Zhangye

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Zhangye, formerly romanised as Changyeh or known as Kanchow, is a prefecture-level city in central Gansu Province in the People's Republic of China. Zhangye_sentence_0

It borders Inner Mongolia on the north and Qinghai on the south. Zhangye_sentence_1

Its central district is Ganzhou, formerly a city of the Western Xia and one of the most important outposts of western China. Zhangye_sentence_2

Name Zhangye_section_0

The city was formerly also known as Ganzhou, named after the sweet waters (Chinese: 甘泉; pinyin: Gānquán) of its oasis. Zhangye_sentence_3

An alternative theory states that "Gan" was from the Ganjun Hill (绀峻山) near the city. Zhangye_sentence_4

The name of province came from a contraction of Ganzhou and Suzhou (modern Jiuquan). Zhangye_sentence_5

The name appears in Marco Polo's Travels under the name Campichu. Zhangye_sentence_6

Zhangye Commandery was established in 111 BC, with the seat at the site of modern Wuwei, Gansu. Zhangye_sentence_7

Etymology of Zhangye is unclear. Zhangye_sentence_8

A popular theory interprets the name Zhangye as "Extending Arm", excerpted from a phrase "to extend the arm of the country through to the Western Realm" (张国臂掖,以通西域) documented in Han Shu. Zhangye_sentence_9

History Zhangye_section_1

Zhangye lies in the centre of the Hexi Corridor. Zhangye_sentence_10

The area is on the frontier of China Proper, protecting it from the nomads of the northwest and permitting its armies access to the Tarim Basin. Zhangye_sentence_11

During the Han Dynasty, Chinese armies were often engaged against the Xiongnu in this area. Zhangye_sentence_12

It was also an important outpost on the Silk Road. Zhangye_sentence_13

Before being over-run by the Mongols, it was dominated by the Western Xia, and before by the Uyghurs from at least the early 10th century. Zhangye_sentence_14

Its relation to the larger Uyghur state of Qocho is obscure, but it may have been a vassal. Zhangye_sentence_15

The Mongol Emperor Kublai Khan is said to have been born in the Dafo Temple, Zhangye, now the site of the longest wooden reclining Buddha in China. Zhangye_sentence_16

Marco Polo's journal states that he spent a year in the town during his journey to China. Zhangye_sentence_17

The pine forests of the Babao Mountains (part of the Qilian range) formerly regulated the flow of the Ruo or Hei Shui, Ganzhou's primary river. Zhangye_sentence_18

By ensuring that the melt-waters lasted throughout the summer, they avoided both early flood and later drought for the valley's farmers. Zhangye_sentence_19

Despite recommendations that they should thus be protected in perpetuity, an imperial official in charge of erecting the poles for China's telegraph network ordered them cleared in the 1880s. Zhangye_sentence_20

Almost immediately, the region became prone to flooding in the summer and draught in the autumn, arousing local resentment. Zhangye_sentence_21

Christian missionaries arrived in 1879, after Suzhou was found to be too hostile for their settlement. Zhangye_sentence_22

Administration Zhangye_section_2

Zhangye has one urban district, four counties, one autonomous county, 97 towns, and 978 villages. Zhangye_sentence_23

Zhangye_table_general_0

MapZhangye_header_cell_0_0_0
Ganzhou

Sunan County ※ Minle County Linze County Gaotai County Shandan County Shandan Horseground

Note: Shandan Horseground is part of Shandan County.Zhangye_cell_0_1_0

#Zhangye_header_cell_0_2_0 NameZhangye_header_cell_0_2_1 HanziZhangye_header_cell_0_2_2 Hanyu PinyinZhangye_header_cell_0_2_3 Population

(2010)Zhangye_header_cell_0_2_4

Area (km²)Zhangye_header_cell_0_2_5 Density

(/km²)Zhangye_header_cell_0_2_6

1Zhangye_cell_0_3_0 Ganzhou DistrictZhangye_cell_0_3_1 甘州区Zhangye_cell_0_3_2 Gānzhōu QūZhangye_cell_0_3_3 507,433Zhangye_cell_0_3_4 4,240Zhangye_cell_0_3_5 120Zhangye_cell_0_3_6
2Zhangye_cell_0_4_0 Minle CountyZhangye_cell_0_4_1 民乐县Zhangye_cell_0_4_2 Mínlè XiànZhangye_cell_0_4_3 219,356Zhangye_cell_0_4_4 3,687Zhangye_cell_0_4_5 59.5Zhangye_cell_0_4_6
3Zhangye_cell_0_5_0 Linze CountyZhangye_cell_0_5_1 临泽县Zhangye_cell_0_5_2 Línzé XiànZhangye_cell_0_5_3 134,328Zhangye_cell_0_5_4 2,777Zhangye_cell_0_5_5 48.4Zhangye_cell_0_5_6
4Zhangye_cell_0_6_0 Gaotai CountyZhangye_cell_0_6_1 高台县Zhangye_cell_0_6_2 Gāotái XiànZhangye_cell_0_6_3 143,446Zhangye_cell_0_6_4 4,312Zhangye_cell_0_6_5 33.3Zhangye_cell_0_6_6
5Zhangye_cell_0_7_0 Shandan CountyZhangye_cell_0_7_1 山丹县Zhangye_cell_0_7_2 Shāndān XiànZhangye_cell_0_7_3 161,299Zhangye_cell_0_7_4 5,402Zhangye_cell_0_7_5 30Zhangye_cell_0_7_6
6Zhangye_cell_0_8_0 Sunan Yugur Autonomous CountyZhangye_cell_0_8_1 肃南裕固族自治县Zhangye_cell_0_8_2 Sùnán Yùgùzú

ZìzhìxiànZhangye_cell_0_8_3

33,653Zhangye_cell_0_8_4 20,456Zhangye_cell_0_8_5 1.6Zhangye_cell_0_8_6

Geography Zhangye_section_3

Zhangye is located in central Gansu along the Hexi Corridor, occupying 42,000 km (16,000 sq mi). Zhangye_sentence_24

It takes up the entire breadth of the province, running from Inner Mongolia on the north to Qinghai on the south, but its urban core is at Ganzhou in the oasis formed by the Ruo or Hei River. Zhangye_sentence_25

Its streams, sunlight, and fertile soil make it an important regional agricultural centre, although it was seriously damaged by over-foresting in the 19th century. Zhangye_sentence_26

The Zhangye Danxia National Geological Park, covering an area of 510 square kilometres (200 sq mi), is located in Linze and Sunan counties of Zhangye, 30 kilometers (19 mi) west of the city center. Zhangye_sentence_27

Known for its colourful rock formations, it has been voted by Chinese media outlets as one of the most beautiful land-forms in China. Zhangye_sentence_28

Climate Zhangye_section_4

Zhangye has a cold desert climate (Köppen BWk) with very warm summers and cold and very dry winters. Zhangye_sentence_29

The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −9.2 °C (15.4 °F) in January to 21.5 °C (70.7 °F) in July. Zhangye_sentence_30

The mean annual temperature is 7.31 °C (45.2 °F), while annual rainfall is 130 mm (5.1 in), almost all of which falls from May to September. Zhangye_sentence_31

The winters are so dry that snow is extremely rare. Zhangye_sentence_32

Demographics Zhangye_section_5

Zhangye has a total population of 1,199,515, only 260,000 being urban residents. Zhangye_sentence_33

There are 26 ethnic minorities other than Han represented including many Hui, Yugur and Tibetans. Zhangye_sentence_34

Transport Zhangye_section_6

Zhangye is served by China National Highways numbers G30 Expressway, 227 and 312. Zhangye_sentence_35

Zhangye Railway Station is on the Lanzhou–Xinjiang Railway, located to the north east of the city. Zhangye_sentence_36

A high speed railway station has been constructed on the south west side of the city, Zhangye West Railway Station was opened on the 26th of December, 2014 as part of the Lanzhou–Ürümqi High-Speed Railway. Zhangye_sentence_37

Zhangye Ganzhou Airport, a combined civilian-military airport, opened in October 2011 with flights to Lanzhou and Xi'an. Zhangye_sentence_38

Economy Zhangye_section_7

The 2002 GDP was 7.566 billion RMB, almost 9% growth over the previous year. Zhangye_sentence_39

Annual urban income was 5960 RMB,10.4% growth from the previous year and rural income was 3092 RMB, up 5%. Zhangye_sentence_40

Education Zhangye_section_8

Hexi University (河西学院) is located in Zhangye. Zhangye_sentence_41

Approximately 10,000 students are enrolled at the university. Zhangye_sentence_42

Sport Zhangye_section_9

Zhangye has hosted a round of the Chinese Rally Championship (CRC) since 2011. Zhangye_sentence_43

It is held on specially constructed roads across the deserts north and to the south of the city. Zhangye_sentence_44

The event attracts over 100 entries regularly, including international drivers. Zhangye_sentence_45

A stadium for side-by-side super special stages has also been constructed. Zhangye_sentence_46


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhangye.