Serranía del Perijá

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Serranía del Perijá_table_infobox_0

Serranía del PerijáSerranía del Perijá_header_cell_0_0_0
Highest pointSerranía del Perijá_header_cell_0_1_0
PeakSerranía del Perijá_header_cell_0_2_0 Cerro de las TetasSerranía del Perijá_cell_0_2_1
ElevationSerranía del Perijá_header_cell_0_3_0 3,630 m (11,910 ft)Serranía del Perijá_cell_0_3_1
CoordinatesSerranía del Perijá_header_cell_0_4_0 Serranía del Perijá_cell_0_4_1
DimensionsSerranía del Perijá_header_cell_0_5_0
LengthSerranía del Perijá_header_cell_0_6_0 310 km (190 mi)Serranía del Perijá_cell_0_6_1
GeographySerranía del Perijá_header_cell_0_7_0
CountrySerranía del Perijá_header_cell_0_8_0 Colombia

 VenezuelaSerranía del Perijá_cell_0_8_1

RegionSerranía del Perijá_header_cell_0_9_0 Norte de Santander

Cesar La Guajira ZuliaSerranía del Perijá_cell_0_9_1

The Serranía del Perijá, Cordillera de Perijá or Sierra de Perijá is a mountain range, an extension of the eastern Andean branch (Cordillera Oriental), in northern South America, between Colombia and Venezuela, ending further north in the Guajira Desert, a total distance of about 310 kilometres (190 mi). Serranía del Perijá_sentence_0

It separates the Maracaibo Basin from the Cesar-Ranchería Basin. Serranía del Perijá_sentence_1

Some of the area has been considered as a Flora and Fauna Sanctuary. Serranía del Perijá_sentence_2

Geography Serranía del Perijá_section_0

Starting at the southernmost point, near Ocaña, Colombia, this mountain range forms the boundary between the Colombian departments of Norte de Santander and Cesar, and then as the range progresses north, it forms the international boundary between Venezuela (Zulia State) and Colombia (Cesar Department). Serranía del Perijá_sentence_3

Included in the range are the Sierra Motilones, Sierra Valledupar, and Sierra Oca. Serranía del Perijá_sentence_4

The highest point is Cerro de Las Tetas at 3630 meters, followed by Cerro Irapa at 3540 m., Serranía de Macuira at 864 m., and Cerro Aceite at 853 m. Serranía del Perijá_sentence_5

Peoples Serranía del Perijá_section_1

The range is 58% in Venezuela, and 42% in Colombia. Serranía del Perijá_sentence_6

Venezuela has set aside a substantial part of the central part of the range as a national park (Sierra de Perijá National Park), and Colombia has a smaller one. Serranía del Perijá_sentence_7

In the Venezuelan portion there are Amerindian reservations for the Yucpa and Barí people, and in Colombia for the Iroko and Sokorpa people. Serranía del Perijá_sentence_8

Venezuela has started a colonialization border plan building new communities along the border in the Perijá. Serranía del Perijá_sentence_9

The town of Cojoro was the first one completed, followed by communities for the Wayuu and Goajira peoples. Serranía del Perijá_sentence_10

Economy and politics Serranía del Perijá_section_2

The climate is mostly tropical humid forests, with cultivation of coffee and papaver flowers. Serranía del Perijá_sentence_11

It is also a hot spot in the Colombian Conflict serving as home to parts of two FARC blocs called the Caribbean Bloc of the FARC-EP and the Middle Magdalena Bloc of the FARC-EP., and an ELN guerrilla column, that have also strayed into Venezuelan territory. Serranía del Perijá_sentence_12

Credits to the contents of this page go to the authors of the corresponding Wikipedia page:ía del Perijá.