Blount's disease

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Blount's disease_table_infobox_0

Blount's diseaseBlount's disease_header_cell_0_0_0
Other namesBlount's disease_header_cell_0_1_0 Tibia varaBlount's disease_cell_0_1_1
SpecialtyBlount's disease_header_cell_0_2_0 Rheumatology Q624398?uselang=en#P1995Blount's disease_cell_0_2_1

Blount's disease is a growth disorder of the tibia (shin bone) that causes the lower leg to angle inward, resembling a bowleg.It is also known as "tibia vara". Blount's disease_sentence_0

It is named after Walter Putnam Blount (1900–1992), an American pediatric orthopedic surgeon. Blount's disease_sentence_1

It has also been known as Mau-Nilsonne Syndrome, after C. Mau and H. Nilsonne, who published early case reports of the condition. Blount's disease_sentence_2

Diagnosis Blount's disease_section_0

Differential Diagnosis Blount's disease_section_1

Lower extremity deformities in Rickets can closely mimic those produced by Blount's disease. Blount's disease_sentence_3

To differentiate between Rickets and Blount's disease it is important to correlate the clinical picture with laboratory findings such as calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase. Blount's disease_sentence_4

Besides the X-ray appearance. Blount's disease_sentence_5

Bone deformities in Rickets have a reasonable likelihood to correct over time, while this is not the case with Blount's disease. Blount's disease_sentence_6

Nevertheless both disorders may need surgical intervention in the form of bone osteotomy or more commonly guided growth surgery. Blount's disease_sentence_7

Osteochondrodysplasias or genetic bone diseases can cause lower extremity deformities similar to Blount's disease. Blount's disease_sentence_8

The clinical appearance and the characteristic radiographic are important to confirm the diagnosis. Blount's disease_sentence_9

Treatment Blount's disease_section_2

Children who develop severe bowing before the age of 3 may be treated with knee ankle foot orthoses. Blount's disease_sentence_10

However, bracing may fail, or bowing may not be detected until the child is older. Blount's disease_sentence_11

In some cases, surgery may be performed. Blount's disease_sentence_12

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