Berthold Viertel

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Berthold Viertel_table_infobox_0

Berthold ViertelBerthold Viertel_header_cell_0_0_0
BornBerthold Viertel_header_cell_0_1_0 (1885-06-28)28 June 1885

Vienna, Austria-HungaryBerthold Viertel_cell_0_1_1

DiedBerthold Viertel_header_cell_0_2_0 24 September 1953(1953-09-24) (aged 68)

Vienna, AustriaBerthold Viertel_cell_0_2_1

Spouse(s)Berthold Viertel_header_cell_0_3_0 Grete Viertel

(m. 19??; div. 1918)

Salka Viertel

​ ​(m. 1918; div. 1947)​

Elisabeth Neumann

​ ​(m. after 1947)​Berthold Viertel_cell_0_3_1

Berthold Viertel (28 June 1885 - 24 September 1953) was an Austrian screenwriter and film director, known for his work in Germany, the UK and the US. Berthold Viertel_sentence_0

Early career Berthold Viertel_section_0

Viertel was born in Vienna, the capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, but later went to work in Berlin. Berthold Viertel_sentence_1

Viertel developed a reputation as a poet and theatre director, before moving into film work from 1922. Berthold Viertel_sentence_2

As a screenwriter and director, he collaborated with some of the leading figures of the silent era of German cinema and worked on several influential films. Berthold Viertel_sentence_3

Uneasy Money (1926) is a work of New Objectivity film movement. Berthold Viertel_sentence_4

He was married to screenwriter and actress Salka Viertel from 30 April 1918 to 20 December 1947. Berthold Viertel_sentence_5

Arrival in America Berthold Viertel_section_1

Following the collapse of Viertel's theatre , he faced severe financial difficulties and accepted an offer from the Fox Film Corporation. Berthold Viertel_sentence_6

He came to Los Angeles in 1928 planning to stay for just three years. Berthold Viertel_sentence_7

Viertel wanted to gain experience working for the booming Hollywood film industry and hoped to earn enough to return to Europe. Berthold Viertel_sentence_8

For four years, he worked for Fox then Paramount Pictures, and Warner Brothers. Berthold Viertel_sentence_9

Viertel grew to intensely dislike the atmosphere in Hollywood, which he found paranoid and which he believed placed too many artistic restraints on him. Berthold Viertel_sentence_10

Viertel wanted to produce socially relevant films and did not believe Hollywood had the capacity to do so. Berthold Viertel_sentence_11

This came to a head when he was working on the Paramount film The Cheat (1928) and after clashing with studio bosses he was replaced by George Abbott. Berthold Viertel_sentence_12

Europe Berthold Viertel_section_2

With the uncertain political situation in Germany in 1932, the Viertels decided to stay in the United States with their children rather than return to an uncertain future in Europe. Berthold Viertel_sentence_13

The Viertels' house in Santa Monica Canyon was the site of salons and meetings of the Hollywood "intelligentsia" and European intellectuals. Berthold Viertel_sentence_14

It was also an important gathering place for the émigré community. Berthold Viertel_sentence_15

Personal life Berthold Viertel_section_3

Previously, Berthold Viertel had been married to Grete Viertel, but they divorced in 1918. Berthold Viertel_sentence_16

After his divorce from Salka in 1947, he married for a third time, this time to Elisabeth Neumann to whom he remained married until his death in 1953. Berthold Viertel_sentence_17

His marriage to Salka Viertel produced three sons: Hans, Peter and Thomas. Berthold Viertel_sentence_18

Peter Viertel (1920–2007) was a book and screenplay writer. Berthold Viertel_sentence_19

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Viertel.