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This article is about the online database. AllMusic_sentence_0

For the album by Warne Marsh, see All Music (album). AllMusic_sentence_1


Type of siteAllMusic_header_cell_0_0_0 Online database for music albums, artists and songs; reviews and biographiesAllMusic_cell_0_0_1
Available inAllMusic_header_cell_0_1_0 EnglishAllMusic_cell_0_1_1
OwnerAllMusic_header_cell_0_2_0 RhythmOne (since April 2015)AllMusic_cell_0_2_1
Created byAllMusic_header_cell_0_3_0 Michael ErlewineAllMusic_cell_0_3_1
URLAllMusic_header_cell_0_4_0 AllMusic_cell_0_4_1
CommercialAllMusic_header_cell_0_5_0 YesAllMusic_cell_0_5_1
RegistrationAllMusic_header_cell_0_6_0 OptionalAllMusic_cell_0_6_1
LaunchedAllMusic_header_cell_0_7_0 1991; 29 years ago (1991) (as All Music Guide)AllMusic_cell_0_7_1
Current statusAllMusic_header_cell_0_8_0 OnlineAllMusic_cell_0_8_1

AllMusic (previously known as All Music Guide and AMG) is an American online music database. AllMusic_sentence_2

It catalogs more than 3 million album entries and 30 million tracks, as well as information on musicians and bands. AllMusic_sentence_3

Initiated in 1991, the database was first made available on the Internet in 1994. AllMusic_sentence_4

AllMusic is owned by RhythmOne. AllMusic_sentence_5

History AllMusic_section_0

AllMusic was launched as All Music Guide by Michael Erlewine, a "compulsive archivist, noted astrologer, Buddhist scholar and musician". AllMusic_sentence_6

He became interested in using computers for his astrological work in the mid-1970s and founded a software company, Matrix, in 1977. AllMusic_sentence_7

In the early 1990s, as CDs replaced vinyl as the dominant format for recorded music, Erlewine purchased what he thought was a CD of early recordings by Little Richard. AllMusic_sentence_8

After buying it he discovered it was a "flaccid latter-day rehash". AllMusic_sentence_9

Frustrated with the labeling, he researched using metadata to create a music guide. AllMusic_sentence_10

In 1990, in Big Rapids, Michigan, he founded All Music Guide with a goal to create an open access database that included every recording "since Enrico Caruso gave the industry its first big boost". AllMusic_sentence_11

The first All Music Guide, published in 1992, was a 1,200-page reference book, packaged with a CD-ROM, titled All Music Guide: The Best CDs, Albums & Tapes: The Expert's Guide to the Best Releases from Thousands of Artists in All Types of Music. AllMusic_sentence_12

Its first online version, in 1994, was a text-based Gopher site. AllMusic_sentence_13

It moved to the World Wide Web as web browsers became more user-friendly. AllMusic_sentence_14

Erlewine hired a database engineer, Vladimir Bogdanov, to design the All Music Guide framework, and recruited his nephew, writer Stephen Thomas Erlewine, to develop editorial content. AllMusic_sentence_15

In 1993, Chris Woodstra joined the staff as an engineer. AllMusic_sentence_16

A "record geek" who had written for alternative weeklies and fanzines, his main qualification was an "encyclopedic knowledge of music". AllMusic_sentence_17

1,400 subgenres of music were created, a feature which became central to the site's utility. AllMusic_sentence_18

In a 2016 article in Tedium, Ernie Smith wrote: "AllMusic may have been one of most ambitious sites of the early-internet era—and it’s one that is fundamental to our understanding of pop culture. AllMusic_sentence_19

Because, the thing is, it doesn’t just track reviews or albums. AllMusic_sentence_20

It tracks styles, genres, and subgenres, along with the tone of the music and the platforms on which the music is sold. AllMusic_sentence_21

It then connects that data together, in a way that can intelligently tell you about an entire type of music, whether a massive genre like classical, or a tiny one like sadcore." AllMusic_sentence_22

In 1996, seeking to further develop its web-based businesses, Alliance Entertainment Corp. bought All Music from Erlewine for a reported $3.5 million. AllMusic_sentence_23

He left the company after its sale. AllMusic_sentence_24

Alliance filed for bankruptcy in 1999, and its assets were acquired by Ron Burkle's Yucaipa Equity Fund. AllMusic_sentence_25

In 1999, All Music relocated from Big Rapids to Ann Arbor, where the staff expanded from 12 to 100 people. AllMusic_sentence_26

By February of that year, 350,000 albums and 2 million tracks had been cataloged. AllMusic_sentence_27

All Music had published biographies of 30,000 artists, 120,000 record reviews and 300 essays written by "a hybrid of historians, critics and passionate collectors". AllMusic_sentence_28

In late 2007, AllMusic was purchased for $72 million by TiVo Corporation (known as Macrovision at the time of the sale, and as Rovi from 2009 until 2016). AllMusic_sentence_29

In 2012, AllMusic removed all of Bryan Adams' info from the site as per a request from the artist. AllMusic_sentence_30

In 2015, AllMusic was purchased by BlinkX (later known as RhythmOne). AllMusic_sentence_31

The AllMusic database is powered by a combination of MySQL and MongoDB. AllMusic_sentence_32

The All Music Guide series AllMusic_section_1

The All Media Network also produced the AllMusic guide series, which includes the AllMusic Guide to Rock, the All Music Guide to Jazz and the All Music Guide to the Blues. AllMusic_sentence_33

Vladimir Bogdanov is the president of the series. AllMusic_sentence_34

Reception AllMusic_section_2

In August 2007, PC Magazine included AllMusic in its "Top 100 Classic Websites" list. AllMusic_sentence_35

See also AllMusic_section_3


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