, the Hidaya Foundation, the suggested Zakat al Fitr donation is based on the price of 1 Saa (approx. Zakat_sentence_133

3 kg) of rice or wheat at local costs, (as of 2015, approximately $7.00 in the U.S.). Zakat_sentence_134

See also Zakat_section_16

Zakat_description_list_1

Zakat_unordered_list_2

Zakat_description_list_3

Zakat_unordered_list_4

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Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zakat.