Alto saxophone

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Alto saxophone_table_infobox_0

Alto saxophoneAlto saxophone_table_caption_0
Woodwind instrumentAlto saxophone_header_cell_0_0_0
ClassificationAlto saxophone_header_cell_0_1_0 Alto saxophone_cell_0_1_1
Hornbostel–Sachs classificationAlto saxophone_header_cell_0_2_0 422.212-71

(Single-reeded aerophone with keys)Alto saxophone_cell_0_2_1

Inventor(s)Alto saxophone_header_cell_0_3_0 Adolphe SaxAlto saxophone_cell_0_3_1
DevelopedAlto saxophone_header_cell_0_4_0 28 June 1846Alto saxophone_cell_0_4_1
Playing rangeAlto saxophone_header_cell_0_5_0
Related instrumentsAlto saxophone_header_cell_0_6_0
MusiciansAlto saxophone_header_cell_0_7_0
More articles or informationAlto saxophone_header_cell_0_8_0

The alto saxophone, also referred to as the alto sax or simply the alto, is a member of the saxophone family of woodwind instruments invented by Belgian instrument designer Adolphe Sax in the 1840s, and patented in 1846. Alto saxophone_sentence_0

It is pitched in E♭, and is smaller than the tenor, but larger than the soprano. Alto saxophone_sentence_1

The alto sax is the most common saxophone and is commonly used in popular music, concert bands, chamber music, solo repertoire, military bands, marching bands, and jazz (such as big bands, jazz combos, swing music). Alto saxophone_sentence_2

The fingerings of the different saxophones are all the same so a saxophone player can play any type of saxophone. Alto saxophone_sentence_3

The alto saxophone had a prominent role in the development of jazz. Alto saxophone_sentence_4

Influential jazz musicians who made significant contributions include Don Redman, Jimmy Dorsey, Johnny Hodges, Benny Carter, Charlie Parker, Sonny Stitt, Lee Konitz, Jackie McLean, Phil Woods, Art Pepper, Paul Desmond, and Cannonball Adderley. Alto saxophone_sentence_5

Although the role of the alto saxophone in classical music has been limited, influential performers include Marcel Mule, Sigurd Raschèr, Jean-Marie Londeix, Eugene Rousseau, and Frederick L. Hemke. Alto saxophone_sentence_6

Range Alto saxophone_section_0

The range of the alto saxophone is from concert D♭3 (the D♭ below middle C—see Scientific pitch notation) to concert A♭5 (or A5 on altos with a high F♯ key). Alto saxophone_sentence_7

When necessary, a player can extend the instrument's range to concert C3 by putting their knee or foot in the bell. Alto saxophone_sentence_8

As with most types of saxophone, the standard written range is B♭3 to F6 (or F♯6). Alto saxophone_sentence_9

Above that, the altissimo register begins at F♯6 (or G6) and extends upwards. Alto saxophone_sentence_10

The saxophone's altissimo register is more difficult to control than that of other woodwinds and is usually only expected from advanced players. Alto saxophone_sentence_11

The alto saxophone is a transposing instrument; pitches sound a major sixth lower than written. Alto saxophone_sentence_12

Alto saxophonists Alto saxophone_section_1

Main article: List of saxophonists Alto saxophone_sentence_13

Notable jazz alto saxophonists include Charlie Parker, Cannonball Adderley, Kenny Garrett, Paul Desmond, Benny Carter, Eric Dolphy, Ornette Coleman, Bobby Watson, Marshall Allen, Julius Hemphill, Oliver Lake, Anthony Braxton, Henry Threadgill, Carlos Ward, David Sanborn, Dave Koz, Tom Scott, Paquito D'Rivera, John Zorn, Tim Berne, Steve Wilson, Steve Coleman, Greg Osby, Vincent Herring, Mark Gross, and Jeff Coffin. Alto saxophone_sentence_14

Notable classical alto saxophonists include Tim McAllister, Jean-Yves Fourmeau, Lawrence Gwozdz, Donald Sinta, Harvey Pittel, Larry Teal, Kenneth Tse, Arno Bornkamp, Harry White, Otis Murphy, Claude Delangle. Alto saxophone_sentence_15

Kadri Gopalnath was the pioneer of Carnatic music for the instrument. Alto saxophone_sentence_16

Manufacturers Alto saxophone_section_2

Some companies that currently produce saxophones are Buffet Crampon, KHS/Jupiter, Conn-Selmer, Selmer Paris, Yamaha, Leblanc/Vito, Keilwerth, Cannonball, P.Mauriat Musical Instrument and Yanagisawa. Alto saxophone_sentence_17

New alto saxophones range in price between €250 ($281.05) for lower quality student models to over €6000 ($6745.20) for professional models. Alto saxophone_sentence_18

Classical music repertoire Alto saxophone_section_3

The alto saxophone has a large classical solo repertoire that includes solos with orchestra, piano and wind symphony. Alto saxophone_sentence_19

Two important solo compositions are Jacques Ibert's "Concertino da Camera" and Alexander Glazunov's "Concerto in E Flat major". Alto saxophone_sentence_20

The alto saxophone is found in the standard instrumentation of concert bands and saxophone quartets. Alto saxophone_sentence_21

Alexander Glazunov composed his Saxophone Quartet in B-flat major in 1932. Alto saxophone_sentence_22

The alto saxophone is sometimes used in orchestral music. Alto saxophone_sentence_23

Some of the compositions where it appears are listed below. Alto saxophone_sentence_24

Alto saxophone_unordered_list_0

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: saxophone.