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For the Soviet film, see Monologue (film). Monologue_sentence_0

For the Malayalam film, see Anantaram. Monologue_sentence_1

For the speech of a narrator, see Voiceover. Monologue_sentence_2

In theatre, a monologue (from Greek: μονόλογος, from μόνος mónos, "alone, solitary" and λόγος lógos, "speech") is a speech presented by a single character, most often to express their mental thoughts aloud, though sometimes also to directly address another character or the audience. Monologue_sentence_3

Monologues are common across the range of dramatic media (plays, films, etc.), as well as in non-dramatic media such as poetry. Monologue_sentence_4

Monologues share much in common with several other literary devices including soliloquies, apostrophes, and asides. Monologue_sentence_5

There are, however, distinctions between each of these devices. Monologue_sentence_6

Similar literary devices Monologue_section_0

Monologues are similar to poems, epiphanies, and others, in that, they involve one 'voice' speaking but there are differences between them. Monologue_sentence_7

For example, a soliloquy involves a character relating his or her thoughts and feelings to him/herself and to the audience without addressing any of the other characters. Monologue_sentence_8

A monologue is the thoughts of a person spoken out loud. Monologue_sentence_9

Monologues are also distinct from apostrophes, in which the speaker or writer addresses an imaginary person, inanimate object, or idea. Monologue_sentence_10

Asides differ from each of these not only in length (asides are shorter) but also in that asides are not heard by other characters even in situations where they logically should be (e.g. two characters engaging in a dialogue interrupted by one of them delivering an aside). Monologue_sentence_11

History Monologue_section_1

In ancient Greek theatre, the origin of western drama, the conventional three actor rule was preceded by a two-actor rule, which was itself preceded by a convention in which only a single actor would appear on stage, along with the chorus. Monologue_sentence_12

The origin of the monologue as a dramatic device, therefore, is not rooted in dialogue. Monologue_sentence_13

It is, instead, the other way around; dialogue evolved from the monologue. Monologue_sentence_14

Ancient Roman theatre featured monologues extensively, more commonly than either Ancient Greek theatre or modern theatre. Monologue_sentence_15

One of the key purposes of these monologues was to indicate the passage of significant amounts of time (that would be tedious to actually play out in real time) within scenes. Monologue_sentence_16

This type of monologue is referred to as a linking monologue. Monologue_sentence_17

Other monologue types included "entrance monologues" and exit monologues. Monologue_sentence_18

In each of these cases a primary function is indicating the passage of time. Monologue_sentence_19

From Renaissance theatre onward, monologues generally focused on characters using the extended speech to pursue their dramatic need. Monologue_sentence_20

Postmodern theatre, on the other hand, often embraces the performative aspects of the monologue, even to the point of challenging the boundary between character portrayal (e.g. acting) and autobiographical speeches. Monologue_sentence_21

Types Monologue_section_2

Interior monologues involve a character externalizing their thoughts so that the audience can witness experiences that would otherwise be mostly internal. Monologue_sentence_22

In contrast, a dramatic monologue involves one character speaking to another character. Monologue_sentence_23

Monologues can also be divided along the lines of active and narrative monologues. Monologue_sentence_24

In an active monologue a character is using their speech to achieve a clear goal. Monologue_sentence_25

Narrative monologues simply involve a character telling a story and can often be identified by the fact that they are in the past tense. Monologue_sentence_26

Auditions Monologue_section_3

Actors in theatre, and sometimes in film and television, may be asked to deliver monologues in auditions. Monologue_sentence_27

Audition monologues demonstrate an actor's ability to prepare a piece and deliver a performance. Monologue_sentence_28

These pieces are usually limited to two minutes or less and are often paired with a contrasting monologue: comic and dramatic; classical and contemporary. Monologue_sentence_29

The choice of monologues for an audition often depends on the play or role. Monologue_sentence_30

See also Monologue_section_4


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