Geographic Names Information System

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"GNIS" redirects here. Geographic Names Information System_sentence_0

For the international school in Guangzhou, China, see Guangzhou Nanfang International School. Geographic Names Information System_sentence_1

The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its territories. Geographic Names Information System_sentence_2

It is a type of gazetteer. Geographic Names Information System_sentence_3

GNIS was developed by the United States Geological Survey in cooperation with the United States Board on Geographic Names (BGN) to promote the standardization of feature names. Geographic Names Information System_sentence_4

The database is part of a system that includes topographic map names and bibliographic references. Geographic Names Information System_sentence_5

The names of books and historic maps that confirm the feature or place name are cited. Geographic Names Information System_sentence_6

Variant names, alternatives to official federal names for a feature, are also recorded. Geographic Names Information System_sentence_7

Each feature receives a permanent, unique feature record identifier, sometimes called the GNIS identifier. Geographic Names Information System_sentence_8

The database never removes an entry, "except in cases of obvious duplication." Geographic Names Information System_sentence_9

Name changes Geographic Names Information System_section_0

The GNIS accepts proposals for new or changed names for U.S. geographical features. Geographic Names Information System_sentence_10

The general public can make proposals at the GNIS web site and can review the justifications and supporters of the proposals. Geographic Names Information System_sentence_11

Other authorities Geographic Names Information System_section_1

Geographic Names Information System_unordered_list_0

  • The Bureau of the Census defines Census Designated Places as a subset of locations in the National Geographic Names Database.Geographic Names Information System_item_0_0
  • U.S. Postal Service Publication 28 gives standards for addressing mail. In this publication, the postal service defines two-letter state abbreviations, street identifiers such as boulevard (BLVD) and street (ST), and secondary identifiers such as suite (STE).Geographic Names Information System_item_0_1

See also Geographic Names Information System_section_2

Geographic Names Information System_unordered_list_1


Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geographic Names Information System.