Ion Gavrilă Ogoranu

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Ion Gavrilă Ogoranu (January 1, 1923 – May 1, 2006) was a member of the fascist paramilitary organization the Iron Guard, who between 1948 and 1956, after the Soviet occupation of Romania and the establishment of the Romanian People's Republic, became the leader of an underground far-right anti-communist paramilitary group in the Făgăraș Mountains. Ion Gavrilă Ogoranu_sentence_0

Biography Ion Gavrilă Ogoranu_section_0

Ogoranu was born in a Romanian family as one of three children, in Gura Văii, Făgăraș County, in the Țara Făgărașului region of southeastern Transylvania. Ion Gavrilă Ogoranu_sentence_1

He studied at Radu Negru High School [] in Făgăraș, where he was a member of the Frăția de Cruce [] "Negoiu" (The Brotherhood of the Cross), the youth wing of the Iron Guard. Ion Gavrilă Ogoranu_sentence_2

He attended classes at the Department of Agronomy, University of Cluj. Ion Gavrilă Ogoranu_sentence_3

Between 1941 and 1944, he was imprisoned for "forbidden activities" by the Ion Antonescu regime. Ion Gavrilă Ogoranu_sentence_4

After the end of World War II, Ogoranu was involved in fascist and anti-communist activities in Cluj. Ion Gavrilă Ogoranu_sentence_5

For 7 years (1948 – 1955), he led the resistance formation Grupul Carpatin Făgărășan. Ion Gavrilă Ogoranu_sentence_6

For his activities he was sentenced in absentia to 19 years in prison and, later, in 1951, to death. Ion Gavrilă Ogoranu_sentence_7

For 29 years, the Securitate were unable to capture him. Ion Gavrilă Ogoranu_sentence_8

He was caught in 1976, after 21 years on the run, at the house of the widow of a political prisoner, Ana Săbăduș, who later became his wife. Ion Gavrilă Ogoranu_sentence_9

He was reportedly spared execution at the direct intervention of U.S. Ion Gavrilă Ogoranu_sentence_10 President Richard Nixon. Ion Gavrilă Ogoranu_sentence_11

Legacy Ion Gavrilă Ogoranu_section_1

Ogoranu's life is the subject of the 2010 film, Portrait of the Fighter as a Young Man. Ion Gavrilă Ogoranu_sentence_12

At the 60th Berlin International Film Festival, the movie attracted protests from organizations such as the Elie Wiesel National Institute for Studying the Holocaust in Romania, which demanded that the film be pulled due to glorification of antisemitism. Ion Gavrilă Ogoranu_sentence_13

The Festival refused to pull it, arguing that they don't believe in censorship, but they are aware that Ogoranu made publicly "extremist, racist, and antidemocratic statements" and that they do not support such views, and that the movie did not support such views either. Ion Gavrilă Ogoranu_sentence_14

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: Gavrilă Ogoranu.