For other uses, see Fort Beauregard (disambiguation).
The Railroad Redoubt (a/k/a "Fort Beauregard" in post-War accounts) was one of several redoubts, or small defensive earthworks, that were constructed during the American Civil War to protect the city of Vicksburg, Mississippi, from Union attack.
It was so named because it was constructed along a major east-west railroad track into Vicksburg.
Within the hour, several units were fighting in or near the ditch fronting the position.
One regiment, the 22nd Iowa Volunteer Infantry Regiment, with close support from the 21st Iowa Volunteer Infantry Regiment, the 11th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment and the 77th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment, exploited a breach in the Redoubt created by artillery fire, and about a dozen members of the 22nd Iowa entered the defenses at that point.
The survivors from that group occupied a forward portion of the position for some hours.
The breach was not successfully reinforced, and the attackers not killed or wounded, along with members of supporting units, were forced back as darkness fell.
The following report is of 22nd Iowa Adjutant concerning the frontal assault of the Railroad Redoubt, on the morning of May 22, 1863:
Only two men of the 22nd Iowa who entered the fort survived.
This was the last frontal assault of Fort Beauregard ever attempted.
Afterwards Vicksburg was defeated using long term siege tactics.
The 22nd Iowa's losses at Railroad Redoubt were heavy.
Of the 200 engaged in the assault, 42 were killed or died of their wounds, 128 wounded and 19 captured.
Theirs was the highest toll suffered in any regiment of Grant's army in the siege of Vicksburg.
Almost none of the men killed outright or who died shortly afterward of wounds are listed in Vicksburg National Cemetery.
Believe they were, in all probability, buried in a mass grave with many remains unidentified.
Sergeant Leonidas M. Godley of Company E, although gravely wounded, survived the assault and was awarded the Medal of Honor in 1894 for his actions during the assault.
Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Railroad Redoubt.